9
votes
3answers
180 views

What are the oldest copies we have of LXX

What are the oldest copies we have of the Septuagint (LXX)? I know that it is present in Codex Sinaiticus and other codices. Are there any in scrolls and papyri or are there only codices?
0
votes
0answers
80 views

In John 17:1, why did Jesus lift up his eyes to the sky to address God?

In John 17:1, Jesus looks up toward the sky to address God?: Joh 17:1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he lifted up his eyes to heaven, and said, "Father, the hour has come; glorify your Son ...
26
votes
2answers
1k views

Did John know about the Synoptics?

What evidence is there that John was aware of the Synoptics when he wrote the Fourth Gospel?
7
votes
2answers
8k views

Why is Jeremiah 31 addressed to Ephraim?

Jeremiah 31 is one of my favorite in Tanach. In very poetic language, the chapter describes God's love for his people and the future redemption of the Israelite nation. I wrote a bit about this ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Is Joshua 21:36-37 authentic or an addition?

These two verses are not found in the NJPS: and out of the tribe of Reuben, Bezer with its pasturelands, Jahaz with its pasturelands, Kedemoth with its pasturelands, and Mephaath with its ...
2
votes
1answer
74 views

Why does the Septuagint omit Isaiah 2:22 when it's in the Dead Sea Scrolls and Leningrad Codex?

The Dead Sea Scrolls have [almost] the entire book of Isaiah. They include Isaiah 2:22. "Stop focusing on mortals, who have only breath in their nostrils -for what are they really worth?" ...
0
votes
1answer
49 views

Is Satan the master of music?

Many argue that Satan is the master of music, referencing the KJV, NKJV and others, of Ezekiel 28:13 "the workmanship of thy tabrets and of thy pipes was prepared in thee in the day that thou wast ...
11
votes
1answer
144 views

Are the three distinctive Hebrew terms, translated “breath of life,” suggesting there was a different mankind at creation than there was at the flood?

The same English phrase, "breath of life," is used to describe three distinct Hebrew phrases. "Neshamah chay" is in Genesis 2:7 (creation). "Ruwach chay" is in Genesis 6:17 (intention for death at ...
7
votes
3answers
187 views

What does it mean “to quench” in 1 Thessalonians 5:19?

In 1 Thessalonians 5:19 we read: Quench not the Spirit. (KJV) According to Strong's, "Quench" is the word 4570 σβέννυμι, which means "I extinguish, quench, I suppress, thwart." The dictionary ...
0
votes
0answers
8 views

Who was God talking to when he said, let US make man in OUR image? [duplicate]

God clearly identifies in Genesis 1:26 that he was speaking to and including at least one other person/god in his conversation. It's important to recognize he didn't say I'm going to make man in MY ...
6
votes
2answers
110 views

What is the New Jerusalem?

In Revelation 21:2, John talks about seeing the New Jerusalem coming out of heaven adorned as Bride. While the text talks of the New Jerusalem as city, it seems contradictory that the Bride of Christ ...
4
votes
3answers
82 views

Does the author of Psalm 103:2 exhort himself to “bless the LORD” or is he referring to the LORD as the “soul” within himself?

Psalm 103:2 King James Version (KJV): Bless the Lord, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name. My question: Does the singer command his soul to "Bless the LORD" , or is he ...
0
votes
1answer
95 views

Is Romans 1:27 referring to venereal disease?

Paul writes: Rom 1:27 and the men likewise gave up natural relations with women and were consumed with passion for one another, men committing shameless acts with men and receiving in themselves the ...
4
votes
3answers
79 views

How should “not all” be read in 1 Corinthians 15:51

Consider 1 Corinthians 15:51: (NASB) Behold, I tell you a mystery; we will not all sleep, but we will all be changed, (W & H) ἰδοὺ μυστήριον ὑμῖν λέγω· πάντες οὐ κοιμηθησόμεθα πάντες δὲ ...
5
votes
2answers
184 views

What did John mean by 'depths of Satan' as Jesus says in Revelation 2:24?

Rev. 2:24 King James Bible: But unto you I say, and unto the rest in Thyatira, as many as have not this doctrine, and which have not known the depths of Satan, as they speak; I will put upon you ...
3
votes
2answers
60 views

What does 'in him' mean in Colossians 1:16?

Sorry if this seems like a really simple question but this always confuses me. For example Colossians 1:16: "For it was in Him that all things were created." Would it mean the same thing if ...
0
votes
0answers
16 views

Can you help illuminate part of this Psalm(103)? [duplicate]

Psalm 103 King James Version (KJV) 103 Bless the Lord, O my soul: and all that is within me, bless his holy name. My question: Does the singer command his soul to "Bless the LORD" , or is he ...
12
votes
4answers
8k views

What is the “Water” of Genesis 1:2?

We read in the creation account: The earth was without form and void, and darkness was over the face of the deep. And the Spirit of God was hovering over the face of the waters.—Genesis 1:2 ...
0
votes
0answers
28 views

Might Song of Solomon 6:11-13 be about the Shulammite having an orgasm?

Is this a plausible interpretation of this passage?: The Shulammite woman visits her lovers nuts (groin area?) to look for budding and blooming: Son 6:11 She: I went down to the nut orchard to ...
2
votes
0answers
69 views

Interpreting “psyche” as “soul”

In the New Testament the Greek term "psyche" often, if not always, gets translated as "soul." Would the original author using that term have meant "psyche" like we mean it today? Or, more precisely, ...
8
votes
2answers
139 views

Who are the πρεσβυτέροις in 1 Peter 5:1-5?

ΠΕΤΡΟΥ Α΄ 5:5 (SBLGNT) ὁμοίως, νεώτεροι, ὑποτάγητε πρεσβυτέροις. πάντες δὲ ἀλλήλοις τὴν ταπεινοφροσύνην ἐγκομβώσασθε, ὅτι Ὁ θεὸς ὑπερηφάνοις ἀντιτάσσεται ταπεινοῖς δὲ δίδωσιν χάριν. 1 ...
1
vote
3answers
100 views

In Romans 6:23 why does Paul speak of the “wages” of sin and not the “penalty” for sin?

In Romans 6:23 why does Paul speak of the "wages" of sin and not the "penalty" for sin?: Rom 6:23 For the wages of sin is death, but the free gift of God is eternal life in Christ Jesus our ...
17
votes
4answers
4k views

Why did John take Mary, who was married, into his home?

What exactly does "took her into his home" mean in the following passage? John 19:26-27 (NIV) 26  When Jesus saw his mother there, and the disciple whom he loved standing nearby, he said to ...
1
vote
2answers
49 views

Is Psalm 40:12 about the Messiah?

Psalm 40:6-8 is quoted by the author of To the Hebrews 10:5-7 as referring to Jesus: Heb 10:5 For this reason, the Scriptures say, when the Messiah was about to come into the world: "You did ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

In Psalm 3:4 is “the lifter of my head” referring to subjective encouragement or promotion?

When David says "you are the lifter of my head" what does he mean? Does he mean that God helps him to maintain his courage? Or does he mean that he will be successful? Barnes' Notes on the Bible says ...
14
votes
5answers
424 views

What is the meaning of “husband of one wife” in 1 Timothy 3:2?

In 1 Timothy 3:2 we read: Therefore an overseer must be above reproach, the husband of one wife (ESV) The ESV note that goes with the last phrase says, "Or a man of one woman." I'm aware of a ...
2
votes
1answer
56 views

Psalm 22:1 KJV vs Tehillim vs ESV

How does the ESV translate Psalm 22:1 as: To the choirmaster: according to The Doe of the Dawn. A Psalm of David. My God, my God, why have you forsaken me? Why are you so far from saving me, ...
5
votes
3answers
757 views

How do we reconcile the morality of Deuteronomy 5:9 with 24:16 regarding punishment of children for their father's crime?

The following two passages from Deuteronomy seem to lend themselves to opposing conclusions about the morality of punishing someone for a crime committed by their father: 8“‘You shall not make for ...
13
votes
6answers
24k views

What does 'Salt of the Earth' mean?

"You are the salt of the earth. But what good is salt if it has lost its flavor? Can you make it salty again? It will be thrown out and trampled underfoot as worthless." - Matthew 5:13 (NLT) ...
6
votes
4answers
331 views

Does Romans 3:31 refer to the Law or the law?

In Romans 3:21, most English translations distinguish the two uses of νόμος (law) by capitalizing the second: Νυνὶ δὲ χωρὶς νόμου δικαιοσύνη θεοῦ πεφανέρωται μαρτυρουμένη ὑπὸ τοῦ νόμου καὶ τῶν ...
6
votes
2answers
228 views

Does Isaiah 40 indicate (along with science) that the universe is expanding?

Does this passage in Isaiah indicate that the heavens (e.g. universe) is expanding, in agreement with scientific observations? Am I interpreting this correctly? It would be pretty amazing if this is ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

2 Kings 9 - Whose message did the assistant prophet deliver?

2 Kings 9 An assistant prophet (young prophet / prophet's servant / son of the prophet) is sent by Elisha to anoint Jehu and say "Thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee king over Israel" (verse 3). ...
9
votes
4answers
531 views

What is meant by “rightly dividing the word of truth”?

In 2 Tim 2:15 we read: KJV Study to shew thyself approved unto God, a workman that needeth not to be ashamed, rightly dividing the word of truth. SBLGNT σπούδασον σεαυτὸν δόκιμον ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Whose words were kept from falling to the ground?

I have two different translations of 1 Samuel 3:19. The 2011 NIV renders the sentence: The LORD was with Samuel as he grew up, and he let none of Samuel’s words fall to the ground. However, I ...
11
votes
4answers
2k views

Is Paul suggesting that Philemon release Onesimus from slavery?

The key passage in Philemon 1:15-16 (ESV): For this perhaps is why [Onesimus] was parted from you for a while, that you might have him back forever, no longer as a bondservant but more than a ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

In Jude 7, What is “Strange Flesh”?

Question: Is there any textual basis (in the Septuagint, or extant secular literature), to find that "strange flesh" refers to homosexuality? Is "σαρκὸς ἑτέρας" idiomatic in Greek, (generally ...
4
votes
2answers
106 views

How is the Shema interpreted by those who think Israel had henotheistic beliefs?

Deut. 6:4 says, שְׁמַ֖ע יִשְׂרָאֵ֑ל יְהוָ֥ה אֱלֹהֵ֖ינוּ יְהוָ֥ה ׀ אֶחָֽד ׃(Westminster Leningrad Codex) "Hear O Israel, the Lord our God the Lord (is) one:" I know there are a few people ...
6
votes
1answer
86 views

What is the “secret of the kingdom”?

In Mark 4, before explaining to his disciples the parable of the sower, Jesus tells them: “The secret of the kingdom of God has been given to you. But to those on the outside everything is said ...
4
votes
2answers
356 views

Galatians 3:22 - Did the law imprison us under sin or imprison the things which were already under sin?

I have a question on the translation of Galatians 3:22. Most English translations give something like the NIV gives: But Scripture has locked up everything under the control of sin, so that what ...
7
votes
4answers
185 views

What is the significance of omitting the definite article before the name Jesus in Mark 1:9?

Robert M. Price points out in The Christ Myth and Its Problems that Mark 1:9 omits the definite article [ὁ, tō, etc] before the name of Jesus, in contrast to the almost universal practice elsewhere in ...
7
votes
1answer
137 views

Judges 3:9 and the meaning of זעק

In Judges 3:9 we read: “When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's ...
0
votes
1answer
23 views

Are Deuteronomy 32 and 33 a continuous thought and pertaining to the identical referent?

Are Deuteronomy 32 and 33 a continuous thought and pertaining to the identical referent? The tone and content of chapter 32 is so hateful and abhorrent toward "Jeshurun" but chapter 33 is so positive ...
5
votes
1answer
44 views

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest?

Did Alcimus give away the crown of the High Priest (Exo 28:36)? Or another golden crown? "Came to king Demetrius in the year one hundred and fifty, presenting unto him a crown of gold, and a ...
1
vote
0answers
20 views

In Psalm 3:3, what does David mean by saying to YHVH, “You are my glory”?

In Psalm 3:3, what does David mean by saying to YHVH, "You are my glory" and how might it relate to the taunt in the previous verse? Psa 3:3 But you, O LORD, are a shield about me, my glory, and ...
1
vote
0answers
25 views

What does the phrase “salvation, and glory, and power, belong to the Lord our God” mean in Revelation 19:1?

What does the phrase "salvation, and glory, and power, belong to the Lord our God" mean in Revelation 19:1? Most translations seem to render the text as "belong to our God": ...
7
votes
1answer
67 views

Why do some translations say “translated Dorcas” in Acts 9:36?

Acts 9:36 introduces us to Tabitha who Luke kindly translates for us so we'll understand that this means "Gazelle." However, quite a few English translations transliterate the Greek so we fail to ...
10
votes
5answers
2k views

Who are the “kings of the earth”?

In the book of Revelation, it sometimes seems like the term "kings of the earth” is used to refer to the chosen ones, but in other verses it looks like they are the damned ones. The chosen ones: ...
5
votes
4answers
2k views

Why does Jacob say “because I saw God face to face”? (Gen 32:30)

After Jacob wrestles with the angel, he names the place Peniel, "because I have seen God face to face." (Gen 32:30). Why does he say that he has seen God face to face? He has only seen an angel, ...
25
votes
2answers
616 views

What are good contextual clues that a passage is meant to be read as hyperbole?

Today in conversation with an atheist we ran into trouble over this passage in Matthew: Mathew 18:9 (ESV) And if your eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better for you ...
6
votes
6answers
236 views

How could Moses have written the first five books of the Bible?

Deuteronomy 34:5 says Moses died, but the book then continues for several more verses. NASB, Deuteronomy 34:5 - So Moses the servant of the Lord died there in the land of Moab, according to the ...

15 30 50 per page