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In the scriptures many faculties are attributed to the breath including making alive (animation), self-awareness, God-awareness and the power of speech: Act_2:4 And they were all filled with the Holy Spirit [breath] and began to speak in other tongues [foreign] as the Spirit [breath] gave them utterance. 1Co_12:8 For to one is given through ...


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From the Greek it's pretty difficult to tell whether Paul was using metaphor or was literally referring to a fight with beasts. But from cultural and historical contexts we might glean some understanding. Below are my notes from when I had this same question during my comprehensive exams, in no particular order. I may revise this later for readability. See ...


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To understand what Paul meant by a "new lump" we need to recognize that ancient bread baking was slightly different than it is today in regard to how the bread would be leavened. Modern bakers have available to them packaged yeast which was not available back then. Bakers today will add a quantity of yeast to flour and water, the yeast will eat the ...


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I would say that the word here to entreat means to entice to call the person out of their situation and to become steadfast with the one calling them to come out of their situation. Which would put it inline with Jesus' atoning works on the cross as well as in being obedient to God's Commandment for His people to come out from amongst them and to keep thy ...


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GRK: δυσφημούμενοι παρακαλοῦμεν ὡς περικαθάρματα NAS: when we are slandered, we try to conciliate; we have become KJV: Being defamed, we intreat: we are made INT: slandered we entreat as [the] refuse Although the Greek word is used elsewhere in this form, traditionally meaning to exhort or urge, conciliation seems to make th most sense here. After a ...


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Paul is being sarcastic. Paul considers αἱρέσεις/αἱρετικός to be a horrible thing: Tit 3:10 Have nothing to do with a divisive person [αἱρετικός] after you have warned him once or twice. Tit 3:11 For you know that a person like this is corrupt and keeps on sinning, being self-condemned. the occasion of 1 Corinthians and its prevailing ...


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Some scholars, such at Dominick Crossan and Marcus Borg suggest that 1 Cor. 14:33-36 is a later insertion, for if you remove this passage, the subject of prophecy in 14:26-33 picks up naturally at 14:37-40. Furthermore, the insertion is given as a separate paragraph in all Greek manuscripts. The silencing of women in church contradicts the general attitude ...


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The One God is the Father. The One Lord is Jesus Christ. This language is being used to differentiate between the two. Paul was a monotheist, moreover the expectation of explicit trinitarian terminology would be an anachronism in the New Testament. This is however a controversial passage even among scholars. James Dunn writes in "Did the First Christians ...



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