5
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1answer
181 views

Do some of the manuscripts have a blank spot in Ephesians 1:1?

The NIV footnotes indicate that some early manuscripts do not have "in Ephesus" in then. The NET has extensive notes on this, but they only state the the earliest and most important MSS "omit" the ...
5
votes
3answers
867 views

Peter's Denial and the Rooster Crowing

In Matthew 26:34, we see Jesus telling Peter that before rooster crows, you will disown me three times: “Truly I tell you,” Jesus answered, “this very night, before the rooster crows, you will disown ...
5
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2answers
242 views

Is “calling on the name of the Lord” in Acts 9 literal or figurative?

How did Paul fetch out the followers of Jesus in Acts 9? I've always thought that it was simply their practice of calling on the name of the Lord (precisely "Jesus") aloud as the phrase "calling on ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Historically, how was Jonah classified in terms of literary genre?

I've been reading through a lengthy discussion at this site over the historical nature of Jonah. One position that has been advanced is that there are internal text indicators that the narrative is ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

Does Paul reject the idea of celebrating holidays in Galatians?

Paul has some very strong words against the Galatians implying that they are returning to their former state: Formerly, when you did not know God, you were enslaved to those that by nature are not ...
5
votes
2answers
12k views

Who were the Hellenistic and Hebraic Jews of Acts 6:1?

In Acts, it talks about a division in Judaism that I had not heard of before: Acts 6:1 (NIV) In those days when the number of disciples was increasing, the Hellenistic Jews among them complained ...
5
votes
1answer
5k views

What is an anagogical interpretation and when should it be considered?

First of all, what exactly is an anagogical interpretation? What is a good example of a text that can be understood to be anagoge? Secondly, what textual clues should one look for when considering ...
5
votes
2answers
227 views

Why is “raah” usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4

Why is "raah" usually translated differently in Amos 3:6 and 9:4, even in a super-literal translation: 6Is a trumpet blown in a city, And do people not tremble? Is there affliction in a city, And ...
4
votes
2answers
93 views

Various translations of Psalm 19:3

Psalm 19:1-3 in the English Standard Version reads: 1 The heavens declare the glory of God,        and the sky above proclaims his handiwork. 2 Day to day pours ...
4
votes
0answers
75 views

Jewish Captivity [duplicate]

Is John forgetting the Jewish captivity in Babylon? John 8:33 KJV They answered him, We be Abraham's seed, and were never in bondage to any man: how sayest thou, Ye shall be made free?
4
votes
5answers
291 views

How can Jesus say “My Father is working until now” in John 5:16,17 if God rested on the 7th day?

John 5:16,17 (ESV) And this was why the Jews were persecuting Jesus, because he was doing these things on the Sabbath. But Jesus answered them, “My Father is working until now, and I am ...
4
votes
1answer
248 views

What is Luke's purpose for recording this narrative and ultimately Jesus' reason to express this account of the rich man and Lazarus to those present?

There are people who understand this text to express Jesus warning the hearers of the potential torment of the lost directly following their death. 1. Explain why that is, or isn't the intended ...
4
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1answer
248 views

Why is Sarah the only woman with an age mentioned in Genesis?

Abraham's wife Sarah is the only female in Genesis for whom an age is ever mentioned. We can read the span of her life (127 years per Genesis 23:1). However, even in advance of when she became ...
4
votes
1answer
77 views

In Hebrew, what is this suffix ending that is on the nouns in psalm 103:3?

What is the suffix ending on the words for iniquities and diseases? (the Kauf,chirriq,yod ending) I see it is interpreted as 'thy' but this is not the usual possessive ending for 'your'. (I am a ...
4
votes
1answer
93 views

What range of meaning is allowed by διὰ in Ephesians 2:8?

8For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, ESV διὰ πίστεως in Ephesians 2:8 is almost invariably translated 'through faith', but ...
4
votes
3answers
683 views

Who is the little horn that 'has eyes' and is 'speaking' blasphemous things in Daniel 7?

I will keep the question simple. Who is the little horn that 'has eyes' and is 'speaking' blasphemous things in Daniel 7?
4
votes
2answers
333 views

Those who believe are “especially” saved?

1 Timothy 4:10 (NET emphasis mine) reads: In fact this is why we work hard and struggle, because we have set our hope on the living God, who is the Savior of all people, especially of believers. ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

How should רָגַז be translated in Psalm 4?

A quick survey of English translations of Psalm 4:4 shows that there is little agreement about how ragaz should be rendered: NIV In your anger do not sin; when you are on your beds, search your ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

When did separation between Israel and Judah happen?

Before the First Book of Kings there was only one nation - Israel named after Jacob (whose other name was Israel and who was called the Father of Israel). But in the Second Book of Kings it is not ...
4
votes
4answers
201 views

Is synoptic parallelism a valid hermeneutic?

I'll give an example: Matt. 4:17 (KJV) From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark 1:15 (KJV) And saying, The time is fulfilled, and ...
4
votes
1answer
86 views

Does Gabriel's initial announcement to Mary suggest the virgin birth?

Luke 1:31 records the angel telling Mary, "you will conceive in your womb and bear a son, and you shall name Him Jesus." Mary's question in reply shows mystification or surprise; it's clear she ...
4
votes
2answers
457 views

What is the function of the sandwich stories in Mark?

I was reading an introduction to Mark and the author notes that Mark is fond of using so-called "sandwich-stories" where he begins to tell one story, and then interupts it to tell another story before ...
4
votes
2answers
341 views

Why are the Dead Sea Scrolls (DSS) significant?

Is there anything that the Dead Sea Scrolls made clearer regarding the texts of the Old Testament? Did their discovery change the way we view the development of the Tanakh?
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Matthew 27:62: “the day that followed the day of the preparation” - Why not call Sabbath a Sabbath?

In the following verse Matthew 27:62 Now the next day, that followed the day of the preparation, the chief priests and Pharisees came together unto Pilate Why didn't Matthew simply say "on ...
4
votes
2answers
330 views

Why is the man going to measure Jerusalem in Zechariah 2:2?

In the second chapter of his book, Zechariah records a vision in which he saw a man with a measuring line going to measure Jerusalem. I'm not sure what this is supposed to signify. Two verses later, ...
4
votes
3answers
489 views

Significance of the “Son of Man” appellation in Ezekiel

Ezekiel is the only prophet regularly referred to by God as "son of man" (ben adam). This is particularly interested to Christians since Jesus took the title "Son of Man" upon himself (ὁ υἱός τοῦ ...
4
votes
2answers
162 views

Murder on the way to Shechem in Hosea 6:9

Hosea 6:9 (NLT) reads: Priests form bands of robbers, waiting in ambush for their victims. They murder travelers along the road to Shechem and practice every kind of sin. Hosea seems intent on ...
4
votes
1answer
53 views

Were the disciples that certain?

John 17:8b: They knew with certainty that I came from you, and they believed that you sent me. I'm guessing that this is a translation issue, but I'm curious to hear expert opinion. Here Jesus ...
4
votes
1answer
105 views

Does Mark 1:32 indicate two separate time periods?

The NET Bible reads: When it was evening, after sunset, they brought to him all who were sick and demon-possessed.—Mark 1:32 (NET) Two time references are present: "When it was evening" ...
4
votes
1answer
802 views

What was Onan's sin?

Genesis 38:6-11 (NJPS): Judah got a wife for Er his first-born; her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s first-born, was displeasing to the Lord, and the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, ...
4
votes
3answers
1k views

What is the significance of Moses being called a “bridegroom of blood?”

In Exodus 4:24–26 the story is recounted of Moses' failure or delay in circumcising his son, and Zipporah stepping in herself to perform the right, saving Moses' life. I am aware some theologians ...
4
votes
2answers
176 views

Who is speaking in James 2:18?

I don't mean by my question that I'm looking to identify a particular individual. I'm just confused by the statement made there. James begins this section in verse 14: "What good is it, my brothers, ...
4
votes
3answers
314 views

When did Jonah compose his prayer in chapter 2?

Almost the entity of Jonah, chapter 2 is a prayer to God: Jonah prayed to the Lord his God from the belly of the fish. He said: In my trouble I called to the Lord, And He answered me; From ...
4
votes
1answer
142 views

What sort of disaster is Joel addressing?

In the first two chapters, Joel seems to be talking about an ecological disaster. Joel 1:20 (NJPS): The very beasts of the field Cry out to You; For the watercourses are dried up, And fire ...
4
votes
2answers
168 views

Does base-10 numbering in Genesis 4:24 argue against the Wiseman hypothesis?

This question is a bit esoteric. Looking at numbers in the Bible I noticed this story about one of Cain's decedents: And Lamech said to his wives, “Adah and Zillah, hear my voice; O wives of ...
4
votes
2answers
3k views

What are higher and lower criticism?

What is historical criticism (also known as higher criticism)? What is textual criticism (also known as lower criticism)? How can they help us understand the scriptures? How can they interefere with ...
4
votes
4answers
421 views

Is the rich man in James 1:10 a brother?

Is "the rich" in this passage also a "brother" like the lowly? James 1:9-10 (ESV) Let the lowly brother boast in his exaltation, and the rich in his humiliation, because like a flower of the ...
3
votes
2answers
123 views

What would Peter “bind” or “loose” on earth?

In Matthew 16 Jesus tells Peter that, as the rock on which his church will be built, he’d bind or loose things on earth. Matthew 16:18-19 (KJV) And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, ...
3
votes
2answers
138 views

How can John 3:13-14 be reconciled with what happened to Enoch, Elijah and Jesus?

While at least two people didn't die, Jesus spoke of only the Son of man ascending into heaven. Jesus next said the Son of man would need to be lifted up. John 3:13-14 (KJV) (Jesus said) “And ...
3
votes
1answer
209 views

Is the robe that Jesus wears “Dipped” or “Spattered” in blood

In Revelation 19:13, regarding the rider on the white horse, it is written (NIV), He is dressed in a robe dipped in blood. In the same chapter at verse 15 it is written, He treads the ...
3
votes
3answers
123 views

What does “The earth opened its mouth” mean?

In Revelation 12 the serpent opens its mouth to sweep away the woman, but the earth protects her by opening its mouth. Revelation 12:15-17 (NASB) 15 And the serpent poured water like a river out ...
3
votes
4answers
150 views

The word 'believe' in John 3:15-16

Does the word 'believe' in John 3:15-16 mean to believe in Jesus as the Son of God, or to believe in the message of Jesus: 15that whoever believes in him may have eternal life. 16“For God so ...
3
votes
3answers
144 views

Why did God allow satan to take lives just to prove that Job is loyal?

In Job Chapter 1:12 The Lord gave Satan the power to do anything he wanted to get Job to curse the Lord without touching him. 12: And the Lord said unto Satan, Behold, all that he hath is in thy ...
3
votes
1answer
66 views

Does Genesis 7:6 chronologically follow Genesis 7:11?

Genesis 7:5-12 5 And Noah did according to all that the LORD commanded him.6 Noah was six hundred years old when the floodwaters were on the earth. 7 So Noah, with his sons, his wife, and his sons' ...
3
votes
1answer
148 views

In the song of Moses and Miriam, why do the words change from “water” to “earth”?

In Exodus 15:1-12, it is written: Then Moses and the children of Israel sang this song to the Lord, and they spoke, saying, I will sing to the Lord, for very exalted is He; a horse and its ...
3
votes
2answers
711 views

What does,“They were all baptized into Moses in the cloud and in the sea” mean.? 1:Corinthians 10-2

In 1:Corinthians 10-2 it is written, For i do not want you to be ignorant of the fact,brothers,that our forefathers were all under the cloud and that they all passed through the sea.They were ...
3
votes
1answer
309 views

Why is that great city figuratively called Sodom and Egypt? Revelation 11:8

After the beast has killed the two Prophets, we read in Revelation 11:8, Their bodies will lie in the street of the great city,which is figuratively called Sodom and Egypt,where also their Lord ...
3
votes
1answer
110 views

What tenses does aorist in indicative mood in the New Testament usually express? [closed]

What tenses does aorist in indicative mood in the New Testament usually express? Can it express a continuous action in the present (like a verb in Present Progressive in English)? Can it express a ...
3
votes
1answer
164 views

Is יהוה ever transliterated in the Septuagint?

It seems to me that the Hebrew language doesn't have graphemes representing vowel sounds. On the other hand, the Greek language does. Also, I've heard that Josephus said that the Tetragrammaton ...
3
votes
2answers
258 views

What were the criteria for evaluating whether a book was included in the canons of scripture?

What criteria were used in collecting the Scriptures (Canon) which we know today as the Holy Bible. I'm not looking for new theological hypotheses here, just established ones. For example, how did ...

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