All Questions

8
votes
6answers
349 views

Why do the Jews in John 8:33 say that they have never been enslaved?

ESV: 33 They answered him, “We are offspring of Abraham and have never been enslaved to anyone. How is it that you say, ‘You will become free’?” SBLGNT: 33 ἀπεκρίθησαν πρὸς αὐτόν· Σπέρμα ...
3
votes
3answers
38 views

Was the Passover meal to be boiled according to Deuteronomy 16:5-7?

In a recent exchange, Peter Enns responded to a review of his recent book, defending what he sees as a a contradiction between Exodus 12:8-9 and (from what I can gather) Deuteronomy 16:5-7. He seems ...
3
votes
1answer
57 views

What was the historical and cultural context of baptism in the time of Christ?

Throughout the New Testament, beginning with John the Baptist, the concept of baptism is portrayed historically with minimal explanation for what it is or why it is happening. This is continued ...
3
votes
6answers
202 views

What is the new covenant made with Jews/Israel in Jeremiah 31:31

Jeremiah 31 verses 31-33, talks about a new covenant forged explicitly with Jews/Israel and only with Jews/Israel, and none other. I'm quoting the passage in Hebrew and providing the phrase literal ...
3
votes
2answers
36 views

Who is “his brother” in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will ...
2
votes
2answers
96 views

The Healing at the Pool in John 5:1-14

What is the significance of the man's belief regarding healing through the disturbed waters? Was it just a belief (bordering on superstition)? Or was it really intended by God for healing to take ...
2
votes
1answer
26 views

We shall be like him because we shall see him as he is?

1 John 3:2: Ἀγαπητοί νῦν τέκνα θεοῦ ἐσμεν, καὶ οὔπω ἐφανερώθη τί ἐσόμεθα. οἴδαμεν ὅτι ἐὰν φανερωθῇ, ὅμοιοι αὐτῷ ἐσόμεθα, ὅτι ὀψόμεθα αὐτὸν, καθώς ἐστιν. (UBS5) Beloved, we are God's ...
1
vote
0answers
22 views

Translation of 1 John 3:2

1 John 3:2 presents a number of challenges for translation and interpretation. I recently ran across a proposed alternative translation that brings out yet another I hadn’t considered. I provide here ...
0
votes
0answers
19 views

Are there any extant original first-century manuscripts of any of Josephus' works?

It has been claimed that there are no surviving originals of any of Josephus' works. I have not found any help through Google, and so I wonder if anyone can give me any information about this, along ...
0
votes
0answers
10 views

Is «κλίνας τὴν κεφαλὴν» in John 19:30 best translated as “bowed the head”?

The English verb "bow" as written in most English translations of John 19:30 would be defined as "to bend or curve downward." Here is an image of someone "bowing the head": As you can see, the man ...
8
votes
3answers
293 views

The significance of the designations of families who will mourn in Zechariah 12

As the prophet Zechariah proclaims the greatness of Jerusalem's mourning, he says: 12“All Israel will mourn, each clan by itself, and with the husbands separate from their wives. The clan of David ...
2
votes
1answer
88 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
3
votes
0answers
13 views

What is the proper interpretation of ἄνωθεν in Luke 1:3?

The Text Luke 1:3 reads in the Greek (with the word in question highlighted; SBLGNT): ἔδοξε κἀμοὶ παρηκολουθηκότι ἄνωθεν πᾶσιν ἀκριβῶς καθεξῆς σοι γράψαι, κράτιστε Θεόφιλε It is translated a ...
8
votes
3answers
153 views

What is the best translation of Job 6:14?

NKJV: “To him who is afflicted, kindness should be shown by his friend, Even though he forsakes the fear of the Almighty." NASB: “For the despairing man there should be kindness from his friend; So ...
24
votes
8answers
15k views

What does it mean to be “born of water”?

In John 3:5, Jesus tells Nicodemus that to enter the kingdom one must be "born of water and the Spirit". How is this phrase understood? Is it a single construct (i.e. one birth of both water and ...
4
votes
1answer
406 views

To what does the time clause connect in Revelation 13:8?

I noticed that there are several ways that English translations render Revelation 13:8. There is a potentially significant difference in how the clauses connect, but most translations are a little bit ...
3
votes
4answers
178 views

Was Jesus too young at 12 years old to go about His Father's business?

Luke 2:41-51 contains the account of Jesus at the Passover and His famous phrase "I must be about my Father's business." Mary and Joseph went to Jerusalem yearly for the feast of Passover. Luke ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

When did Joseph, Jesus's father, die?

I heard someone claim that Joseph, Jesus's father, died a very short time after Jesus was born. But we know from Luke 2:41-52, that when Jesus was twelve years old he went with his parents (οἱ γονεῖς ...
3
votes
2answers
81 views

What is “Parousia”? Does it have any relation to the second coming of Christ?

In Paul's writings, what is "Parousia"? Does it have any relation to the second coming of Christ? Here is the main text I am seeking to understand: 1 Thess 2:19 (RSVCE) 19 For what is our ...
4
votes
2answers
35 views

Question about NET note and Symbols for Codex Sinaiticus

I have a basic question about NET Bible footnote. The note for Matt 17:21 says: Many important MSS (א* B Θ 0281 33 579 892 pc e ff1 sys,c sa) do not include 17:21 "But this kind does not go out ...
6
votes
2answers
73 views

Two stories intertwined in Mark, a 12 year old daughter and woman with a 12 year sickness, both healed; is the number 12 more than coincidental?

Of all extenuating information that could have been included, Mark decides to tell us that the woman with the issue of blood had the problem for 12 years. This woman touches Jesus while he's on the ...
1
vote
2answers
155 views

How should we understand “he cannot sin” in 1 John 3:9?

1 John 3:9 (NASB): No one who is born of God practices sin, because His seed abides in him; and he cannot sin, because he is born of God. I am particularly intrigued by the 2nd half of the ...
4
votes
2answers
61 views

Can there be any eschatological claim made from 1 Samuel 28:19, concerning Saul in the afterlife?

1 Samuel 28:19 (ESV): "Moreover, the LORD will give Israel also with you into the hand of the Philistines, and tomorrow you and your sons shall be with me. The LORD will give the army of Israel also ...
3
votes
2answers
169 views

Does Titus 2:13 refer to one person or two?

In the second coming of Our God, are there two persons who will appear in the clouds? Titus 2:13 (KJV) Looking for that blessed hope, and the glorious appearing of the great God and our Saviour ...
3
votes
3answers
110 views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel?

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Could the Egerton Gospel be related to Q?

The so-called Egerton Gospel contains only a few verses of some very early and previously unknown "Jesus text". One major criticism of Q is that it requires a completely unattested but ...
7
votes
4answers
416 views

What is Babylon refering to in the New Testament?

In the New Testament the city of Babylon is mentioned a few times. Notably in the book of Revelation: 6Then I saw another angel flying in midair, and he had the eternal gospel to proclaim to ...
4
votes
1answer
9k views

Meaning of “sins against his body” in 1 Corinthians 6:18

Flee from sexual immorality. All other sins a man commits are outside his body, but he who sins sexually sins against his own body. 1 Corinthians 6:18 Please help me to understand this. Why are ...
5
votes
2answers
163 views

How do we understand the verse “I saw the souls of those who had been slain.”

In the book of Revelation it is written, "When he opened the fifth seal, I saw under the altar the souls of those who had been slain because of the word of God and the testimony they had ...
7
votes
3answers
131 views

Why is Jesus' admission to being the “Son of God” equated with “blasphemy” in Matt. 26:65?

In Matt. 26:63-64, Jesus effectively admits to being the "son of God" according to his response to the chief priest, (i.e., "You said."). English translation: 63 But Jesus kept silent. And when ...
1
vote
1answer
118 views

What mark did the Lord put on Cain so no one would kill him?

When Cain was punished for killing Abel, Cain assumed he’d be killed too. The Lord wouldn't allow that, so He put a mark on Cain. Gen 4:13-15 (NABRE) Cain said to the LORD: “My punishment is ...
2
votes
2answers
112 views

Did Jesus promise literal food and clothing in Matthew 6:33?

In Matthew 6:33 Jesus said, "But seek first the kingdom of God and his righteousness, and all these things will be added to you" (ESV). Was Jesus promising his followers that as long as they put him ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

Woman with an Issue of Blood (Mark 5:21-43; cp. Matt 9:18-26, Luke 8:40-56) [closed]

Many (most) miracles of Jesus seem to have in common these factors: 1. They are occasioned by sympathy and compassion for people in difficulty; 2. They are deliberately operated by Jesus to remedy ...
5
votes
4answers
760 views

Was Adam present when the serpent was talking with Eve?

Genesis 3:6 (NIV) When the woman saw that the fruit of the tree was good for food and pleasing to the eye, and also desirable for gaining wisdom, she took some and ate it. She also gave some to ...
2
votes
0answers
23 views

Scriptural basis for replacement ideology/theology [migrated]

There exist groups who believe that Christians or believers of Jesus completely replaced Jews as Israel and as the chosen people, and that Jews no longer have a valid relationship with G-d, unless ...
0
votes
0answers
5 views

Could the Gospel of Matthew be dependent on Luke's Gospel? [duplicate]

Why is it that a possible Gospel dependency order of Mark-Luke-Matthew without requiring 'Q' is considered particularly unlikely, when compared to other possible solutions to the synoptic problem? Do ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Psalms 46 - Be still or relax?

In Psalms 46-10 (Christian versions) or 46:11 (in Jewish versions), is the phrase  הרפו ודעו כי אנכי אלֹהים In most English Bible translations הרפו is translated as Be still . With the ...
6
votes
3answers
4k views

Why does the King James have “turtle” in Song of Solomon 2:12?

Ernie Harwell was famous for starting his first baseball broadcast of the Detroit Tigers spring with the following quote: Song of Solomon 2:11-12 (KJV) 11 For, lo, the winter is past, the rain ...
5
votes
2answers
106 views

How do we interpret Luke 17:37?

Luke 17:33-37 says, "Remember Lot's wife. Whosoever shall seek to save his life shall lose it; and whosoever shall lose his life shall preserve it. I tell you, in that night there shall be ...
6
votes
1answer
148 views

Interpretation of Dan being a serpent?

Genesis 49 says that Dan will provide justice for Israel and be a serpent along the roadside, a viper that will bite at the horses heel: 'Dan shall judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel. ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Did Jesus teach people to literally pluck their eye out and cut their hand off?

The passage from the Sermon on the Mount (and see also Matthew 18:8-9) is a familiar one: "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' But I tell you that anyone who looks at ...
3
votes
2answers
65 views

What is the promise in Hebrews 11:13?

All these people were still living by faith when they died. They did not receive the things promised; they only saw them and welcomed them from a distance, admitting that they were foreigners ...
2
votes
1answer
113 views

Are the words “wife” and “woman” the same in Hebrew and Greek?

This question is related to one on Christianity.SE. Some say they are. Hence Jesus prohibition against looking at women with lust (as in Matthew 5:27-28) could mean prohibition against looking at ...
12
votes
3answers
433 views

Omission of 'fasting' in Mark 9:29

I would like to know why some versions feel it apt to omit the word "fasting" from Mark 9:29. Is this because it was not concurrent with the correct translation/ meaning of this verse? For example. ...
-1
votes
0answers
41 views

Where can I find this phrase? [closed]

The Holy One, Blessed be He, said to those, you want to know My name? I am called according to my ACTIONS. When I judge the creatures I am Elohim, and when I have Mercy with My World, I am ...
2
votes
3answers
1k views

Meaning of στοιχεῖον (stoicheion)

What does Paul mean by the word στοιχεῖον, and in particular the phrase τὰ στοιχεῖα τοῦ κόσμου? Here is a list of occurrences of the word in the New Testament. Feel free to respond concerning the ...
4
votes
5answers
10k views

How long were the Children of Israel enslaved in Egypt?

In Genesis 15:13 God told Abram that his descendants would be slaves in a foreign land for 400 years. This number is also mentioned in Acts 7:6. Exodus 12:41 says that the Israelites were in Egypt ...
-2
votes
2answers
126 views

Does 1 Corinthians 8:5-6 favor henotheism?

The following verses do not say that there is only one God, they say there is only one God "for us". 1 Corinthians 8:5-6 (NIV) 5  For even if there are so-called gods, whether in heaven or ...
3
votes
4answers
138 views

Is there an issue with translating the word “worshiped” in Matthew 14:33?

Matthew 14:32-33 reads: 32 And when they climbed into the boat, the wind died down. 33 Then those who were in the boat worshiped him, saying, “Truly you are the Son of God.” I have recently been ...
8
votes
2answers
205 views

Which experts believe Paul “lost” his arguments in 1st Corinthians?

I read on a layman's site about a theory that much of the "reconciliation" in 2nd Corinthians was actually Paul attempting to patch up his relationship with the Corinthian church after his ...

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