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9

The Hebrew text of Gen. 1:1-2 states, א בְּרֵאשִׁית בָּרָא אֱלֹהִים אֵת הַשָּׁמַיִם וְאֵת הָאָרֶץ ב וְהָאָרֶץ הָיְתָה תֹהוּ וָבֹהוּ וְחֹשֶׁךְ עַל פְּנֵי תְהוֹם וְרוּחַ אֱלֹהִים מְרַחֶפֶת עַל פְּנֵי הַמָּיִם First, notice that v. 2 commences with a disjunctive vav, i.e. וְהָאָרֶץ. One website explains the disjunctive relationship as follows: The ...


9

The watering of the ground was imperfect in aspect because of the waw consecutive appears here with the perfect tense (and so “flips” the aspect from perfect to imperfect in alignment with the preceding verb in context, which is imperfect in aspect). Please click on the image to view the full source document, which comes from Gesenius, § 112 3(a)(α), who ...


8

'Clean' (טָהֵר) in Leviticus 16 The Hebrew verb טָהֵר / taher is used consistently throughout the Hebrew Bible in terms of cleansing or purifying, and so in the context of Leviticus 16 the stated meaning is that by performing the described ritual, the High Priest would have his sins cleansed and he would become pure. This ritual purification was required ...


6

A rhetorical response question would be, "Why would one think Act 2:36 is referring to Jesus being 'made Lord and Christ after the resurrection'?" This idea is reading more into Act 2:36 than is there. The ESV, and most translations, make the aorist indicative ἐποίησεν into "has made" (a perfective idea, a completed action). That is an interpretative move, ...


6

Clarification on Terms My definitions for clarification. Evening: The period of the Sun descending toward the horizon to set. Sunset: The exact time the Sun is no longer visible above the horizon. Evening Twilight: The period of decreasing light between Sunset and Dusk. Dusk: The exact time all sunlight is no longer visible in the western sky. Night: The ...


5

Interacting with Frank Luke's response, I like the theory proposed by E.W. Bullinger, however it does not seem to fit with what immediately follows in Chapter 18. First of all I believe that Bullinger is correct in his analysis of the construction of the passage. I agree that the intent is to contrast the Spirit coming upon David and leaving Saul, and ...


5

No, there is no contradiction here. Even without tearing into the details of what each concept means, a plain reading of the text introduces no contradiction. First of all, your characterization of the first passage as Jesus "abdicating" isn't quite accurate as that word would imply he completely removed himself from the position of authority. That's not ...


5

There are two reasonable explanations that may apply here. First, when ground is watered, that water both drains into the ground and evaporates back into the air. The surface of the ground does not forever remain wet from a mist. So that watering by mist occurred does not mean dust did not come again. The text in Gen 2:6 is not explicit as to exactly when ...


4

Relationship of the texts To determine how to reconcile the Gospels accounts, we first need to determine the relationship between the different accounts. The best way to do this is to look at the original Greek. Below are the verses in question. Since a few Biblical scholars also think Luke 10:4 is related, I went ahead and included it too. The Greek ...


4

I recently answered a similar question, so I will repost my answer here with a few edits: The problem with your interpretation of the word "void" is that it proceeds from a false premise of "Creatio Ex Nilho" (Creation from Nothing) which was a concept that arrived on the scene with Platonic philosophy. This is not to say that this philosophy is wrong (...


4

Since I have given Alan a bit of a hard time, I feel somewhat obligated to provide an answer. :) Context Like all passages, the key to understanding Exodus 32:26-29 is to look at the broader context. In the previous chapters of Exodus, Moses has lead the Israelites out of Egypt through a series of miraculous events. He has now gone up Mount Sinai to get ...


4

Frequently, an "Angel of the LORD" will appear in passages throughout the Bible to bring a message to an individual. In these instances, the speech used is always that of God himself. Tradition held that messages came with the full authority, weight, and force of the person who sent it. This messenger was an extension of the originator of the messenger ...


4

Then he [John] said to the multitudes that came out to be baptized by him, “Brood of vipers! Who warned you to flee from the wrath to come? -Luke 3:7 (NKJV) Luke 3:7 says the multitude came out to be baptized by John. Luke then proceeds with John rebuking pretty much everyone, with Luke specifying exactly how much John rebuked people, even up to the very ...


4

Based on a comparison of various translations of this passage, it would appear that the conjunction γὰρ does not necessarily always imply a direct dependency. The NETBible, for example, translates it as "in fact". So Jesus appears to be using this conjunction to "pivot" from the Sadducees misunderstanding of marriage in the afterlife, to their ...


3

It was not uncommon for people in the Bible to go under multiple monikers. Abram was also known as Abrham (Gen 17:5), Sarah was also known as Sarai (Genesis 17:15), Jacob was also known as Israel (Genesis 35:10) and so forth. This simply appears to be another one of those instances. Names in Hebrew culture often had significance and names were often ...


3

There are two possible explanations. One is that the individual Gospel writers did not arrange events in a chronologic order; each one organized the events in a way that made the most sense to their audience or to best fit their theological emphasis. The second is that Jesus did this on more than one occasion and John records the first which took place ...


3

I believe you are missing the fact that chapters 17 through 21 of the book of Judges are out of chronological sequence. According to the time line provided at BibleHub, the incident recorded in Judges 18, concerning the Danites, happened only about 25 years after the land had been allotted to the tribes. Robert Jamieson says this: The Danites had a ...


3

Jewish culture during the Second Temple period was heavily influenced by the Babylonians. E. G. Richards says in Mapping Time, pages 221-222, that the seven-day Jewish week, although of great antiquity, was possibly of Babylonian origin. During the Babylonian Captivity the Jews adopted the Babylonian calendar and began to use month names that were based on ...


3

Because God is both immanent and transcendent. He is omnipresent and not bound by the confines of His creation (transcendent). He is uniquely separate from His creation; thus He is not "hanging out in the clouds". But for those who are in Christ (to whom the scripture is addressed) He is also immanent--with them at all times through His indwelling. In ...


3

Answer: At that time of Spring, (the Vernal Equinox), the hours of the day would have corresponded with each other - regardless of the System used. Temporal vs. Fixed Hours: The first problem in using the day is to decide when it begins and ends – its phase – so that events may be assigned to a day without ambiguity. Some nations decided to begin their ...


3

Regardless of how the particle γὰρ is translated, I don't think a causal relationship between marriage and death can be avoided in these verses. If we take γὰρ in its basic sense of "for", then Jesus seems to be saying that there will be no marriage in the resurrection because there will be no death. To understand why Jesus would say this, we must first ...


2

A correct interpretation of Luke 2:2 requires taking into account a key item of historical information of a most practical nature: any census of subjects (as opposed to citizens) of the Roman Empire was carried out for tax purposes, to determine the taxable base of each subject. In such a census, people to be registered were not expected to travel but to do ...


2

The resolution seems to be that the events described in 15:63 and 17:12 occurred chronologically after Joshua's speech in chapter 23. The evidence is in Judges. Judges 1 begins with the death of Joshua in verse 1: After the death of Joshua the Israelites consulted the LORD, asking, “Who shall be first among us to attack the Canaanites and to do battle ...


2

The differences may also be seen from the Greek words used: For by grace you have been saved through faith, and that not of yourselves; it is the gift of God,  not of works (ἔργον ergon), lest anyone should boast , (Ephesians 2:8-9 NKJV) ἔργον ergon - From ἔργω ergō (a primary but obsolete word; to work); toil (as an effort or occupation); by ...


2

Isaiah chapters 56-66 were, apart from some minor insertions from other periods, written shortly after the Return from Exile by an anonymous source now known as Third Isaiah. The returning Jews were grateful to the Persians who, as foreigners, liberated them and undertook to rebuild the Jerusalem temple. This gratitude is demonstrated by the lavish praise ...


2

The Lord tests the righteousness for sin, which he (the Lord) hates. That is, the wickedness of the righteous is in view according to Rabbi Shlomo Yitzchaki (Rashi). Please click the image below in order to enlarge. In this precise regard, the following graph depicts both the musical and logical division of phrases in the Masoretic Text. Please click the ...


2

In answer to the question, when did Jesus cleanse the Temple, I would suggest we consider to two Old Testament contexts, first from Lev 14:34-45 concerning the investigation of corruption in a house (leprous plague) and second from the command in Exo 12:15 to have all leaven removed from your house prior to Passover/Feast of Unleavened Bread. In regards to ...


2

When the Book of Kings (1 Kings and 2 Kings were originally a single book that was eventually split because of its length) talks of the book of chronicles of the kings of Israel, it could not be referring the the Book we know as Chronicles (1 Chronicles and 2 Chronicles) because Chronicles was written centuries later. Most critical scholars attribute the ...


2

And they journeyed from Bethel; and there was but a little way to come to Ephrath: and Rachel travailed, and she had hard labour. -- Genesis 35:16 (KJV) When thou art departed from me to day, then thou shalt find two men by Rachel's sepulchre in the border of Benjamin at Zelzah; and they will say unto thee, The asses which thou wentest to seek are ...



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