10
votes
0answers
2k views

What are the seven middoth (Hillel's rules for interpretation)?

The "middoth" were Rabbi Hillel's rules for interpretation. There are seven of them. What are they? Please list them and include one or two clear examples for each.
8
votes
0answers
3k views

Why is Jacob renamed Israel twice?

Why does Jacob get renamed to Israel on two separate occasions? The first time Jacob is renamed Israel is by the "angel/divine being" when they finish "fighting". This is in Genesis 32:25. The ...
6
votes
0answers
104 views

Is the REB translation of Ex 11:1, comparing to a rejected bride, supported in the original language?

Exodus 11:1b in the Revised English Bible (REB) has: When he finally lets you go, he will drive you out forcibly as a man might dismiss a rejected bride. The simile seems most unusual. Was it in the ...
5
votes
0answers
76 views

How are statistical comparisons between bible translations calculated?

(This arose from this question which was in turn triggered by this answer.) Quoting Jack Douglas quoting Wayne Grudem: In "The advantages of the ESV” by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 ...
5
votes
0answers
116 views

Does the acrostic structure of Lamentations indicate a composition from 5 separate psalms?

It's not noticeable in many English translations, but Lamentations makes heavy use of the acrostic technique of Hebrew poetry. As a note in the NET Bible mentions: Chapters 1-4 are arranged in ...
5
votes
0answers
3k views

Meaning of (et)“את” and (v'et)“וְאֵ֥ת” in Genesis 1:1

Genesis 1:1 In the beginning בְּרֵאשִׁ֖ית created בָּרָ֣א God אֱלֹהִ֑ים (unknown word) אֵ֥ת the heavens הַשָּׁמַ֖יִם (unknown word) וְאֵ֥ת the earth הָאָֽרֶץ׃ I ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

Judges 3:9 and the meaning of זעק

In Judges 3:9 we read: “When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger ...
4
votes
0answers
42 views

Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Ruth's Vow to Naomi: Ancient Marriage Vow?

Ruth's vow to Naomi in Ruth 1:16-17 is used in many wedding ceremonies today. Why that is is evident in the text. 16 But Ruth said, "Do not press me to leave you or to turn back from following ...
4
votes
0answers
95 views

What was Noah instructed to make in Genesis 6:16?

Genesis 6:16a: A window shalt thou make to the ark, and in a cubit shalt thou finish it above; (KJV) I don’t know what the second part means,1 but I understand "window." Several other English ...
4
votes
0answers
519 views

When does it all start to go wrong for Solomon?

1 Kings Chapter 10 broadly seems to detail the fulfillment of God's promise to Solomon from Chapter 3: 13I give you also what you have not asked, both riches and honor, so that no other king shall ...
4
votes
0answers
168 views

Does the New Testament use of Abba to address God signify a more intimate relationship than found in the Tanakh?

Yesterday's sermon at the church we visited was about Father's Day and referenced this passage: And [Jesus] said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

What was Onan's sin?

Genesis 38:6-11 (NJPS): Judah got a wife for Er his first-born; her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s first-born, was displeasing to the Lord, and the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, ...
4
votes
0answers
756 views

Did Saul intend to offer a peace offering in 1st Samuel 13?

When Samuel rebuked Saul for improperly making an offering before the Lord, he asks for both a burnt offering and a "sacrifice of well-being": He waited seven days, the time that Samuel [had set]. ...
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Why do translations use “wild ox”?

Several translations frequently speak of the "wild ox." Where I come from, Ox is not the natural ("wild") state of such creatures. Oxen are normally relatively docile, castrated animals, which doesn't ...
3
votes
0answers
47 views

Is “ordination” in Leviticus 8 the underlying concept of “fulfilled” in Matthew 5:17?

Leviticus 8:22 (ESV) reads: Then he presented the other ram, the ram of ordination, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram. The Hebrew word here translated "ordination" ...
3
votes
0answers
78 views

1 Kings 1:53 - What is the difference between the manner of obeisance (προσκύνησις) given to a king versus God?

In 1 Kings 1:53, it is written, So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, Go to thine house. (King ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

Rom. 15:16: What is the meaning of ἱερουργοῦντα?

The Greek text of Rom. 15:16 according to the Textus Receptus states, εἰς τὸ εἶναί με λειτουργὸν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ εἰς τὰ ἔθνη ἱερουργοῦντα τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἵνα γένηται ἡ προσφορὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Authorship of the LXX of Psa. 24:1

Some time ago, while writing a research paper, I was reading the LXX of Psa. 24:1. The Hebrew text states, לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר ליהוה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ This is translated ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

How typical was the dedication of Samuel?

1 Sam 1:24-28: And when she had weaned him, she took him up with her, along with a three-year-old bull...and she brought him to the house of the Lord at Shiloh...And she said, “Oh, my lord! As you ...
3
votes
0answers
75 views

Which Greek NT passage has proven to have the most variant readings?

The question here is not about trying to isolate which particular manuscript (extant document) has the most variations from some standard determination of the text. Rather, it is about which ...
3
votes
0answers
4k views

What is the meaning of Deuteronomy 25:11-12?

We are told in this verse about the case in which a wife who, in helping her husband fend off an attacker, seizes the attacker by the genitals. The verse tells the husband that he must cut off her ...
3
votes
0answers
1k views

Is Uzziah and Azariah name of the same king?

This is with reference to the two chapters : 2 Chronicles 26 Then all the people of Judah took Uzziah, who was sixteen years old, and made him king in the room of his father Amaziah. 2 He ...
3
votes
0answers
544 views

How does Pharaoh know to summon Abram?

In the first story about Abram after his calling, he goes down to Egypt because of a famine and Pharaoh takes Abram's wife Sarai into his household. As a result God inflicts Pharaoh with plagues. ...
2
votes
0answers
79 views

What about the eggs? (Deuteronomy 22:6-7)

In the book of Deuteronomy, chapter 22, verses 6 and 7, it reads: 6 If you happen to notice a bird’s nest along the road, whether in a tree or on the ground, and there are chicks or eggs with the ...
2
votes
0answers
32 views

How are we to understand “נִפְלְגָ֣ה הָאָ֔רֶץ” as it relates to Genesis 10:25?

Genesis 10:25 says, " וּלְעֵ֥בֶר יֻלַּ֖ד שְׁנֵ֣י בָנִ֑ים שֵׁ֣ם הָֽאֶחָ֞ד פֶּ֗לֶג כִּ֤י בְיָמָיו֙ נִפְלְגָ֣ה הָאָ֔רֶץ וְשֵׁ֥ם אָחִ֖יו יָקְטָֽן׃ (Westminster Leningrad Codex) "And to Eber ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

Jam. 2:7: What is the meaning of τὸ ἐπικληθὲν ἐφ᾽ ὑμᾶς?

The Greek text of Jam. 2:7 according to the Textus Receptus states, οὐκ αὐτοὶ βλασφημοῦσιν τὸ καλὸν ὄνομα τὸ ἐπικληθὲν ἐφ᾽ ὑμᾶς The Greek phrase τὸ ἐπικληθὲν ἐφ᾽ ὑμᾶς seems to modify τὸ καλὸν ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Jam. 5:14: Why does James write ἀλείψαντες rather than χρίσαντες?

In Jam. 5:14, it is written, ἀσθενεῖ τις ἐν ὑμῖν προσκαλεσάσθω τοὺς πρεσβυτέρους τῆς ἐκκλησίας καὶ προσευξάσθωσαν ἐπ᾽ αὐτὸν ἀλείψαντες αὐτὸν ἐλαίῳ ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι τοῦ κυρίου Why does James write ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest?

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest (Exo 28:36)? Or another golden crown? "Came to king Demetrius in the year one hundred and fifty, presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a ...
2
votes
0answers
261 views

What was the relationship in ages between Jesus and his disciples?

There are a few texts in the gospels which give some flavor of Jesus' relationship with his disciples (citing the NIV here): Matt 10:24 - The student [μαθητὴς] is not above the teacher ...
2
votes
0answers
60 views

Where Could One Find Introductory Material On Structural Analysis Of Text?

I realize this is a broad question and if you want to close it I understand entirely but I can't think of a better place to ask. From my own reading, I believe there are statistical methods which can ...
2
votes
0answers
119 views

Why did Barnabas bring Paul to Antioch?

Paul had fled Jerusalem and gone to Tarsus (Acts 9:28-30). Later (Acts 11:22-26): News of this [Jews and Gentiles following Jesus in Antioch] reached the church in Jerusalem, and they sent ...
2
votes
0answers
59 views

Did the Preacher apply his heart or his mind to the task?

Ecclesiates 1:13 I applied my mind to study and to explore by wisdom all that is done under the heavens. What a heavy burden God has laid on mankind! [NIV] Ecclesiates 1:13 And I gave my heart ...
2
votes
0answers
148 views

How is the Septuagint interpretation of Psalms 40:6 reconciled with the Hebrew text?

The ancient Hebrew and Greek versions of Psalms 40:6 are quite different. The Hebrew version says 'my ears you have opened' whilst the Greek LXX has 'a body you restored to me'. Furthermore in Hebrews ...
2
votes
0answers
238 views

Interpreting Numbers 15:37-39 commandement about tzitzit

These commandments conveyed by God to Moses concern the "tzitzit", the fringes worn by men. Why does this pertain only to men? In these passages it says "speak to the children of Israel", not "speak ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Is there a general way to know if a psalm or prophecy is talking about a tribe, a person or a mythical beast?

For example: You rule the raging sea; you still its swelling waves. You crush Rahab with a mortal blow; with your strong arm you scatter your foes. Yours are the heavens, yours the ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Why did Joab side with Adonijah and not Solomon?

Joab was a loyal captain of King David. However he conspired with Adonijah. (1 Kings 2:28). Was there bitterness in his heart toward David because of the recent killing of Absalom? Or did Joab think ...
1
vote
0answers
48 views

Luke 17:5 - What is the meaning and significance of the phrase πρόσθες ἡμῖν πίστιν?

The Textus Receptus of Luke 17:5 states, Καὶ εἶπον οἱ ἀπόστολοι τῷ κυρίῳ πρόσθες ἡμῖν πίστιν What is the meaning of the phrase «πρόσθες ἡμῖν πίστιν»? Does the phrase it imply that our faith ...
1
vote
0answers
57 views

After the levites took their portion of the tithe, what was done with the other 90%?

The old testament is often type and shadow of what is to come. God's word is eternal therefore if a principle is established in the Old testament, there must be a corresponding action in the New ...
1
vote
0answers
45 views

2 Cor. 10:4: Translation/Understanding of δυνατὰ τῷ θεῷ

The Greek text of 2 Cor. 10:4 according to the Textus Receptus states: τὰ γὰρ ὅπλα τῆς στρατείας ἡμῶν οὐ σαρκικὰ ἀλλὰ δυνατὰ τῷ θεῷ πρὸς καθαίρεσιν ὀχυρωμάτων How should we understand and ...
1
vote
0answers
21 views

Acts 2:6: What does τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης refer to?

The Greek text of Acts 2:6 according to both the Textus Receptus and NA28 states, γενομένης δὲ τῆς φωνῆς ταύτης συνῆλθεν τὸ πλῆθος καὶ συνεχύθη ὅτι ἤκουον εἷς ἕκαστος τῇ ἰδίᾳ διαλέκτῳ λαλούντων ...
1
vote
0answers
116 views

Why did Esau sell his birthright?

Genesis In Genesis 25:29-34 tells the story about Esau selling his birthright because he is hungry and despised it. And Jacob sod pottage: and Esau came from the field, and he was faint: And ...
1
vote
0answers
147 views

Should the word 'satan' be left untranslated, merely be transliterated and left to the traditional connotations?

The word 'satan' is being used and heard as if it were a name. How could it be rendered in a way not distracting from its actual meaning of opposition and enmity? The texts where this is an issue are ...
1
vote
0answers
173 views

Who were the scholars responsible for the New English Translation?

According to Bible.org, in the section entitled "Preface," [The NET Bible] was completed by more than 25 scholars – experts in the original biblical languages – who worked directly from the best ...
1
vote
0answers
4k views

What is the “Light” of Genesis 1:3?

In Genesis 1:3 (ESV), it is written, And God said, "Let there be light," and there was light. The Hebrew word which is translated into English as "light" is אֹור (or) (Strong's H216). Is ...
1
vote
0answers
158 views

Who is the good and beautiful person in Zechariah 9:17?

There seem to be two main variants of English translations of Zechariah 9:17a: The newer one, of which the NLT is a prime representative: 16On that day the Lord their God will rescue his people, ...
0
votes
0answers
27 views

Rev. 4:8, Why the difference in order?

In Rev. 1:4,8, we have the order "who is and who was and who is to come" but in Rev. 4:8, the order is switched to "who was and who is and who is to come." Why?
0
votes
0answers
36 views

1st John 2:12-14: little children, young men and fathers

I write unto you, little children, because your sins are forgiven you for his name's sake. I write unto you, fathers, because ye have known him that is from the beginning. I write unto you, ...
0
votes
0answers
55 views

Speculative realism as a means of understanding the phenomenon of reading

N.T. Wright has called for "a critical-realist account of the phenomenon of reading" and has proposed (a limited form of) such an approach when discussing how the New Testament should be read.1 The ...
0
votes
0answers
36 views

Is the fruit referred to in John 15:5 the same as the fruit of the Spirit?

I am the vine, you are the branches. He who abides in Me, and I in him, bears much fruit; for without Me you can do nothing. (John 15:5) What is the fruit mentioned here? Is it the same as we ...

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