Acts 3:19-22 NIV

Repent, then, and turn to God, so that your sins may be wiped out, that times of refreshing may come from the Lord, and that he may send the Messiah, who has been appointed for you—even Jesus. Heaven must receive him until the time comes for God to restore everything, as he promised long ago through his holy prophets. For Moses said, ‘The Lord your God will raise up for you a prophet like me from among your own people; you must listen to everything he tells you.

In the verse hilighted above, Peter talks about God sending the Jewish 'Messiah', in the NIV (although other version have Jesus Christ, etc).

What is the sense that Peter is implying in this passage, and what is the meaning of 'sending the Messiah', or 'sending Jesus'? Is it to be understood as the Second Coming? Additionally, what are some of the indicators about which reading would be more appropriate, as the NIV has it, or as the other versions (using 'Messiah' or 'Jesus Christ')?


Paul is indeed referring to the Second Advent in the following passage:

20) and times of rest may come to you from before the face of the Lord; and he may send to you him, who was made ready for you, Jesus the Messiah: THE N.T TRANSLATED FROM THE SYRIAC PESHITO VERSION BY JAMES MURDOCK

Paul's address to this Jewish audience brought to their attention concepts they may have been familiar with but not exactly clear on. For instance, the phrase "times of rest" (KJV and NIV renders times of refreshing) is believed by NT scholars to be one and same as what Simeon, the father of John the Baptist, awaited in Luke chapter 2.

Luke 2:25 And there was a certain man in Jerusalem, whose name was Simeon. This man was upright and just, and was waiting for the consolation of Israel, and the Holy Spirit was upon him.

The mentioned "times of refreshing" or consolation is the heavenly reign of the enthroned Christ. As in Peter's address in Act's 2, Paul similarly summons his listeners to repent for crucifying the very One the prophets of old said would come. Of course their understanding of the Messianic Kingdom was lacking. But Paul's message is clear: Repent, and you too will enjoy the promises foretold by the holy prophets.

We currently live in the refreshing time, and it is but a foretaste of Christ's reign in the age to come in which Christ will no longer reign in the midst of His enemies (Psalms 110:2). When the Restoration of all things (please see Acts 1:6) is completed, Christ will be sent by the Father to destroy His enemies establishing his reign in a new heavens and new earth.

Act 3:23 And it shall be, that every soul, which shall not hearken to that prophet, shall be utterly destroyed from among the people.

As far as which rendering of Messiah/Christ is appropriate, I've pasted A.T. Robertson's notes from his Word Pictures on the subject.

In the N.T. only here and Act_22:14; Act_26:16. It is not “Jesus Christ” here nor “Christ Jesus,” but “the Messiah, Jesus,” identifying Jesus with the Messiah. See the Second Epiphany of Jesus foretold also in 1Ti 6:15 and the First Epiphany described in 1Pe 1:20.

  • Wonderful answer. Several directions I can go with this. Thank you. Out of curiosity, do you have any OT references that directly mention the "consolation of Israel" or "restoation"? I'll look myself, just where direct references would be.
    – user6152
    Dec 5 '14 at 16:08
  • @wilberteric The OP has given a prime example of Dual Fulfillment and you handled it well. "The Times of Refreshment" include the consolation of Israel, yet the consolation of Israel is not complete until her enemies are destroyed-a future event. +1
    – Tau
    Dec 5 '14 at 18:41
  • 1
    A direct wording of "restoration" is not found in the A.V. Jeremiah chapter 23:1-8 (righteous branch passage) is probably the most noted passage. A good place to start study is Matt 17:10-12, where Jesus cites John the Baptist as the announcer of the first phase of restoration ..."And answering, Jesus said to them, Elijah indeed comes first and shall RESTORE all things". Another is Luke 4:17-22 where Jesus interpret Is 61:1-2. Lastly, combining this study with a study of the Sabbath rest (Matt 11:28,29, Heb 4:9) is beneficial. Dec 5 '14 at 19:00

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