1. Question - a Reference Request
Are there any textual evidences, (in the New Testament, and contemporary writers) - if the earliest Church directly relied on, and cited Hebrew Manuscripts?
- If they Considered the Hebrew Texts more Authoritative than the Targums;
- Preferred a Hebrew citations, over Aramaic or Greek;
If the Hebrew texts were deferred to, rather than the Aramaic -concerning questions of theology?
NASB, Mark 12:30 - and you shall love the Lord your God with all your 1.) heart, and with all your 2.) soul, and with all your 3.) mind, and with all your 4.) strength;
This significant departure from Deuteronomy 6:5 - and other examples, seem only explainable if the writers were relying on Aramaic or Greek translations instead.
2. Some Evidences of Aramaic Reliance:
Targum: New Advent, Encyclopedia - After the return from exile Aramaic gradually won the ascendancy as the colloquial language over the slowly decaying Hebrew until, from probably the last century before the Christian era, Hebrew was hardly more than the language of the schools and of worship.
Targumim, Jewish Encyclopedia - In like manner, the Aramaic passages in Genesis, Jeremiah, Daniel, and Ezra were briefly called "Targum," (וּמְתֻרְגָּ֥ם, Ezra 4:7), while the Hebrew text was called "Miḳra" (see Yad. iv. 5; Shab. 115b).
Onkelos, chabad.org - Onkelos took very much to heart the fact that many Jews during the Babylonian Exile had forgotten their holy language, and had started speaking Babylonian, Ashdodic, Aramaic and different types of dialects. When the Jews returned from the Babylonian Exile, Ezra the Scribe translated the Torah into Aramaic so that everybody should be able to understand it, but the translation was lost.
... But is there corresponding evidence of direct reliance on the Hebrew?
Notes: Writing this, I am thinking of Paul's exegesis regarding, "Seed", (Galatians 3:16), and the citations from the prophets by Peter, etc;