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This personification of Wisdom can't refer to either God or to the messiah. Verse 8:22 says: The LORD made me as the beginning of His way, the first of His works of old. God made Wisdom, so Wisdom can't be God. (God didn't make God; God just always was.) Under Christianity, the messiah is part of God and so this can't mean the messiah either. Under ...


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One way of approaching this question is to first ask "what would each verse have meant in the mind of the original author" taking account of who we believe was/were the human author's intended audience. When taking this approach, we must also take account of the genre of the writing. In brief, Proverbs (at least until some of the later sections) are "of ...


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Malbim (ad loc.) explains that "tree of life" here means "source of eternal life of the soul", and interprets the verse as follows. (I'll boldface the parts that are translating the verse.) The yield of a righteous person, one who acts righteously, is that he's a source of life for those who follow his lead: their souls get eternal life[1] by their doing as ...


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Great question! I had never thought about that before, so I dug in a little. And as I examined the passage, I found a very significant literary device that I had never previously noticed: Set Proverbs 7 and 8 side-by-side and you will notice several remarkable similarities/parallels between the two passages. Both present a long speech by a woman. Both women ...


5

Hebrew poetry (such as Psalms and Proverbs) are noted not for rhyming but for parallelism. That is, they will often make a statement in the A part of the verse that is repeated slightly differently in the B portion. Proverbs 15:20 is a good example of using contrast in the parallel. A wise child(A) brings joy(B) to his father(C), but a foolish ...


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With above sentences the writer (not sure if this is Agur or the son of Jakeh) is talking about the 7th and 4th item. For example: 3 things amazes him and there is even a 4th thing that amazes him even more. The book of Proverbs is completely in poetic form. It contains different variations and combinations of basic forms of parallelism, a distinguishing ...


4

Why is Wisdom personified as a woman? That's a straightforward question that admits of no simple answer. Nor is it possible to answer it from within the Hebrew Bible itself. And, it must be added, all answers to this "why?" question contain an element of speculation. This is "Biblical Hermeneutics.SE", so it is important to identify the kind of ...


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Although I doubt the difference is there in the original language, it seems to me the translators are correct to give the two references different articles - at least in the ESV, all the references in Genesis and Revelation are translated with the definite article, including the very first: 9And out of the ground the LORD God made to spring up every tree ...


4

The JPS translation is clearest here, as pointed out in the comments, so I’ll use it to illustrate my answer: “There are friends that one hath to his own hurt; but there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother.” The original Hebrew is indispensable here: “אִישׁ רֵעִים, לְהִתְרֹעֵעַ; וְיֵשׁ אֹהֵב, דָּבֵק מֵאָח׃” Ish re‘im l’hithro‘eä‘; v’yesh ’ohev ...


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In "Living by the Book" (chapters 19-23), Howard Hendricks emphasizes several points used in observation of a passage: What things are emphasized? What things are repeated? What things are related? What things are alike? What things are unalike? What things are true to life? A literary device like this allows us to see aspects of all of these. The ...


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The verse is not Proverbs 18:8, but Proverbs 8:8, which states Proverbs 8:8 (NASB) 8 All the utterances of my mouth are in righteousness; There is nothing crooked or perverted in them. The Hebrew word for "crooked" is Hebrew verb פָּתַל, which means "to twist." That is, this word is the Niphal participle, which means "twisted" (or crooked), and is ...


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The Hebrew word used in Psalm 16:33 is גּוֹרָל, which refers to stones which were cast to get a decision. Garments were also used sometimes. The word can also be used as a metaphor for 'destiny.'1 The IVP commentary explains that casting lots "is a form of divination in which the assumption is that God will determine the cast and thus provide the answer ...


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INDICATIONS OF LXX PROVERBS 1:7 IN GREEK NEW TESTAMENT(?) Conlusion: There are indications (reasons) to believe the LXX of Proverbs 1:7 has an canonical-theological influence, but the specific evidence of a references to this verse in the Gk. New Testament appears to be indeterminate. Nevertheless, we ourselves, may be reminded, wherever we read εὐσέβεια ...


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With what you've stated in the comments (that one reason you are doing this is for reading the Bible historically), these could be a big help to you. Chronological Study Bible Reading Plan A more detailed reading plan. This site has several plans available which may benefit you such as the historical and chronological plans. The difference being that the ...


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Proverbs 18:24 KJV: A man that hath friends must show himself friendly: and there is a friend that sticketh closer than a brother. NIV/ESV: A man of many companions may come to ruin, but there is a friend who sticks closer than a brother. There is another possible way to view the Hebrew here in that the key Hithpael-stem verb may mean "broken" in an ...


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In view of the fact that it is impossible to establish anything but a barter or at best a simple cash economy without legal frameworks for credit that involve co-signers, collateral, liens, covenants and so forth, we must conclude that the advice given in Proverbs regarding loans and co-signing is intended as a recommendation for people who are not engaged ...


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Oh, how complicated (and therefore subject to misinterpretation!) many want to make it. The meaning is simple: righteousness produces life! This is true in the physical sense to some extent and even more so in the spiritual application. The chapter is full of metaphors involving "righteousness." This has absolutely nothing to do with the Genesis ...


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In English we have three genders: masculine, feminine, and neuter - "he", "she", and "it". Hebrew only has masculine and feminine. So just as a German would call a house a "he" because the word "house" in German is masculine in gender, so Hebrew calls wisdom "she" because it is feminine in gender. So when personified, wisdom becomes a woman. Short ...


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The Idea in Brief Liars tell lies, but the false witness also includes those who may tell the truth, but are malicious people who therefore "lie" against the truth. When liars lie, they are false witnesses, but not all false witnesses tell lies (notwithstanding that they still "lie" against the truth). The Book of James provides the framework for ...


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Shift of Emphasis and Focus The same Hebrew word (שֶׁ֫קֶר; shěqěr)1 is used for both "lying" and "false" in those verses from the ESV, so there is a definite relationship between them, but also a difference of emphasis. Note how the first five abominations relate to things done with the body (eyes, tongue, hands, heart, feet). These focus on "parts" of a ...


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It is more accurate to describe this "n + 1" pattern in biblical poetry in terms of "rhetoric" (or "stylistics") rather than a "figure of speech" which normally has to do with non-literal language (e.g., metaphor, simile). Although "graded numerical sayings", as they are sometimes called, are found not only in wisdom literature (like the examples given by ...


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One tradition they had then was the casting of lots, just small items such as stones, to reach decisions on important matters. Once the decision had been made they didn’t argue anymore. Just beyond that Proverbs 16:33 is Proverbs 18:18’s “The lot puts an end to disputes, and is decisive in a controversy between the mighty”. (Proverbs 18:18). Another ...


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Since Christ is the Wisdom of God: But unto them which are called, both Jews and Greeks, Christ the power of God, and the wisdom of God. —1 Corinthians 1:24 Both verses say that Christ is life. Therefore the life's are one and the same life. Though the proverb was applicable to the people in the day it was written speaking of making life in this ...


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They are two different types of life. Proverbs speaks mostly to physical things, so the life referred to here is physical life. Living in wisdom keeps us from things that would do us hurt or killed and allows us to have more blessings in this life. John, however, was talking about the spiritual. Without Christ, we are spirituality dead. With Christ, we ...



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