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9

Did others than the 11 Apostles see the risen Jesus? There is at least one other record that says a group consisting of more than the apostles saw Jesus after his resurrection. Luke 24:33-37 (ESV quoted): And they rose that same hour and returned to Jerusalem. And they found the eleven and those who were with them gathered together, saying, "The Lord ...


4

Additional points to consider: (1) Writing materials that could be preserved (e.g. sheepskin vellum) were expensive in ancient times. Furthermore, even if all 500 witnesses wrote their testimony (highly unlikely) the laborious effort required to hand make many copies would be made only for the most authoritative testimonies. Testimonies of which only a few ...


4

Sitz Im Leben is German for "situation in life". This is a sociology concept that tries to place certain events or items in their situations in the life of the user. For example, if we found the lyrics to Rock-a-bye Baby and had no knowledge of the music or situation in life where it was used, it would seem pretty harsh: when the bough breaks, the ...


3

I would like to add one caveat lector to the helpful answer from Richard. Richard was quite right to point out that Form Criticism combines the identification of a literary genre with the social setting which provides the context for understanding its meaning. It is the latter, "social setting", that is referred to normally by the German phrase Sitz im ...


2

My impression is not that there's good evidence to reject direct dependence of the Didache on Matthew, but rather that the evidence of direct dependence has been called into doubt. There just doesn't seem to be a smoking gun that can show that the Didache is literally copying from a written version of Matthew. Here's one article arguing against dependence, ...



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