11
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4answers
2k views

Did Luke use Josephus as a source?

Richard Carrier summarizes an argument made by Steve Mason in his book Josephus and the New Testament that Luke knew of Josephus' Jewish War (79 CE) and Jewish Antiquities (94 CE). At it's core, the ...
11
votes
5answers
2k views

Misleading “but” in Matthew 5:22 KJV?

But I say unto you, That whosoever is angry with his brother without a cause shall be in danger of the judgment: and whosoever shall say to his brother, Raca, shall be in danger of the council: ...
11
votes
4answers
484 views

Does Genesis 3:16 imply that there was pain / sorrow before the fall?

Genesis 3:16 says: To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in sorrow you shall bring forth children; and your desire shall be to your husband, and he ...
11
votes
3answers
2k views

What is morphological analysis, as it relates to Bible study?

As far as I can tell, morphological analysis is a technique used by Bible students to better understand the original languages in context. How does one go about using a tool such as Robinson's ...
11
votes
5answers
6k views

Why was Zacchaeus saved according to Jesus?

In Luke 19:1-10 we read the story of Zacchaeus which ends like so: And Zacchaeus stood and said to the Lord, "Behold, Lord, the half of my goods I give to the poor. And if I have defrauded anyone ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Did eve say “I have created a man just as the LORD did!”?

NET Version: "I have created a man just as the LORD did!" (Genesis 4:1) Most other translations have her giving credit to the Lord, whereas this one has her pretending to be a Godess. While this ...
11
votes
5answers
5k views

Who is “that (the) Prophet” in John 1:21? Is “that Prophet” Muhammad, as Islam teaches?

Refer to John 1:21: 19 And this is the record of John, when the Jews sent priests and Levites from Jerusalem to ask him, “Who art thou?” 20 And he confessed and denied not, but confessed, “...
11
votes
2answers
10k views

Why did Moses get away with intermarriage?

In the Hebrew bible we read that Moses did marry a Cushite: 12 Miriam and Aaron began to talk against Moses because of his Cushite wife, for he had married a Cushite. (Numbers 4:12, NIV) ...
11
votes
2answers
1k views

Was Moses the probable author of Genesis?

I've been operating under the assumption that Moses was the author the book of Genesis (or at least the recorder of a bunch of oral traditions). This document suggests a different view. http://www....
11
votes
3answers
2k views

What was Ruth's legal status?

I apologize in advance for the length of the question. The book of Ruth is incredibly romantic and powerful, but I don't understand the legal portion of the drama: Now Boaz had gone up to the ...
11
votes
6answers
8k views

What is the difference in response between Zechariah and Mary?

In Luke 1, we read very similar accounts of two births foretold. In the first, the angel Gabriel tells Zechariah that his wife Elizabeth will bear a son to be named John. In the second, Mary is told ...
11
votes
3answers
26k views

What is the significance of Ezekiel's description of God's heavenly chariot in chapter 1?

Chapter 1 of Ezekiel contains a famous description of God's heavenly chariot (the maaseh merkava): ...as I was among the captives by the river Chebar, the heavens were opened, and I saw visions ...
11
votes
2answers
314 views

Is Romans 1:17 ambiguous?

ESV: 17 For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith, as it is written, “The righteous shall live by faith.” The NIV and KJV read similarly. I have always understood the ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
11
votes
3answers
10k views

Who are the morning stars in Job 38:7?

In Job 38:7 (ESV), Jehovah claims that the cornerstone of the earth was laid when the morning stars sang together, and all the sons of God shouted for joy implying that the morning stars were ...
11
votes
3answers
1k views

Does Peter suggest Jesus “descended into hell”?

1 Peter 3:18-22 (ESV): For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, in ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

When was Job written?

My question is when Job was written. I am not necessarily wondering when the events in Job took place, nor am I asking when the bulk of the content was written (in the case of redaction) -- though ...
11
votes
2answers
345 views

Are the angels in 2 Peter 2:11 good or evil?

In chapter 2 of 2 Peter, angelic beings, who "do not pronounce a blasphemous judgment..." are contrasted with 'false teachers' (also referred to as 'the unrighteous'), who "do not tremble as they ...
11
votes
3answers
3k views

How can we understand 1 Corinthians 12 without contradiction

To my reading, 1 Corinthians 12:4-30 could be summed up as: "Be content with the gifts/role God has given you because in his sight all the functions of the body of Christ are of equal importance". ...
11
votes
1answer
179 views

Has Pesharim left any mark on modern hermeneutics?

I understand that the Qumran monastic community—those primarily responsible for having collected and preserved the Dead Sea Scrolls and other works—endorsed the Pesharim approach to scriptural ...
11
votes
1answer
248 views

Is there any research that challenges the standard definition of 'προορίζω' (predestine)? [closed]

The definition of προορίζω in the Enhanced Strong's Lexicon is: 4309 Six occurrences; AV translates as “predestinate” four times, “determine before” once, and “ordain” once. 1 to predetermine, ...
11
votes
1answer
382 views

Why is Paul called a 'babbler' in Acts 17?

In Acts 17 we read: 16 While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was greatly distressed to see that the city was full of idols. 17 So he reasoned in the synagogue with both Jews and God-...
11
votes
2answers
276 views

Should Matthew 28:17b be understood in a “partitive” or “inclusive” sense?

There are two distinct linguistic issues in the latter part of Matthew 28:17, which reads this way (NA28 = SBL GNT = UBS4) - καὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν προσεκύνησαν,a οἱ δὲ ἐδίστασαν. kai idontes auton ...
11
votes
2answers
299 views

Use of “I, even I” and similar phrases

Looking at Ezekiel 6:3 as an example, this sort of phrasing has always intrigued me: and say, You mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD! Thus says the Lord GOD to the mountains and ...
11
votes
4answers
6k views

What is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit?

Mark 3:20-30 contains a familiar passage with a long debated phrase: 3:20 Now Jesus went home, and a crowd gathered so that they were not able to eat. 21 When his family heard this they went out ...
11
votes
4answers
13k views

What does “put the branch to their nose” in Ezekiel 8:17 mean?

Reading Ezekiel 8 in the ESV I came across verse 17 today and was puzzled by phrase there: Is it too light a thing for the house of Judah to commit the abominations that they commit here, that ...
11
votes
2answers
442 views

Did Jephthah have pets?

Judges 11:29-40 tells the story of Jephthah's victory over the Ammonites. Before the battle he promises, "whatever comes out of the door of my house to meet me when I return in triumph from the ...
11
votes
2answers
3k views

What is the Fear/fear of Isaac?

The ESV renders Genesis 31:42 like so (emphasis mine): If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been on my side, surely now you would have sent me away empty-...
11
votes
1answer
567 views

Who will suffer plague/punishment in Isaiah 53:8?

Why do different translations render Isaiah 53:8 differently in English: מֵעֹצֶר וּמִמִּשְׁפָּט לֻקָּח וְאֶת דּוֹרוֹ מִי יְשׂוֹחֵחַ כִּי נִגְזַר מֵאֶרֶץ חַיִּים מִפֶּשַׁע עַמִּי נֶגַע לָמוֹ. One ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is Jer 10:11 written in Aramaic?

There is one verse in the Book of Jeremiah written in Aramaic; in fact, this verse stands alone as a "one-verse paragraph" in the Masoretic text. :יא. כִּדְנָה תֵּאמְרוּן לְהוֹם אֱלָהַיָּא דִּי ...
11
votes
4answers
4k views

Was there an eclipse just before Jesus died?

I know that there is quite a bit of information about the possibility of an eclipse at the time of Jesus' execution. But none of the accounts actually mention why there was darkness: And when the ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the textual evidence for defining “μισέω” as “reject”?

I have heard that μισέω does not necessarily mean hate in the sense of a wrathful detestation, but can also have a judicial sense, i.e. reject. A classic example where this meaning would be applied is ...
11
votes
5answers
9k views

Revelation 21:21 - How can gold appear clear?

"And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass." (Revelation 21:21 NASB) How are we to ...
11
votes
1answer
6k views

In Eph. 1:13, what does the word “sealed” (ἐσφραγίσθητε) mean?

In Eph. 1:13, it is written, In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, (...
11
votes
2answers
351 views

What factors define meaning of “little ones” in Deuteronomy?

In Deu. 20:13-14, it is written, 13 And when the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword, 14 but the women and the little ones, the livestock, and ...
11
votes
3answers
114 views

Where was Uzziah buried?

2 Chronicles 26:23 (ESV) reads: And Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the burial field that belonged to the kings, for they said, “He is a leper.” And Jotham ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

What was Onan's sin?

Genesis 38:6-11 (NJPS): Judah got a wife for Er his first-born; her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s first-born, was displeasing to the Lord, and the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, “...
11
votes
2answers
25k views

What does Jesus mean by “vain repetition” or “babbling” in Matthew 6:7?

What ancient tradition of prayer is Jesus critical of in Matthew 6:7? In praying, do not babble like the pagans, who think that they will be heard because of their many words. (NABRE) But ...
11
votes
3answers
4k views

Did God lose a fight to another deity?

2 Kings 3:26-27 reads 26 When the king of Moab realized he was losing the battle, he and 700 swordsmen tried to break through and attack the king of Edom, but they failed. 27 So he took his ...
11
votes
2answers
594 views

Was Job short-changed in the end?

The LXX and Masoretic Text (MT) disagree concerning the number of oxen and donkeys which Job once owned; however, both the LXX and MT are mathematically consistent in that Job received double from the ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Can “pharmakous” mean something other than “sorceror”?

The Hebrew word כַשֵּׁף is typically translated "sorcery" in Hebrew-to-English translations. Paro had court sorcerors replicate some of God's miracles and Nebuchanezer asks his sorcerors to interpret ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Who are the disciples to fear in Matthew 10:28?

Who is Jesus telling the disciples to fear here in Matthew 10:28 (ESV): "And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in ...
11
votes
2answers
2k views

Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar?

According to the following three verses, Abiathar was the son of Ahimelech: 1 Samuel 22:20. 1 Samuel 23:6. 1 Samuel 30:7. But a couple other passages down the road claim that in fact Ahimelech ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Should the title in Isaiah 9 be translated?

Translators publishing for the Christian market translate the title in Isaiah 9:6: For to us a child is born, to us a son is given; and the government shall be upon his shoulder, and his ...
11
votes
2answers
355 views

How many animals is the King of Zion to ride according to Zechariah?

I've read that Zechariah prophesied that the King of Zion would enter the city on a donkey with another donkey in tow. But the passage seems to indicate just one animal to me: Rejoice greatly, O ...
11
votes
1answer
239 views

Does Rashi's interpretation of Jephthah's fate hold water?

When Rashi looks back on the life of Jephthah, he notes: Jephthah was afflicted with boils and dismemberment as it is stated, (below 12:7) “And he was buried in the cities [pl.] of Gilead.” (His ...
11
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the sign of the Son of Man?

What is the sign of the Son of Man spoken of in Matthew 24:30?— At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the ...
11
votes
4answers
11k views

What is the meaning behind the parable of Children in the Marketplace in Luke 7:31-35?

Can you shed some light over the intended meaning of the parable of the Children in the Marketplace? Is there more context or any words in the parable that have special meaning? Also, are there any ...
11
votes
2answers
159 views

Who is 'us' in 2 Peter 1

Peter switches from 'us' to 'you' in 1:4: 3His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and ...
11
votes
1answer
125 views

Different versings of Genesis 32

Christian versions of the Bible seem to have a different versing scheme than Jewish ones for Genesis chapter 32. What is the first verse in the Hebrew versions is the last verse of 31 in the Jewish ...

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