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The Hebrew word was used for winged creatures that weren't insects. Applying 'modern science' to an ancient culture's classifications of the world is anachronistic. The Tyndale Bible Dictionary reads: Modern scientists classify organisms on the basis of internal and external structure, but the biblical writers generally classified organisms according to ...


14

All citations are from the orignal Hebrew and Aramaic, not translations In modern Hebrew, עטלף, the word to which I believe you are referring, indeed means bat. But Targum Yonason translates that word as טרפידא in Aramaic, which, based on the roots, (to capture prey by chasing it down and ripping it apart) leans more towards a sort of owl or other bird of ...


10

In the Hebrew Scriptures, death was "dirty." For example, contact with anything dead (whether animal or man) made the Israelite unclean in the ritual sense. Thus any scavenger was not appropriate for human consumption, since such animals consumed the refuse and/or carcasses of other animals. Only animals who chewed the cud (and split the hoof) were consumed ...


3

I don't think any of your four options answer your question. From an Orthodox Jewish perspective, the answer to your question is that each verse serves a different purpose. In the Torah -- the Five Books of Moses (Genesis through Deuteronomy) negative commandments (i.e. anything that says, "thou shalt not...") are brought out in two separate verses -- one ...


3

very nice human rationalizations, but none of these reasons is given in the Hebrew bible, because the simple reason is that this is a commandment from God. If a reason were given, then a person might come along some time later and give his own take on why that reasoning no longer applies as we see above. The same reasoning can be applied to all ...


3

This is a seemingly unusual action by the Lord, in that Nadab and Abihu had offered incense before the Lord, without provocation from the Lord. It's important to understand that a priest acts for God on behalf of the people. Mal. 2:7, "For the priest's lips should keep knowledge, and they should seek the law at his mouth: for he is the messenger of the ...


3

Literally: And direct-object male not you-shall-lie lying of-woman abomination it. “lie lying” is what in linguistics we call a figura etymologica: a verb followed by a noun from the same root. It does not work in English, but it works in Hebrew and many other languages. “Lie the lying of a woman” means “lie the way you would lie with a woman”. The KJV ...


2

Copied and pasted from http://www.gotquestions.org/hand-under-thigh.html The thigh was considered the source of posterity in the ancient world. Or, more properly, the “loins” or the testicles. The phrase “under the thigh” could be a euphemism for “on the loins.” There are two reasons why someone would take an oath in this manner: 1) Abraham had ...


2

Pork is/was prohibited because swine can't sweat and any poisonous substance it may have eaten will be stored in the fat of the animal: Another issue with the pig is that it doesn’t have any sweat glands. Sweat glands are a tool the body uses to be rid of toxins. This leaves more toxins in the pig’s body.


2

You are correct to say that the two verses in Genesis imply that the time from the 17th day of the 2nd month to the 17th day of the 7th month is exactly 5 x 30 = 150 days; that is: each month is exactly 30 days. What you overlook is that in a lunar calendar the time from one sighting of the new moon to the next sighting will be 30 days in about half of the ...


1

Leviticus 7:27 reads: כָּל נֶפֶשׁ אֲשֶׁר תֹּאכַל כָּל דָּם וְנִכְרְתָה הַנֶּפֶשׁ הַהִוא מֵעַמֶּיהָ "Every soul which would eat all (types) of blood will be cut off from its people." I have translated וְנִכְרְתָה as being definitively in the future, as it is an instance of a phenomenon referred to by scholars as the "Waw Consecutive." The Waw consecutive ...


1

According Rav Moshe Shapiro in his book Ma'amakim, Torah forbids consumption of all non-domestic animals, because their nature is so absorbed in them, that when it's eaten, it's transformed to the person's body and he became more animalistic.


1

Pork or rare meat was forbidden in the Bible, because for a simple hygienic reasons from long ago times when especially in the South, in hot countries and the desert you had no cooling or a veterinarian who told you the pork was healthy and free of any parasites. But some religions have made an iron law out of it. E.g. in Jewish and Islamic law pork is one ...


1

A clue is provided to us in Lev 25:55 which states "for the Israelites belong to me as servants. They are my servants, whom I brought out of Egypt. I am the Lord your God." An understanding of the historical customs surrounding conversion may also be helpful. Lawrence J. Epstein writes God was conceived in very early Jewish thought as a national deity, ...


1

Abraham's case Genesis 12 states very clearly that Abram (before renamed to Abraham) was called from his country (or land, v.1). Remember that previously in chapter 11 Terah went out from Ur of the Chaldeans with his children, to Haran. Back to chapter 12, God said that He will give the land to Abram's offspring (v.7). God expresses His ownership of the ...


1

Leviticus 20:27 - Why is this verse at the end of the chapter? It would appear to be a means of emphasis after all that had preceded it. Verses 1-6 address Israel as a nation in dealing with those who offer children to Molech. Verses 7 and 8 deal with national sanctification. Verses 9-21 deal with personal sins and how they are to be dealt with— a. ...


1

Vs 6 says not to talk to the mystics (without addressing being a mystic); the rest of the chapter lists other crimes against God that separate persons from God, and whose crimes threaten the sanctity of the nation if the persons aren't removed from the nation. Vs 26 is the "refrain" command to be separated from the world and holy to God. So vs 27 then seems ...



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