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5

No, it can not refer to Joseph. The phrase: τὸν πατέρα μου καὶ πατέρα ὑμῶν καὶ θεόν μου καὶ θεὸν ὑμῶν is an example of the so-called "TSKS" construction (= το-substantive-και-substantive), addressed most famously by the Granville Sharp Rule: When the copulative και connects two nouns of the same case....if the article ὁ, or any of its cases, ...


5

Greek has five cases and their use is determined by grammatical rules. If you are addressing someone you use the vocative case, e.g. θεέ μου. After the preposition πρὸς, meaning "towards" you use the accusative case, e.g. πρὸς τὸν... θεόν μου. Aramaic does not have grammatical cases. So “my god” is the same regardless of whether you are calling him, or ...


2

A medical or physiological explanation would probably eliminate the possibility of a miracle, even if only a minor, symbolic miracle. However, some medical experts doubt that the blood and water can be explained in this way. ICC New Testament Commentary says that a flow of blood from a dead body, when pierced with a spear, is abnormal and for that reason, ...


2

The question is taken from the second time Jesus had His life threatened in Jerusalem: At a feast of the Jews: But Jesus answered them, “My Father has been working until now, and I have been working.” Therefore the Jews sought all the more to kill Him, because He not only broke the Sabbath, but also said that God was His Father, making Himself equal ...


1

The majority of Greek texts, as well as early Latin and Syriac translations, actually read "son of God" [υἱὸν τοῦ θεοῦ], not "son of man". The so-called "Critical Text" compiled by Nestle-Aland chose to insert a variant reading that occurs in 9 manuscripts. The Bible translation you are using probably relies on this particular text. The most authoritative ...


1

I think your first answer - that He angered the Jews by alluding to the Tetragrammaton - is the correct one, and also one that agrees with the Patristic interpretation. John Chrysostom (4th century) commented: Seest thou how He proved Himself to be greater than Abraham? For the man who rejoiced to see His day, and made this an object of earnest ...


1

John of Damascus wrote: That which is comprehended in place or time or apprehension is circumscribed: while that which is contained by none of these is uncircumscribed. Wherefore the Deity alone is uncircumscribed, being without beginning and without end, and containing all things, and in no wise apprehended. For He alone is incomprehensible ...


1

I will address only the first two issues in the question, regarding dates. The bottom line of my answer is that John is factually accurate and that he intentionally deviated from the Synoptics for the purpose of noting important theological meaning, not for the sake of dating accuracy itself. There are two possible chronologies, which I will call C14 and ...


1

When is "this day" As you rightly note, Psalms 2:7 is quoted multiple times throughout the new Testament. Clearly this had special significance to the New Testament audience. One reason for this can be seen in verse 1 which reads: ἵνα τί ἐφρύαξαν ἔθνη καὶ λαοὶ ἐμελέτησαν κενά (LXX) לָמָּה רָגְשׁוּ גֹויִם וּלְאֻמִּים יֶהְגּוּ־רִֽיק׃ (MT) Why do ...


1

I will declare the decree: the LORD hath said unto me, Thou art my Son; this day have I begotten (יְלִדְתִּֽיךָ) thee. (Psalm 2:7 KJV) The most common meaning of the verb יָלַד is to father or to give birth. There are other uses which do not involve child birth: Joseph saw Ephraim’s children to the third generation. The children of Machir, the son of ...


1

Virgin Birth? "And Jesus himself began to be about thirty years of age, being (ὢν: being) as (ὡς: as, just as) was supposed (ἐνομίζετο: was supposed) the son of Joseph, which was the son of Heli" Luke 3:23 First, I think it's important to know who Yeshua's biological father was. According to trinitarian doctrine, Joseph is not the biological ...


1

As David explains the “other” is of the same type and Jesus Himself is a paraclete. Also Jesus says: I will not leave you comfortless: I will come to you. (John 14:18 KJV) So just as Jesus and the Father are one; Jesus and the Holy Spirit are one. They are both comforters. The Comforter is also the Spirit of Truth: But when the Comforter is come,...


1

John 19:11 seems a disjointed verse, with no clear reason Jesus would have said Pilate only had authority because it was given from above, and with the second sentence apparently unrelated to the first. More spiritual commentators prefer 'from above' to refer to Pilate receiving his authority from God, but that seems a stretch of logic. Others say that, ...


1

It does not seem that John the Baptist could possibly have been a member of the community of Qumran (which we assume was occupied by the Essenes). The very reason the community withdrew to this remote site was to avoid contact with those less holy than themselves. This is explained in the Community Rule papyrus: The Community Rule - 1Q5-col V.1-3: (...


1

I will focus on the difference between the account in John's Gospel and that in the Synoptics. I will start with two assumptions: John had the text of the Synoptics available before him when composing his Gospel, so that when he deviated from the Synoptics' account he did it on purpose and for a purpose, which was providing not just factual accuracy (which ...


1

The simplistic answer would be to say that each evangelist chose to include historical details that he thought to be relevant, while omitting other details that he knew to be true but felt it not necessary to report. This overlooks the fact that Matthew and Luke are regarded by almost all New Testament scholars to have been substantially based on Mark's ...


1

YHVH rested on the 7th day and was refreshed: Exo 31:17 It is a sign forever between me and the Israelis, for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, but on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'" This was such a good and valuable experience for him that he blessed the day: Exo_20:11 because the LORD made the heavens and the ...



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