8
votes
0answers
43 views

Addressing someone as “epistates” (Ἐπιστάτα)

In the New Testament the Greek word used for 'Lord' is often 'kurios' or 'Kyrie', a transliteration of Greek Κύριε (Kyrie), vocative case of Κύριος (Kyrios). I understand and believe the ...
8
votes
0answers
83 views

What is the meaning of εἰς τὸ ἐκείνου θέλημα in 2 Tim 2:26 - the will of the devil, or the will of God?

Does the following phrase εἰς τὸ ἐκείνου θέλημα refer to the will of God or the will of the devil? 2 Tim 2:26 (NA28) καὶ ἀνανήψωσιν ἐκ τῆς τοῦ διαβόλου παγίδος, ἐζωγρημένοι ὑπʼ αὐτοῦ εἰς τὸ ...
7
votes
0answers
28 views

Why is there an “extra” verse at the end of Psalms 25 and 34?

As far as I can tell, all of the acrostic Psalms (9-10, 25, 34, 37, 111, 112, 119, 145) end appropriately after taw, although many of them are missing various letters.* Psalms 25 and 34 both have an ...
7
votes
0answers
84 views

Rev 20:7-8 Syntax: Gog and Magog in apposition to what?

Revelation of John 20:7-8 SBLGNT 7 Καὶ ὅταν τελεσθῇ τὰ χίλια ἔτη, λυθήσεται ὁ Σατανᾶς ἐκ τῆς φυλακῆς αὐτοῦ, 8 καὶ ἐξελεύσεται πλανῆσαι τὰ ἔθνη τὰ ἐν ταῖς τέσσαρσι γωνίαις τῆς γῆς, τὸν Γὼγ ...
6
votes
0answers
38 views

Does Deut. 29:2-4 shed any light on Isaiah 6:8-10?

Came across this passage in Deuteronomy (29:2-4) the other day: 2 Now Moses called all Israel and said to them: “You have seen all that the Lord did before your eyes in the land of Egypt, to ...
6
votes
0answers
52 views

Is Exodus 21:21 about a dead slave or one who survives?

Exodus 21:20-21 provides provisions to avenge the maltreatment of a slave: When a man strikes his slave, male or female, with a rod and the slave dies under his hand, he shall be avenged. But if ...
6
votes
0answers
101 views

Why must animals from the flock be slaughtered on the north side?

In Leviticus 1:11, the author of Leviticus states, and [he] must slaughter it on the north side of the altar before the Lord, and the sons of Aaron, the priests, will splash its blood against the ...
6
votes
0answers
93 views

Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In this video (around 31:40) Christine Hayes explains that the Great Isaiah Scroll from Qumran includes an indication by the scribe that a break was recognized between Chapter 39 and Chapter 40. ...
6
votes
0answers
50 views

Why Does The Thought Of 1 John Flow The Way It Does?

Following "Tests Of Life" (Robert Law), many have identified that John is following a circular or spiralling line of thought in 1 John by initially stating several key topics and then revisiting them ...
5
votes
0answers
68 views

Septuagintal Greek in the Lukan Infancy Narratives

I've been reading a number of literary/narrative studies on Luke lately and nearly all mention that after the introduction, Luke adopts a style of Greek reminiscent of the Septuagint in his telling of ...
5
votes
0answers
46 views

Missing or incorrect genealogy information for Samuel?

First, the verses: 1 Samuel 1:1 (ESV) There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, ...
5
votes
0answers
67 views

In Daniel 10:13, is the angelic speaker himself left alone, or does he leave Michael?

While looking at interpretations of Daniel 10:13, I found something that seemed strange in the writings of Theodoret. In most modern translations, the verse reads something like this: The prince ...
5
votes
0answers
51 views

Psalm 72: “he will …” vs. “may he…”

The NET rendition Psalm 72 differs from most modern translations in translating most verbs in Psalm 72 as future indicative – "he will" – rather than jussive – "may he". For ...
5
votes
0answers
105 views

How are statistical comparisons between bible translations calculated?

(This arose from this question which was in turn triggered by this answer.) Quoting Jack Douglas quoting Wayne Grudem: In "The advantages of the ESV” by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 ...
5
votes
0answers
933 views

Did Saul intend to offer a peace offering in 1st Samuel 13?

When Samuel rebuked Saul for improperly making an offering before the Lord, he asks for both a burnt offering and a "sacrifice of well-being": He waited seven days, the time that Samuel [had set]. ...
4
votes
0answers
19 views

In 1 Thessalonians 4:16, does «ἐν Χριστῷ» modify «οἱ νεκροὶ» or «ἀναστήσονται»?

In 1 Thes. 4:16, it is written, 16 For the Lord Himself will descend from heaven with a shout, with the voice of an archangel, and with the trumpet of God. And the dead in Christ will rise first. ...
4
votes
0answers
22 views

In 2 Timothy 4:5, what is “the job of an evangelist”?

The word "evangelist" (εὐαγγελιστής) appears only 3 times in the NT: Act 21:8 On the next day we departed and came to Caesarea, and we entered the house of Philip the evangelist, who was one ...
4
votes
0answers
47 views

In the Gospels, Can “Day of:” the Passover - be Interpreted Idiomatically?

Related: - The Correct Research Methodology To Substantiate If an Expression is an Idiom? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? - The meaning of παρασκευή ('day of preparation') - ...
4
votes
0answers
79 views

“I am the Christ” vs. “I am he” in the Synoptics (Matt 24:5 // Mark 13:6 // Luke 21:8)

In a prior Q&A, we discussed the Semitic background of Jesus' statements recorded in the Gospels as ἐγώ εἰμι (= I am [he]). My understanding based on the answer there and a follow-up Q&A was ...
4
votes
0answers
33 views

Message of the Sodom/Gibeah parallel

The narrative in Genesis with Lot's guests (19:1-11) and the one at the end of Judges with the concubine at Gibeah (Chapter 19) obviously parallel each other, and (as noted by Daat Mikra) even share ...
4
votes
0answers
48 views

Is it necessary to assert that Paul has never been to Colossae when this letter is written?

Commentaries and NT introductions all like to state that Paul has never been to Colossae. It is generally founded in this passage: Colossians 2:1   For I want you to know how great a struggle I ...
4
votes
0answers
348 views

Why do Isaiah 37 and 2 Kings 19 contain the same verses?

If you read Isaiah 37 and compare it with 2 Kings 19, you will notice that these verses are the exact same. How is it possible or why is it that these verses are identical? Isaiah 37: ...
4
votes
0answers
39 views

Is Hebrews 12:25 an allusion to the Judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses/Yahweh at Sinai?

Is the statement, "warned them on earth" (v25) an allusion to the judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses and Yahweh at Sinai? See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those ...
4
votes
0answers
105 views

What did Israel believe were the advantages of the monarchy system?

What are the apparent advantages of the monarchy system that Israel wanted to have that they saw in the other nations? There must be something they saw, for in 1 Samuel 8:4-5 and 19-20 we read (NASB): ...
4
votes
0answers
85 views

Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
4
votes
0answers
87 views

Is “ordination” in Leviticus 8 the underlying concept of “fulfilled” in Matthew 5:17?

Leviticus 8:22 (ESV) reads: Then he presented the other ram, the ram of ordination, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram. The Hebrew word here translated "ordination" ...
4
votes
0answers
97 views

1 Kings 1:53 - What is the difference between the manner of obeisance (προσκύνησις) given to a king versus God?

In 1 Kings 1:53, it is written, So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, Go to thine house. (King ...
3
votes
0answers
17 views

Acts 3:19-20: Accuracy of Greek Text and Reference of “the four-hundred and fifty” in Codex Sinaiticus

The Received Text on Acts 3:19-20 differs from such MSS as the Codex Sinaiticus (א), Alexandrinus (A), and the Codex Vaticanus (B). Questions: Is it possible that the Received Text is accurate? ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

What does “overlooked” mean in Acts 17:30

Paul, after reasoning about idolatry in Athens, states: Therefore, although God has overlooked such times of ignorance, he now commands all people everywhere to repent, because he has set a day ...
3
votes
0answers
27 views

In Leviticus 14:8-9 when is a person considered ceremonially clean?

Leviticus 14 details the purification process after healing from the skin diseases described in Leviticus 13. 8 “The persons being purified must then wash their clothes, shave off all their hair, ...
3
votes
0answers
22 views

What do the wings and features in the description of the heavenly creature in Ezekiel Chapter 1 signify?

I believe the faces of the creature may represent the different parts of God's creation as holiness illustrated. Soul of Man, Heart of a Lion, Strength of an Ox, Mind of an Eagle. I'm curious what the ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Where was Jesus when he said “He who believes in me believes not in me…”

In John 12 Jesus is talking with a crowd and then he disappears. Then the narrator provides an explanation for why "the Jews" could not believe in Jesus. However after it ends, Jesus is talking again. ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

In Gen. 4:7, why is the participle רֹבֵץ declined in the masculine gender?

In Gen. 4:7, it is written, הֲלוֹא אִם תֵּיטִיב שְׂאֵת וְאִם לֹא תֵיטִיב לַפֶּתַח חַטָּאת רֹבֵץ וְאֵלֶיךָ תְּשׁוּקָתוֹ וְאַתָּה תִּמְשָׁל בּוֹ My question concerns the word רֹבֵץ, a participle ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

In Psalm 3:4 is “the lifter of my head” referring to subjective encouragement or promotion?

When David says "you are the lifter of my head" what does he mean? Does he mean that God helps him to maintain his courage? Or does he mean that he will be successful? Barnes' Notes on the Bible says ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...
3
votes
0answers
50 views

"My shield is with God”?

Psalm 7:10(11)1a: ‏מָֽגִנִּ֥י עַל־אֱלֹהִ֑ים (BHS) My shield is with God (ESV) Elsewhere God is described as being one’s shield (2 Sam 22:3 // Ps 18:3; Ps 28:7) but with feels odd. It’s also ...
3
votes
0answers
66 views

Matthew 3:4 - does ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὐτοῦ epexegetically modify τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου?

The Greek text of Matt. 3:4: Αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Ἰωάννης εἶχεν τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου, καὶ ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὑτοῦ ἡ δὲ τροφὴ αὐτοῦ ἦν ἀκρίδες, καὶ μέλι ἄγριον TR, 1550 Is it ...
3
votes
0answers
43 views

“For the sake of your ḥesed” in the Psalms

Psalm 6:5[4]:1 ‏שׁוּבָה יְהוָה חַלְּצָה נַפְשִׁ֑י הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי לְמַעַן חַסְדֶּֽךָ׃ (BHS) Turn, LORD, and deliver me;       save me because of your unfailing ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by “buying without money”?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah ...
3
votes
0answers
56 views

What is the correct text of Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς σοι, ...
3
votes
0answers
79 views

Chronology of Matthew 14

In the parallel continuity of all 4 Gospels is Matthew 14:3-11 a pause in the narrative? Or did Jesus travel to Bethsaida (Luke) immediately following the beheading of John the Baptist? Matthew ...
3
votes
0answers
77 views

Does Sirach have a verse 42:31?

Hebrew Wikisource has the following for Sirach/Ecclesiasticus/Ben-Sira Chapter 42 Verse 31: לָשֵׂאת לֶקַח מֵחֲכָמִים וְלִשְׁמוֹעַ אֱמֶת מִפִּי אוֹמְרָהּ To take good messages from wise ones and ...
3
votes
0answers
84 views

Rom. 15:16: What is the meaning of ἱερουργοῦντα?

The Greek text of Rom. 15:16 according to the Textus Receptus states, εἰς τὸ εἶναί με λειτουργὸν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ εἰς τὰ ἔθνη ἱερουργοῦντα τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἵνα γένηται ἡ προσφορὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν ...
2
votes
0answers
11 views

What is the remnant of Edom?

Amos states: “In that day I will raise up the booth of David that is fallen and repair its breaches, and raise up its ruins and rebuild it as in the days of old, that they may ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

Did household conversions recorded in the Bible include teenagers and children?

There is no evidence of teenager or child baptisms in the New Testament. All candidates seem to be adults. However, the book of Acts and 1 Corinthians mention the conversion of Cornelius, Lydia, the ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

In Sirach 51:10, who is “[the] lord” and who is “[the] father of my lord”?

Brenton translates: Sir 51:10 I called upon [the] Lord, [the] Father of my Lord, that he would not leave me in the days of my trouble, and in the time of the proud, when there was no help. ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

What is the difference between the μορφῇ of God and the εἶδος of God?

who, though he was in the form [morphe] of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped (Philippians 2:6 ESV). And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

What is the basis for translating ἀντίτυπον as “symbol” in 1 Peter 3:21?

ὃ καὶ ὑμᾶς ἀντίτυπον νῦν σώζει βάπτισμα, οὐ σαρκὸς ἀπόθεσις ῥύπου ἀλλὰ συνειδήσεως ἀγαθῆς ἐπερώτημα εἰς θεόν, δι' ἀναστάσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, 1 Peter 3:21 (Westcott and Hort 1881) and ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

References to Codex Siniaticus etc in a Commentary

What would be a good way to refer to Codex Siniaticus, etc in a Commentary on Hebrews? Society of Biblical Literature Style book does not cover standard abbreviations for this. And I assume some who ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

In Isaiah 55:13, what is the referent of “it shall be to the LORD for a name”?

Consider the following passage: Isaiah 55:13 KJV Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, ...

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