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15

Although I disagree with your presupposition that the ages are merely symbolic, I think this is a great question nonetheless. The reason I say this is that regardless of whether the ages are historically significant, we should assume they are literarily significant. The Bible is literature, and each author (or redactor) of each book has crafted his work of ...


10

Short Answer: Yes, it is definitely possible for John's chronology to be reconciled with that of the Synoptics. As the following chart shows, the sequence of Passion events recorded in John is in perfect harmony with the sequence in the Synoptics. When John's terminology is properly understood, it becomes clear that John's chronology does not contradict that ...


7

Common Philosophical Beginnings A full answer will require us to take a historical detour to 15th century Europe. Until that time, hermeneutics followed fairly straightforwardly the traditions of the church handed down from one generation to the next. The guiding principle was apostolic succession so the first step to discovering what a passage in the ...


6

The main arguments in the recent literature seem to be about whether the original was Aramaic or Hebrew. I was unable to find any post-Qumran scholarship arguing for a Greek original. There seems to be very good evidence that all the existing Greek texts descend from a Semitic version similar to what is found in Qumran (just as all the non-Qumran Hebrew ...


4

Rahab's house was part of the wall, at least high enough to require a rope to let the spies down to the ground: 15Then she let them down by a rope through the window, for her house was built into the city wall, so that she lived in the wall. The spies particularly ask that the cord be tied in the window they escaped through, in other words visible from ...


4

Well, the simplest answer is that the cord that happened to be sitting around her living space was, indeed, red. This is not a wealthy person who has a closet full of cords in different colors lying about. The ancient world did not have aniline dyes; they could not produce a complete rainbow of possible colors. There was blue from shellfish -- very special ...


3

The salvation of Rahab takes place in a way parallel to the original Passover. While I would not argue on the basis of Passover being "recent," 40 years is not significant, given the fact that biblical typology pops up again and again hundreds of years apart. The important thing is what the parallels are. Factors in the story of Rahab: 1) hang a scarlet ...


3

In ancient mythology we see a natural meaning of the color red that would surprise nobody. Historically red often represented violence from blood, or life in blood (i.e. punishment for sin in the life of another). For example, Sekhmet was a warrior goddess in ancient Egypt: She was envisioned as a fierce lioness, and in art, was depicted as such, or as ...


3

For starters, none of the terms are very descriptive of what these disciplines actually set out to do. Lower criticism can be seen as the study of what lies below the text and Higher criticism can be seen as the study of what lies above the text. In practical terms, lower criticism looks at the range of extant manuscripts and other evidence and attempts to ...


3

Leviticus 23 begins with the definition of the Sabbath day, and then equates the Sabbath with the "appointed times," which are the holy convocations (or the feasts and festivals). In other words, most (but not all) of the Jewish feasts and festivals were declared automatic Sabbath days in the Law of Moses, which means that even though they may not fall on ...


2

The reading with "servant" is very tenuous and has no textual basis. Firstly, the Hebrew word שמש appears in the tanakh approximately 134 times, of which almost every use exclusively means sun. There are a couple of examples, most notably Isaiah 54:12, although also Psalms 84:12, where some commentators deviate from this meaning. The Isaiah verse is ...


1

Jesus told us the source of his teaching: Joh 14:24 ... and the word which ye hear is not mine, but the Father’s which sent me. The Old Testament is the word of God, and Jesus "spoke the dark sayings of old." And he told his disciples to teach others the same thing: Mt 28:20 Teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded you: ...


1

Background Information Pre-Enlightenment: The questions of how one should interpret Scripture, and how focused the interpreter should be on the historical details of Scripture have been asked for thousands of years. None of these discussions are new to the modern era. Enter "Historical-Critical": The Historical-Critical method was one of the results of the ...



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