8
votes
2answers
536 views

Does Hebrews 7 claim that the Lord Jesus Christ is Malki-Tzedek?

According to the Epistle of Hebrews, specifically chapter 7, is the Lord Jesus Christ the same person as Malki-Tzedek (מַלְכִּי־צֶדֶק) (cp. Gen. 14:18), or are they different people? Here is the ...
8
votes
5answers
1k views

Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
8
votes
2answers
463 views

Who was Nimrod?

In the middle of an otherwise repetitive genealogy in Genesis 10, one man is especially singled out: Cush was the father of Nimrod, who became a mighty warrior on the earth. He was a mighty hunter ...
8
votes
1answer
14k views

What is the significance of Methuselah's name?

I've heard that Methuselah's name was given to him by Enoch in response to a prophecy concerning the flood. Since he seems to have died in the year of the flood (according to the Masoretic and ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
8
votes
1answer
4k views

At what point did Abraham know he was talking to God in Genesis 18?

At the start of the story in Genesis 18, Abraham does not seem to know who the three men are: Looking up, he saw three men standing near him. As soon as he saw them, he ran from the entrance of ...
8
votes
4answers
30k views

When did Jesus change his view on preaching to Gentiles?

In John 10:16 Jesus says (ESV quoted): And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd. The ...
8
votes
2answers
544 views

Did Job believe in an afterlife where wrongs could be righted?

At the end of his life, Job seems to have been content with his lot despite his time of suffering recorded in the rest of the book. Some have suggested that the reason he had for contentment is that ...
7
votes
3answers
409 views

What is the original Number of the Beast?

Seems trivial question, because 666 had been widely accepted as the original. However if you investigate further different early versions of the Book of Revelation, they gave different Numbers of the ...
7
votes
3answers
850 views

What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
7
votes
3answers
470 views

Revelation: Before or after AD70?

My question is about how the Book of Revelation is dated. Some say it was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, and others say it was written later (maybe around AD 90.) Obviously the ...
7
votes
1answer
4k views

When Job curses the day he was born in Chapter 3, does he curse God?

In chapter 2 Job refuses to curse God but states: "Shall we accept good from God and not trouble" and then in chapter 3v3-4 it says that Job cursed the day he was born: 'May the day of my ...
7
votes
1answer
710 views

To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
7
votes
5answers
2k views

Before the Tower of Babel did all speak Hebrew as the original human language? [closed]

I find it fascinating that rabbinic literature suggests that Hebrew was the original human language. I have seen Christian authors also argue the same. For example, from the Jewish Encyclopedia: ...
7
votes
5answers
736 views

What are the limits to the Christological hermeneutic?

According to Wikipedia: The Christo-Centric Principle: "The mind of deity is eternally centered in Christ. All angelic thought and ministry are centered in Christ. All Satanic hatred and ...
7
votes
5answers
3k views

What Scriptures is Paul referring to in 1 Cor 15:4

In 1 Cor, when Paul is laying out the the tradition of the resurrection to his readers, he lays out a tradition with his own testimony at the end. 1Cr 15:3-8 For I delivered to you as of first ...
7
votes
1answer
248 views

What led to the division of Ezra-Nehemiah?

Modern consensus is that the books of Ezra and Nehemiah actually comprise a single work which was subsequently divided into two. How is it that scholars realized this was the same book (Does it have ...
7
votes
1answer
732 views

Was it typical to cast lots like in Acts 1:26?

At the beginning of Acts, the eleven decide that it is appropriate to replace Judas. To do so, they narrow down the list of candidates to two men: Joseph and Matthias. Then they pray, "Show us which ...
6
votes
4answers
462 views

Why does Jesus tell the Samaritan woman to “Go, call your husband”?

When the Samaritan woman finally accepts Jesus' offer of living water, he says to her: "Go, call your husband and come here." (John 4:16) Why doesn't Jesus just give her his living water? The new ...
6
votes
1answer
207 views

What did Paul call Christians?

(For this question please assume that Paul considered himself a Christian and that he was the author of all 13 canonical Pauline letters.) My question is: what terms (or phrases) did Paul use most ...
6
votes
2answers
507 views

Did God make an idol?

In the Decalogue God forbids the making and or worshiping of images in the form of anything in the created order. And God spoke all these words: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of ...
6
votes
1answer
466 views

What are the earliest dated extant Latin manuscripts of the Bible?

What is the dating of the earliest extant Latin manuscript of the Hebrew Tanakh (Old Testament)? What is the dating of the earliest extant Latin manuscript of the New Testament? Who is in current ...
6
votes
5answers
6k views

What is the baptism of fire?

In Luke 3, some are wondering if John the Baptist could be the Christ. He denies this claim like so: John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the ...
5
votes
1answer
204 views

Did Matthew intend “evil” or “the evil one” in the Lord’s Prayer?

I previously asked a question about how to understand these words in the language Jesus was originally speaking. However, the text we have is in Greek, and I realized I’m not as familiar with the ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Who were the “sons of God” (bene elohim) in Genesis 6:2?

Genesis 6:1-2 (ESV emphasis mine): When man began to multiply on the face of the land and daughters were born to them, the sons of God saw that the daughters of man were attractive. And they took ...
5
votes
0answers
1k views

Accuracy of Alfred Edersheim's “Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah” [closed]

Edersheim's book The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah has been called "one of the best known and most important references on the life of Christ ever written." However, a lot has changed in the ...
5
votes
1answer
312 views

How should רָגַז be translated in Psalm 4?

A quick survey of English translations of Psalm 4:4 shows that there is little agreement about how ragaz should be rendered: NIV In your anger do not sin; when you are on your beds, search your ...
5
votes
1answer
407 views

What are the proverbs about giving collateral for someone else teaching about loans?

The book of Proverbs gives serious warning about taking on a loan: Just as the rich rule the poor, so the borrower is servant to the lender. —Proverbs 22:7 (NLT) But it seems to focus much more ...
5
votes
2answers
880 views

Pagan hairstyle forbidden in Leviticus 19, who had it?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. (Leviticus 19:27) ...
5
votes
3answers
206 views

How does Paul answer the charge that God is not just?

Soldarnal asked a question about what charge Paul is defending God against in Romans 9:14. Assuming the charge is that God is unjust because chooses to love some and hate others on the basis of His ...
5
votes
2answers
155 views

What specific charge is brought against God in Romans 9:14?

In Romans 9:14, Paul asks the question, "What then shall we say? Is God unjust?" He replies, of course, "Not at all!" And then seemingly he goes on to give a reason for why God is not unjust. However, ...
5
votes
4answers
12k views

Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
5
votes
4answers
777 views

Which hermeneutical approaches support a literal interpretation of the Creation account?

I had always been told that a day meant 24 hours, but a systematic theology textbook I read disputed that pretty well. (Please do not address this item in particular. This isn't the question I'm ...
4
votes
3answers
265 views

Does God stand beside the angel in the burning bush?

I am reading in the book of Exodus chapter 3 (KJV) about the angel of the Lord appearing to Moses in the burning bush.It is written, Exodus 3:2 And the angel of the Lord appeared unto him in a ...
4
votes
3answers
311 views

Is there a difference between 'seeing' the Kingdom of God, and 'entering' it? (John 3)

My question concerns two verses in John's Gospel. I'm using the English Standard Version here but I think the same question arises in other translations: Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say ...
4
votes
3answers
311 views

“Slave” vs. “servant” in Colossians [duplicate]

The translators of the NET note for Colossians 1:7 and 4:12, The Greek word translated “fellow slave” is σύνδουλος (sundoulo"); the σύν- prefix here denotes association. Though δοῦλος is normally ...
4
votes
1answer
179 views

Is John 3:18 the words of Jesus, or of John? [duplicate]

Using Bible Gateway John 3:18 is shown to be the words of the author, John, in the NIV translation: Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already ...
4
votes
2answers
810 views

Where can I find Greek and Hebrew plain text sources? [closed]

Source texts are available with software There are numerous Biblical source texts available (free, in "public domain") for download into Bible software type programs. Where else are they available? ...
4
votes
2answers
329 views

What is Paul's advice on anger?

Paul writes: Be angry and do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger, and give no opportunity to the devil.—Ephesians 4:26-27 (ESV) The first issue I see is that the first clause ...
4
votes
2answers
807 views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
4
votes
1answer
187 views

“Day of the Lord” or “Sunday” in Revelation 1:10

I have a translation of the New Testament in my hands, in which Revelation 1:10 is rendered as "I was in the Spirit on Sunday". When I looked up the same verse in some other translations, I saw "I was ...
4
votes
2answers
857 views

What's Paul (of Tarsus)'s view on the bodily resurrection?

In 1st Corinthians 15 Paul records the eyewitness accounts of Jesus' resurrection: For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance ...
4
votes
0answers
1k views

What was Onan's sin?

Genesis 38:6-11 (NJPS): Judah got a wife for Er his first-born; her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s first-born, was displeasing to the Lord, and the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, ...
4
votes
1answer
264 views

Should we read Melchizedek in Genesis 14 to be metaphorical?

Genesis 14:17-20 (NJPS): When he returned from defeating Chedorlaomer and the kings with him, the king of Sodom came out to meet him in the Valley of Shaveh, which is the Valley of the King. And ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How are we to interpret the Moon turning into blood, in Joel 2:31 and Rev 6:12?

In Joel the moon is mentioned as getting 'dark'. The earth quakes before them; the heavens tremble. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. (Joel 2:10, ESV) ...
3
votes
1answer
556 views

The meaning of the phrase “mustard seed”? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does Jesus always use the mustard seed to signify the property of “smallness”? The phrase "mustard seed" is found in the New Testament several times. I am not sure, ...
3
votes
1answer
120 views

Who is “I” in Psalm 4

Several verses in Psalm 4 are in the first person, for example in verse 1: Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and ...
2
votes
3answers
185 views

What is the “evil” Paul keeps doing in Romans 7:19?

Paul confesses that he has the desire to do what is good, but that he cannot carry it out. Quoting NIV 1984: Romans 7:19: For what I do is not the good I want to do; no, the evil I do not want ...
2
votes
2answers
172 views

Isaiah 7:15: to whom does this verse refer?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
2
votes
3answers
308 views

How credible is the theory that Enki and Ninhursag influenced Genesis 2 and 3?

How credible is the theory that the Sumerian story of Enki and Ninhursag influenced or inspired Genesis 2 and 3? the literature created by the Sumerians left its deep imprint on the Hebrews, and ...

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