3
votes
3answers
186 views

In Genesis 28:13, is the Lord above or beside Jacob?

In the "Jacob's ladder" passage, some translations say that "the Lord stood above [the stairway]" (ESV, NASB, ISV, others - this seems to be the more common translation), while others say "stood ...
5
votes
2answers
35 views

What did the Philippian jailor mean by “saved”?

In Acts 16:30, after the earthquake and the loosing of the chains of Paul and Silas, the Philippian jailor asks them (NA28): κύριοι, τί με δεῖ ποιεῖν ἵνα σωθῶ; Sirs, what must I do to be saved? ...
2
votes
1answer
206 views

How are we to understand 'firstfruits' in 1 Corinthians 15:20-23?

1 Corinthians 15:20-23 presents Jesus as the firstfruits of those who have fallen asleep. What is the significance of 'firstfruits?' Is this related to instructions in the Hebrew Bible about ...
2
votes
1answer
32 views

What is it that Paul prays Ephesians will comprehend?

Writing to the Ephesians, Paul talks about his prayer life: For this reason I bow my knees before the Father, ... [that you] may have strength to comprehend with all the saints what is the breadth ...
3
votes
3answers
1k views

When did John The Baptist know Jesus was God's Chosen One according to John 1?

John 1:29-34: The next day John saw Jesus coming towards him and said, ‘Look, the Lamb of God, who takes away the sin of the world! This is the one I meant when I said, “A man who comes after me ...
6
votes
4answers
188 views

“Adultery in your heart” verse

Matthew 5:27–28: Ἠκούσατε ὅτι ἐρρέθη· οὐ μοιχεύσεις. ἐγὼ δὲ λέγω ὑμῖν ὅτι πᾶς ὁ βλέπων γυναῖκα πρὸς τὸ ἐπιθυμῆσαι αὐτὴν ἤδη ἐμοίχευσεν αὐτὴν ἐν τῇ καρδίᾳ αὐτοῦ. “You heard it was said, ‘Do ...
6
votes
3answers
2k views

Did Jesus teach people to literally pluck their eye out and cut their hand off?

The passage from the Sermon on the Mount (and see also Matthew 18:8-9) is a familiar one: "You have heard that it was said, 'You shall not commit adultery.' But I tell you that anyone who looks at ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Is Ecclesiastes a book of negative wisdom?

When I was younger, I thought that because Ecclesiastes was so dour, it was a sort of negative wisdom—something like, "This is how crazy you get when you don't follow God." However, this ...
6
votes
3answers
90 views

Does “Hebrew” refer to the language or the language family?

The book of Acts mentions the Hebrew language a number of times: And when he had given him permission, Paul, standing on the steps, motioned with his hand to the people. And when there was a great ...
-2
votes
1answer
56 views

Does 1 Corinthians 1:10-13 refer to 'cults'?

The commandment "to not let there be divisions", (1 Cor 1:10), uses the word "σχίσματα/schismata." In this context, "σχίσματα" carries with it a very negative connotation. But, our modern ...
5
votes
1answer
86 views

What was the 'testimony' that Aaron's rod was brought before?

Numbers 17:10 (KJV) And the LORD said unto Moses, Bring Aaron's rod again before the testimony, to be kept for a sign against the rebels; and you shall put away their murmurings from me, that they ...
3
votes
1answer
29 views

Is the Sermon on the Mount intended to be literal instructions?

Possibly Related Question: Did Jesus teach people to literally pluck their eye out and cut their hand off? The above PRQ is an oft-cited example of proposed hyperbole, and is used completely out ...
-3
votes
1answer
32 views

The Second Greatest Commandment [on hold]

Love your neighbor as yourself. - Matt 22:36-40 I would like to take appart this commandment in order to better understand it. These five words require an extensive analysis especially since ...
6
votes
1answer
3k views

What does it mean for a man to leave his father and mother?

Genesis 2:24 says that a man should leave his parents after marriage: Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. Jesus ...
6
votes
3answers
8k views

Why does Matthew include these women in Jesus' genealogy?

One of the unique features of Jesus genealogy in the book of Matthew is the inclusion of four women, not counting Mary. Matthew 1:3 Judah the father of Perez and Zerah, whose mother was Tamar ...
0
votes
2answers
53 views

Does the Bible include an unambiguous reference to divinely-appointed genocide? [on hold]

One thing which I have always taken as a matter of course was that the Old Testament had definitive references to God ordering that Israel should completely eradicate one nation/ethnic group. ...
-2
votes
0answers
59 views

In the Song of Songs,who is the lily, Solomon or the Shulamite?

1"I am the rose of Sharon, The lily of the valley."(Song of Sol. 2:1) "Who is represented in the passage, Solomon, or the Shulamite.?" How might this reference be messianic?
4
votes
2answers
73 views

Translation of ἁμαρτίαν in 2 Cor. 5:21 - What did God make Jesus?

The Greek text of 2 Cor. 5:21 has been translated in various ways: τὸν γὰρ μὴ γνόντα ἁμαρτίαν ὑπὲρ ἡμῶν ἁμαρτίαν ἐποίησεν ἵνα ἡμεῖς γινώμεθα δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ ἐν αὐτῷ If the translation of ...
4
votes
3answers
3k views

Which four kingdoms are represented in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel Chapter 2?

Question is straightforward: Which four kingdoms are represented in the statue of Nebuchadnezzar's dream in Daniel Chapter 2?
3
votes
2answers
48 views

After He had offered one sacrifice for sins for ever (Hebrews 10:12)

Hebrews 10:11-12 (KJV) 11 And every priest standeth daily ministering and offering oftentimes the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins: 12 But this man, after he had offered one ...
2
votes
1answer
59 views

What are the translations of the Greek word “monogenes” in Ancient Versions?Is it “only” or “only-begotten”?

What are the translations of the Greek word "monogenes" in Ancient Versions? Is it "only" or "only-begotten"? Latin Coptic Syriac Georgian etc. The following Bible verses have "monogenes" in it: ...
7
votes
2answers
163 views

What is the difference in hope and faith?

Since the words "faith" and "hope" are used side-by-side and in ways that faith (πίστις) is built on hope (ἐλπίς), they shouldn't have the same meaning. 1 Corinthians 13:13 And now these three ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

Did King Hezekiah do something wrong in showing off his wealth to emissaries from Babylonia in II Kings 20?

The Hezekiah (Heb: Chizkiyahu) narrative in II Kings (chapters 17 – 20) and Isaiah (36 – 39) concludes on a dissonant and haunting confrontation between King Hezekiah and the prophet Isaiah. Hezekiah ...
12
votes
3answers
1k views

What arguments exist that would refute the theory concerning Aramaic primacy of the New Testament?

Many Nestorian and some Seventh Day Adventist scholars assert that the New Testament was originally written in Aramaic (such as Paul Younan and George Lamsa). What scholarly arguments exist that would ...
3
votes
1answer
68 views

To whom was Boaz paying when buying Naomi's land?

Ruth 4:9: Then Boaz said to the elders and all the people, “You are witnesses this day that I have bought from the hand of Naomi all that belonged to Elimelech and all that belonged to Chilion ...
14
votes
6answers
1k views

Does Paul refer to his past or present evil/sin in Romans 7

In Romans 7:19, Paul says this: For I do not do the good I want, but the evil I do not want is what I keep on doing. ESV Is Paul talking about "doing evil" in his present, converted state, or ...
3
votes
1answer
56 views

The Euphrates River Drying up?

The sixth angel poured out his bowl on the great river Euphrates, and its water was dried up to prepare the way for the kings from the East. Revelation 16:12 In considering the ...
6
votes
1answer
169 views

Interpretation of Dan being a serpent?

Genesis 49 says that Dan will provide justice for Israel and be a serpent along the roadside, a viper that will bite at the horses heel: 'Dan shall judge his people as one of the tribes of Israel. ...
6
votes
1answer
105 views

Why does John not participate properly in worship in the book of Revelation?

One central theme in the book of Revelation is worship. For instance, in Craig Koester's book, "Revelation and the End of All Things", he considers the worship scene in chapters 4-5 to form the heart ...
7
votes
1answer
334 views

David's Brinkmanship with the Philistines at Apheq

In I Sam 28 Achish enlists David in his forces for the coming battle between the Princes of Philistine and the Israelites in which Saul meets his end. David's words to Achish are ambiguous, leaving us ...
3
votes
4answers
987 views

What do the toes represent in the final kingdom of Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream in Daniel 2?

Assuming the Legs and feet are the Roman Empire, what are we to make of its 'ten toes' that are half clay and half iron? I assume that something 'within' or absorbed by the developing Empire can be ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

conformance of Acts with Pauline epistles

If an early (or possibly orthodox) date for the authorship of the Pauline epistles is posited (ie 50-60 CE), and a late date for Luke-Acts is simultaneously preferred (ie 100-125 CE), how is the ...
2
votes
1answer
42 views

What or who is 'the god of the earth' Revelation 11:4?

Revelation 11:4 "These are the two olive trees and the two candlesticks standing before the god of the earth" Why has this phrase the god of the earth been used to describe the being before whom the ...
1
vote
1answer
90 views

Why didn't Jesus 'entrust himself' to his followers? (John 2:23-25)

John 2:24-25 reads: But Jesus for his part did not entrust himself to them, because he knew all people and needed no one to bear witness about man, for he himself knew what was in man. (ESV) To ...
2
votes
1answer
93 views

What is the “evil” Paul keeps doing in Romans 7:19?

Paul confesses that he has the desire to do what is good, but that he cannot carry it out. Quoting NIV 1984: Romans 7:19: For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Clarification on the Greek pronoun allos [on hold]

Calling all Greek experts! I'm particularly curious about the pronoun allos. I'm not educated enough in the nuances of Greek grammar to be able to accurately come up with an answer so I'd like to get ...
3
votes
3answers
272 views

What is indicated by the title “Holy One of God” in Mark 1:24?

In Mark 1:24, a demon tells Jesus "I know who you are—the Holy One of God!" This title is surprising since the title "the Son of God" is used to introduce Jesus in 1:1. Obviously the title denotes ...
12
votes
2answers
778 views

Why is the light in day 1 of creation not an 'it'?

Throughout Genesis 1 there are two repeated refrains: ויהי כן 7And God made the expanse and separated the waters that were under the expanse from the waters that were above the expanse. And it ...
7
votes
2answers
81 views

Daniel 7:27 translation

I hope someone can help me with this one. Question - What is the correct translation of end of Daniel 7:27? Is it Him (God) or it (kingdom)? As much as I looked, all English translations say Him - ...
3
votes
3answers
264 views

Why did God allow satan to take lives just to prove that Job is loyal?

In Job Chapter 1:12 The Lord gave Satan the power to do anything he wanted to get Job to curse the Lord without touching him. 12: And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy ...
4
votes
2answers
63 views

What is the meaning of 1 Corinthians 14:22-25?

The description in verses 23-25 seems to contradict verse 22, how is prophecy a sign to believers and tongues a sign to unbelievers? 1 Corinthians 14:22-25 22 Thus tongues are a sign not for ...
5
votes
3answers
429 views

What is the rock that dashes the feet of the fourth kingdom in Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream in Daniel 2?

Interestingly there is a magical rock that moves all by itself and attacks the fourth kingdom in Nebuchadnezzar’s Dream. What is this little rock that is so marvelous and when did (or when will it) ...
10
votes
2answers
267 views

In 1 Tim 2:12, how does αὐθεντεῖν (αὐθεντεω) differ from the more commonly used ἐξουσιάζω?

SBLGNT: διδάσκειν δὲ γυναικὶ οὐκ ἐπιτρέπω, οὐδὲ αὐθεντεῖν ἀνδρός, ἀλλ’ εἶναι ἐν ἡσυχίᾳ. From what I can tell, this is the only use of any form of this word (often translated "to exercise ...
2
votes
1answer
144 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
9
votes
1answer
126 views

According to the original Hebrew, how did Moses's Red sea crossing look?

I heard a different viewpoint on the depiction of the whole red sea crossing than I am used to, and now I am wondering what the correct interpretation is. Instead of the sea splitting open and ...
4
votes
1answer
98 views

Does John 12:31 refer to the event in Revelation 12:9?

What is the meaning of Satan being "cast out" in the following verse? John 12:31 (KJV) 31 Now judgment is upon this world; now the ruler of this world will be cast out (ἐκβληθήσεται ἔξω). ...
7
votes
1answer
79 views

What does the vocabulary of 2 Peter indicate about its authorship?

The opening verse of 2 Peter states that the book was written by “Simeon Peter, a servant and apostle of Jesus Christ" (ESV). By this we understand the claim to be Simon Bar-Jonah (Matt 16:17), a ...
12
votes
8answers
12k views

What was Noah thinking when he sent a raven from the ark?

In tablet 11 of the epic of Gilgamesh, after Utnapishtim's ark lodges on a rock, he releases a dove, a swallow, and a raven, in that order. The first two birds return when they fail to find a resting ...
3
votes
3answers
105 views

What is the meaning of Romans 2:12?

All who sin apart from the law will also perish apart from the law, and all who sin under the law will be judge by the law. (NIV) Basically what I'm asking is: What does it mean to sin Apart from ...

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