1
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0answers
5 views

Who are the recipients of the seven epistles in Revelation?

The seven epistles to the seven churches in Revelation 2 and 3 are full of references to the old testament, which the gentiles or believers out of gentiles (Revelation 1:4 tells us that all seven ...
1
vote
0answers
6 views

Revelation 2: “A few things against thee…”

In the seven epistles to the seven churches in Revelation 2 and 3, we bump into the phrases like "but I have a few things against you". Namely, three times: To the church in Ephesus: ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Are bats described as birds?

Leviticus 11:13,19 reads: And these you shall detest among the birds . . . the eagle, the bearded vulture, the black vulture . . . and the bat. (ESV translation) Does the bible describe bats as ...
2
votes
1answer
16 views

“Seasons”, or “Sacred Seasons”?

Psalm 104:19, עָשָׂ֣ה יָ֭רֵחַ לְמֹועֲדִ֑ים (Westminster Leningrad Codex) He appointed the moon for the seasons (Interlinear translation) In the BDB (Brown Driver Briggs), לְמוֹעֲדִ֑ים (for ...
2
votes
2answers
210 views

Psalm 23, “…table in the presence of my enemies…”

In Psalm 23, David talks about the Lord providing a "table" in the presence of his enemies. Just what does this table represent? Psalm 23:5 (ESV) You prepare a table before me in the ...
7
votes
1answer
58 views

How many Isaiahs?

I understand that there is a scholarly position that holds that the book of Isaiah was written by three authors, termed First Isaiah (chapters 1-39), Second Isaiah (chapters 40-55), and Third Isaiah ...
0
votes
1answer
57 views

According to the Gospel of John Jesus was always known as the Messiah?

The first mention to the title of Messiah (or Christ) in the Gospel of John is from Andrew testifying to Peter right after he met Jesus. John 1:41 He first found his own brother Simon, and said to ...
2
votes
2answers
57 views

Why was Abel a “keeper of flocks”?

Genesis 4:2 says that Abel was a "keeper of flocks" while Cain was a "tiller of the ground". This is only a few verses after Genesis 3:23 where God sent man out "to cultivate the ground from which he ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

What is the meaning of Deuteronomy 25:11-12?

We are told in this verse about the case in which a wife who, in helping her husband fend off an attacker, seizes the attacker by the genitals. The verse tells the husband that he must cut off her ...
2
votes
2answers
72 views

What does “spirit” mean in John 3:6?

What does "spirit" mean in John 3:6 (in bold)? Is it referring to the soul? John 3:6 (ESV) That which is born of the flesh is flesh, and that which is born of the Spirit is spirit. ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Was Haman an Agagite?

Esther 3:1 says After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. Wikipedia ...
7
votes
2answers
133 views

Does Genesis 1:2 refer to the Spirit or a wind?

Genesis 1:2 reads (KJV): And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Other translations (ESV, NIV, NASB, JPS 1917) also indicate that the subject of this sentence is the “Spirit of ...
4
votes
1answer
30 views

Meaning of “Sing to the Lord a new song”

In Psalm 33:3, it reads: Sing to him a new song; play skilfully on the strings, with loud shouts. This is most certainly not the first time I've read these words; they seem to be a common ...
6
votes
3answers
311 views

Who are the “divine beings” in Psalm 82?

We read in Psalm 82: I had taken you for divine beings, sons of the Most High, all of you; but you shall die as men do, fall like any prince.—Psalm 82:6–7 (NJPS) Some ...
3
votes
3answers
72 views

A special hermeneutical term for the writer's main goal for writing a book?

In hermeneutics, is there a special term for the reason a book in the Bible, or even a chapter within a book, was written? Perhaps the special term would be in Latin or in Greek. For example, "The ...
5
votes
0answers
61 views

When was the Hebrew Bible's exact text/spelling synchronized globally?

The Hebrew Bible is essentially identical in all Jewish communities, despite significant differences in spellings and wordings from the Septuagint or texts in the Dead Sea Scrolls, or even from quoted ...
0
votes
3answers
101 views

Morality of God's commandment to kill rebels

What turns me down about God are 2 stories that I have readed on my bible. God hardening pharaoh's heart and punishing him because of it, and Levites killing his relatives Today I will talk about ...
10
votes
7answers
4k views

What did the blind man from Bethsaida see?

Mark 8:22-26 (ESV): And they came to Bethsaida. And some people brought to him a blind man and begged him to touch him. And he took the blind man by the hand and led him out of the village, and ...
5
votes
3answers
720 views

Who is the subject of the “rebellion” in 2 Thessalonians 2:3?

In 2 Thessalonians 2:3, Paul begins, "Let no one deceive you in any way. For that day will not come, unless the rebellion comes first..." (ESV empahsis mine). Is there any indication - whether in this ...
0
votes
1answer
1k views

I will raise you up at the last day

In many verses in John 6, Jesus says "I will raise them up at the last day". Does that mean to literally "revived" the ones who ate his body and drank his blood? Or what does it mean? Thanks!
8
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the meaning of the reference to 'stones' in Ecclesiastes 3?

Ecclesiastes starts with a series of contrasts, most of which are easy to understand. However one reference is less obvious (at least to me) - the 'stones' in verse 5a: 1 For everything there is a ...
3
votes
1answer
355 views

Does “foundations of the earth” in Job 38:4 refer to just the earth, or is it a metaphor for more?

While asking this question on music at Christianity Stack Exchange, I had simply assumed that Job 38 described music as more primordial than matter, but then I realized I wasn't sure whether the ...
5
votes
1answer
66 views

Does Matthew 1:25 provide evidence for or against the perpetual virginity of Mary?

Matthew 1:25, regarding Joseph "knowing" Mary, reads: but knew her not until she had given birth to a son. And he called his name Jesus. (ESV) The word "until," in English, typically indicates ...
11
votes
1answer
176 views

Is the Hymn To Wisdom in Job 28 a part of Job's speech?

I noticed that in the 2011 NIV, Job 28 is marked off as an interlude as does not appear in quotation marks; whereas in the 1984 NIV, the text appears in quotation marks and is considered a part of ...
9
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the translation philosophy for tachash skins in Exodus?

In Exodus (e.g.: 26:14) we learn one of the coverings for the tabernacle is to be made of "תחש" (tachash) skins. The translation of this term appears to be especially difficult or contentious as there ...
2
votes
2answers
990 views

Genesis 4:15- Why did God protect Cain?

Surely Adam and Eve had loads of kids by this point, why would God protect a murderer? Gen 4:15 (NASB) So the Lord said to him, “Therefore whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him ...
5
votes
3answers
76 views

Are the “rulers of this age” of 1 Corinthians 2:8 human rulers or demonic rulers?

Starting in verse 5. 1Co 2:5 so that your faith might not rest in the wisdom of men but in the power of God. 2:6 Yet among the mature we do impart wisdom, although it is not a wisdom of this age ...
8
votes
3answers
219 views

Meaning of spirit in Genesis 6 and reason(s) for it not to remain in mankind?

According to Genesis 6:3 “My Spirit will not remain in humans forever, for they are mortal; their days will be a hundred and twenty years.” This verse is not understandable for me: First ...
2
votes
1answer
49 views

How Could Abraham receive Canaan as “an everlasting possession”, as promised in Genesis 17:8?

"The whole land of Canaan, where you now reside as a foreigner, I will give as an everlasting possession to you and your descendants after you; and I will be their God" (Genesis 17:8, NIV) In the ...
1
vote
1answer
42 views

What are the Hebrew words for Man and Woman?

I was reading through Genesis where it notes: "she shall be called 'woman' for she was taken out of 'man'" - Genesis 2:23 (NIV) I found out that man is 'Adam' in Hebrew and now I'm wondering ...
8
votes
4answers
3k views

What does “guardian/tutor” mean in Galatians 3:24

Galatians 3:24 reads in the ESV (and several modern translations) So then, the law was our guardian until Christ came, in order that we might be justified by faith.ESV In the KJV it reads: ...
3
votes
2answers
259 views

Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
4
votes
1answer
45 views

What is the meaning of “katatomē” in Philippians 3:2?

I'm looking over John Frame's treatment of the third commandment in The Doctrine of the Christian Life (page 509), and he makes an interesting statement regarding Paul's angry words against his ...
4
votes
1answer
222 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
8
votes
3answers
101 views

Who is “his brother” in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will ...
12
votes
5answers
4k views

Why was Barabbas in prison?

It seems that there are varying accounts of the problems with Barabbas. John 18:40 Then they all cried again, saying, “Not this Man, but Barabbas!” Now Barabbas was a robber. Another in Mark: ...
5
votes
1answer
57 views

Obadiah v. 7: ‘bread’ or ‘those who eat your bread’?

In Obadiah’s vision of the fall of Edom (v. 7), it is written: All your allies have driven you to your border; those at peace with you have deceived you; they have prevailed against you; those ...
3
votes
1answer
54 views

What did God put into the human heart according to the Hebrew text of Ecclesiastes 3:11?

The Masoretic Text of Ecclesiastes [= Qohelet/Kohelet] 3:11bα reads this way: גַּ֤ם אֶת־הָעֹלָם֙ נָתַ֣ן בְּלִבָּ֔ם gam ʾet-hāʿōlām nātan bəlibbāmᵃ Also he has put העלם in their heart ᵃ ...
35
votes
6answers
4k views

Does the Bible mention unicorns?

I was reading Psalm 22 (from this question) and I found this verse: Psalms 22:21 (KJV) Save me from the lion's mouth: for thou hast heard me from the horns of the unicorns. When I switched ...
1
vote
0answers
23 views

Is “fulfill” in Matthew 5.17 the underlining concept of “obey?” [duplicate]

Matthew 5.17 reads: Think not that I am come to destroy the law, or the prophets: I am not come to destroy, but to fulfill [the law]. (KJV, emphasis mine)
8
votes
3answers
11k views

What does it mean that Jesus was a priest like the “Order of Melchizedek” in Hebrews 7:11?

In Genesis 14 there is a man named Melchizedek. He is not mentioned very much and you might argue that he does not seem very important from this text alone. 17 After Abram returned from defeating ...
-2
votes
0answers
28 views

What does μεθυσθῶσιν mean? [duplicate]

Other words from the same root mean something else: http://biblehub.com/greek/methuei_3184.htm (is drunken) http://biblehub.com/greek/methuonto_n_3184.htm (drunkard) ...
6
votes
3answers
281 views

Psalm 110:7 what does “he shall drink of the brook in the way” mean?

Psalm 110:7 "He shall drink of the brook in the way: therefore shall he lift up the head." It seems almost out of place considering the Psalm seems to be talking about God. So what does it mean? ...
-9
votes
5answers
752 views

Is there bible translation that is more literal than Young Literal Translation

That's it. The translation should not favor any theology and should allow readers to read texts the way it really is For example Elohim -> gods Yea, I know that Elohim are often followed by ...
5
votes
3answers
13k views

What is “apocalyptic” literature?

What are the characteristics of what is called "apocalyptic" literature? Why would an author use this literary style? Does apocalyptic literature envision the end of the cosmos? If not, what kind(s) ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What was Onan's sin?

Genesis 38:6-11 (NJPS): Judah got a wife for Er his first-born; her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s first-born, was displeasing to the Lord, and the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What does “a double minded man” in James 1:8 mean?

James 1:8 (KJV) says, A double minded man is unstable in all his ways. What does this mean?
10
votes
2answers
339 views

Who believes, is baptized, and is saved in Acts 16?

Acts 16 tells two accounts of Philippians being saved under the preaching of Paul. First is a woman named Lydia: One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of ...
6
votes
3answers
105 views

Did Mother Mary believe Jesus was crazy

Jesus' first miracle was turning water into wine at his mother’s behest. This seems to prove that Mary believed in Jesus. I am wondering if, in Mark 3:20-21, Mary also thought Jesus was crazy like the ...
4
votes
2answers
64 views

Did Pharaoh drown with his army? Exodus 14

It is often assumed that the Pharaoh of the Exodus was drowned with his army. This has affected attempts to identify the specific Pharaoh of the Exodus. However, is such a claim true? I see a few ...

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