According to Exodus 12:5 is the animal required to be
- less than one year old (but at least 8 days old),
- at least one year old (mature/adult),
- or a year old (older than zero, less than two, aka a "yearling")?
Exo 12:5 Your [?] shall be without blemish, a male of the first year: ye shall take it out from the sheep, or from the goats:
Actually, the nature of my question is related to what the Hebrew idiom "son of a year" means. After posting this question I located the following section of the entry for "son" in Wilhelm Gesenius' Hebrew Lexicon:
Gesenius' Lexicon is, I am told, the most authoritative lexicon of the Hebrew language for Biblical studies.
So we'll see in our English texts that so and so was 500 years old but the Hebrew actually says "a son of 500 years". This confirms my understanding from other contextual clues.
However, modern Jews celebrate Passover with a lamb rather than a yearling and I've seen commentators say that the term actually means "less than a year old". So there is a controversy.
Can anyone provide a reason that to conclude that the usage "son of a year" in reference to the Passover (and apparently only to the Passover) indicates a lamb less than a year old?
Click here for the Gesenius citation in situ: