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The Bible places the Exodus around 1440 BCE and therefore Joseph around 1870 BCE. To be able to speak to the pharaohs and the common Egyptian people, Joseph would have needed to speak either Egyptian or a lingua franca known widely enough to be helpful. The Amarna letters may help in this regard, although they are somewhat later, around 1350 BCE. The ...


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Contextual and Historical Analysis Two other uses The word עִצָּבוֹן (ʿiṣṣāḇôn) itself is only found 3 times in the Hebrew Scripture, all in Genesis. Here in 3:16, then in 3:17, and finally Gen 5:29.1 The use in Gen 5:29 is actually a clarifying commentary on 3:17. The NKJV (used for all English translations herein) translates 3:17 and 5:29 as: 3:17 ...


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Luke 17:3 Take heed to yourselves: If thy brother trespass against thee, rebuke him; and if he repent, forgive him. Greetings James, your last question: But, why do this if Abimelech doesn't even dispute his ownership of the well? This fella Abimelech is the king that took in Abraham's wife as part of his harem. Remember, {Chapter 20} Abraham deceived ...


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The Son of a ‘Canaanitish’ Woman The list of Simeon’s sons in Gen.46:10 states that the last named son, Shaul (or Saul), was “the son of a Canaanite woman”. Shaul’s designation is unique among Simeon’s sons whose mothers are not otherwise identified, unique even among Jacob’s 12 sons and many grandsons named in the family record as they arrived in Egypt ...


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Was this a standard way to prepare a sacrifice? No. The verb used to describe the binding of Isaac is ʿqd, a term used only here in the Hebrew Bible. There are other terms that could be used to describe a similar action, but none of them is used to describe the preparation of the burnt offering, related most elaborately in Leviticus 1.1 There the basic ...


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Psalm 118:27 speaks of binding the sacrifice with cords. So yes, it appears to have been somewhat standard to prepare sacrifices by binding them first. Matthew Poole also refers to this in his commentary: and bound Isaac his son, partly, because burnt-offerings were to be bound to the altar; of which see Poole on "Psalms 118:27"; partly, to represent ...


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We can not do this by comparing the dates of the oldest extant manuscripts/tablets of Genesis and Enuma Elish, because all we have in both cases are copies of copies. However, we can examine the Enuma Elish story to establish what period is referred to. Leonard W. King (Enuma Elish, pages LXXII-LXXX) says of the actual tablets inscribed with portions of the ...


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In the Word Biblical Commentary, Volume 2: Genesis 16-50 by Dr. Gordon J. Wenham, the author notes: “Shaul” is the name of another man in 36:37–38. And, indeed, Genesis 36:37-3 states in a list of "kings who reigned in the land of Edom before any king ruled over the Israelites" (Genesis 36:31): When Samlah died, Shaul from Rehoboth on the River ...


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Most translations say the seven ewes were presented "as a witness". The NET translates this as "legal proof", which would suggest evidence. Abraham didn't intend the livestock as a purchase price, but as a witness to convince the judge that he was the rightful owner. In contrast to the servants of Abimelech who had seized the well without any investment ...


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The Idea in Brief The passage is to be understood in its plain and normal sense. That is, the handmaiden of Rachel was Bilhah, who had borne sons to Jacob on behalf of Rachel. She was thus the surrogate mother of children to Jacob on behalf of Rachel. (Rachel later had her own biological children, Joseph and Benjamin.) When Rachel died at the birth of ...


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I would like to add to what Dick has presented by saying that Jacob did, indeed, esteem Joseph as lord. Following Jacob's interpretation of Joseph's dream, Genesis records: And his brothers envied him, but his father kept the matter in mind. -- Genesis 37:11 In fact, Jacob kept the matter in mind his entire life. Towards the end of Jacob's life, ...


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In Genesis 37:7-8, Joseph tells his brothers a dream of rule and dominion, in which Joseph, standing supreme as ruler, is paid homage by his self-abasing brothers. Of course, they are angry at this, from a younger brother. Leon R. Kass points out, in The Beginning of Wisdom, page 517, the phrase "even more” that describes how much they hate Joseph, is a play ...


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Process This question is about whether hermeneutical processes can be used to identify possible prophecies in the Old Testament texts. Genesis 49:22-26 is to be used as an example of how to apply any hermeneutical processes. We like to find foreshadowing and prophecies in different Old Testament passages, and Burton Mack says, in Who Wrote the New ...


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Having received no answer from the community, I reached out to Dr. Gary Rendsburg, my former mentor, who currently serves as chair of the Jewish studies department at Rutgers University. It turns out that I was heading in the wrong direction by assuming that the troublesome word is either Hebrew or Aramaic, because it appears to belong to neither language. ...


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Based on opinions from several early Torah commentators, it appears that the issue with the earrings had less to do with their use as jewelry, and more to do with their possibly having been used in conjunction with idolatry. Observe that the patriarchal figures themselves wore rings in their body. For example, in Genesis 24:30 Abraham's servant observes ...


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It is quite arguable that the reason Abraham bound Isaac was to simply ensure that Isaac wouldn't try to escape under the stress of impending death. Pain motivates the individual to withdraw from damaging situations, to protect a damaged body part while it heals, and to avoid similar experiences in the future ...



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