5
votes
2answers
141 views

What is a “Pre-Christian” understanding of the Abomination of Desolation?

In Matt. 24:15 and Mark 13:14 it says, "When ye therefore shall see the abomination of desolation, spoken of by Daniel the prophet, stand in the holy place, (in the Mark account, it says "where ...
7
votes
2answers
88 views

Could saying that Melchizedek was “without beginning of days or end of life” possibly be a textual error?

Few mysteries of the Bible have attracted more interest than the mystery of the identity of Melchizedek. He is mentioned in Genesis 14:14-20; Psalm 110:4; Hebrews 5:6, 10, 6:20, 7:1-17; but Hebrews ...
17
votes
3answers
10k views

How are concubines different than wives?

In the Hebrew Bible, a marriage ceremony is never actually described. Priests and their attendants (Kohanim and Levites) are responsible for work in the sanctuary, such as sacrifices and offerings, ...
8
votes
5answers
245 views

What is meant in 1 Peter 3:21 when it says “baptism now saves you”

In 1 Pet 3:21 it says (NASB, emphasis added): Corresponding to that, baptism now saves you—not the removal of dirt from the flesh, but an appeal to God for a good conscience—through the ...
2
votes
2answers
107 views

What does the Greek word κύριος mean in 1 Cor. 12:3?

What does the Greek word κύριος mean in 1 Cor. 12:3? Is the phrase «κύριος Ἰησοῦς» to be understood as "Jesus is Yahveh" (where κύριος is a substitute for the Tetragrammaton), or "Jesus is the lord" ...
1
vote
1answer
60 views

Revelation 6:17 KJV For the great day of his wrath is come; and who shall be able to stand?

Can any one illustrate to me the manuscript evidence supporting "the great day of their wrath" as opposed to "His wrath”?
3
votes
0answers
64 views

Why do translations use “wild ox”?

Several translations frequently speak of the "wild ox." Where I come from, Ox is not the natural ("wild") state of such creatures. Oxen are normally relatively docile, castrated animals, which doesn't ...
4
votes
1answer
75 views

1 Cor. 2:1 - μαρτύριον v. μυστήριον

Textus Receptus (Estienne, 1550): Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς ἀδελφοί ἦλθον οὐ καθ᾽ ὑπεροχὴν λόγου ἢ σοφίας καταγγέλλων ὑμῖν τὸ μαρτύριον τοῦ θεοῦ Nestle-Aland 28th ed.: Κἀγὼ ἐλθὼν πρὸς ὑμᾶς, ...
6
votes
1answer
63 views

Whose home was unroofed by the paralytic's friends?

In Mark 2:1, we have A few days later, when Jesus again entered Capernaum, the people heard that he had come home. (NIV) Was he in his own home? If so, how does this change the ...
8
votes
3answers
5k views

Who is the intended audience of Matthew 5-7?

Matthew 5 begins: 1Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him. 2And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: ESV and Matthew 7 ends: ...
6
votes
2answers
121 views

Circumcision “reversal” in 1 Corinthians

1 Cor 7:18a: περιτετμημένος τις ἐκλήθη, μὴ ἐπισπάσθω· Was anyone at the time of his call already circumcised? Let him not seek to remove the marks of circumcision. (ESV) It's not hard to find ...
6
votes
1answer
114 views

What does Song 1:1 tell us about Solomon's relationship to the book?

Song 1:1: שִׁ֥יר הַשִּׁירִ֖ים אֲשֶׁ֥ר לִשְׁלֹמֹֽה׃ (BHS) The Song of Songs, which is Solomon’s.(ESV) I have seen it postulated* that the final word here (a lamed preposition prefixed to the name ...
17
votes
5answers
2k views

How can we ensure a given “chiasm” was intentional by the author, and is not merely fanciful eisegesis?

What is 'chiasm'? Chiasm is a literary technique by which the contents of a portion of text are structured in such a way that they could be laid out in a ">" shape... A) This is an example of a ...
3
votes
1answer
61 views

Can the term “eisegesis” apply to the interpretation of Old Testament passages as prophecies specifically of Jesus?

Since the last Old Testament book was written hundreds of years before the first New Testament book, it actually makes little sense to claim that any of the OT writers had specifically Jesus in mind ...
8
votes
3answers
1k views

Did Mark intend to end his gospel at 16:8?

Mark's gospel may or may not end at 16:8. The earliest manuscripts do not contain 16:9-20. As they entered the tomb, they saw a young man dressed in a white robe sitting on the right side, and ...
8
votes
2answers
291 views

What is the usage in Psalm 23 of “through” the valley of the shadow of death?

I heard a preacher talk about Psalm 23:4: Even though I walk through the darkest valley, I will fear no evil, for you are with me; your rod and your staff, they comfort me. ...
0
votes
3answers
302 views

Did the baby “leap” in Elizabeth's womb when Mary greeted Elizabeth because of “the fruit of the Spirit.”

In Luke chapter 1 (niv) we read about the foretold birth of Jesus,and the foretold birth of Elizabeth's son John. When Mary went to visit her relative Elizabeth, and greeted her, it is written that ...
6
votes
3answers
491 views

Psalm 34:20 applied to Jesus' crucifixion

When we read about the crucifixion in John 19:31-37, it is written that Jesus' legs were not broken to speed up his death. The author claims this fulfilled Psalms 34:20, which reads: he protects ...
10
votes
1answer
558 views

Can “pharmakous” mean something other than “sorceror”?

The Hebrew word כַשֵּׁף is typically translated "sorcery" in Hebrew-to-English translations. Paro had court sorcerors replicate some of God's miracles and Nebuchanezer asks his sorcerors to interpret ...
-2
votes
1answer
36 views

Numbers 21:8 - real fiery serpent or manufactured?

Numbers 21:8 And the LORD said unto Moses: 'Make thee a fiery serpent, and set it upon a pole; and it shall come to pass, that every one that is bitten, when he seeth it, shall live.' ח ...
10
votes
6answers
5k views

Who is being “taken” in Matthew 24:40-41?

Matthew 24:40-41 (ESV) Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and one left. Two women will be grinding oat at the mill; one will be taken and one left. One of the interpretations ...
10
votes
1answer
168 views

What signs does Q show of stages of composition?

Regarding the Jesus Seminar, N.T. Wright writes in Jesus and the Victory of God: Great reliance has been placed on the work of John Kloppenborg, who has painstakingly analysed the Q material into ...
9
votes
2answers
719 views

What is an “anachronism” in Biblical Hermeneutics?

I have run across several definitions as it relates to "anachronism" in Biblical Hermeneutics and I am confused: An anachronism in word studies takes place when we read a definition of a word ...
6
votes
1answer
260 views

Influence of Rudolf Bultmann's work on the Synoptic Gospels

What approach did Rudolf Bultmann take when interpreting the Synoptic Gospels? What impact has his approach had on current scholarly views on the Synoptics?
1
vote
0answers
54 views

Why is the Greek word Θεὸς in John 1:1c treated as a proper noun in English Translation? [duplicate]

Why is the Greek word Θεὸς in John 1:1c treated as a proper noun in English Translation? John 1:1 New International Version In the beginning was the Word, and the Word was with God, and the Word ...
8
votes
6answers
3k views

What did the blind man from Bethsaida see?

Mark 8:22-26 (ESV): And they came to Bethsaida. And some people brought to him a blind man and begged him to touch him. And he took the blind man by the hand and led him out of the village, and ...
6
votes
4answers
859 views

What does Paul mean by “unworthy manner” in 1 Corinthians 11:27-32?

In 1 Corinthians 11:27-32 (NKJV) : 27 Therefore whoever eats this bread or drinks this cup of the Lord in an unworthy manner will be guilty of the body and blood of the Lord. 28 But let a man ...
14
votes
6answers
3k views

Why is the genealogy in Luke attributed to Mary?

When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli, the son of... - Luke 3:23 (NASB) There seems to be a widely ...
1
vote
0answers
39 views

Why did Joab side with Adonijah and not Solomon?

Joab was a loyal captain of King David. However he conspired with Adonijah. (1 Kings 2:28). Was there bitterness in his heart toward David because of the recent killing of Absalom? Or did Joab think ...
8
votes
8answers
30k views

Why does God say he only revealed his name, Yahweh, to Moses?

Responding the the meta call for contradiction In Exodus 6:2 we find the following quote: And God spoke to Moses and said to him I am Yahweh. And I showed to Abraham, to Isaac, and to ...
7
votes
1answer
709 views

Not singing the songs of Zion/Yahweh's song in Psalm 137

The first colophon (or first two colophons, perhaps) of Psalm 137 reads, 1 By the waters of Babylon, there we sat down and wept, when we remembered Zion. 2 On the willows there we hung up ...
9
votes
2answers
1k views

Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar?

According to the following three verses, Abiathar was the son of Ahimelech: 1 Samuel 22:20. 1 Samuel 23:6. 1 Samuel 30:7. But a couple other passages down the road claim that in fact Ahimelech ...
3
votes
1answer
116 views

Job 1:5 - Does Job offer sacrifices to atone for the sins of others, i.e. his sons?

In Job 1:5, it is written, And it was so, when the days of their feasting were gone about, that Job sent and sanctified them, and rose up early in the morning, and offered burnt offerings ...
6
votes
3answers
465 views

How is the New World Translation's usage of “Jehovah” controversial?

The New World Translation transliterates the Tetragrammaton as “Jehovah”. Why does this translation choose to transliterate the Tetragrammaton this way? How was the choice made to use the ...
2
votes
4answers
290 views

How can the translation of δοξης as “glory” in Romans 3:23 be justified?

According to Liddell and Scott’s Intermediate Greek Lexicon (also called Middle Liddell) the word δόξα or δοξης can mean: expectation, an opinion, judgment, the opinion which others have of one, ...
5
votes
3answers
671 views

How would Jacob have offered a tithe?

In Genesis 28:22 Jacob makes a vow including a promise to give God a tenth (tithe) of whatever God gives to Jacob. Earlier we see Abraham give his tenth to the high priest of Salem, Melchizedek. And ...
2
votes
2answers
166 views

Isaiah 7:15: to whom does this verse refer?

According to Matthew 1:23, Isaiah 7:14 is a reference to the Lord Jesus Christ. However, Isaiah 7:15 (NET) reads: He will eat sour milk and honey, which will help him know how to reject evil and ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Did King Ahaz find a virgin mother?

In Isaiah 7, King Ahaz, the Judean king, is surrounded by the armies of Aram and Israel and things look bleak. At Isaiah 7:13-17, the prophet tells Ahaz that God will give him a sign that the seige ...
8
votes
3answers
3k views

How would Elisha plowing with 12 oxen have been understood at the time of writing?

In 1 Kings 19 we see Elijah finds Elisha plowing with 12 yoke of oxen. What would this have said about Elisha to the people of the time? Note: I'm not looking for a modern allegorical answer about ...
3
votes
3answers
84 views

Why do brothers take care of women in the Old Testament?

In the Old Testament, there are several instances where when it comes to taking care of a young woman, usually with regard to who she will marry, it is the brothers of the girl that make an effort to ...
6
votes
2answers
107 views

What is the meaning of “Rest” in Heb. 4:3-5?

εἰσερχόμεθα γὰρ εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσιν οἱ πιστεύσαντες καθὼς εἴρηκεν Ὡς ὤμοσα ἐν τῇ ὀργῇ μου Εἰ εἰσελεύσονται εἰς τὴν κατάπαυσίν μου καίτοι τῶν ἔργων ἀπὸ καταβολῆς κόσμου γενηθέντων(Heb. 4:3 TR) ...
4
votes
0answers
50 views

Judges 3:9 and the meaning of זעק

In Judges 3:9 we read: “When the children of Israel cried out to the LORD, the LORD raised up a deliverer for the children of Israel, who delivered them: Othniel the son of Kenaz, Caleb's younger ...
9
votes
4answers
202 views

How convincing were the proofs of the resurrection in Acts 1:3?

In studying Acts this week in Turkish, I noticed that there is considerable difference in between translations of Acts 1:3. A quick look through English translations shows a similar range of ...
7
votes
6answers
605 views

What historical reasons resulted in Revelation being included in most Christian canons?

As a source, the book of Revelation is something of an outlier for a book of the Bible that got accepted into the canonical New Testament of most branches of Christianity: it is the only explicitly ...
7
votes
2answers
548 views

How reliable are the Dead Sea Scrolls as a base to compare against the Masoretic text and the LXX?

I often find people comparing other manuscripts (e.g., Masoretic text, LXX) against the Dead Sea Scrolls in order to determine their accuracy. For example, this thread asked how reliable the LXX was ...
7
votes
1answer
350 views

Why does Strong's have two different entries for the word “Adam”?

As far as I can tell, these are the exact same word, down to the cantillation marks. And H121 even says, "the same as H120". From Strong's: H120 - 'adam אָדָם, from אָדַם (H119): man, ...
3
votes
0answers
55 views

Authorship of the LXX of Psa. 24:1

Some time ago, while writing a research paper, I was reading the LXX of Psa. 24:1. The Hebrew text states, לְדָוִד מִזְמוֹר ליהוה הָאָרֶץ וּמְלוֹאָהּ תֵּבֵל וְיֹשְׁבֵי בָהּ This is translated ...
4
votes
0answers
84 views

Ruth's Vow to Naomi: Ancient Marriage Vow?

Ruth's vow to Naomi in Ruth 1:16-17 is used in many wedding ceremonies today. Why that is is evident in the text. 16 But Ruth said, "Do not press me to leave you or to turn back from following ...
33
votes
5answers
2k views

Does 1st Kings say that pi = 3?

The construction of Solomon's temple includes a piece of furnishing described in 1 Kings 7:23 (ESV): Then he made the sea of cast metal. It was round, ten cubits from brim to brim, and five cubits ...
4
votes
3answers
184 views

What did Hosea mean when he said, “ the children of Israel will be without an image? ”

I was reading an answer to a question which was recently asked and there is a reference to the book of Hosea (KJV) and the text reads, Hosea 3:4 King James Version 4 For the children of Israel ...

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