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Word order often confuses more than it clarifies in the minds of English speakers (myself included) trying to sort out Greek syntax. In typical Greek fashion, the inflection of the nominal elements takes priority. In this case, ἁγίου must be an attributive adjective modifying πνεύματός because ἁγίου is in the genitive case,1 so it modifies a noun in the ...


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The Sermon on the Mount begins with the beatitudes, the first of which sets the context for the whole sermon. Blessed are the poor in spirit, For theirs is the kingdom of heaven. -- Matthew 5:3 Who are the poor in spirit? Well, anyone who is spiritually needy, of course. Those who know they're lives are becalmed and need some "wind" in their sails to ...


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The Greek text involves a textual variant. According to Constantin Tischendorf,1 the following manuscripts have the reading «ἐστιν ἁγίου»: If I am not mistaken, the earliest witness appears to be the Codex Sinaiticus (א) dated to the 4th century A.D. as seen in the following image of the manuscript: However, he notes the following witnesses which have ...



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