11,320 reputation
33771
bio website frankluke.com
location Knoxville, IA
age 37
visits member for 2 years, 6 months
seen 4 mins ago

I am a web programmer by day (PHP) and work on sermons and teaching material in the evenings.

I attended Assemblies of God Theological Seminary in Springfield, Missouri, for a Master of Arts in Theological Studies and a Master of Divinity. I am an associate pastor at a small church in Iowa. While in seminary, my emphasis was on Old Testament studies, but Dr. Wave Nunnally introduced me to the rabbinics. Those have become a special interest as well.

I also enjoy apologetics and was a very active member of the apologetics.org forum before it went defunct.


1d
comment Was the text of Matthew 28:19 changed?
ON BAPTISM For there has been imposed a law of baptizing, and its form prescribed: Go, [Jesus] says, teach the nations, baptizing them in the Name of the Father and the Son and the Holy Ghost. Tertullian wrote that quote before his death c. 225. That's a century before Nicea.
1d
comment Was the text of Matthew 28:19 changed?
Didache 7:1 Concerning baptism, you should baptize this way: After first explaining all things, baptize in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy Spirit, in flowing water.
1d
comment Was the text of Matthew 28:19 changed?
Since something like the full text of Matthew 28:19 is found in the Didache (AD 50-70 at the earliest and generally early second century at the latest), is alluded to twice by Tertullian (d. 225) in On Baptism and Against Praxeas, and by several other church fathers before Nicea, Nicea (c. 325) couldn't have added it.
1d
comment In Genesis 28:13, is the Lord above or beside Jacob?
@Davïd, thank you. That clears some things up in my mind (why the first and second were different). I plan on checking BDB.
Jul
21
comment Which of Paul's letters were written to strangers?
Can you show the verses from Thessalonians and Corinthians where Paul has visited them? Likewise with Colossians as to why you conclude he had not? Looking for patterns/similar verses in Scripture would be on-topic, but without those, this might be read as a question looking for a text.
Jul
21
comment Was or wasn’t Shem’s son Arphaxad born on the ark?
A reference for the claim is needed. Maybe draw an analogy with the kings (or judges or anything where time is kept). Can you find one with a statement where we would recon the rule to be one more year than what the Bible lists?
Jul
17
comment Is there any significance to the shift between cardinal and ordinal numbers in Genesis 1?
@Susan, I've added a section on how Gesenius explained the formation of cardinals and ordinals in his grammar.
Jul
16
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@ScottS, I should not have made the comment about boggling the mind. That was unnecessary and rude of me. My apologies.
Jul
16
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
I will also note that your link states that it might be The Testament of Moses (which has a lost ending) which contains the account Jude draws from (in the lost portion) and that the tradition of angels disputing with the Devil starts in Zech 3:2 but grows strong in the early Jewish literature (CD-A V 17-18; 1QS III,18-25; T. Ash 6:4-6). A few pages later it states that Jude is quoting 1 Enoch 1:9 in 14-16.
Jul
16
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@ScottS, I had already noted in my answer that Jude could be combining a couple of apocryphal works as we have no complete manuscript of Assumption. That's fine for my stance of literary influence.
Jul
16
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
I know, there are people who deny that Jude quoted "Assumption of Moses," too, for the same reasons. But the simplest solution that fits the facts is that Jude referenced noncanonical works (1 Enoch and either Assumption of Moses or Apocalypse of Moses). All such denials read to me like someone having come to a conclusion ahead of time and sticking with it contrary to the facts
Jul
16
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@ScottS, I've rephrased my statement (I've found an even more direct quote from 1 Enoch than it being a summary of the Similitudes). Frankly, it boggles the mind that some can read the verse in Jude then read 1 Enoch 1:9 and conclude that Jude isn't referring to 1 Enoch. Especially since Jude has already quoted "The Assumption of Moses."
Jul
16
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@ScottS, a work doesn't have to be canonical to be quoted in the New Testament. Paul quoted Greek philosophers and playwrights. Jude quotes The Assumption of Moses and 1 Enoch. Jesus often starts with what people are familiar with and expands it (sometimes even turning it around).
Jul
14
comment Forgiveness, yes or no?
Welcome to Biblical Hermeneutics! If you would be so kind as to add version references to your quotes, it would be greatly appreciated. If they all come from the same, just note that once ("All verse references are from the NIV/NASB"). I would figure it out and paste them for you, but my browser is acting up today regarding BibleGateway.
Jul
12
comment Why doesn't Jesus give away all his money?
This does not provide an answer to the question. To critique or request clarification from an author, leave a comment below their post - you can always comment on your own posts, and once you have sufficient reputation you will be able to comment on any post.
Jul
11
comment What did Paul call Christians?
In Acts 22:4, he calls them "followers of this way" and uses that as a name for Christians in 24:14 ("However, I admit that I worship the God of our ancestors as a follower of the Way, which they call a sect."). Jesus had identified himself as "the Way" (John 14:6) and the name appears throughout Acts (9:2; 11:26; 19:9, 23; 22:4; 24:14, 22; see 18:25, 26 for the similar terms "the Way of the Lord" and "the way of God"). Luke seems to have liked it. However, Paul does not use that term in the Epistles.
Jul
8
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@ScottS, while I understand scholars argue over the dating of Enoch, I don't see how they can look at the internal and external evidence and place it in the CE era (though I agree with them that it was written in pieces over the course of centuries). For example, works whose age are not debated (and placed BCE) allude to Enoch (by name). I believe Testament of Abraham is one of them. I do have a list of reasons at home for why I date all of Enoch to the BCE era.
Jul
8
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@MarkEdward, while it may not be definitive, the concepts of "light," "darkness," and "sons of light" from John 12 all appear frequently in War Scroll.
Jul
8
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@ScottS, I have not read all of it, unfortunately. I did note that he says "late first century BCE."
Jul
8
comment Is the Son of Man passage in Matthew 25 a reference to 1 Enoch?
@Jas3.1, found one.