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The Peshitta is the standard version of the bible used by churches in the Syriac tradition, and is written in the Syriac alphabet. The name 'Peshitta' is derived from the Syriac mappaqtâ pšîṭtâ (ܡܦܩܬܐ ܦܫܝܛܬܐ), literally meaning 'simple version'. However, it is also possible to translate pšîṭtâ as 'common' (that is, for all people), or 'straight', as well as the usual translation as 'simple.' Syriac is a dialect, or group of dialects, of eastern Aramaic, originating in and around Assuristan (Persian ruled Assyria).

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