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Addition Comments

Additional Comments

6 Per extensive discussion in chat (http://chat.stackexchange.com/transcript/message/33500330#33500330) please do not cite your own translation in a way that makes it seem like an outside authority.
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My own translation of 1 John 2:12-14:

12 I am writing to you little children, because through his name your sins have been forgiven. 13 I am writing to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I am writing to you young men because you have subdued the evil one.
I

I have written to you little children because you have known the Father. 14I have written to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I have written to you young men because you are strong men and the word of God abides in you, for you have subdued the evil one.
-- 1 John 2:12-14 (EPV)


(a) properly, "the One"

My guess is, the letter was sent in two parts. The "I am writing..." sentences were the the last things written in the first part, and the "I have written..." sentences are the first things written in the second part -- the writer having taken up from where he left off. Of course, he wouldn't have had a copy of the first, but he would remember the essence of how he finished it.

With regard to the "new commandment", I think a hint of it is given in verse 12, "because through his name your sins have been forgiven", but the full statement of it is not given until 1 John 3:23, which I would give like this:   

enter image description here

"Loving one another" is unarguably the principle theme of this epistle. Chapter 4 in particular, where more than half of the verses contain the word "love". By way of example here is my translation of 1 John 4:8-11:

7 Dear ones! We should love one another, because love is from God. And all who love have been begotten from God, and know God. 8 He who does not love has not known God, because God is love.
  

9 The love of God was manifest in us in this way: God sent his son ‒ the only one ‒ into the world so that we might live through him.
  

10 Herein is love: not that we loved God, but that he, himself, loved us and sent forth his son ‒ an atonement for our sins.
-- 1 John 4:8-11 (EPV)

Addition Comments

My translation of 1 John 2:7-8:

7 Dear ones! I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment that you have had from the beginning. The commandment, the old one, is the word that you heard. 8 Then again (πάλιν), I am writing a new commandment to you, one that is true in him and in you, because the darkness has passed, and the light, the true light, is shining even now.
-- 1 John 2:7-8 (EPV)

I can't help being moved to see a connection between the author's emphasis on the behaviour of those who make claim to the "name of Jesus" and the injunction of the third commandment:  

Exodus 20:7 (KJV)

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the LORDLord thy God in vain; for the LORDLord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain
-- Exodus 20:7 (KJV).

The bulk of what the author has to say is gentle and loving and uplifting as he, himself, cannot help but model the message of the words, but interspersed in the text are clear statements of what duplicitous behaviour looks like. For example my translations of 1 John 1:6 and 10:

6 If we were to say we have communion with him, but were to walk in darkness, then we have lied, for we do not do what is true...If we were to say we have not sinned, then we make him a liar. So, his word is not in us.
-- 1 John 1:6,10 (EPV)

He

And 1 John 2:4,22:

He who says, "I have known him!" even while not keeping his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.... Who is the liar, if not he who has denied, as though Jesus is not the Christ. This is he who is the antichrist ‒ the one who has denied the Father and the Son.
-- 1 John 2:4,22 (EPV) 

12 I am writing to you little children, because through his name your sins have been forgiven. 13 I am writing to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I am writing to you young men because you have subdued the evil one.
I have written to you little children because you have known the Father. 14I have written to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I have written to you young men because you are strong men and the word of God abides in you, for you have subdued the evil one.
-- 1 John 2:12-14 (EPV)


(a) properly, "the One"

My guess is, the letter was sent in two parts. The "I am writing..." sentences were the the last things written in the first part, and the "I have written..." sentences are the first things written in the second part -- the writer having taken up from where he left off. Of course, he wouldn't have had a copy of the first, but he would remember the essence of how he finished it.

With regard to the "new commandment", I think a hint of it is given in verse 12, "because through his name your sins have been forgiven", but the full statement of it is not given until 1 John 3:23, which I would give like this:  enter image description here

"Loving one another" is unarguably the principle theme of this epistle. Chapter 4 in particular, where more than half of the verses contain the word "love". By way of example:

7 Dear ones! We should love one another, because love is from God. And all who love have been begotten from God, and know God. 8 He who does not love has not known God, because God is love.
 9 The love of God was manifest in us in this way: God sent his son ‒ the only one ‒ into the world so that we might live through him.
 10 Herein is love: not that we loved God, but that he, himself, loved us and sent forth his son ‒ an atonement for our sins.
-- 1 John 4:8-11 (EPV)

Addition Comments

7 Dear ones! I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment that you have had from the beginning. The commandment, the old one, is the word that you heard. 8 Then again (πάλιν), I am writing a new commandment to you, one that is true in him and in you, because the darkness has passed, and the light, the true light, is shining even now.
-- 1 John 2:7-8 (EPV)

I can't help being moved to see a connection between the author's emphasis on the behaviour of those who make claim to the "name of Jesus" and the injunction of the third commandment:  

Thou shalt not take the name of the LORD thy God in vain; for the LORD will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain
-- Exodus 20:7 (KJV)

The bulk of what the author has to say is gentle and loving and uplifting as he, himself, cannot help but model the message of the words, but interspersed in the text are clear statements of what duplicitous behaviour looks like. For example:

6 If we were to say we have communion with him, but were to walk in darkness, then we have lied, for we do not do what is true...If we were to say we have not sinned, then we make him a liar. So, his word is not in us.
-- 1 John 1:6,10 (EPV)

He who says, "I have known him!" even while not keeping his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.... Who is the liar, if not he who has denied, as though Jesus is not the Christ. This is he who is the antichrist ‒ the one who has denied the Father and the Son.
-- 1 John 2:4,22 (EPV)

My own translation of 1 John 2:12-14:

12 I am writing to you little children, because through his name your sins have been forgiven. 13 I am writing to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I am writing to you young men because you have subdued the evil one.

I have written to you little children because you have known the Father. 14I have written to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I have written to you young men because you are strong men and the word of God abides in you, for you have subdued the evil one.


(a) properly, "the One"

My guess is, the letter was sent in two parts. The "I am writing..." sentences were the the last things written in the first part, and the "I have written..." sentences are the first things written in the second part the writer having taken up from where he left off. Of course, he wouldn't have had a copy of the first, but he would remember the essence of how he finished it.

With regard to the "new commandment", I think a hint of it is given in verse 12, "because through his name your sins have been forgiven", but the full statement of it is not given until 1 John 3:23, which I would give like this: 

enter image description here

"Loving one another" is unarguably the principle theme of this epistle. Chapter 4 in particular, where more than half of the verses contain the word "love". By way of example here is my translation of 1 John 4:8-11:

7 Dear ones! We should love one another, because love is from God. And all who love have been begotten from God, and know God. 8 He who does not love has not known God, because God is love. 

9 The love of God was manifest in us in this way: God sent his son ‒ the only one ‒ into the world so that we might live through him. 

10 Herein is love: not that we loved God, but that he, himself, loved us and sent forth his son ‒ an atonement for our sins.

Addition Comments

My translation of 1 John 2:7-8:

7 Dear ones! I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment that you have had from the beginning. The commandment, the old one, is the word that you heard. 8 Then again (πάλιν), I am writing a new commandment to you, one that is true in him and in you, because the darkness has passed, and the light, the true light, is shining even now.

I can't help being moved to see a connection between the author's emphasis on the behaviour of those who make claim to the "name of Jesus" and the injunction of the third commandment:

Exodus 20:7 (KJV)

7 Thou shalt not take the name of the Lord thy God in vain; for the Lord will not hold him guiltless that taketh his name in vain.

The bulk of what the author has to say is gentle and loving and uplifting as he, himself, cannot help but model the message of the words, but interspersed in the text are clear statements of what duplicitous behaviour looks like. For example my translations of 1 John 1:6 and 10:

6 If we were to say we have communion with him, but were to walk in darkness, then we have lied, for we do not do what is true...If we were to say we have not sinned, then we make him a liar. So, his word is not in us.

And 1 John 2:4,22:

He who says, "I have known him!" even while not keeping his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.... Who is the liar, if not he who has denied, as though Jesus is not the Christ. This is he who is the antichrist ‒ the one who has denied the Father and the Son. 

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Here is 1 John 2:12-14 as I see it:

12 I am writing to you little children, because through his name your sins have been forgiven. 13 I am writing to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I am writing to you young men because you have subdued the evil one.
I have written to you little children because you have known the Father. 14I have written to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I have written to you young men because you are strong men and the word of God abides in you, for you have subdued the evil one.  
-- 1 John 2:12-14 (EPV)


(a) properly, "the One"(a) properly, "the One"

7 Dear ones! We should love one another, because love is from God. And all who love have been begotten from God, and know God. 8 He that lovethwho does not knowethlove has not God; forknown God, because God is love.
9 In this was manifested theThe love of God towardwas manifest in us, because that in this way: God sent his son ‒ the only begotten Sonone ‒ into the world, so that we might live through him.
10 Herein is love,: not that we loved God, but that he, himself, loved us, and sent forth his Son to be the propitiationson ‒ an atonement for our sins.
11 Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.
-- 1 John 4:8-11 (KJVEPV)

Addition Comments

Here is how I would give verses 7 and 8:

7 Dear ones! I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment that you have had from the beginning. The commandment, the old one, is the word that you heard. 8 Then again (πάλιν), I am writing a new commandment to you, one that is true in him and in you, because the darkness has passed, and the light, the true light, is shining even now.
-- 1 John 2:7-8 (EPV)

6 If we were to say that we have fellowshipcommunion with him, andbut were to walk in darkness, then we liehave lied, andfor we do not the truthdo what is true... IfIf we were to say that we have not sinned, we make him a liarthen we make him a liar. So, and his word is not in us. 
-- 1 John 1:6,10 (KJVEPV)

He that saithwho says, I know"I have known him, and keepeth!" even while not keeping his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.... Who is athe liar but, if not he that denieth thatwho has denied, as though Jesus is not the Christ? He. This is he who is the antichrist, that denieth the one who has denied the Father and the Son.
-- 1 John 2:4,22 (KJVEPV)

Here is 1 John 2:12-14 as I see it:

12 I am writing to you little children, because through his name your sins have been forgiven. 13 I am writing to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I am writing to you young men because you have subdued the evil one.
I have written to you little children because you have known the Father. 14I have written to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I have written to you young men because you are strong men and the word of God abides in you, for you have subdued the evil one.  


(a) properly, "the One"

8 He that loveth not knoweth not God; for God is love.
9 In this was manifested the love of God toward us, because that God sent his only begotten Son into the world, that we might live through him.
10 Herein is love, not that we loved God, but that he loved us, and sent his Son to be the propitiation for our sins.
11 Beloved, if God so loved us, we ought also to love one another.
-- 1 John 4:8-11 (KJV)

Addition Comments

Here is how I would give verses 7 and 8:

7 Dear ones! I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment that you have had from the beginning. The commandment, the old one, is the word that you heard. 8 Then again (πάλιν), I am writing a new commandment to you, one that is true in him and in you, because the darkness has passed, and the light, the true light, is shining even now.

If we say that we have fellowship with him, and walk in darkness, we lie, and do not the truth... If we say that we have not sinned, we make him a liar, and his word is not in us.
-- 1 John 1:6,10 (KJV)

He that saith, I know him, and keepeth not his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him... Who is a liar but he that denieth that Jesus is the Christ? He is antichrist, that denieth the Father and the Son
-- 1 John 2:4,22 (KJV)

12 I am writing to you little children, because through his name your sins have been forgiven. 13 I am writing to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I am writing to you young men because you have subdued the evil one.
I have written to you little children because you have known the Father. 14I have written to you fathers because you have known Him(a) from the beginning. I have written to you young men because you are strong men and the word of God abides in you, for you have subdued the evil one.
-- 1 John 2:12-14 (EPV)


(a) properly, "the One"

7 Dear ones! We should love one another, because love is from God. And all who love have been begotten from God, and know God. 8 He who does not love has not known God, because God is love.
9 The love of God was manifest in us in this way: God sent his son ‒ the only one ‒ into the world so that we might live through him.
10 Herein is love: not that we loved God, but that he, himself, loved us and sent forth his son ‒ an atonement for our sins.
-- 1 John 4:8-11 (EPV)

Addition Comments

7 Dear ones! I am not writing a new commandment to you, but an old commandment that you have had from the beginning. The commandment, the old one, is the word that you heard. 8 Then again (πάλιν), I am writing a new commandment to you, one that is true in him and in you, because the darkness has passed, and the light, the true light, is shining even now.
-- 1 John 2:7-8 (EPV)

6 If we were to say we have communion with him, but were to walk in darkness, then we have lied, for we do not do what is true...If we were to say we have not sinned, then we make him a liar. So, his word is not in us. 
-- 1 John 1:6,10 (EPV)

He who says, "I have known him!" even while not keeping his commandments, is a liar, and the truth is not in him.... Who is the liar, if not he who has denied, as though Jesus is not the Christ. This is he who is the antichrist the one who has denied the Father and the Son.
-- 1 John 2:4,22 (EPV)

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