"There I will meet with you; and from above the mercy seat, from between the two cherubim which are upon the ark of the testimony, I will speak to you about all that I will give you in commandment for the sons of Israel." (Exodus 25:22 NASB)
"So Moses wrote this law and gave it to the priests, the sons of Levi who carried the ark of the covenant of the Lord, and to all the elders of Israel." (Deuteronomy 31:9)
I'm trying to understand the "of" in the phrase "the Ark of the Covenant" or "Ark of the Testimony" in these and other passages in the Old Testament, especially Deuteronomy 31 and Joshua 3.
Is the phrase to be read "The Ark that is associated with the Covenant" or "The Ark that is a vessel of the Covenant?"