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In the English language the expression "son of X" usually means an offshoot from X and therefore something which is distinct from X. Therefore "Son of God" may seem to imply a being who is not God. But in Hebrew idiom "A is the son of B" may mean that A shares the same nature as B, or A is a member of the group B. For example: Genesis 5:32 says literally ...


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The idea of a human or group of humans being God's son is not uncommon in the Hebrew Tanakh ("Old Testament"). For example, in Exo. 4:22 (cp. Hos. 11:1), Yahveh commands Moses to say to Pharoah, Thus said Yahveh, "Israel is My son, even My firstborn." The motif of the nation of Israel being God's child is reiterated in various other books of the ...


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I think Jesus was talking to Peter himself and that he called him Satan metaphorically. Such an interpretation would correspond with Jeremiah 30:9 and Ezekiel 37:24 where the Messiah is called "David". Obviously the Messiah wasn't literally the David of the OT resurrected as Jesus of Nazareth. But Jeremiah and Ezekiel referred to David because David is a ...


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One characteristic of Biblical prophecy (as I understand it) is that it is rarely intended to reveal specific details about future events in advance, but rather to "foreshadow" those events in such a way that future observers will recognize them and say, "Aha! So that's what he was talking about." This is true both in Old & New Testament prophecy and ...


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If Jesus' comment about being "lifted up" were an obfuscation (and I'm not saying it was), it wouldn't be the first time! For some of Jesus' audiences, his use of obfuscation was deliberate. In his modus operandi, obfuscation was one way for him to separate the sheep from the goats, so to speak; i.e., the believers from the unbelievers, hangers-on, and ...


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Interesting question. There is another word used for "lift up" in John. In Strong's it is number 142, airo. The lift up in John 12:32 is hypsotho (Strong's number 5312), which connotes exaltation (see also v.34). In the larger context of John 12 I recommend David Flusser's The Sage of Galilee. To paraphrase Flusser, I suggest the following: ...


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There are, though, passages from the Greek translation of the Hebrew, the LXX, that might be mentioned. They are: Gen.10:10; "beginning of the kingdom of him"-"arche tes basileias autou." Gen.49:3 ; "first of the children of me"-"arche teknon mou." Deut.21:17;"first of the children of him"-"arche teknon autou." Hos.1:2 "beginning of the ...



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