9
votes
0answers
160 views

Isaiah 28:10: precepts or gibberish?

This question was occasioned by this answer about קַו in Psalm 19:4 which pointed out its use in Isaiah 28:10. In Isaiah 28, after the prophet rebukes the "the proud crown of the drunkards of ...
8
votes
0answers
94 views

The lexicology of Pharaoh's heart

In the narrative of Exodus 4-14 (spanning from the time of Moses's initial assignment until the crossing of the Red Sea), there are three different verbs used to describe the action against and/or the ...
7
votes
0answers
41 views

Is the Aramaic word “ara” in Daniel 2:39 a paranomasia (pun)?

Daniel 2:39a (NASB) says: "After you, there will arise another kingdom inferior [ara] to you ...." The kingdom referred to here is indicated by the silver breast and arms of the statue that ...
7
votes
0answers
71 views

Does Romans 4:17 speak of God calling things into existence?

Rom 4:16-17: That is why it depends on faith, in order that the promise may rest on grace and be guaranteed to all his offspring — not only to the adherent of the law but also to the one who ...
7
votes
0answers
70 views

To what extent was the LORD “sought” and “found” in Isaiah 65:1?

Isaiah 65:1a נִדְרַ֙שְׁתִּי֙ לְל֣וֹא שָׁאָ֔לוּ I was ready to be sought by those who did not ask for me; נִמְצֵ֖אתִי לְלֹ֣א בִקְשֻׁ֑נִי I was ready to be found by those who did not ...
6
votes
0answers
66 views

Is there a break between Isaiah 39 and 40 in the Dead Sea Scrolls?

In this video (around 31:40) Christine Hayes explains that the Great Isaiah Scroll from Qumran includes an indication by the scribe that a break was recognized between Chapter 39 and Chapter 40. ...
6
votes
0answers
63 views

“His love never ceases” vs. “we are not consumed” in Lamentations 3:22

Lamentations 3:22a חַֽסְדֵ֤י יְהוָה֙ כִּ֣י לֹא־תָ֔מְנוּ The steadfast love of the LORD never ceases... (ESV) ESV footnote: Syriac, Targum; Hebrew Because of the steadfast love of the LORD, ...
6
votes
0answers
222 views

Does the acrostic structure of Lamentations indicate a composition from 5 separate psalms?

It's not noticeable in many English translations, but Lamentations makes heavy use of the acrostic technique of Hebrew poetry. As a note in the NET Bible mentions: Chapters 1-4 are arranged in ...
5
votes
0answers
36 views

How many thrones are referenced in Revelation 3:21?

New International Version To the one who is victorious, I will give the right to sit with me on my throne, just as I was victorious and sat down with my Father on his throne. New Living ...
5
votes
0answers
33 views

Septuagintal Greek in the Lukan Infancy Narratives

I've been reading a number of literary/narrative studies on Luke lately and nearly all mention that after the introduction, Luke adopts a style of Greek reminiscent of the Septuagint in his telling of ...
5
votes
0answers
76 views

Why does Abraham plant a tree?

In Genesis 21:33, the text states, Abraham planted a tamarisk tree in Beer Sheba. This is in the context of a treaty regarding a well in Beer Sheba, but it seems at first glance to have no ...
5
votes
0answers
42 views

Psalm 72: “he will …” vs. “may he…”

The NET rendition Psalm 72 differs from most modern translations in translating most verbs in Psalm 72 as future indicative – "he will" – rather than jussive – "may he". For ...
5
votes
0answers
63 views

Does Hosea 1:9 contain a reference to the divine name I AM?

Hosea 1:9 וַיֹּ֕אמֶר קְרָ֥א שְׁמ֖וֹ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֑י כִּ֤י אַתֶּם֙ לֹ֣א עַמִּ֔י וְאָנֹכִ֖י לֹֽא־אֶהְיֶ֥ה לָכֶֽם׃ And the LORD said, “Call his name Not My People, for you are not my people, and I am ...
5
votes
0answers
64 views

Commas amid the fruit of the Spirit

Galatians 5:19-21 includes a list of the works of the flesh: sexual immorality, impurity, sensuality... There are 14 of them, and in both Greek and English they are separated by commas.* In vv. ...
5
votes
0answers
72 views

Rev 20:7-8 Syntax: Gog and Magog in apposition to what?

Revelation of John 20:7-8 SBLGNT 7 Καὶ ὅταν τελεσθῇ τὰ χίλια ἔτη, λυθήσεται ὁ Σατανᾶς ἐκ τῆς φυλακῆς αὐτοῦ, 8 καὶ ἐξελεύσεται πλανῆσαι τὰ ἔθνη τὰ ἐν ταῖς τέσσαρσι γωνίαις τῆς γῆς, τὸν Γὼγ ...
5
votes
0answers
97 views

Judges 3:9 and the meaning of זעק

In Judges 3:9 we read: “When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's ...
5
votes
0answers
98 views

How are statistical comparisons between bible translations calculated?

(This arose from this question which was in turn triggered by this answer.) Quoting Jack Douglas quoting Wayne Grudem: In "The advantages of the ESV” by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 ...
4
votes
0answers
25 views

Missing or incorrect genealogy information for Samuel?

First, the verses: 1 Samuel 1:1 (ESV) There was a certain man of Ramathaim-zophim of the hill country of Ephraim whose name was Elkanah the son of Jeroham, son of Elihu, son of Tohu, son of Zuph, ...
4
votes
0answers
59 views

“I am the Christ” vs. “I am he” in the Synoptics (Matt 24:5 // Mark 13:6 // Luke 21:8)

In a prior Q&A, we discussed the Semitic background of Jesus' statements recorded in the Gospels as ἐγώ εἰμι (= I am [he]). My understanding based on the answer there and a follow-up Q&A was ...
4
votes
0answers
51 views

In Daniel 10:13, is the angelic speaker himself left alone, or does he leave Michael?

While looking at interpretations of Daniel 10:13, I found something that seemed strange in the writings of Theodoret. In most modern translations, the verse reads something like this: The prince ...
4
votes
0answers
30 views

Message of the Sodom/Gibeah parallel

The narrative in Genesis with Lot's guests (19:1-11) and the one at the end of Judges with the concubine at Gibeah (Chapter 19) obviously parallel each other, and (as noted by Daat Mikra) even share ...
4
votes
0answers
57 views

The “iniquity of the Amorites” in Genesis 15:16

Genesis 15:13 (KJV) 13 And he said unto Abram, Know of a surety that thy seed shall be a stranger in a land [that is] not theirs, and shall serve them; and they shall afflict them four hundred ...
4
votes
0answers
38 views

Why Does The Thought Of 1 John Flow The Way It Does?

Following "Tests Of Life" (Robert Law), many have identified that John is following a circular or spiralling line of thought in 1 John by initially stating several key topics and then revisiting them ...
4
votes
0answers
44 views

Is it necessary to assert that Paul has never been to Colossae when this letter is written?

Commentaries and NT introductions all like to state that Paul has never been to Colossae. It is generally founded in this passage: Colossians 2:1   For I want you to know how great a struggle I ...
4
votes
0answers
239 views

Why do Isaiah 37 and 2 Kings 19 contain the same verses?

If you read Isaiah 37 and compare it with 2 Kings 19, you will notice that these verses are the exact same. How is it possible or why is it that these verses are identical? Isaiah 37: ...
4
votes
0answers
35 views

Is Hebrews 12:25 an allusion to the Judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses/Yahweh at Sinai?

Is the statement, "warned them on earth" (v25) an allusion to the judgement pronounced by Noah, or by Moses and Yahweh at Sinai? See to it that you do not refuse Him who is speaking. For if those ...
4
votes
0answers
68 views

God and angels in Job 4:18 and 15:15

Two related verses in Job seem to place God in an unexpected relationship with his angels: 'He puts no trust even in His servants; And against His angels He charges error. Job 4:18 (NASB) ...
4
votes
0answers
73 views

Who’s doing the calling in Isaiah 7:14?

Isaiah 7:14b reads: הִנֵּ֣ה הָעַלְמָ֗ה הָרָה֙ וְיֹלֶ֣דֶת בֵּ֔ן וְקָרָ֥את שְׁמֹ֖ו עִמָּ֥נוּ אֵֽל׃ This is often translated similarly to the ESV: Behold, the virgin shall conceive and bear a ...
4
votes
0answers
83 views

Is “ordination” in Leviticus 8 the underlying concept of “fulfilled” in Matthew 5:17?

Leviticus 8:22 (ESV) reads: Then he presented the other ram, the ram of ordination, and Aaron and his sons laid their hands on the head of the ram. The Hebrew word here translated "ordination" ...
4
votes
0answers
92 views

1 Kings 1:53 - What is the difference between the manner of obeisance (προσκύνησις) given to a king versus God?

In 1 Kings 1:53, it is written, So king Solomon sent, and they brought him down from the altar. And he came and bowed himself to king Solomon: and Solomon said unto him, Go to thine house. (King ...
4
votes
0answers
187 views

Does the New Testament use of Abba to address God signify a more intimate relationship than found in the Tanakh?

Yesterday's sermon at the church we visited was about Father's Day and referenced this passage: And [Jesus] said, “Abba, Father, all things are possible for you. Remove this cup from me. Yet not ...
4
votes
0answers
890 views

Did Saul intend to offer a peace offering in 1st Samuel 13?

When Samuel rebuked Saul for improperly making an offering before the Lord, he asks for both a burnt offering and a "sacrifice of well-being": He waited seven days, the time that Samuel [had set]. ...
3
votes
0answers
57 views

Why distinguish the genders of asses/donkeys in Gen 12:16?

BHS has Genesis 12:16 as: וּלְאַבְרָ֥ם הֵיטִ֖יב בַּעֲבוּרָ֑הּ וַֽיְהִי־ל֤וֹ צֹאן־וּבָקָר֙ וַחֲמֹרִ֔ים וַעֲבָדִים֙ וּשְׁפָחֹ֔ת וַאֲתֹנֹ֖ת וּגְמַלִּֽים׃ KJV reads: And he entreated Abram well ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

10 Commandments: Ketubah or Suzerain

In Exodus 20, we are given the 10 commandments. Some have compared this gift of the 10 commandments to a Ketubah - a Jewish marriage contract, while others have compared this to a Suzerain Covenant ...
3
votes
0answers
49 views

"My shield is with God”?

Psalm 7:10(11)1a: ‏מָֽגִנִּ֥י עַל־אֱלֹהִ֑ים (BHS) My shield is with God (ESV) Elsewhere God is described as being one’s shield (2 Sam 22:3 // Ps 18:3; Ps 28:7) but with feels odd. It’s also ...
3
votes
0answers
63 views

Matthew 3:4 - does ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὐτοῦ epexegetically modify τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου?

The Greek text of Matt. 3:4: Αὐτὸς δὲ ὁ Ἰωάννης εἶχεν τὸ ἔνδυμα αὑτοῦ ἀπὸ τριχῶν καμήλου, καὶ ζώνην δερματίνην περὶ τὴν ὀσφὺν αὑτοῦ ἡ δὲ τροφὴ αὐτοῦ ἦν ἀκρίδες, καὶ μέλι ἄγριον TR, 1550 Is it ...
3
votes
0answers
35 views

“For the sake of your ḥesed” in the Psalms

Psalm 6:5[4]:1 ‏שׁוּבָה יְהוָה חַלְּצָה נַפְשִׁ֑י הוֹשִׁיעֵנִי לְמַעַן חַסְדֶּֽךָ׃ (BHS) Turn, LORD, and deliver me;       save me because of your unfailing ...
3
votes
0answers
98 views

What did Israel believe were the advantages of the monarchy system?

What are the apparent advantages of the monarchy system that Israel wanted to have that they saw in the other nations? There must be something they saw, for in 1 Samuel 8:4-5 and 19-20 we read (NASB): ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

James 4:5: who is jealously yearning over the holy spirit?

I always wanted to ask this question to a Bible teacher about James 4:5. Or do you suppose it is to no purpose that the Scripture says, “He yearns jealously over the spirit that he has made to ...
3
votes
0answers
74 views

What is the New Jerusalem?

In Revelation 21:2, John talks about seeing the New Jerusalem coming out of heaven adorned as Bride. While the text talks of the New Jerusalem as city, it seems contradictory that the Bride of Christ ...
3
votes
0answers
59 views

What does Isaiah 55:1 mean by “buying without money”?

“Come, everyone who thirsts, come to the waters; and he who has no money, come, buy and eat! Come, buy wine and milk without money and without price. Isaiah 55:1 (ESV) What does Isaiah ...
3
votes
0answers
52 views

What is the correct text of Matthew 16:22 in the Codex Vaticanus?

While translating Matthew 16 today, I ran across what the NET Bible calls a "highly elliptical expression" in verse 22: καὶ προσλαβόμενος αὐτὸν ὁ Πέτρος ἤρξατο ἐπιτιμᾶν αὐτῷ λέγων· Ἵλεώς σοι, ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Chronology of Matthew 14

In the parallel continuity of all 4 Gospels is Matthew 14:3-11 a pause in the narrative? Or did Jesus travel to Bethsaida (Luke) immediately following the beheading of John the Baptist? Matthew ...
3
votes
0answers
105 views

What is the Covenant of Peace in Ezekiel?

Ezek. 34:25 וכרתי להם ברית שלום וְהשבתי חיה־רעה מן־הארץ וישבו במדבר לבטח וישנו ביערים׃ Ezek. 37:26 וכרתי להם ברית שלום ברית עולם יהיה אותם ונתתים והרביתי אותם ונתתי את־מקדשי בתוכם לעולם׃ ...
3
votes
0answers
69 views

Does Sirach have a verse 42:31?

Hebrew Wikisource has the following for Sirach/Ecclesiasticus/Ben-Sira Chapter 42 Verse 31: לָשֵׂאת לֶקַח מֵחֲכָמִים וְלִשְׁמוֹעַ אֱמֶת מִפִּי אוֹמְרָהּ To take good messages from wise ones and ...
3
votes
0answers
73 views

Rom. 15:16: What is the meaning of ἱερουργοῦντα?

The Greek text of Rom. 15:16 according to the Textus Receptus states, εἰς τὸ εἶναί με λειτουργὸν Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ εἰς τὰ ἔθνη ἱερουργοῦντα τὸ εὐαγγέλιον τοῦ θεοῦ ἵνα γένηται ἡ προσφορὰ τῶν ἐθνῶν ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

Conflicting locations for Rachel's burial

Genesis 35:19 seems to say she died and was buried near Bethlehem, in Judah. This has strong tradition even to this day with a "tomb" there. So Rachel died, and she was buried on the way to ...
2
votes
0answers
35 views

Was Isaiah familiar with the prophecy of Amos?

This question came up in reading Isaiah 1:11-15, excerpted: I cannot endure iniquity and solemn assembly. Your new moons and your appointed feasts    my soul hates; ...
2
votes
0answers
42 views

Not keep silent or to make silent in Job 41:12?

Job 41:4 (MT; v. 12 in English versions): NRSV: I will not keep silence concerning its limbs ... ESV: I will not keep silence concerning his limbs ... NASB: I will not keep silence concerning ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

In Rom. 1:4, what is the meaning of the phrase πνεῦμα ἁγιωσύνης?

In Rom. 1:4, it is written, And declared to be the Son of God with power, according to the spirit of holiness, by the resurrection from the dead: (KJV, 1769) τοῦ ὁρισθέντος υἱοῦ θεοῦ ἐν ...

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