"Had I not done the deeds that nobody has done, they would not have sin, but now they saw those deeds and hated both me and the Father"(John 15:24), thus they of course had a chance not to hate Him but still stubbornly embraced their previous vision of a national-political Messiah, which Jesus defied representing Himself as the universal Messiah of all humans.
But a very strange thing happens: Jews as described in the Gospels have among others two strong sentiments: a) hatred towards the Roman invaders and b) love of their expectation of a political Messiah, a great King who would rescue them from the Roman oppressors. However, when they saw that execution of Jesus was at a suspense, for Pilates got convinced in His guiltlessness, they said a plain lie: "we do not have a king, other than Caesar!" (John 19:15). Thus, they hated Jesus so much, that even forfeited their expectation of Messiah, for to say that they have no king other than Caesar, is to say big "NO" to messianic expectations of the national Jewish king-messiah. This means, that besides those two mentioned strong sentiments there was a third one, which eclipsed both, and because of which they hated Jesus.
But what was that third great sentiment, through which they hated Jesus and through which they said big NO to both their sweet passion of hatred towards Romans and even sweeter passion of expectation of the grand national Messiah-king-liberator?
Answer is - the dreadful divine infinity, that would demand from them to abandon parochial understanding of God as specially loving only them over other nations, and embracing a new understanding of God as the loving Father of all humans, all equally created in His image and likeness, and equally subject to salvational deeds of His Only-Begotten Son. But embracing such God would have destroyed all their past concepts, limited expectations, confinement of service of God only by works of Law, while God demanded from them belief in His Incarnate Son, who was not already content by the works of Law and even by the basic of all Law: "Love God with all your heart and your neighbour - as yourself", giving to humans the new commandment: "Love each other, as I have loved you"(John 13:34), and He did not love as He loved His own self, but more than Himself, laying His soul for others. Moreover, the referents of this New-Testamental dreadful love are no more only Jews, but all humans alike. This was perfectly well understood by Jews, and thus they were so dreaded by this prospect of new theology, that when Pilates showed them the bloodied Jesus, (whom he made beaten by iron-spiky Roman rods, just with a hope that if Jesus would survive this beating, the Jews' rage would be soothed), they went berserk and hysterically shouted "crucify, crucify Him!"(Luke 23:21).
But of course, this is not the end of the story according to the New Testament authors, and Paul, loving his nation, utters a prophetic hope that Jews' rejection of Jesus is but temporary, however eschatologically the entire Israel will convert and embrace the new salvific theology (Romans 11:25-26) of the man born of the Jewish woman, who revealed to all humanity the Name of God (John 17:7), which is the "Father" loving each human being, as best expressed by a metaphor of a parental love, and through whose Only-Begotten and uncreated Son also created humans can inherit His sonship (John 1:12) and the Eternal Kingdom.