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According to the very comprehensive A Greek-English Lexicon of the New Testament and Other Early Christian Literature (BDAG) the normal meaning of πέτρα (petra) is "bedrock or massive rock formations". So, most often the writer/speaking will have something like an exposed rock formation in mind, not an individual stone. Matthew 16:18 is classified under ...


And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter (Πέτρος petros), and upon this rock (πέτρᾳ petra) I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. (King James Version) According to the HELPS word study the first word Πέτρος (petros) #4074 is: (a masculine noun) – properly, a stone (pebble), such as a small rock found along a ...

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