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Who influenced whom? The critical question to answer before we can speculate on the relationship between Thomas and the canonical gospels is which came first? According to the Early Christian Writings website (a fairly neutral source), canonical Gospels are dated: 65–80 Gospel of Mark 80–100 Gospel of Matthew 80–130 Gospel of Luke ...


This question is hotly debated, and there's no real consensus. There's a very recent monograph on exactly this topic, Goodacre's "Thomas and the gospels". He argues strongly that Thomas is dependent on Matthew and Luke. According to Goodacre in an interview with his publisher, scholars are divided roughly 50/50 on whether Thomas is early and independent ...

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