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'Clean' (טָהֵר) in Leviticus 16 The Hebrew verb טָהֵר / taher is used consistently throughout the Hebrew Bible in terms of cleansing or purifying, and so in the context of Leviticus 16 the stated meaning is that by performing the described ritual, the High Priest would have his sins cleansed and he would become pure. This ritual purification was required ...


5

Although he was a son, he learned obedience through what he suffered. And being made perfect (τελειωθεὶς), he became the source of eternal salvation to all who obey him, being designated by God a high priest after the order of Melchizedek. (Hebrews 5:8-10 ESV) How this applies to Jesus who was already perfect can be seen in how the word is used elsewhere: ...


5

He refers to the purification of sins later discussed in Hebrews chapters 9 and 10, which is the purification of all believers' sins. Textual Issue As to whose sins is being cleansed, that is only a grammatical issue in this verse if one rejects the majority text reading. That reading makes it clear that the sins being purged are those of others than ...


4

χωρὶς ἁμαρτίας means without or apart from [χωρὶςer] sin [ἁμαρτίαςer]. The same phrase is found earlier: For we do not have a high priest who cannot sympathize with our weaknesses, but One who has been tempted in all things as we are, yet without (χωρὶς) sin (ἁμαρτίας). (Hebrews 4:15 NASB) Some recent translations may express the idea in 9:28 better: ...


4

As the OP correctly notes, Hebrews 1:6: ὅταν δὲ πάλιν εἰσαγάγῃ τὸν πρωτότοκον εἰς τὴν οἰκουμένην, λέγει Καὶ προσκυνησάτωσαν αὐτῷ πάντες ἄγγελοι θεοῦ. (Westcott and Hort) And again, when he brings the firstborn into the world, he says, “Let all God's angels worship him.” (ESV) is most likely a quote of an LXX version of Deuteronomy 32:43 ...


4

The first two chapters of this letter includes a dozen or more quotes or references to the Hebrew Bible or other Jewish literature. Verse 5b quotes 2 Samuel 7:14 wherein Nathan tells David that the Lord 'will' raise up his offspring to build a temple and sit on the throne after him, that the Lord 'will' be a father to him and he 'will' be the Lord's son. ...


3

Heb. 1:8 is a quotation of Psa. 45:7 (v. 8 according to Masoretic verse numbering). In Psa. 45:7, it is written, אָהַבְתָּ צֶּדֶק וַתִּשְׂנָא רֶשַׁע עַל כֵּן מְשָׁחֲךָ אֱלֹהִים אֱלֹהֶיךָ שֶׁמֶן שָׂשׂוֹן מֵחֲבֵרֶךָ The word in question is מֵחֲבֵרֶךָ, which consists of the prepositional -מ prefixed to the word חֲבֵרֶךָ, meaning "your (sg.) companions/...


3

The Greek name Abel (Ἅβελ) is one of the indeclinable proper names in the NT. So it can have a nominative, genitive, dative, or accusative idea with the same form. Other NT mentions of Abel in context of his blood have it in a genitive relationship, but clearly as part of a construction using the genitive article and in one case a genitive apposition: Mat ...


3

Twice elsewhere the author of the epistle to the Hebrews uses a genitive construct wherein he does not precede the proper name by a definite article: Heb. 9:4: ἡ ῥάβδος Ἀαρὼν ("the rod of Aaron") Heb. 11:30: τὰ τείχη Ἰεριχὼ ("the walls of Jericho") Likewise, in Heb. 12:24, τὸν Ἅβελ could stand for τὸν αἷμα Ἅβελ, where Ἅβελ is an indeclinable proper name ...


3

"μετατιθεμένης"(metatithemenes-being changed) is from "metatithemi" passive of an office the mode of conferring which is changed, Hebrews 7:12; 71 τί εἰς τί, to turn one thing into another (τινα εἰς πτηνην φύσιν,(from Thayer's Lexicon) This is Aorist passive; the Law itself has not changed, but the 'object of change'(High Priesthood of Christ) ...


2

Definition The Greek word χαρακτηρ denotes "an engraving" (source). Translation The modern day translation "imprint" of ESV perfectly corresponds to this meaning. The translation "exact likeness" is actually not a literal translation but a dynamic equivalence. Exegesis The Lord Jesus is a copy of God's being. It means that Jesus is not the original ...


2

Roots As has been observed, the roots of υποστασεως are ὑπο + ἵστημι. ὑπο is a preposition which sits between the English equivalents of 'by' and 'under', and so can cover a range of meanings, e.g: Matthew 3:13 - Jesus came from Galilee to the Jordan to John, to be baptized ὑπ’ him. Matthew 4:1 - Jesus was led up by the Spirit into the wilderness ...


2

Leviticus 16 describes the rites of Yom Kippur (aka "The Day of Atonement"). In the first rite Aaron the high priest bathes in a Miktam making his body clean and dons linen underwear, a linen coat, linen sash and a linen turban. This was the garb of a regular priest, not the high priest. The high priest normally wore more decorative attire and an ephod "for ...


2

I don't think the immediate context alone tells us enough to be totally sure, and unfortunately this is the only use of καθαρισμὸν in Hebrews. I'd draw on Hebrews 2:14-18 to help us out, which instead talks about the ἱλάσκεσθαι of sins: "Since therefore the children share in flesh and blood, he himself likewise partook of the same things, that through ...


2

There is one final usage in Hebrews that helps explain how the author is using the term: 18Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things. Hebrews 13:18, ESV From this verse it is clear that the word is being used to describe a concrete difference in the heart of members of the new covenant versus ...


2

A city is an instance of an environment for people to live, specifically the instance suitable for a large number of people. It can also mean the environment plus the people who inhabit it, or even just the people. God had promised Abraham that God Himself would build out of him a people who will be blessed and made great ("I will make you a great nation, ...


2

This verse may refer to Jewish food laws, however the following verses provide some context that could refer to the Mosaic sacrificial banquets, as we see in the New American Bible footnote to Hebrews 13:9: Strange teaching: this doctrine about foods probably refers to the Jewish food laws; in view of Hebrews 13:10, however, the author may be thinking of ...


1

I think that your relating this verse to Revelation 21:2-3 is correct and is supported in what is written further in the Epistle: Hebrews 13:14 (KJV 1900) For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come. The late Orthodox Archbishop Dmitry Royster comments: The Apostle now gives us the key to Abraham's understanding of the ...


1

As you mentioned, two significant textual variants exist: ἐπ᾽ ἐσχάτων τῶν ἡμερῶν ἐσχάτων is declined in the genitive case, plural number ἐπ’ ἐσχάτου τῶν ἡμερῶν ἐσχάτου is declined in the genitive case, singular number Old Testament The English phrase “in the last days” is commonly used to translate the Hebrew phrase בְּאַחֲרִית הַיָּמִים (...


1

παραγενόμενος ἀρχιερεὺς refers to the fact that Christ had come to Earth having already been High Priest. Consider the interpretation of John Chrysostom - a Byzantine Greek commenting in Greek - of this particular verse: “But Christ” (he says) “being come an High Priest”: he did not say, “become,” but “being come,” that is, having come for this very ...


1

Physical Purity, of the Flesh On the Day of Atonement, the priest would make an atonement for the people of Israel to cleanse them, so that they would be clean from all their sins before Yahveh.1 30 For on this day, the priest shall make an atonement for you, to cleanse you, so that you may be clean from all your sins before Yahveh. ל כִּי בַיּוֹם ...


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For it is impossible for the blood of bulls and goats to take away sins. Hebrews 10:4, ESV Hebrews 10:4 means something more than atonement by the phrase 'take away sins'. This verse is in the central section of Hebrews concerning the superiority of the priesthood of Jesus (chapters 8-10). Jeremiah 31 is quoted at length twice in this section which is a ...


1

The Brown-Driver-Briggs lexicon for the word “clean” is to be morally clean or purified.[טָהֵר]. The sense is to be ceremonially clean or pure. The first time the word is used is in Genesis. It provides a good picture of how this works: So Jacob said to his household and to all who were with him, “Get rid of the foreign gods you have with you, and ...


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Hebrews is a great text, and from cover to cover spurs the believer on in their faith. There are many warnings about faith which is not sincere. Here's your passage as sourced from biblehub.com Holiness and Saints Your word 'holiness' from Hebrews 12:14 ἁγιασμόν / hagiasmon is from the root ἅγιος / hagios, which means to be set-apart/holy/different. The ...


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The ESV, NASB, et al aren't wrong per se, since βραχυ can include a reference to time. Thayer's definition: short, small, little of place, a short distance, a little of time, a short time, for a little while Basically the ESV is doing a very slight but extremely justifiable interpretation for this verse. 5 For it was not to ...


1

Koulaki Megalo Etymologiko Liddell & Scott, Greek-English Lexicon ὑπό C.WITH ACCUS. II.of subjection, ποιεῖσθαι ὑπὸ σφᾶς id=Thuc., etc. Georg Autenrieth's Homeric Lexicon μένω c. c. acc. & inf., wait “οὐκ ἔμειν᾽ ἐλθεῖν τράπεζαν νυμφίαν” P. 3.16 The word ὑπέμεινεν in the context implies "waiting patiently", or "submitted unto", or "resolved ...


1

μὴ ἐγκαταλείποντες τὴν ἐπισυναγωγὴν ἑαυτῶν, καθὼς ἔθος τισίν, not who leave behind the leading ourselves together upon, just as a custom to some, ἀλλὰ παρακαλοῦντες, καὶ τοσούτῳ μᾶλλον ὅσῳ βλέπετε ἐγγίζουσαν τὴν ἡμέραν. rather who call beside, and to so much more as much as you all look at the day approaching. The next clause gives the ...


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υποστασεως (hupostaseos) means essence (Septuagint NT Greek Interlinear) or substance (Strong's concordance). "who being the radiance of the glory, and impression of his essence..." (Heb.1:3 part, Septuagint NT Greek Interlinear). ὑπόστασις (hupostasis) is that which underlies the apparent and which therefore is the reality, the essence or the substance. ...


1

I would render Hebrews 1:3 as: Who, not only while being a distinctive brightness of his glory and a perfect expression of the depth of his steadfastness, but also while upholding everything there is by the word of his power, having made a purification of sin, sat down at right hand of the Majesty on high. -- Hebrews 1:3 (EPV) The reasoning for this ...


1

In chapters 1 and 2, the writer of Hebrews mounted a rhetorical argument to prove the superiority of the Son, identified in 2:9 as Jesus, over angels. In this short passage the writer assembled 11 quotations and several more allusions to both biblical and apocryphal literature to make his point. Verses 8 and 9 quote the Septuagint (Greek translation) of ...



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