2
votes
6answers
2k views

Are the twenty-four elders of Revelation 4-5 angels or humans?

In Revelation 4-5, John pictures a scene of worship around God's throne in heaven. Around the throne are twenty-four other thrones on which are seated twenty-four elders (πρεσβυτέρους). I've always ...
5
votes
1answer
30 views

What are the genders of the people listed in Nehemiah 8:4 and 8:7

This might seem a little esoteric for my first question on this site, but it relates to some research I'm doing and I haven't found an answer among the resources I possess. When Ezra reads out the ...
8
votes
2answers
2k views

Why did Moses get away with intermarriage?

In the Hebrew bible we read that Moses did marry a Cushite: 12 Miriam and Aaron began to talk against Moses because of his Cushite wife, for he had married a Cushite. (Numbers 4:12, NIV) ...
6
votes
3answers
575 views

Did Judas repent or feel remorse?

Matthew 27:3 NIV - When Judas, who had betrayed him, saw that Jesus was condemned, he was seized with remorse and returned the thirty pieces of silver to the chief priests and the elders. ...
-2
votes
1answer
33 views

Is the term God the son a biblical term? If so where is it mentioned

Is the term God the son mentioned in any text? If not why?
5
votes
3answers
75 views

Who is “his brother” in 1 John 5:16?

In considering who can commit sins that lead to death I wonder who the "brother" is in 1 John 5:16: If anyone sees his brother committing a sin not leading to death, he shall ask, and God will ...
3
votes
1answer
161 views

What is a “covenant of salt”?

In Numbers 18:19, God says the holy contributions made by the people of Israel belong to Aaron and his descendants forever, as a "covenant of salt". I've never seen this term before. What does it ...
2
votes
3answers
160 views

What was sinful about the acts that Jesus was tempted to perform?

In Matthew 4:1-11, the temptation of Jesus is described. He was tempted to: Turn stones into bread 2 After fasting forty days and forty nights, he was hungry. 3 The tempter came to him and ...
2
votes
1answer
22 views

ὀλιγοπιστίαν vs ἀπιστίαν in Mat 17:20

Is their faith little or absent? ὀλιγοπιστίαν (little faith) is found in Sinaiticus and Vaticanus, but ἀπιστίαν (lack of faith) is in the textus receptus and the majority text and goes back, as far ...
8
votes
3answers
2k views

What does the word “Sword” mean in Mathew 10:24

Matthew 10:34 New International Version (NIV) 34 “Do not suppose that I have come to bring peace to the earth. I did not come to bring peace, but a sword. How do we understand Jesus use of ...
0
votes
4answers
128 views

Plants created before the sun?

I've read Differences in Genesis creation stories but there's one aspect that's not discussed: how did plants survive without sunlight? Genesis 1:11 recounts the third day: And God said, "Let the ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

Genesis 22: Jehovah Jireh

Title spelled for recognizability. Forgive me. In Gen 22:14, Abraham names the place where the LORD provided a sacrifice in place of Isaac, calling it: יְהוָ֣ה ׀ יִרְאֶ֑ה אֲשֶׁר֙ יֵאָמֵ֣ר ...
2
votes
2answers
211 views

Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

In the Garden of Eden ,did the temperature fall,after the “fall of man”?

I am trying to understand the temperature that would have been in the garden of Eden after the fall of man.Reading in Genesis 2:25 NIV,it is wriitten that Adam and Eve were both naked in the garden of ...
1
vote
1answer
32 views

Were verses 15-18 a later addition to Genesis 22?

I recently learned that many scholars think that verses 15-18 of Genesis 22 were a later addition to the text. These verses comprise the second angelic monologue after his initial instruction to spare ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Is the use of the smallest possible example meant to indicate a complete absence of faith in Jesus sayings related to mustard seeds? [duplicate]

Jesus tells his disciples that they don't even have faith as big as a mustard seed: Τότε προσελθόντες οἱ μαθηταὶ τῷ Ἰησοῦ κατ᾽ ἰδίαν εἶπον· διὰ τί ἡμεῖς οὐκ ἠδυνήθημεν ἐκβαλεῖν αὐτό; ὁ δὲ λέγει ...
6
votes
3answers
5k views

What is the meaning of the reference to 'stones' in Ecclesiastes 3?

Ecclesiastes starts with a series of contrasts, most of which are easy to understand. However one reference is less obvious (at least to me) - the 'stones' in verse 5a: 1 For everything there is a ...
13
votes
6answers
18k views

What is the difference in the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God?

Some assert the Kingdom of Heaven and the Kingdom of God refer to the same thing while others say they are different. Which is accurate? For example: Luke 17:21 uses Kingdom of God while Matthew ...
2
votes
2answers
162 views

Genesis 4:15- Why did God protect Cain?

Surely Adam and Eve had loads of kids by this point, why would God protect a murderer? Gen 4:15 (NASB) So the Lord said to him, “Therefore whoever kills Cain, vengeance will be taken on him ...
13
votes
9answers
15k views

What was Noah thinking when he sent a raven from the ark?

In tablet 11 of the epic of Gilgamesh, after Utnapishtim's ark lodges on a rock, he releases a dove, a swallow, and a raven, in that order. The first two birds return when they fail to find a resting ...
4
votes
2answers
41 views

παῖς, especially in Matthew 8:5-13

I have heard it said that the Centurion in Matthew 8 was refering to his "παῖς" in the sense of servant or slave, and all translations seem to take it that way. I've heard people go on to say that ...
3
votes
2answers
31 views

To whom does “the righteous” refer to in 1 Timothy 1:9?

1 Timothy 1:9 begins: We also know that the law is made not for the righteous but for lawbreakers and rebels, the ungodly and sinful... Does "the righteous" refer to those perhaps ...
2
votes
2answers
187 views

Praying with spirit and understanding, simultaneously or sequentially?

In 1 Cor 14:15, does Paul say he will pray with both spirit and understanding (at the same time), or that he will pray with each (at different times)? Specifically, when Paul says he will "pray with ...
-2
votes
2answers
230 views

Which is considered more reliable about Jesus' words, Mark or Q? [closed]

The general scholarly consensus is that the gospels of Matthew and Luke used the gospel of Mark as one of their sources. But Matthew and Luke also share content that is not in Mark, so it's believed ...
3
votes
6answers
2k views

What else can “Fifteen cubits from above” in Gen 7:20 mean?

When translating Genesis, I took pains to preserve the implied flat-Earth cosmology that a naive reading suggests. One of the places where this made a big difference is in the story of Noah. Noah is ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

What is “the stump of Jesse”?

A shoot will come up from the stump of Jesse; from his roots a Branch will bear fruit. Isiah 11:1 (NIV) Question 1: What does this "stump" refer to? Question 2: I think it is referring to ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Why is that great city figuratively called Sodom and Egypt? Revelation 11:8

After the beast has killed the two Prophets, we read in Revelation 11:8, Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city,which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt,where also their Lord ...
11
votes
1answer
615 views

Why are there extra dots in Genesis 33:4?

I was reading Genesis 33 and noticed extra dots (i.e. not part of the niqqud that I understand) above the letters of “and he kissed him” in verse 4 (picture from archive.org's Biblia Hebraica): ...
2
votes
0answers
18 views

What is a hermeneutics of the letter?

In 2009, Peter Leithart published "Deep Exegesis" - a book that in part aims to advocate a "hermeneutics of the letter." Did Leithart invent this term? A quick search on Google returned only two pages ...
5
votes
2answers
2k views

Is God still at war with Amalek?

After they are defeated by the Israelites at Rephidim, God promises unending judgement on Amalek in Exodus 17: 14Then the Lord said to Moses, “Write this as a memorial in a book and recite it in ...
3
votes
4answers
370 views

Is Jesus Christ the name of the Father, Son and Holy Spirit?

Is the “name” of the Lord singular or collective in meaning? Matt 28:19 (KJV) 19 Go ye therefore, and teach all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father, and of the Son, and of the Holy ...
8
votes
4answers
820 views

Why is part of Luke 9:55-56 omitted in some Bible translations?

In the KJV we have But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. For the Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them. And they went to ...
6
votes
3answers
18k views

Who were the Hellenistic and Hebraic Jews of Acts 6:1?

In Acts, it talks about a division in Judaism that I had not heard of before: Acts 6:1 (NIV) In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained ...
5
votes
2answers
130 views

What is a “Pre-Christian” understanding of the Abomination of Desolation?

In Matt. 24:15 and Mark 13:14 it says, "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (in the Mark account, it says "where ...
7
votes
2answers
65 views

Could saying that Melchizedek was “without beginning of days or end of life” possibly be a textual error?

Few mysteries of the Bible have attracted more interest than the mystery of the identity of Melchizedek. He is mentioned in Genesis 14:14-20; Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1-17; but Hebrews ...
17
votes
3answers
10k views

How are concubines different than wives?

In the Hebrew Bible, a marriage ceremony is never actually described. Priests and their attendants (Kohanim and Levites) are responsible for work in the sanctuary, such as sacrifices and offerings, ...
8
votes
5answers
235 views

What is meant in 1 Peter 3:21 when it says “baptism now saves you”

In 1 Pet 3:21 it says (NASB, emphasis added): Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the ...
9
votes
6answers
9k views

Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
2
votes
2answers
97 views

What does the Greek word κύριος mean in 1 Cor. 12:3?

What does the Greek word κύριος mean in 1 Cor. 12:3? Is the phrase «κύριος Ἰησοῦς» to be understood as "Jesus is Yahveh" (where κύριος is a substitute for the Tetragrammaton), or "Jesus is the lord" ...
4
votes
4answers
296 views

What does it means to “afflict your souls” as in Lev. 16?

Leviticus 16:29-31. "And this shall be a statute for ever unto you: that in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, ye shall afflict your souls, and do no work at all, whether it be ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Revelation 6:17 KJV For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

Can any one illustrate to me the manuscript evidence supporting "the great day of their wrath" as opposed to "His wrath”?
3
votes
0answers
60 views

Why do translations use “wild ox”?

Several translations frequently speak of the "wild ox." Where I come from, Ox is not the natural ("wild") state of such creatures. Oxen are normally relatively docile, castrated animals, which doesn't ...
4
votes
2answers
160 views

Why does God seek to kill Moses in Exodus 4:24

Why does God attempt to kill Moses during his journey, in Exodus 4:24, if just three verses earlier he commanded him himself to undertake that journey? I searched and haven't found a clear reason why. ...
3
votes
1answer
67 views

1 Cor. 2:1 - μαρτύριον v. μυστήριον

Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἀδελφοί ἦλθον οὐ καθ᾽ ὑπεροχὴν λόγου ἢ σοφίας καταγγέλλων ὑμῖν τὸ μαρτύριον τοῦ θεοῦ Nestle-Aland 28th ed.: Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς, ...
-4
votes
0answers
40 views

What is the koine Greek term for the slave who was to look after the school children? [closed]

There is a specific koine Greek term which identifies the household slave who watched over the schoolboys(?) going to and from school and making sure they attended to their studies.
6
votes
1answer
51 views

Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the ...
8
votes
3answers
4k views

Who is the intended audience of Matthew 5-7?

Matthew 5 begins: 1Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him. 2And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: ESV and Matthew 7 ends: ...
-2
votes
0answers
29 views

Why did (do) majority of translators or translation committees translate doulos as servant? [closed]

Starting with Jreome and up until recent times, the great majority of translators and translation committees translated doulos as servant. Why? In koine Greek of the NT, the terms doulos and ...
0
votes
0answers
24 views

What does the Bible say about money? [closed]

If you were to come across $50,000 (legally of course), what does the bible say you should do? How are we meant to use the money? Should you even use it at all?
6
votes
2answers
113 views

Circumcision “reversal” in 1 Corinthians

1 Cor 7:18a: περιτετμημένος τις ἐκλήθη, μὴ ἐπισπάσθω· Was anyone at the time of his call already circumcised? Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision. (ESV) It's not hard to find ...

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