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In the Hebrew Scriptures, death was "dirty." For example, contact with anything dead (whether animal or man) made the Israelite unclean in the ritual sense. Thus any scavenger was not appropriate for human consumption, since such animals consumed the refuse and/or carcasses of other animals. Only animals who chewed the cud (and split the hoof) were consumed ...


3

I don't think any of your four options answer your question. From an Orthodox Jewish perspective, the answer to your question is that each verse serves a different purpose. In the Torah -- the Five Books of Moses (Genesis through Deuteronomy) negative commandments (i.e. anything that says, "thou shalt not...") are brought out in two separate verses -- one ...


3

very nice human rationalizations, but none of these reasons is given in the Hebrew bible, because the simple reason is that this is a commandment from God. If a reason were given, then a person might come along some time later and give his own take on why that reasoning no longer applies as we see above. The same reasoning can be applied to all ...


2

Pork is/was prohibited because swine can't sweat and any poisonous substance it may have eaten will be stored in the fat of the animal: Another issue with the pig is that it doesn’t have any sweat glands. Sweat glands are a tool the body uses to be rid of toxins. This leaves more toxins in the pig’s body.


2

You are correct to say that the two verses in Genesis imply that the time from the 17th day of the 2nd month to the 17th day of the 7th month is exactly 5 x 30 = 150 days; that is: each month is exactly 30 days. What you overlook is that in a lunar calendar the time from one sighting of the new moon to the next sighting will be 30 days in about half of the ...


1

Leviticus 7:27 reads: כָּל נֶפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר תֹּאכַל כָּל דָּם וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא מֵעַמֶּיהָ "Every soul which would eat all (types) of blood will be cut off from its people." I have translated וְנִכְרְתָה as being definitively in the future, as it is an instance of a phenomenon referred to by scholars as the "Waw Consecutive." The Waw consecutive ...


1

The Hebrew text וְעִנִּיתֶם אֶת נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם (alternatively תְּעַנּוּ אֶת נַפְשֹׁתֵיכֶם) literally says "and ye shall afflict your souls," and it appears in two separate sections in Leviticus as well as once in Numbers. This text has always been understood to mean afflict your body through fasting. That being said, there is also a spiritual component to ...


1

Afflicting one's soul is putting into practice that of being repentful, mournful, cast down in actknowledging and confessing of sins daily in preparation of Messiah's return. The priest in Leviticus 16:29-31 represents Messiah who as the priest has made an antonment by the shedding of his blood (offering:lamb) for all that are in covenant with God, by ...


1

According Rav Moshe Shapiro in his book Ma'amakim, Torah forbids consumption of all non-domestic animals, because their nature is so absorbed in them, that when it's eaten, it's transformed to the person's body and he became more animalistic.


1

Pork or rare meat was forbidden in the Bible, because for a simple hygienic reasons from long ago times when especially in the South, in hot countries and the desert you had no cooling or a veterinarian who told you the pork was healthy and free of any parasites. But some religions have made an iron law out of it. E.g. in Jewish and Islamic law pork is one ...


1

A clue is provided to us in Lev 25:55 which states "for the Israelites belong to me as servants. They are my servants, whom I brought out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God." An understanding of the historical customs surrounding conversion may also be helpful. Lawrence J. Epstein writes God was conceived in very early Jewish thought as a national deity, ...


1

Abraham's case Genesis 12 states very clearly that Abram (before renamed to Abraham) was called from his country (or land, v.1). Remember that previously in chapter 11 Terah went out from Ur of the Chaldeans with his children, to Haran. Back to chapter 12, God said that He will give the land to Abram's offspring (v.7). God expresses His ownership of the ...



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