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Matthew 19:5 - We need to pick up at v. 4: ...ὁ κτίσας ἀπ’ ἀρχῆς ἄρσεν καὶ θῆλυ ἐποίησεν αὐτοὺς 5 καὶ εἶπεν·... Here, the verbs (in bold) both have the same antecedent: epoiēsen and eipen both have as their subject ho ktisas. So it runs "the one who created ... made ... and said ...". Matthew 19:8 - the clue to handling ap' archēs again comes in v. 4: v. 4: ...


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Genesis 2:5-7 actually shows a lack of any substantial passage of time. and every plant of the field before it was in the earth, and every herb of the field before it grew: for the Lord God had not caused it to rain upon the earth, and there was not a man to till the ground. -Genesis 2:5 (KJV) The emphasis is on the fact that nothing had grown as it ...


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Church Fathers who comment on Genesis 1:11-13 - Basil, Ephraim the Syrian, Gregory of Nyssa - maintain that the vegetation brought forth appeared whole and mature in one instant; it was not simply latent in seeds waiting to germinate. The translation of this passage chooses to render the underlying Hebrew word as "sprout", which implies that some kind of ...


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Leon R. Kass, in The Beginning of Wisdom, page 27, agrees that because the Hebrew lacks the definite article, the popular translation, “In the beginning” is incorrect. He cites Robert Alter (Genesis Translation and Commentary), who treats the first (and second) verse not as a declarative sentence but as a subordinate clause: “When God began to create heaven ...


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Mark S. Smith says in The Early History of God, page 133, that scholars such as G. Bostrom, H . Ringgren, W. F. Albright and others have compared the figure of Wisdom to the Canaanite goddess Asherah. On page 201, Smith says that Wisdom perhaps included some features of Asherah, and that she is a dramatic example of an originally polytheistic motif that ...


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YHVH rested on the 7th day and was refreshed: Exo 31:17 It is a sign forever between me and the Israelis, for in six days the LORD made the heavens and the earth, but on the seventh day he rested and was refreshed.'" This was such a good and valuable experience for him that he blessed the day: Exo_20:11 because the LORD made the heavens and the ...



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