There are several questions on this site concerning the differences between the account of creation in Genesis 1 and Genesis 2 and some related topics. A few: Differences in Genesis creation stories ** Are the two creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2 likely to be from different sources? If so what sources? ** What are the similarities and differences between the Genesis creation account and other creation stories of the time ** Creation of Man narrated twice with different God name ** What is the significance of the author of Genesis using two different designations for God?
The common understanding of modern scholars is that these two accounts were written by different authors at different times. Leon Kass (In The Beginning of Wisdom: Reading Genesis) on pages 55-57, concludes the second story is not just a magnified version of the human portions of the first. He says it is utterly distinct and independent, and once we recognize the independence of the two creation stories we are compelled to adopt a critical principle of reading if we mean to understand each story on its own terms. 1
Kass continues and states: we must scrupulously avoid reading into the second story any facts or notions taken from the first, and vice versa. 1 This means that the seven days of the Genesis 1 account should not be used to understand the events described in Genesis 2.
If the Genesis 1 account is used, the events in Genesis 2 would be placed on the 3rd and 6th day. However, when that information is ignored and only the second creation is examined with the element of time in mind, there is just one reference to time:
This is the history of the heavens and the earth when they were created, in the day that the Lord God made the earth and the heavens (Genesis 2:4 NKJV)
If this second account is taken literally and without considering the Genesis 1 account which reports events taking place over a period of seven days, should we conclude the events of Genesis 2 and 3 all took place on the same day?
If not, what textual evidence is there to indicate the author did not intend to place all of the events on the same day?
The concept that everything takes place on a single 24-hour day is contrary to what is described if both accounts are considered which is the correct way to study the texts: Are the two creation accounts in Genesis 1 and 2 likely to be from different sources? If so what sources? ** In Genesis 1:11-13, were there trees by the end of Day 3? ** Plants created before the sun?
However, I am interested in what conclusions are supported solely by the text of Genesis 2 (and 3).
1. From Dick Harfield's answer:In Genesis 2:18, was Eve made during or after the 7 days?