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According the the NET Bible translator note on the verse: 1 tn Heb “ a woman, a prophetess.” In Hebrew idiom the generic “woman” sometimes precedes the more specific designation. See GKC 437-38 §135.b. Interestingly, since her husband, Lappidoth, is identified the text must reorient itself to point back to Deborah when talking about her leadership ...


8

The entire book of Judges documents the failure of leadership in Israel from the time of Joshua to Saul. In fact, the phrase "In those days there was no king in Israel" is repeated four times. Although the text seems to be structured chronologically, the stories are actually arraigned geographically from south to north, which allows the accounts to follow ...


8

The Hebrew looks like this: בִּפְרֹעַ פְּרָעוֹת בְּיִשְׂרָאֵל... The difficulty in translating this verse stems from the ambiguity inherent in the Hebrew root word para פרע, which appears twice in a row (as though for emphasis) in the first two words of this verse. (The third word of the verse, is "Israel.") The word para can be translated as: Burst ...


6

There is no ambiguity about Deborah’s sex. The reason you have not seen a translation render this “Deborah, a woman, a prophetess, etc.” is the awkwardness of such a translation. And there are many other instances of this in the Bible: ish mitzri (to take an example from this morning’s Torah reading), “an Egyptian man” or just “an Egyptian”, not “a man, an ...


5

The first two paragraphs are in response to @Lance Roberts' post, but also answer the question. Deborah was already in a position of authority within Israel as a prophetess and also as a judge. Those who support the complementarian position often state that Deborah was most likely only a leader because men had failed to step up to the plate, as is further ...


5

The context seems to indicate a local population, that is, within view if the battle near the Jezreel valley. That would probably rule out Simeon, the southernmost tribe, Judah which was south of Jerusalem, and Levy who was without a specific geographic inheritance except for the six designated cities of refuge, none of which are near the Jezreel valley to ...


5

The Hebrew word used is “הלא” ha-lo, which translates to the cumbersome “is it not so that…”. (JPS 1917 ed. translates this verse as “Hath not the LORD, the God of Israel, commanded, saying…”.) It’s a fairly common literary convention within the Bible to jump into the middle of a conversation. (Cf. Exodus 10; where before most of the plagues we overhear ...


4

According to many Rabbis, Meroz is a planet from which heavenly beings inhabit like the JUDGES 5:20 REFERENCES: 5:20 From the sky the stars fought. From their courses, they fought against Sisera. 5:23 'Curse Meroz,' said the angel of Yahweh. 'Curse bitterly its inhabitants, because they didn't come to help Yahweh, to help Yahweh against the ...


3

I would go with the following (1) And Dvorah did sing, and Varak son of of Avino'am,(S) on that day,(R) saying(S): (2) In Israel's wild-haired outburst, in volunteering, a nation sanctified Yahweh. Listen, kings, attention nobles, (S) I shall, to Yahweh, I shall sing. My tune is(R) to Yahweh, God of Israel. (3) Yahweh, in exiting Sa'ir, in exiting Edom's ...


2

Isaiah 3:12a states (ESV): My people — infants are their oppressors, and women rule over them. This is showing one of the signs of affliction upon Israel for their disobedience. We see in Judges where at this time the men were quite passive. In Judges 4:8 we see after Deborah asked Barak the military leader to go to fight, his response showing a real ...



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