8
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3answers
776 views

What was Ruth's legal status?

I apologize in advance for the length of the question. The book of Ruth is incredibly romantic and powerful, but I don't understand the legal portion of the drama: Now Boaz had gone up to the ...
8
votes
2answers
173 views

Whose meaning are we trying to find?

If hermeneutics is the study of the meaning of a text, whose meaning are we trying to find when we study the Bible? How does Scripture being inspired by God but penned by men affect our ability to ...
8
votes
3answers
184 views

What is the best translation of Job 6:14?

NKJV: “To him who is afflicted, kindness should be shown by his friend, Even though he forsakes the fear of the Almighty." NASB: “For the despairing man there should be kindness from his friend; So ...
8
votes
1answer
224 views

What does “Qr perpetuum” mean?

In the BDB entry for הוא http://biblehub.com/hebrew/1931.htm, the term "Qr perpetuum" appears, but I have no clue what it means. From logical deduction, I can conclude it means something like "from ...
8
votes
1answer
157 views

Why did not the Apostle Paul ever say “In the name of him who says” (i.e., Heb. be-shem omro)?

It has been suggested that although old rabbinic literature always mentions dozens of teachers who speak be-shem omro (i.e., "in the name of him who says"), the Apostle Paul does not refer to ...
8
votes
3answers
572 views

Why is part of Luke 9:55-56 omitted in some Bible translations?

In the KJV we have But he turned, and rebuked them, and said, Ye know not what manner of spirit ye are of. For the Son of man is not come to destroy men's lives, but to save them. And they went to ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
8
votes
2answers
159 views

Where did that camel come from?

Psalm 13, verse 6, second hemistich, reads: אָשִירָה לַיהוָה, כִּי גָמַל עָלָי Which is to say, "I will sing to G-d, because there is a camel upon me." Can anyone offer a hermeneutic ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”?

In Luke, we read: The apostles said to the Lord, “Increase our faith!” And the Lord said, “If you had faith like a grain of mustard seed, you could say to this mulberry tree, ‘Be uprooted and ...
8
votes
2answers
151 views

Was there any significance to the term χριστὸς in koine Greek outside of Judeo-Christian thought?

This question is motivated by a reading of John 20:31: SBLGNT ταῦτα δὲ γέγραπται ἵνα πιστεύητε ὅτι Ἰησοῦς ἐστιν ὁ χριστὸς ὁ υἱὸς τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ ἵνα πιστεύοντες ζωὴν ἔχητε ἐν τῷ ὀνόματι αὐτοῦ. ...
8
votes
1answer
605 views

Why would Mary and Joseph offer “turtle doves” in Luke 2:24?

When Jesus was "presented" in Jerusalem by Mary and Joseph, the sacrifice made was "a pair of turtledoves or two young pigeons": Luke 2: 22 When the days of their purification according to the law ...
8
votes
2answers
559 views

What is an “anachronism” in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Why did Moses get away with intermarriage?

In the Hebrew bible we read that Moses did marry a Cushite: 12 Miriam and Aaron began to talk against Moses because of his Cushite wife, for he had married a Cushite. (Numbers 4:12, NIV) ...
8
votes
6answers
7k views

Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Jerusalem church?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
8
votes
3answers
301 views

Who were the “poor among the saints” in Jerusalem?

Near the end of Romans there are details about financial relationships between churches. It's never really occurred to me to read it as anything but the face value in English: Romans 15:25-26 ...
8
votes
1answer
540 views

Was Goliath killed twice?

In 2 Samuel, we are told that Goliath was killed by Elhanan: 19 In another battle with the Philistines at Gob, Elhanan son of Jaare-Oregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite, who had a ...
8
votes
8answers
8k views

What is the “first resurrection”?

Finishing up the year in the Bible, I heard this passage: Then I saw thrones, and seated on them were those to whom the authority to judge was committed. Also I saw the souls of those who had been ...
8
votes
2answers
778 views

How did Haman intend to kill Mordecai?

In Esther 5:14, Haman makes plans to kill Mordecai. Esther 5:14 Haman’s wife Zeresh and all his friends said to him, "Have a gallows seventy-five feet high built, and in the morning tell the king ...
8
votes
2answers
119 views

What evidence suggests that Paul was not the author of Titus?

I am aware that only a minority of critical scholars recognize Paul as the author of Titus. What I am not sure of is why. Does "the author" say something in the letter that sounds "non-Pauline"? Does ...
8
votes
2answers
493 views

Was Jesus angry and if so why in Mark 1:41?

Mark 1:41 NIV: Jesus was indignant.[a] He reached out his hand and touched the man. ‘I am willing,’ he said. ‘Be clean!’ [a] Many manuscripts Jesus was filled with compassion The ...
8
votes
2answers
329 views

Was nûn deleted from Psalm 145 in the Masoretic Text?

Psalm 145 is an acrostic of the Hebrew alphabet, except that in most of the MT manuscripts verse 13b is missing along with therefore the letter nûn. The ESV renders it like this: Your kingdom is an ...
8
votes
3answers
341 views

The significance of the designations of families who will mourn in Zechariah 12

As the prophet Zechariah proclaims the greatness of Jerusalem's mourning, he says: 12“All Israel will mourn, each clan by itself, and with the husbands separate from their wives. The clan of David ...
8
votes
1answer
466 views

Does Luke's supposed profession matter when interpreting his work as an author?

Paul makes reference to a physician named Luke: Luke the beloved physician greets you, as does Demas.—Colossians 4:14 (ESV) Tradition also assigns Luke as author of the gospel that bears ...
8
votes
2answers
211 views

Which experts believe Paul “lost” his arguments in 1st Corinthians?

I read on a layman's site about a theory that much of the "reconciliation" in 2nd Corinthians was actually Paul attempting to patch up his relationship with the Corinthian church after his ...
8
votes
4answers
22k views

What does the living sacrifice mean in Romans 12:1?

This passage is a bit vague at first glance: Romans 12:1 (NIV) Therefore, I urge you, brothers and sisters, in view of God’s mercy, to offer your bodies as a living sacrifice, holy and pleasing ...
8
votes
4answers
1k views

What is the tree of life in Proverbs 11:30?

While reading through Proverbs, I found a somewhat startling verse: Proverbs 11:30 (NIV) The fruit of the righteous is a tree of life, and the one who is wise saves lives. My immediate ...
8
votes
1answer
154 views

Has Pesharim left any mark on modern hermeneutics?

I understand that the Qumran monastic community—those primarily responsible for having collected and preserved the Dead Sea Scrolls and other works—endorsed the Pesharim approach to scriptural ...
8
votes
1answer
132 views

In Romans 3:26, why not translate dikaiosunēs as “justice” rather than “righteousness?”

In the following passage there are four different Greek words sharing the same root. Romans 3:23-26 (ESV) for all have sinned and fall short of the glory of God, and are justified by his grace ...
8
votes
3answers
691 views

How do the traditions of the LXX and MT versions of Jeremiah relate?

Concerning Jeremiah: does the lengthier text tradition found in the MT represent an expansion of the tradition that backed the LXX? Or does the tradition behind the LXX represent an abridgment of the ...
8
votes
2answers
336 views

Who will suffer plague/punishment in Isaiah 53:8?

Why do different translations render Isaiah 53:8 differently in English: מֵעֹצֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט לֻקָּח וְאֶת דּוֹרוֹ מִי יְשׂוֹחֵחַ כִּי נִגְזַר מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים מִפֶּשַׁע עַמִּי נֶגַע לָמוֹ. One ...
8
votes
2answers
6k views

What does Azazel mean in Leviticus 16:8?

In Leviticus 16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots over two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel. It appears that Azazel is translated as scapegoat. Strong’s Hebrew 5799 ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Is LXX “Enoch pleased God” a reasonable idiomatic translation of Hebrew “Enoch walked with God”?

The Septuagint translates the Hebrew phrase וַיִּתְהַלֵּךְ חֲנֹוךְ אֶת־הָאֱלֹהִים "Enoch walked with God," from Genesis 5:22 as εὐηρέστησεν δὲ ενωχ τῷ θεῷ "Enoch pleased God." I would have ...
8
votes
2answers
1k views

Cutting body and pagan tattoos forbidden in Leviticus 19, what pagan group?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut your bodies for the dead or put tattoo marks on yourselves. I am the Lord. (Leviticus 19:28 ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
8
votes
5answers
5k views

Why does Jesus tell the disciples to buy swords?

Luke 9:3 and Luke 22:36 seem to form an inclusio. In chapter nine, Jesus instructs the Twelve, "Take nothing for the journey—no staff, no bag, no bread, no money, no extra tunic." But in chapter 22, ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

At what point did Abraham know he was talking to God in Genesis 18?

At the start of the story in Genesis 18, Abraham does not seem to know who the three men are: Looking up, he saw three men standing near him. As soon as he saw them, he ran from the entrance of ...
8
votes
1answer
98 views

Would the Romans have known what Paul meant by “works of the law”?

In Romans 3:20, Paul writes that no one is δικαιωθήσεται by works of the law (ἔργων νόμου). The only other place I know of the phrase in the New Testament is in Galatians. Does this phrase have use ...
8
votes
1answer
94 views

Why Jeremiah used both encrypted and original name in single verse?

Many sources (eg. Bible glosses, articles) state that Jeremiah used Atbash Cipher to hide true meaning of certain names. According to these sources, name "Sheshakh" (ששך) really means "Babylon" (בבל). ...
8
votes
3answers
473 views

Why does Jesus clear the temple so early in John's gospel?

John 2:13-22 is the story of Jesus clearing the temple. In Mark's gospel, the same thing happens in the final week before Jesus' death. What is John's purpose in including this so early in the text? ...
8
votes
3answers
435 views

Is the Kingdom of God “within” you or “among” you?

Luke 17:21 (KJV) says, in relevant part, "the kingdom of God is within you." More recent translations give this much differently, for instance, as "the kingdom of God is among you" (NRSV) or "the ...
8
votes
5answers
11k views

What does 'Salt of the Earth' mean?

"You are the salt of the earth. But what good is salt if it has lost its flavor? Can you make it salty again? It will be thrown out and trampled underfoot as worthless." - Matthew 5:13 (NLT) ...
8
votes
1answer
336 views

Whose idea was it to send the spies to scout the land of Israel?

In Numbers 13 we are told that God commanded Moshe to sends the twelve spies to scout out the land: 1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses, saying: 2 'Send thou men, that they may spy out the land of ...
8
votes
2answers
313 views

Blessed is the man who WALKS NOT or HAS NOT WALKED?

I noticed in studying the Psalms that Psalm 1 in the old Coverdale text reads, "Blessed is the man that hath not walked in the counsel of the ungodly, nor stood in the way of sinners, and hath not sat ...
8
votes
1answer
788 views

Coherence-Based Genealogical Method vs. Local Text-Types Theory

The NA28 text marks a departure from the traditional methodology of textual criticism. As described by Jeff Kloha in the Concordia Theology Journal, Previous generations learned to classify ...
8
votes
3answers
83k views

What is the meaning of “poor in spirit” in Matthew 5:3

Blessed are the poor in spirit: for theirs is the kingdom of heaven. - KJV Matthew 5:3 How can the "poor in spirit" get the kingdom of heaven? Is there a similar usage else where?
8
votes
2answers
18k views

What does it mean for someone to be another person's “portion”?

Searching for the word "portion" brings up a lot of results in the Bible. Sometimes it means a portion of food or of money. But what exactly does it mean in the following context: LORD, you alone ...
8
votes
2answers
3k views

Can we harmonize the two meetings of David and Saul?

My daily reading reached the moment when Samuel anointed David, which is followed immediately by the first meeting of Saul and David: Now the spirit of the Lord had departed from Saul, and an evil ...
8
votes
2answers
10k views

What is the significance of Ezekiel's description of God's heavenly chariot in chapter 1?

Chapter 1 of Ezekiel contains a famous description of God's heavenly chariot (the maaseh merkava): ...as I was among the captives by the river Chebar, the heavens were opened, and I saw visions ...
8
votes
3answers
141 views

How does this KJV phrase change the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5?

How does the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5 change with the phrase "from such withdraw thyself" which is found only in the KJV and NKJV? 1 Timothy 6:3-5 (NKJV)Emphasis added 3 If anyone teaches ...

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