12,568 reputation
54178
bio website frankluke.com
location Knoxville, IA
age 38
visits member for 2 years, 9 months
seen 8 hours ago

I am a web programmer by day (PHP) and work on sermons and teaching material in the evenings.

I attended Assemblies of God Theological Seminary in Springfield, Missouri, for a Master of Arts in Theological Studies and a Master of Divinity. I am an associate pastor at a small church in Iowa. While in seminary, my emphasis was on Old Testament studies, but Dr. Wave Nunnally introduced me to the rabbinics. Those have become a special interest as well.

I also enjoy apologetics and was a very active member of the apologetics.org forum before it went defunct.


14h
comment Why was crocodile (תנין) from Exodus 7:10 translated as snake or serpent?
@DavidH, The Jewish Encyclopedia says the ancient Hebrew word for crocodile is unknown. There are a couple of candidates in the Hebrew Bible, but nothing described quite fits. It's a good article on the critter.
1d
comment Did Jeremiah complain about corrupt torah in Jeremiah 8:8?
@JimThio while I don't consider the prophets and apostles perfect, I do conclude (not assume) that what they recorded as Scripture is correct. That is, I do not believe them sinless (except Jesus), but what they wrote is inspired and what God wanted them to write.
Oct
16
comment Forbidden fruit
This is a good question, it just doesn't fit in here. We work with specific texts and draw meaning from them. Unfortunately, this is more of a systematic theology question. I'll see if it can be moved to Christianity.SE.
Oct
14
comment What are the arguments used by literal interpreters of Ezekiel's temple (Ezek. 40-48)?
Yeah, this is a good question--focused on a text and one particular hermeneutic for it.
Oct
12
comment Texts in second temple Judaism using “one like a son of man” as in Daniel 7 to refer to angel
@Onlyheisgood. "son of man" is a term commonly used in the 2nd Temple Period Judiasm to refer to the Messiah. As seen from the uses, the Son of Man is more than a human being. He is divine. The term "son of man" in Num 23 is from Early Hebraic thinking (not 2nd Temple Judiasm). As used then (Early Hebraic), it was a poetic/literary way of saying "human being." David uses it the same way. However, the term shifted in time to refer specifically to first a certain prophet who spoke of the end of days (Ezekiel) and then the Messiah in the Intertestamental Period.
Oct
9
comment In what sense would Nathanael have “seen” in John 1:51?
Welcome to Biblical Hermeneutics. We're a bit different from other sites. Could you flesh this answer out more and add some sources, please?
Oct
7
comment What are “works of the law”?
However, one who has faith must not take their liberty in Christ as an excuse to sin. God forbid that we should sin that grace abound! And "taken in trespass" does not mean "feels the need to use the Law to come to peace." It means falls into sin, i.e. disobeys the Law.
Oct
7
comment What are “works of the law”?
-1 because this draws an unneeded distinction between law and faith. The two work together (see James 1:1 through 5:20). Paul also speaks highly of the Law and follows it. While he refuses Titus to be circumcised, he insists that Timothy be (Acts 16:3). This is because Titus was a gentile while Timothy was an uncircumcised Jew whom other Jews would consider an apostate. Paul, along with the Jerusalem Council, refused to make circumcision a requirement for salvation, but they recognized that the Law did good things in people. One who follows the Law in faith will not do those things.
Oct
6
comment Does Moses Speak Broken Hebrew?
That Hebrew was a written language in the BC time is well established in the field. The Masoretes established the vowel points used today, but they already had a written language. Look up Paleo Hebrew to see what it looked like in the time of the kings.
Sep
21
comment Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?
@Joseph, that's up for the next bit. I had a complete answer for labash and tsalach and wanted to get that down. male' and the LXX are next.
Sep
20
comment Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?
Thanks for pointing those out! I'm also looking at some things in the Septuagint and found a couple more Hebrew words I'd like to look into (male' is used in Exodus).
Sep
12
comment When Samson posed his riddle, how were his companions supposed to guess it?
Yep. Couple of different words used to describe the Spirit coming upon people. Indeed, got a question out of it. Thank you so much for quoting the ESV here. If I hadn't seen the different phrasing in English, I would have assumed it used the standard phrasing in Hebrew.
Sep
12
comment When Samson posed his riddle, how were his companions supposed to guess it?
"rushed upon him." A very interesting word choice. I'll have to look at the Hebrew for it. Might get a question out of it!
Sep
10
comment Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?
@JamesShewey, that ex nihilo is first explicitly stated in Maccabees was one of the pieces that hit the cutting room floor last night. As for Strong's, though, I prefer BDB. Strongs shows how the words are translated not what they mean.
Sep
10
comment Assessments of the evidence for the “Gap Theory” reading of Genesis 1:1-2?
My answer in the file (partially formatted) is 5,929 words and 12 pages long. I still have a couple of notes to fill in (i.e. in places it says find the rule in Waltke/O'Connor). My answer is actually 4000 letters too long for SE.
Sep
2
comment How can the translation of δοξης as “glory” in Romans 3:23 be justified?
I like this answer. Can you show that the Septuagint used doxa for kabod? That would really connect the dots for people.
Aug
28
comment Did Judas repent or feel remorse?
@fdb, does it impact your statement any that of the 40 times "repent" appearances in the KJV NT, this is the only time they follow it with "himself" (or any reflexive pronoun)? And they never put "himself" after repent in the OT. There are ~80 occurrences of the word translated.
Aug
27
comment Did Judas repent or feel remorse?
@Susan, partly from my own spending a lot of time in the KJV and noting that other uses of the word were in the same form but this was the only one where they added "himself." Matthew Henry says, "He repented himself; that is, he was filled with grief, anguish, and indignation, at himself, when reflecting upon what he had done." He then goes on to compare Peter's repentance to salvation and Judas' to destruction. With Henry's commentary being ~100 years after KJV, his understanding of the phrase would be similar to theirs.
Aug
21
comment How credible is the theory that Enki and Ninhursag influenced Genesis 2 and 3?
"you will find that the differences stand out much more than the similarities". This is so important. For example, in so many of the other Flood stories, the gods send the flood not because humanity is sinful, but because humanity is noisy and keeping the gods from their [beauty] sleep! The gods also forgot that they need humans to make sacrifices (feeding the gods). The gods are, in these, little more than people with super egos, super powers, and short tempers. The stories make people feel good about themselves while the Bible shows the majesty of God and the sinfulness of humanity.
Aug
21
comment How can Paul (Saul), be considered a “young man” when Stephen was stoned?
I first read "R.J. Knowling" as "J.K. Rowling," and thought "What?" I think I need caffeine.