The Mystery of his Will
To understand the next passage first we must understand what this is saying:
He made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His kind intention which He purposed in Him. (Ephesians 1:9 NASB)
Attempting to save time, and though many references can point to this, the general idea is for God to receive all the glory and praise. This is the point and reason for the entire existence of his creation.
Here where it states "which He purposed in Him" declares that Jesus was sent to achieve the purpose of God receiving all the glory and the praise.
When it says, "according to His kind intention"
This is speaking of a deliverance of "the mystery of His will".
Therefore a restatement of this verse could say, "God will receive all glory and praise by the message delivered through Jesus Christ concerning the mystery of His will."
Now if his will was known by men, why was it then called a mystery?
Paul explains later in the epistle:
which in other generations was not made known to the sons of men, as it has now been revealed to His holy apostles and prophets in the Spirit; 6 to be specific, that the Gentiles are fellow heirs and fellow members of the body, and fellow partakers of the promise in Christ Jesus through the gospel (Ephesians 3:5-6 NASB)
and to bring to light what is the administration of the mystery which for ages has been hidden in God who created all things; 10 so that the manifold wisdom of God might now be made known through the church to the rulers and the authorities in the heavenly places. (Ephesians 3:9-10 NASB)
Yet why was this kept secret?
for through Him we both have our access in one Spirit to the Father. (Ephesians 2:18 NASB)
Logic plainly tells us that earlier then the Spirit, access was denied to the Father.
Yet lets put it together and see if it makes sense
"God will receive all glory and praise by the message delivered through Jesus Christ concerning Jews and Gentiles as fellow heirs of the promise in Christ Jesus."
Does that by itself bring all glory and praise to God?
Therefore we can see that there's more to this message then simply Jews and Gentiles as heirs. Paul does explain "having access to the Spirit":
So this I say, and affirm together with the Lord, that you walk no longer just as the Gentiles also walk, in the futility of their mind, 18 being darkened in their understanding, excluded from the life of God because of the ignorance that is in them, because of the hardness of their heart (Ephesians 4:17-18 NASB)
Wait! Paul just spoke about Jews and gentiles a joint heirs, yet he warns about the way the other Gentiles.
and that you be renewed in the spirit of your mind, 24 and put on the new self, which in the likeness of God has been created in righteousness and holiness of the truth. (Ephesians 4:23-24 NASB)
Lets study this to see the difference
He speaks of "futility of mind", "darkened understanding", and "exclusion from life", for reason of a hardened heart.
Yet as opposite he shows newness of life in the "spirit of the mind", a "likeness of God", "created in righteousness and holiness of the truth"
Therefore we can see that the change must occur "in the mind".
Another clue given to us about the access to the Spirit
Avoid grieving the Holy Spirit of God, by whom you were sealed for the day of redemption. 31 Let all bitterness and wrath and anger and clamor and slander be put away from you, along with all malice. (Ephesians 4:30-31)
When speaking of the mind and emotions this is pointing us directly to psychology.
The Stages of Grief
- Denial - Anger - Bargain - Depression - Acceptance
We can learn from this that Paul is asking us to cast away anger. James explains why:
for the anger of man does not achieve the righteousness of God. (James 1:20 NASB)
Now denial that's the opposite of faith and forgiveness leads to acceptance.
In this we can see how acceptance provides the cure for the knowledge of function and error. Indeed its your acceptance that will make you well.
Well that's all fine and dandy why did I have to go through all of that to get to the answer of the question?
- εἰς - (for)
- οἰκονομίαν - (administration)
- τοῦ - (of the)
- πληρώματος - (fullness)
- τῶν - (the)
- καιρῶν - (of times)
- ἀνακεφαλαιώσασθαι - (to head up)
- τὰ - (the)
- πάντα - (all things)
- ἐν - (in)
- τῷ - (the)
- Χριστῷ - (Christ)
- τὰ - (the)
- τε - (and both)
- ἐν - (in)
- τοῖς - (the)
- οὐρανοῖς - (universe)
- καὶ - (and)
- τὰ - (the)
- ἐπὶ - (upon)
- τῆς - (the)
- γῆς - (Earth)
for administration of the fullness of the times to head up all the things in the Christ in both the Universe and upon the Earth.
Realizing the importance of a persons mindset in comparison to acceptance of things as they exist at the now, goes to show the true meaning to the word ἀνακεφαλαιώσασθαι. Ever hear the expression "head up" comparing to "chin up" or "cheer up"?
Restatement of Build using Understanding
He made known to us the mystery of His will, according to His kind intention which He purposed in Him, for administration of the fullness of the times to cheer up all the things in the Christ in both the Universe and upon the Earth. (Ephesians 1:9-10 Decoded)
R. Lenski denies that the root of 346 (anakephalaíomai) means "head" (kephalē), and prefers kephalaion ("sum"), Yet in either way it shows the building up of the Spirit(attitude) of a man to that of Holiness.