In 1 Timothy 4:4-5 is "Paul" saying, for example, that if you eat pig or crawfish but give thanks then they will not harm you?:

1Ti 4:4 For everything God created is good, and nothing should be rejected if it is received with thanksgiving, 1Ti 4:5 because it is sanctified by the word of God and prayer.

Might the reason that Mark 16:18 was added to affirm 1 Timothy 4:4?:

Mar 16:18 They shall take up serpents; and if they drink any deadly thing, it shall not hurt them; they shall lay hands on the sick, and they shall recover.

1 Answer 1


Almost all New Testament scholars believe that the Pastoral epistles were written early in the second century. Bart D. Ehrman says, in Forged, page 99, the Jewish law is no longer an issue in the Pastorals, which of course include First Timothy. The last thing that would have been on the pseudonymous Paul's mind would have been the Jewish food laws.

On the other had, he could have had pagan food in mind, no doubt being aware that Paul had said in 1 Corinthians 10:27-32 that food sacrificed to idols would not harm Christians but that it ought to be avoided only in order not to confuse other Christians who may observe you:

If any of them that believe not bid you to a feast, and ye be disposed to go; whatsoever is set before you, eat, asking no question for conscience sake. But if any man say unto you, This is offered in sacrifice unto idols, eat not for his sake that shewed it, and for conscience sake: for the earth is the Lord's, and the fulness thereof: Conscience, I say, not thine own, but of the other: for why is my liberty judged of another man's conscience? For if I by grace be a partaker, why am I evil spoken of for that for which I give thanks? Whether therefore ye eat, or drink, or whatsoever ye do, do all to the glory of God. Give none offence, neither to the Jews, nor to the Gentiles, nor to the church of God:

Various other reasons have been proposed for the addition of Mark 16:18, but 1 Timothy 4:4-5 is not usually one of them.

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