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John as all the other gospel writers, used a lunar calendar as did the Jewish leaders at that time. This was the biblical calendar. It had 12 months (Es.3:7) in a year, the first starting with the first new moon of spring (read in Exodus 9:31;12:2). How the calendar was adjusted is not known in the Bible but they certainly kept the holy feasts in their ...


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From the Greek it's pretty difficult to tell whether Paul was using metaphor or was literally referring to a fight with beasts. But from cultural and historical contexts we might glean some understanding. Below are my notes from when I had this same question during my comprehensive exams, in no particular order. I may revise this later for readability. See ...



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