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The question as posed by OP -- concerning aspects of the "πολύσπλαγχνος + οἰκτίρμων" pair in James 5:11 -- has all the seeds of its own answer. First, the relevant bit of text: NA28 ... πολύσπλαγχνός ἐστιν ὁ κύριος καὶ οἰκτίρμων. NRSV ... the Lord is compassionate and merciful. I'll take the interrelated sub-questions in a slightly different order. ...


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The Greek phrase is μὴ ὀνειδίζοντος, which is the negative particle μὴ followed by the present tense, active voice, participle ὀνειδίζοντος declined in the singular number, genitive case. ὀνειδίζοντος is conjugated from the verb ὀνειδίζω. This verb occurs 10 times in the Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1551). BDAG defines the verb ὀνειδίζω as, ① to find fault ...


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Short Answer: It is a new thought, not a summary statement. The Source of the Command in 5:12 The book of James was written "To the twelve tribes who are dispersed abroad" (1:1) and insists upon such things as looking "intently at the perfect law . . . not having become a forgetful hearer but an effectual doer" of that law. He insists that "whoever keeps ...


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The phrase "νόμου ἐλευθερίας μέλλοντες κρίνεσθαι" reads as "(the) law of freedom being about to be judged". Where this "law of liberty" comes into being is from John 13:34, A new commandment I give unto you, That ye love one another; as I have loved you, that ye also love one another. Whereas the Law could be summed up in commandments,(Matt. ...


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Joachim Jeremias in New Testament theology p.202 says that it means 'do not let me fall victim, not to everyday temptations, but to the last great trial'. He says that Jesus expected his mission to lead to a time of terrible widespread suffering before God's reign starts, and therefore the disciples are to pray to be protected from apostasy.



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