10
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3answers
1k views

Does Peter suggest Jesus “descended into hell”?

1 Peter 3:18-22 (ESV): For Christ also suffered once for sins, the righteous for the unrighteous, that he might bring us to God, being put to death in the flesh but made alive in the spirit, in ...
10
votes
2answers
333 views

Can αδελφοί refer to cousins?

Matthew 13:55-56a (ESV) Is not this the carpenter's son? Is not his mother called Mary? And are not his brothers James and Joseph and Simon and Judas? And are not all his sisters with us? ...
10
votes
2answers
317 views

Are the angels in 2 Peter 2:11 good or evil?

In chapter 2 of 2 Peter, angelic beings, who "do not pronounce a blasphemous judgment..." are contrasted with 'false teachers' (also referred to as 'the unrighteous'), who "do not tremble as they ...
10
votes
10answers
17k views

Why did Paul collect and deliver an offering for the Jerusalem church?

Paul's collection for the Jerusalem church occupies significant portions of his letters (1 Cor 16:1–4; 2 Cor 8:1–9:15; Rom 15:14–32). It is so important to Paul he is willing to face hostility ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How Is the Date of Composition of the Gospels Estimated?

So considering that the oldest copies of the gospels are dated to around 400 AD (I'm thinking of the Codex Sinaiticus), how do scholars go about estimating the date of composition of the gospels? I ...
10
votes
3answers
2k views

How can we understand 1 Corinthians 12 without contradiction

To my reading, 1 Corinthians 12:4-30 could be summed up as: "Be content with the gifts/role God has given you because in his sight all the functions of the body of Christ are of equal importance". ...
10
votes
1answer
172 views

Has Pesharim left any mark on modern hermeneutics?

I understand that the Qumran monastic community—those primarily responsible for having collected and preserved the Dead Sea Scrolls and other works—endorsed the Pesharim approach to scriptural ...
10
votes
1answer
234 views

Is there any research that challenges the standard definition of 'προορίζω' (predestine)? [closed]

The definition of προορίζω in the Enhanced Strong's Lexicon is: 4309 Six occurrences; AV translates as “predestinate” four times, “determine before” once, and “ordain” once. 1 to predetermine, ...
10
votes
1answer
310 views

Why is Paul called a 'babbler' in Acts 17?

In Acts 17 we read: 16 While Paul was waiting for them in Athens, he was greatly distressed to see that the city was full of idols. 17 So he reasoned in the synagogue with both Jews and ...
10
votes
2answers
257 views

Should Matthew 28:17b be understood in a “partitive” or “inclusive” sense?

There are two distinct linguistic issues in the latter part of Matthew 28:17, which reads this way (NA28 = SBL GNT = UBS4) - καὶ ἰδόντες αὐτὸν προσεκύνησαν,a οἱ δὲ ἐδίστασαν. kai idontes auton ...
10
votes
2answers
235 views

Use of “I, even I” and similar phrases

Looking at Ezekiel 6:3 as an example, this sort of phrasing has always intrigued me: and say, You mountains of Israel, hear the word of the Lord GOD! Thus says the Lord GOD to the mountains and ...
10
votes
4answers
5k views

What is blasphemy against the Holy Spirit?

Mark 3:20-30 contains a familiar passage with a long debated phrase: 3:20 Now Jesus went home, and a crowd gathered so that they were not able to eat. 21 When his family heard this they went out ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the Fear/fear of Isaac?

The ESV renders Genesis 31:42 like so (emphasis mine): If the God of my father, the God of Abraham and the Fear of Isaac, had not been on my side, surely now you would have sent me away ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Why is Jer 10:11 written in Aramaic?

There is one verse in the Book of Jeremiah written in Aramaic; in fact, this verse stands alone as a "one-verse paragraph" in the Masoretic text. :יא. כִּדְנָה תֵּאמְרוּן לְהוֹם אֱלָהַיָּא דִּי ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the textual evidence for defining “μισέω” as “reject”?

I have heard that μισέω does not necessarily mean hate in the sense of a wrathful detestation, but can also have a judicial sense, i.e. reject. A classic example where this meaning would be applied is ...
10
votes
5answers
8k views

Revelation 21:21 - How can gold appear clear?

"And the twelve gates were twelve pearls; each one of the gates was a single pearl. And the street of the city was pure gold, like transparent glass." (Revelation 21:21 NASB) How are we to ...
10
votes
1answer
6k views

In Eph. 1:13, what does the word “sealed” (ἐσφραγίσθητε) mean?

In Eph. 1:13, it is written, In Him, you also, after listening to the message of truth, the gospel of your salvation—having also believed, you were sealed in Him with the Holy Spirit of promise, ...
10
votes
2answers
313 views

What factors define meaning of “little ones” in Deuteronomy?

In Deu. 20:13-14, it is written, 13 And when the Lord your God gives it into your hand, you shall put all its males to the sword, 14 but the women and the little ones, the livestock, and ...
10
votes
4answers
209 views

What was the intention behind Jesus stating that he is “lord of the Sabbath?”

Matthew 12:1-8 ESV 1 At that time Jesus went through the grainfields on the Sabbath. His disciples were hungry, and they began to pluck heads of grain and to eat. 2 But when the Pharisees saw it, ...
10
votes
3answers
98 views

Where was Uzziah buried?

2 Chronicles 26:23 (ESV) reads: And Uzziah slept with his fathers, and they buried him with his fathers in the burial field that belonged to the kings, for they said, “He is a leper.” And Jotham ...
10
votes
2answers
833 views

Why do many chinese Bibles translate “Logos” in John 1:1 as 道 (Dao)?

道(Dao) is the concept which the entire Dao De Jing seeks to expound upon and discuss. Dao De Jing is the central text of Daoist philosophy. I don't know how to define "dao" beyond an extremely ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

Was there an eclipse just before Jesus died?

I know that there is quite a bit of information about the possibility of an eclipse at the time of Jesus' execution. But none of the accounts actually mention why there was darkness: And when the ...
10
votes
3answers
994 views

Are there scriptural warrants for using the rule of first mention? [closed]

The rule of fist mention is used by various forms of allegorical interpretation. Rather than inventing an allegorical meaning, clues are taken from the first mention. For example: Garments are ...
10
votes
3answers
175 views

How does this KJV phrase change the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5?

How does the understanding of 1 Tim 6:5 change with the phrase "from such withdraw thyself" which is found only in the KJV and NKJV? 1 Timothy 6:3-5 (NKJV)Emphasis added 3 If anyone teaches ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What is “Regula Fidei”?

What is "Regula Fidei" and is this principle of interpretation considered obsolete by those who practice the Grammatical Historical approach to hermeneutics or does it survive in some form?
10
votes
2answers
166 views

Sense of περἰ in Romans 8:3

Romans 8:3 says the following καἰ περἰ ἁμαρτἰας (and for sin) Many translations suggest as an offering for sin as an alternate translation. I can see how περί can mean in place of, but is as an ...
10
votes
4answers
218 views

Genesis 3:16 - “Pain in Childbearing” or “Toil and Childbearing”

I recently came across a translation of Genesis 3:16 that seems to reinterpret the pronouncement on Eve. Carol Meyers* translates the first part of the verse like so: "I will greatly increase your ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

Was the text of Matthew 28:19 changed?

Scholars such as F. C. Conybeare1 have claimed that the Trinitarian baptismal formula of Matthew 28:19 was not original to the text of Matthew. Matt 28:19 (NIV) 19 Therefore go and make ...
10
votes
1answer
1k views

To whom does the anointed refer in 1st Chronicles 16:22?

In 1st Chronicles 16:22 it says: (interlinear English/Hebrew) Do not touch My anointed ones, And do My prophets no harm. — NASB The phrase seems to be a quote pulled from an unknown source, used ...
10
votes
3answers
659 views

Which covenant is “New” in Galatians 3?

The Hebrew scriptures point toward a new covenant that God will make (Jeremiah 31:31-34), and the New Testament interprets this as realized in Jesus (Hebrews 8). However, in Galatians 3, it almost ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

What does it mean to “receive the kingdom of God like a little child?”

The story of the little children coming to Jesus in Matthew 19, Mark 10, and Luke 18 is, of course, well know. And most often I have heard it interpreted that the kingdom requires faith like a child. ...
10
votes
4answers
2k views

What was Onan's sin?

Genesis 38:6-11 (NJPS): Judah got a wife for Er his first-born; her name was Tamar. But Er, Judah’s first-born, was displeasing to the Lord, and the Lord took his life. Then Judah said to Onan, ...
10
votes
2answers
688 views

How big were the nomadic clans of the patriarchs?

According to the book Genesis, 70 people came down with Jacob to dwell in Egypt after contact was made with Joseph: And the sons of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt were two souls; all the ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

How does Jesus' being from Nazareth fulfill the prophets?

In Matthew 2:23 we read, "And he went and lived in a city called Nazareth, that what was spoken by the prophets might be fulfilled: 'He shall be called a Nazarene.'" Since there doesn't seem to be a ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Exodus 6:3 - what is the significance of God's different names in the Tanakh?

Exodus 6:3: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob by the name of God Almighty, but by My name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. (KJV) This is a strange and unique verse in the ...
10
votes
8answers
582 views

Genesis 2:24 - How do a husband and wife become one flesh?

In Gen. 2:24, it is written, Therefore shall a man leave his father and his mother, and shall cleave unto his wife: and they shall be one flesh. KJV, 1769 עַל־כֵּן֙ יַֽעֲזָב־אִ֔ישׁ ...
10
votes
5answers
391 views

Exactly what part of the Law has been abolished?

St Paul, speaking in the context of Jew and Gentile being brought together, declares that the "law of commandments" were abolished. "For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has ...
10
votes
3answers
978 views

How was “let him take up his cross” understood by Jesus's audience?

Matthew 16:24 SBLGNT Εἴ τις θέλει ὀπίσω μου ἐλθεῖν, ἀπαρνησάσθω ἑαυτὸν καὶ ἀράτω τὸν σταυρὸν αὐτοῦ καὶ ἀκολουθείτω μοι. ESV If anyone would come after me, let him deny himself and take up ...
10
votes
1answer
878 views

Can “pharmakous” mean something other than “sorceror”?

The Hebrew word כַשֵּׁף is typically translated "sorcery" in Hebrew-to-English translations. Paro had court sorcerors replicate some of God's miracles and Nebuchanezer asks his sorcerors to interpret ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Who are the disciples to fear in Matthew 10:28?

Who is Jesus telling the disciples to fear here in Matthew 10:28 (ESV): "And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in ...
10
votes
2answers
21k views

What does Jesus mean by “vain repetition” or “babbling” in Matthew 6:7?

What ancient tradition of prayer is Jesus critical of in Matthew 6:7? In praying, do not babble like the pagans, who think that they will be heard because of their many words. (NABRE) But ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar?

According to the following three verses, Abiathar was the son of Ahimelech: 1 Samuel 22:20. 1 Samuel 23:6. 1 Samuel 30:7. But a couple other passages down the road claim that in fact Ahimelech ...
10
votes
2answers
332 views

How many animals is the King of Zion to ride according to Zechariah?

I've read that Zechariah prophesied that the King of Zion would enter the city on a donkey with another donkey in tow. But the passage seems to indicate just one animal to me: Rejoice greatly, O ...
10
votes
1answer
221 views

Does Rashi's interpretation of Jephthah's fate hold water?

When Rashi looks back on the life of Jephthah, he notes: Jephthah was afflicted with boils and dismemberment as it is stated, (below 12:7) “And he was buried in the cities [pl.] of Gilead.” (His ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

What is the sign of the Son of Man?

What is the sign of the Son of Man spoken of in Matthew 24:30?— At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the ...
10
votes
4answers
10k views

What is the meaning behind the parable of Children in the Marketplace in Luke 7:31-35?

Can you shed some light over the intended meaning of the parable of the Children in the Marketplace? Is there more context or any words in the parable that have special meaning? Also, are there any ...
10
votes
2answers
150 views

Who is 'us' in 2 Peter 1

Peter switches from 'us' to 'you' in 1:4: 3His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and ...
10
votes
5answers
4k views

What does Paul mean by “unworthy manner” in 1 Corinthians 11:27-32?

In 1 Corinthians 11:27-32 (NKJV) : 27 Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man ...
10
votes
2answers
473 views

Was Job short-changed in the end?

The LXX and Masoretic Text (MT) disagree concerning the number of oxen and donkeys which Job once owned; however, both the LXX and MT are mathematically consistent in that Job received double from the ...
10
votes
1answer
109 views

Different versings of Genesis 32

Christian versions of the Bible seem to have a different versing scheme than Jewish ones for Genesis chapter 32. What is the first verse in the Hebrew versions is the last verse of 31 in the Jewish ...

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