8
votes
5answers
1k views

Where did the idea that the law was administered through angels come from?

The idea that the law was given through angels seems common enough in the first century literature: Galatians 3:19 Why then the law? It was added because of transgressions, until the offspring ...
8
votes
4answers
7k views

Did Abraham leave Haran before or after his father died?

Genesis 11:31-12-1 appears to indicate that Abram left Haran after his father Terah had died. (The author of the New Testament book of Acts certainly saw it that way.) Terah took his son Abram and ...
8
votes
5answers
2k views

What does Paul mean by allegory in Galatians 4:24?

Paul's method of interpretation in Galatians 4:21-31 seems a bit unusual as compared to most modern methods. He says these things may be "interpreted allegorically." What is his method of exegesis? ...
8
votes
2answers
4k views

At what point did Abraham know he was talking to God in Genesis 18?

At the start of the story in Genesis 18, Abraham does not seem to know who the three men are: Looking up, he saw three men standing near him. As soon as he saw them, he ran from the entrance of ...
8
votes
4answers
23k views

When did Jesus change his view on preaching to Gentiles?

In John 10:16 Jesus says (ESV quoted): And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd. The ...
8
votes
2answers
466 views

Did Job believe in an afterlife where wrongs could be righted?

At the end of his life, Job seems to have been content with his lot despite his time of suffering recorded in the rest of the book. Some have suggested that the reason he had for contentment is that ...
7
votes
3answers
170 views

Are there differences in how the Spirit empowers people?

In the Hebrew Bible, the Spirit of the Lord empowers people. Examples include: Judges 14:19 The Lord’s spirit empowered him. [NET] The word used in Judges 14:19 is a form of tsalach meaning ...
7
votes
3answers
600 views

What is the historical basis for viewing Genesis 3:15 as the 'protoevangelium'?

Genesis 3:15 is referred to by Christian theologians as the protoevangelium (first proclamation of the [Christian] gospel). The text reads: Hebrew (MT): וְאֵיבָ֣ה׀ אָשִׁ֗ית בֵּֽינְךָ֙ וּבֵ֣ין ...
7
votes
4answers
396 views

On what basis do translators translate echad in Daniel 10:13 to be one instead of first?

Daniel 10:13 NIV 13 But the prince of the Persian kingdom resisted me twenty-one days. Then Michael, one of the chief princes, came to help me, because I was detained there with the king of ...
7
votes
3answers
378 views

Revelation: Before or after AD70?

My question is about how the Book of Revelation is dated. Some say it was written before the destruction of Jerusalem in AD 70, and others say it was written later (maybe around AD 90.) Obviously the ...
7
votes
2answers
3k views

When Job curses the day he was born in Chapter 3, does he curse God?

In chapter 2 Job refuses to curse God but states: "Shall we accept good from God and not trouble" and then in chapter 3v3-4 it says that Job cursed the day he was born: 'May the day of my ...
7
votes
1answer
410 views

To whom should we attribute John 3:16?

Who is speaking in John 3:16? Jesus or John? John 3 begins with Jesus speaking in the first person but in v. 13 there's a shift to the third person which continues until a change of scene at 3:22. ...
7
votes
5answers
599 views

What are the limits to the Christological hermeneutic?

According to Wikipedia: The Christo-Centric Principle: "The mind of deity is eternally centered in Christ. All angelic thought and ministry are centered in Christ. All Satanic hatred and ...
7
votes
1answer
11k views

What is the significance of Methuselah's name?

I've heard that Methuselah's name was given to him by Enoch in response to a prophecy concerning the flood. Since he seems to have died in the year of the flood (according to the Masoretic and ...
7
votes
1answer
221 views

What led to the division of Ezra-Nehemiah?

Modern consensus is that the books of Ezra and Nehemiah actually comprise a single work which was subsequently divided into two. How is it that scholars realized this was the same book (Does it have ...
7
votes
2answers
610 views

Was it typical to cast lots like in Acts 1:26?

At the beginning of Acts, the eleven decide that it is appropriate to replace Judas. To do so, they narrow down the list of candidates to two men: Joseph and Matthias. Then they pray, "Show us which ...
6
votes
1answer
176 views

What did Paul call Christians?

(For this question please assume that Paul considered himself a Christian and that he was the author of all 13 canonical Pauline letters.) My question is: what terms (or phrases) did Paul use most ...
6
votes
3answers
305 views

What is the original Number of the Beast?

Seems trivial question, because 666 had been widely accepted as the original. However if you investigate further different early versions of the Book of Revelation, they gave different Numbers of the ...
6
votes
1answer
289 views

What are the earliest dated Latin manuscripts of the Bible?

What is the dating of the earliest Latin manuscript of the Hebrew Tanakh (Old Testament)? What is the dating of the earliest Latin manuscript of the New Testament? Who is in current possession of ...
6
votes
2answers
659 views

When the Kingdom of Israel split, what happened to Benjamin?

All my life I've been told that the tribe of Benjamin remained with the faithful tribe of Judah. And I've read the passage in 1 Kings 11:29-35 where the kingdom is split in two many times before, but ...
6
votes
5answers
5k views

What is the baptism of fire?

In Luke 3, some are wondering if John the Baptist could be the Christ. He denies this claim like so: John answered them all, “I baptize you with water. But one more powerful than I will come, the ...
6
votes
5answers
3k views

What Scriptures is Paul referring to in 1 Cor 15:4

In 1 Cor, when Paul is laying out the the tradition of the resurrection to his readers, he lays out a tradition with his own testimony at the end. 1Cr 15:3-8 For I delivered to you as of first ...
6
votes
6answers
7k views

Was Jesus anointed once or twice on the feet with perfume?

Disclaimer: I've already asked this question on Christianity SE and got a great answer. I'm asking it here to get an expert response (and because it is one of my favourite stories). If the community ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is 1 John 5:7-8, found in the KJV, kept in the NKJV when it is believed to be inauthentic?

1 John 5:7-8 King James Version (KJV) 7 For there are three that bear record in heaven, the Father, the Word, and the Holy Ghost: and these three are one. 8 And there are three that ...
5
votes
0answers
1k views

Accuracy of Alfred Edersheim's “Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah” [closed]

Edersheim's book The Life and Times of Jesus the Messiah has been called "one of the best known and most important references on the life of Christ ever written." However, a lot has changed in the ...
5
votes
1answer
389 views

Did God make an idol?

In the decalogue God forbids the making and or worshipping of images in the form of anything in the created order. And God spoke all these words: “I am the Lord your God, who brought you out of ...
5
votes
3answers
1k views

Is Satan one of the “sons of God”?

In the framing story of Job, we read about הַשָּׂטָן (ha-Satan) and בְּנֵי הָאֱלֹהִים (ben 'elohiym) appearing before God: Now it fell upon a day, that the sons of God came to present themselves ...
5
votes
1answer
280 views

What are the proverbs about giving collateral for someone else teaching about loans?

The book of Proverbs gives serious warning about taking on a loan: Just as the rich rule the poor, so the borrower is servant to the lender. —Proverbs 22:7 (NLT) But it seems to focus much more ...
5
votes
2answers
688 views

Pagan hairstyle forbidden in Leviticus 19, who had it?

There is a curious law in Leviticus that seems to refer to avoiding an ancient pagan rite. Do not cut the hair at the sides of your head or clip off the edges of your beard. (Leviticus 19:27) ...
5
votes
3answers
189 views

How does Paul answer the charge that God is not just?

Soldarnal asked a question about what charge Paul is defending God against in Romans 9:14. Assuming the charge is that God is unjust because chooses to love some and hate others on the basis of His ...
5
votes
2answers
146 views

What specific charge is brought against God in Romans 9:14?

In Romans 9:14, Paul asks the question, "What then shall we say? Is God unjust?" He replies, of course, "Not at all!" And then seemingly he goes on to give a reason for why God is not unjust. However, ...
5
votes
4answers
9k views

Does Jesus refer to aliens in John 10:16?

Jesus said: And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd.—John 10:16 (ESV) Who are ...
4
votes
3answers
210 views

Is there a difference between 'seeing' the Kingdom of God, and 'entering' it? (John 3)

My question concerns two verses in John's Gospel. I'm using the English Standard Version here but I think the same question arises in other translations: Jesus answered him, “Truly, truly, I say ...
4
votes
1answer
148 views

Is John 3:18 the words of Jesus, or of John? [duplicate]

Using Bible Gateway John 3:18 is shown to be the words of the author, John, in the NIV translation: Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already ...
4
votes
2answers
573 views

Where can I find Greek and Hebrew plain text sources? [closed]

Source texts are available with software There are numerous Biblical source texts available (free, in "public domain") for download into Bible software type programs. Where else are they available? ...
4
votes
2answers
274 views

What is Paul's advice on anger?

Paul writes: Be angry and do not sin; do not let the sun go down on your anger, and give no opportunity to the devil.—Ephesians 4:26-27 (ESV) The first issue I see is that the first clause ...
4
votes
2answers
764 views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

What is “the hermeneutical circle”?

This question mentions "the hermeneutical circle": I sometimes hear ... of hermeneutical "methods", such as the grammatico-historal approach, or literal-historical approach, or sensus plenior. ... ...
4
votes
2answers
683 views

What's Paul (of Tarsus)'s view on the bodily resurrection?

In 1st Corinthians 15 Paul records the eyewitness accounts of Jesus' resurrection: For I delivered to you as of first importance what I also received: that Christ died for our sins in accordance ...
4
votes
4answers
710 views

Which hermeneutical approaches support a literal interpretation of the Creation account?

I had always been told that a day meant 24 hours, but a systematic theology textbook I read disputed that pretty well. (Please do not address this item in particular. This isn't the question I'm ...
3
votes
3answers
5k views

How are we to interpret the Moon turning into blood, in Joel 2:31 and Rev 6:12?

In Joel the moon is mentioned as getting 'dark'. The earth quakes before them; the heavens tremble. The sun and the moon are darkened, and the stars withdraw their shining. (Joel 2:10, ESV) ...
3
votes
1answer
119 views

Who is “I” in Psalm 4

Several verses in Psalm 4 are in the first person, for example in verse 1: Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and ...
2
votes
3answers
230 views

How credible is the theory that Enki and Ninhursag influenced Genesis 2 and 3?

How credible is the theory that the Sumerian story of Enki and Ninhursag influenced or inspired Genesis 2 and 3? the literature created by the Sumerians left its deep imprint on the Hebrews, and ...
2
votes
2answers
206 views

Why is Satan, clearly a living being (fallen angel) who spoke to God and Jesus, called “the satan”?

I first saw 'the satan' on Wikipedia. Satan is listed 49 times in the Hebrew Bible and New Testament. I did not look at every verse, but of the many I did review, not one is translated 'the satan'. ...
2
votes
1answer
181 views

How can we understand differences between the NWT and Latin/Hebrew/Greek on Zechariah 12:10?

Is there any early manuscript that shows a word translatable as "the one" (3rd person) in Zechariah 12:10? When looking at Zechariah 12:10, this is how it reads in: New World Translation (NWT) ...
2
votes
1answer
168 views

Who is the bride of Christ?

If the church is the bride of Christ" Eph. 5, II Cor. 11:2: I am jealous for you with godly jealousy. For I have betrothed you to one husband, that I may present you as a chaste virgin to ...
1
vote
1answer
160 views

How many resurrection hours does Jesus refer to in John 5:25-29?

In John 5:25-29 we read: “Truly, truly, I say to you, an hour is coming, and is now here, when the dead will hear the voice of the Son of God, and those who hear will live. For as the Father has ...
0
votes
0answers
48 views

What version of the Bible is translated closest to or directly from the original languages of the texts? [duplicate]

I have for some time now looked at many versions of the Bible to come to the conclusion that most of the translations that try to interpret the text from the original Aramaic, Hebrew, and Greek ...
-5
votes
1answer
179 views

What are the evidences that Luke is written after/before the fall of Jerusalem?

The only evidence I know is their assumption that no body could not possibly have predicted the fall of Jerusalem. Hence, Jesus could not have foreseen the destruction of that temple. The problem ...
18
votes
5answers
14k views

Interpretations of Elihu in Job

In the book of Job, it becomes clear that the first three of Job's friends - Eliphaz, Blidad, and Zophar - speak wrongly. Not only do they incur the indignation of Job and his other friend Elihu, but ...

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