In Zechariah's vision of four chariots in chapter 6 of his book, an angel tells him that the chariots are going to go to the "four winds of heaven," (verse 5)—in every direction. However, in verse 6, the angel says that two of the chariots are going north, and one south, and the fourth chariot is not mentioned at all! What happened to the fourth chariot? Why did two go north? What is going on here?

  • The fourth chariot is a rover? :-P
    – Jon Ericson
    Jul 5 '12 at 16:46
  • The translation you linked to actually says, "the chariot with white horses is going west". According to the footnote, the phrase could also be translated, "is going after them". But that doesn't answer the question at all. If anything, it's another question on top of this one.
    – Jon Ericson
    Jul 5 '12 at 16:51
  • @JonEricson Duh. I should have linked to the same version I was reading in physical copy (ESV). I glanced over it briefly to make sure they were the same but missed that.
    – Kazark
    Jul 5 '12 at 18:55

Before explaining the meaning of the chariots and the direction they take it would be could to identify why they are ‘going out to the four winds of heaven, after presenting themselves before the LORD’. As this part is not fully explained within the text it would be helpful to refer to similar ideas in the Bible:

Daniel said: "In my vision at night I looked, and there before me were the four winds of heaven churning up the great sea. (Daniel 7:2)

And he will send his angels with a loud trumpet call, and they will gather his elect from the four winds, from one end of the heavens to the other.(Mathew 24:31)

After this I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding back the four winds of the earth to prevent any wind from blowing on the land or on the sea or on any tree. (NIV Revelation 7:1)

With these references in mind it seems that the four winds in the Bible are often associated with the providence of God that are before the Lord and go out under the agency of angels. God sends out His providence and sovereignty in employing his angels between heaven and earth, as his servants for the accomplishment of his pleasure. This he does all over the earth (N,S,W,E) wherever the wind blows. This is certainly the meaning for in Daniel this ministry of angels make the waters rage and bring for the four empires from the sea which in Revelation 17:15 are ‘peoples, multitudes, nations and languages’ or the Gentile world. This providence under the agency of angels is further confirmed by the very nature of angels.

In speaking of the angels he says, “He makes his angels spirits, and his servants flames of fire.” (NIV Hebrews 1:7)

This must be on account that the angels are spiritual, agile, powerful, quickly and accomplishing the work that is appointed to them and is wrapped up in the providential workings of these four kingdoms.

I assume the direction is the direction the kingdoms first took, or a significant direction, but then they ‘patrolled the earth’ that is they went all over. I would have to look at a map, but considering that the four chariots were probably Babylon, Persian, and Greek and then Roman.

The Babylon (Red) needs ‘no mention’ as that was already history past. Persian going north must be the direction that the Persian expansion started. I just looked for a map and yes this is true, see here.

The Greeks (White) must have also expanded into the same region, because they overtook the Persians (Black). These kingdoms in the north (Persian and Greek) removed the Babylonians and kept them removed, which is why it set ‘God’s spirit at rest’. For as this freed Israel so they could fall back into line with God’s providential outworking of the Davidic kingdom and preparation for the Messiah. The Romans are not really considered in relation to restoring Israel as it was the Persians who did that, the Greeks are only included because of the suddenness of the conquest that Alexander made (represented as a leopard in Daniel 13:2 with regard to this speed). The Greeks can be said to have been ‘directly following the Persians with great speed’, or ‘the white ones go after them’. Thereby the Greeks solidified the establishment from exile from the Babylonians, whereas the Persians were the principle cause for that restoration. The Romans sort of start a new Chapter and their Kingdom is so strong and last so long that we treat them somewhat independently for the first three.

All that is left is to understand how the Romans (dappled, or patchy) would be the ones going south. This seems easy to confirm. Italy is definitely the most Northern of the four kingdoms so they moved south to conquer the entire Greek kingdom.

I think we underestimate how clear that the beasts in Daniel and also these chariots are these four kingdoms. The reason is that before the Babylonians there really was not a great kingdom in this region, and then each one was taken by the next until the Roman Empire gave sway to be the greatest kingdom ever to be in the world until that time. The fact that Christ was prophesied to come during that kingdom and then virtually demolish it, which did happen when Christianity first took over Rome, is both amazing and factual.

The reality of the constant overturning of Kingdoms from the Babylonians until Christ, was so new to the world, and must have been so tumultuous among the people that it is as thought the world was in birth pangs to receive its Lord. Meanwhile the world had reached its pinnacle in wisdom and learning from the Greeks and strength from the Romans, so when the resurrected Christ came in power by His spirit and overturned the world, it shows that the world had come to an end.

Christ came not just at the perfect time to fulfill the Law, but the most perfect time to destroy the world as well. His kingdom reigns. This is what the four chariots eventually established a place for, His throne. A throne that fulfilled the mountain of the Law, on which Moses received it, and raised up the new mountain, carved out of the first one, destroying the world.

  • +1 I was taking four primarily in terms of "the four winds of heaven." Good point with the connection to the beasts in Daniel! I want to note for future readers that this dovetails well with your answer to my two bronze mountains question and ought to be taken along with it. I have some form of preterist tendencies, and so that part of the post also peeks my interest.
    – Kazark
    Jul 7 '12 at 21:38
  • If they are the nations mentioned, what is the significance of them presenting themselves before the Lord before going out? Or as the KJV that Bob Jones has quoted, standing before him? If you can resolve that, I will probably accept this answer.
    – Kazark
    Jul 7 '12 at 22:50
  • @Kazark - OK, I mentioned the four winds. All of your Zechariah questions are almost building an entire imbedded commentary into this site. Lot's of little gold nuggets. I will probably refer back to them as a very good reference. Good work!
    – Mike
    Jul 8 '12 at 3:45
  • Well good work on your answers!
    – Kazark
    Jul 8 '12 at 4:28

Not "in all directions"

Zec 6:5 And the angel answered and said unto me, These [are] the four spirits of the heavens, which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth. -AV

From the Av there is no sense that they are going in all four directions, but that God is the "Lord of all the earth".

The red horse

The meaning of the missing red horses is that there is no more judgement. Christ has removed judgement from the word of God.

“1 ¶ And I turned, and lifted up mine eyes, and looked, and, behold, there came four chariots out from between two mountains; and the mountains [were] mountains of brass.

  • Lifted eyes - looking at the spiritual meaning
  • chariot - revelation of God (like the four rivers of Eden)
  • four - voices of prophet, priest, king, judge
  • two - dual nature of one thing
  • Mountain - place to worship God, two mountains - the cross which split God
  • brass - bronze, mixture mountains of earthly and heavenly,

Paraphrase: I understood the spiritual meaning, there were four revelations coming out of the cross, and the cross was a mixture of earthly and heavenly.

2 In the first chariot [were] red horses; and in the second chariot black horses;

  • red - sin of the flesh
  • horses - strength
  • black - dayspring, mercy

Paraphrase: The first testimony was strength over the flesh, and the second was strength in the mercy of the new birth.

3 And in the third chariot white horses; and in the fourth chariot grisled and bay horses.

Paraphrase: The third message was strength in Holiness. and the fourth message strength in the body of Christ (the church, as the mottled flocks of Jacob)

4 Then I answered and said unto the angel that talked with me, What [are] these, my lord? 5 And the angel answered and said unto me, These [are] the four spirits of the heavens, which go forth from standing before the Lord of all the earth.

The four spirits are just another phrase for the four revelations or testimonies of God through the four voices.

6 The black horses which [are] therein go forth into the north country; and the white go forth after them; and the grisled go forth toward the south country.

  • North - heaven
  • South - earth
  • East - eternity
  • West - filthy time

Grace and Holiness return to heaven The mixture of grace and holiness remains on earth. Christ is the one who reconciles Grace and Holiness on the Cross.

7 And the bay went forth, and sought to go that they might walk to and fro through the earth: and he said, Get you hence, walk to and fro through the earth. So they walked to and fro through the earth.

The bay horse is a mixture, in one sense Christ and in another the church. They remain on earth as his witnesses.

8 Then cried he upon me, and spake unto me, saying, Behold, these that go toward the north country have quieted my spirit in the north country.”

The horses representing Holiness and Grace have been reconciled and heaven is at peace.

What of the red?

We determined tentatively that red was the color of sin and the judge of sin.

Since there is no red horse remaining, it means that judgement has ceased. Sin has been removed. This is a parallel prophecy to judgement being removed from the word as the axe head was removed from the water, and the water was turned to wine.

This exposition adds to the confirmation of the interpretation in the linked answer on colors.


The horses are INSIDE the chariots, carried by the chariots.

The chariots are not drawn by the horses. The chariots release the horses and the horses go the directions described.

במרכבה הראשנה סוסים אדמּים ובמרכבה השּנית סוסים שחֹרים

ובמרכבה השּׁלשׁית סוסים לבנים ובמרכבה הרבעית סוסים ברדּים

ב מרכבה = in chariot

UFOlogist's or Star Trekker's view (disclaimer: I am not ufologist but I do like Star Trek):

The four mother ships carried little horse-like transport vehicles.


Four battleships carried torpedoes that were shot out in the described directions.

  • 1
    Hmmm... Two things: 1) the idea that horses would go off on their own like that seems anachronistic. Chariots weren't used that way. 2) This answer still doesn't solve the problem of why four directions were implied, but only two (or perhaps three) directions are actually mentioned. Something else must be going on here.
    – Jon Ericson
    Jul 5 '12 at 16:58
  • 1
    ב prepositions are local so it can mean "in", "by", "with", etc. So while the "in" preposition is possible, it's certainly less plausible than "with" which would make a bit more sense here.
    – swasheck
    Jul 5 '12 at 19:03
  • Why make life complicated. The Chariots "leaves for the four ruachot". Ruach could be breath, wind or even dimensions. The horses are transported by the vessels. Zechariah had no idea what he was seeing and simply called them "chariots". And the projectiles he saw - the nearest description he could grasp were "horses". Don't use your human perception to map it to biblical phenomena. Jul 6 '12 at 16:23

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