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I never get tired of saying it: Context is everything (well, almost everything). We dare not interpret Jesus' kingdom teaching, particularly regarding God's provision for our needs, without being willing to put on the interpretive spectacles his original audiences wore. In Jesus' day there were proportionately far fewer rich people than there are today, ...


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Analysis of Sinaiticus (yes, א is the symbol) has led to the conclusion that there are three general periods of additional editing. So the symbols represent information about these periods. Per the NA28 Introductory material on the critical apparatus: א by itself means the only reading present. א* Is a notation for the original reading when a later ...


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Brad H. Young defends Lukan Priority, that Luke's Gospel is before even Mark. Young is a founding member of the Jerusalm School. Lukan Priority is not original with them, a scholar named William Lockton first proposed it. Then Robert Lisle Lindsey began writing on it independently of Lockton (that is, Lindsey had not read Lockton's proposal). Lindsey also ...


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If your right eye causes you to stumble, gouge it out and throw it away. This isn't hyperbole (exaggeration), because Jesus is the Truth, and exaggeration is not pure truth, by definition. The issue is the "If". Compare to John 6:63, "The flesh profits nothing, it is the Spirit that gives life". And, Matthew 15:19, "Out of the heart come evil ...


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The context of the verse is, indeed, literal food and drink. This is stated as "eat" and "drink" in v25, and then is compared by the instruction to look at the other things in God's creation, the birds, life-spans, clothing, etc. These are all natural things. v30-32 also emphasize these things, as v32 indicates that this is, indeed, what the Gentiles are ...


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The idea of a human or group of humans being God's son is not uncommon in the Hebrew Tanakh ("Old Testament"). For example, in Exo. 4:22 (cp. Hos. 11:1), Yahveh commands Moses to say to Pharoah, Thus said Yahveh, "Israel is My son, even My firstborn." The motif of the nation of Israel being God's child is reiterated in various other books of the ...


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It is worth noting that προσκυνέω is used in the Matthew 14 text and also in Rev 19:10: (ESV) "Then I fell down at his feet to worship him, but he said to me, 'You must not do that! '" Most translations also translate it as 'worship' as the context dictates. Since the same word is used in Matthew 14, you can see why some translations translate it similarly, ...


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In the English language the expression "son of X" usually means an offshoot from X and therefore something which is distinct from X. Therefore "Son of God" may seem to imply a being who is not God. But in Hebrew idiom "A is the son of B" may mean that A shares the same nature as B, or A is a member of the group B. For example: Genesis 5:32 says literally ...


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Even when words have meanings that span semantic ranges in other languages (such as how both Hebrew and Greek use the same words for wife and woman), context is key to understanding the meaning. In fact, words rarely map one-to-one across languages. This is why mechanical translations don't work for the final copy. Take Jesus' words for example: But I ...


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I think Jesus was talking to Peter himself and that he called him Satan metaphorically. Such an interpretation would correspond with Jeremiah 30:9 and Ezekiel 37:24 where the Messiah is called "David". Obviously the Messiah wasn't literally the David of the OT resurrected as Jesus of Nazareth. But Jeremiah and Ezekiel referred to David because David is a ...


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The problem occurs in v. 10 as well, where variant readings between "Amos" and "Amon" occur. That is, like "Asaph" and "Asa," the words are near homonyms with the respective psalmist Asaph and prophet Amos. In this regard, the late Bruce Metzger (1994) comments as follows on these verses: 1:7–8 Ἀσάφ, Ἀσάφ {B} It is clear that the name ...


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Modern day tormenting carries with it a connotation devoid of love and devoid of helping the person themselves. Because the Lord is interested in people repenting and receiving salvation not wishing that anyone should perish, the word tormenting falls short based on our own misconceptions of the God induced form of "tormenting". How much pain or emotional ...


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it could mean that for some the real death will come with the coming of God's Kingdom. if those who actualy heard this verse are actually still alive today,... the verse says: "you will taste death, when the Kingdom comes". the verse does not actualy imply that some will live as long as the kingdom doesnt come, but that they will 'taste death' only when ...



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