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10

We must remember that two people with the same education and knowledge of original Biblical languages, will, and commonly do, conclude opposite conclusions while maintaining proclaimed objectivity in their exegesis. This is exactly what Protestant and Catholic scholars do concerning this verse. The reality is that everyone makes their exegetical conclusion ...


5

This seem like a simple answer but this section is talking about extra ordinary gifts. It is an unusual gift of faith to some believers only, not general faith in Christ. What these gifts were exactly and if they are still given today is a controversy within Christianity. Primarily the split is between charismatics and tradition cessation movements. For ...


4

τῇ γὰρ χάριτί ἐστε σεσῳσμένοι διὰ πίστεως διὰ is a preposition which is, technically, ad "verbal adjective." Participles usually introduce participial phrases which can serve either adverbially or adjectivally ("Running for your life." vs. "Hair of white.") and, as such, can take on a wide variety of meanings. To further widen the range, they can also ...


4

It's a good question. Unfortunately the answer appears to be that it's just really unclear. We know what James is arguing, but exactly how is a little more problematic. Leading people to look at different ways of handling the "quote" James gives. Moo gives a nice little section in "James: An Introduction and Commentary" in Tyndale. But I think his ...


4

This is an interesting question. To put this verse into context we must begin with chapter 12 where we learn that G-d commands Avram to leave his home and to go to some place G-d will eventually show him and therein make from him a "great nation." Gen. 12:1. He goes -- at the age of 75 and childless, bringing with him his wife and nephew. At Gen. 12:7, ...


4

This passage would have been understood according to its plain meaning, and in the context of the previous passages, that is, that after G-d promised Abram something almost unbelievable, Abram truly believed and we are told that he was rewarded for this act of faith. Just before this passage, G-d spoke to Abram and said: (Genesis 15:3) "Do not be afraid, ...


3

The word "world" (κοσμος) can have a number of meanings other than "every human being without exception," which is how it is often taken. A.W. Pink maintained that there are 7 uses for the word "world" and John Own offered (I believe) 16. In John's gospel there are a few meanings present, ranging from "every human being without exception" to "all nations of ...


2

Just some additional thoughts... The Aramaic Targum of Onkelos: וְהֵימֵין בְמֵימְרָא דַיוי וְחַשבַה לֵיה לְזָכוּ׃ And he believed (had faith) in the Word of Yahveh, and He accounted it to him for righteousness. זכו, like the Greek word δικαιοσύνη, means a favorable legal standing in court, i.e., righteousness, merit. A judgment (מִשְׁפָּט) is ...


2

In Matthew Jesus has five well-structured, long discourses. Ch18 is one of them. Each of these discourses revolves around one central theme, and deals with a single subject, and often examines different aspects of parts of the subject. Jesus' sermon on the mount (ch5-7) deals with different aspects of true discipleship. Mt 10 deals with the theory and ...


2

This is more of a theological question since the text itself doesn't really make this explicit. The English translation you've given is a good rendering of this passage into English. The text is clear that "you have [already] been saved," as it is perfect (completed action), but whether faith was a one-time event or ongoing necessity is not immediately clear ...


2

Not really. I suspect you usually think of "obey" as "following a code" because you grew up in a culture where you obey a systematized set of rules imposed by an impersonal government. In first-century Judea, obedience was always to a personal someone, whether your parent or governor or a spirit (who then obeyed someone above them). Obedience in the Acts 12 ...


2

G-d talks about His people at the best light possible. Take for example David, after he murdered and committed adultery 1 Kings 3:14 Hebrews 11 is a classic example. Here is a list of examples of faith. But another look at the list you have deceivers, drunks, and murderers. You are right that at that time the disciples lacked faith. A few hours after ...


2

I totally agree with Nathan, that was one of the first things I saw as well. I'd like to note that he was saddened when he was asked to sell his possessions and give to the poor. I see this as a big indicator of pride. So not only was he not child-like in his reliance on God, he was not child like in terms of his humility.


2

Where does the diatribe with the imaginary interlocutor that begins in v. 18 end? An imaginary “someone” (τις) addresses James in v. 18. In doing this James has introduced a dialog with a straw man (an interlocutor) as his chosen form of diatribe. We can assume that at some point James responds to this interlocutor with a rebuttal otherwise it would be a ...



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