5
votes
1answer
762 views

What are the proverbs about giving collateral for someone else teaching about loans?

The book of Proverbs gives serious warning about taking on a loan: Just as the rich rule the poor, so the borrower is servant to the lender. —Proverbs 22:7 (NLT) But it seems to focus much more ...
4
votes
1answer
111 views

Is Acts 1:14 describing something like 24/7 prayer?

Acts 1:14 (NIV) 14 They all joined together constantly in prayer, along with the women and Mary the mother of Jesus, and with his brothers. My NLT Bible has "continually" in place of ...
11
votes
1answer
179 views

Has Pesharim left any mark on modern hermeneutics?

I understand that the Qumran monastic community—those primarily responsible for having collected and preserved the Dead Sea Scrolls and other works—endorsed the Pesharim approach to scriptural ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

Why is there numerical ambiguity in Matthew 18:21-22?

Matthew 18:21-22 (NIV) 21 Then Peter came to Jesus and asked, “Lord, how many times shall I forgive my brother or sister who sins against me? Up to seven times?” 22 Jesus answered, ...
12
votes
1answer
725 views

When is allegorization of scripture productive?

If I were to run into the story of the three little pigs accidentally used as a bookmark in my Bible I might draw these conclusions: Clearly the wolf is the Devil trying to devour sinners who are ...
5
votes
4answers
165 views

Silence of the idols and silence of the people before Yahweh in Habakkuk 2:18-20

Habakkuk 2:20 has a powerful sound: But Yahweh is in his holy Temple. Let all the earth be silent before him. I feel there are depths here that I am not plumbing. What is the connection here ...
5
votes
4answers
521 views

According to Romans 5, is death caused by individual sin, or Adam's sin?

In Romans 5, Paul says: Romans 5:12 (ESV) 12  Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death through sin, and so death spread to all men because all sinned— ...
5
votes
1answer
179 views

What is the “clear sign” in Philippians 1:28?

Philippians 1:27-28 (ESV) 27 Only let your manner of life be worthy of the gospel of Christ, so that whether I come and see you or am absent, I may hear of you that you are standing firm in ...
5
votes
1answer
470 views

Did Abner take Saul's concubine?

In 2 Samuel 3:7-11, Ish-bosheth accuses Abner of taking one of Saul's concubines: Rizpah, daughter of Aiah. It seems that were this accusation true, it would be an affront to Ish-bosheth's throne. In ...
2
votes
1answer
226 views

Should קהלת actually translate to “Preacher”

Ecclesiastes starts with - words of קהלת son of David. In Hebrew it does not say - the words of the קהלת. Nor - words of the קהלת. But simply - words of קהלת. How do we know that קהלת translates to "...
3
votes
1answer
260 views

What does it mean that "David eluded him twice?

Shortly after Saul takes David into his service, we read: The next day an evil spirit of God gripped Saul and he began to rave in the house, while David was playing [the lyre], as he did daily. ...
3
votes
0answers
25 views

What does hate mean in Luke 14:26? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Jesus' command to hate your father and mother in Luke 14:26 Luke 14:26 If anyone comes to me and does not hate his father and mother, his wife and children, his ...
6
votes
2answers
342 views

John 12:25 on life hating

Every year we read John 12 during Lent and every year our priest gives us the same schpeel about hate, in this context, meaning "to love less". Why, then, does hate, in this context, mean "to love ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Are we to consider texts such as Song of Songs 2:3 to be euphemistically sexual?

Any student of Hebrew will attest to the oft use of euphemistic phrases in the language (ie. "the way of women is upon me" and "cover his feet). Given the oft debated nature of the Song of Songs in ...
7
votes
1answer
194 views

Does Job's “covenant with [his] eyes” refer to marriage?

Job's final appeal to God includes this assertion of innocence: I have covenanted with my eyes Not to gaze on a maiden.—Job 31:1 (NJPS) The ESV reads this as a rhetorical question: I ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

What's the relationship between 1 Peter 4:1 and Ephesians 6:11

Peter talks about arming oneself with a thought/attitude: Since therefore Christ suffered in the flesh, arm yourselves with the same way of thinking, for whoever has suffered in the flesh has ...
3
votes
1answer
190 views

Have the “many” in Psalm 4 received blessings or were they already blessed?

Psalm 4 is a David psalm about prayer. It includes this stanza that seems to contrast the psalmist with other people: There are many who say, “Who will show us some good? Lift up the light of ...
3
votes
1answer
127 views

Who is “I” in Psalm 4

Several verses in Psalm 4 are in the first person, for example in verse 1: Answer me when I call, O God of my righteousness! You have given me relief when I was in distress. Be gracious to me and ...
1
vote
2answers
987 views

Are all major hermeneutical methods compatible?

I am trying to learn more about Biblical Hermeneutics, including the different philosophies Christians have about how Scripture should be interpreted. So far I have heard a wide variety of different ...
5
votes
1answer
383 views

Is 2 Timothy 3:16-7 intended to be inclusive or exclusive?

This text is generally held to be a touchstone of canonicity: All Scripture is breathed out by God and profitable for teaching, for reproof, for correction, and for training in righteousness, that ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

What does Paul mean by 'Completeness' in 1 Corinthians 13:8-10?

1 Corinthians 13:8-10 Love never fails. But where there are prophecies, they will cease; where there are tongues, they will be stilled; where there is knowledge, it will pass away. For we know in ...
6
votes
1answer
246 views

Did Moses need a human guide in the wilderness?

In the wilderness, the Israelites were guided by a cloud, spelt out with great emphasis in Numbers 9: 17And whenever the cloud lifted from over the tent, after that the people of Israel set out, ...
2
votes
1answer
359 views

Could ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38 be 'the past' rather than 'ruler' or similar

All translations seem to render ἀρχαὶ in Romans 8:38-39 as 'ruler' or something similar, for example: ESV: 38For I am sure that neither death nor life, nor angels nor rulers, nor things present ...
3
votes
1answer
717 views

Catholic explanation of the “spiritual sense” of Scripture?

In Catechism of the Catholic Church we read the following, pertaining to Biblical Hermeneutics: 115 According to an ancient tradition, one can distinguish between two senses of Scripture: the ...
2
votes
1answer
167 views

Are there intra-textual supports for a politicized reading of Revelation?

I've just read Nelson Kraybill's "Apocalypse and Allegiance" and have become fascinated by the idea of Revelation as a political manifesto concealed as apocalyptic literature in the style of Daniel. ...
5
votes
5answers
1k views

The beloved disciple vs Peter

I was reading a book by Andreas Köstenberger and he points out that in the Fourth Gospel, the beloved disciple is depicted at least several times as having greater access to knowledge as compared ...
4
votes
1answer
167 views

Acts 1:19: “that field is called in their proper tongue” - spoken by Peter or by Luke?

Acts 1:15 And in those days Peter stood up in the midst of the disciples, and said, (the number of names together were about an hundred and twenty,) Acts 1:16 Men [and] brethren, this ...
4
votes
1answer
540 views

Isn't disowning someone a form of being faithless?

11 Here is a trustworthy saying: If we died with him, we will also live with him; 12 if we endure, we will also reign with him. If we disown him, he will also disown us; 13 if we are ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

How many “layers” are there to the Scriptures?

In my quest to understand hermeneutics, I am at the stage of reviewing the different "layers of meaning" to the Scriptures. So far I have identified two layers; a "literal" meaning and a "divine" ...
9
votes
3answers
906 views

Is hermeneutics primarily descriptive or prescriptive?

I sometimes hear (particularly on this site) of hermeneutical "methods", such as the grammatico-historal approach, or literal-historical approach, or sensus plenior. These all seem to be tools or ...
7
votes
3answers
166 views

Are there scriptural standards by which a hermeneutic method can be measured?

Jesus appears to be specifically criticizing the interpretive method used by the Sudducees, saying, they do not know the scriptures. Mt 22:29 Jesus answered and said unto them, Ye do err, not ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Many difficulties with Samuel 14

In Samuel book 1 chapter 14 a confusing scenario arises. First Jonathan (and his armor bearer) go out to the camp of the Philistines. Then King Saul curses anyone who will eat bread that day until ...
4
votes
1answer
199 views

How did Elijah ascend to heaven?

In 2 Kings 2:11, it says that "...Elijah went up by a whirlwind into heaven". Question: What does up mean in this verse? Context: We know that if we stand on the surface of the earth and could ...
3
votes
3answers
317 views

The number two in the book of Zechariah

Reading Zechariah, I have been struck by the frequency of the occurrences, explicit and implicit, of the number two. The most prominent are: Two angels in chapters 1 and 2 Two dimensions: "To ...
7
votes
7answers
1k views

According to Scripture, how should we interpret Scripture?

There have been many principles proposed for how to properly interpret Scripture. Some of those principles actually come from Scripture. Here are some examples of principles which seem to come from ...
2
votes
3answers
360 views

Apparent inconsistencies in the vision of the four chariots

In Zechariah's vision of four chariots in chapter 6 of his book, an angel tells him that the chariots are going to go to the "four winds of heaven," (verse 5)—in every direction. However, in verse 6, ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is the man going to measure Jerusalem in Zechariah 2:2?

In the second chapter of his book, Zechariah records a vision in which he saw a man with a measuring line going to measure Jerusalem. I'm not sure what this is supposed to signify. Two verses later, ...
1
vote
1answer
127 views

Did God shut up Satan before he had the chance to accuse Yeshua?

Growing up with the the New Living Translation, I had alway thought that Zechariah 3:1 said that Satan was accusing Yeshua: Then the angel showed me Jeshua the high priest standing before the ...
4
votes
2answers
107 views

Who repents in Zechariah 1:6?

The first oracle the prophet Zechariah receives is this: 2"The Lord was very angry with your fathers. 3Therefore say to them, Thus declares Yahweh of hosts: Return to me, says Yahweh of hosts, and ...
5
votes
7answers
3k views

What does Matthew 18:8-9 say about eternity?

Matthew 18:8-9 (NIV): 8If your hand or your foot causes you to stumble, cut it off and throw it away. It is better for you to enter life maimed or crippled than to have two hands or two feet and ...
1
vote
2answers
81 views

Do we have such expressions as “the holiest” in the New Testament Greek? [closed]

Do we have such expressions as "the holiest" in the New Testament Greek? Is there a superlative of "holy" in Old Greek at all?
1
vote
2answers
1k views

Why is Beer-Sheva' called Beer-Sheva'?

There is a place in Israel called Be-er-Sheva', which is given two different stories to justify the name. The word Be-er means well, as in a well of water, and the word Sheva means "seven" or more ...
1
vote
2answers
350 views

Three Valleys in Joel 3

Three valleys are mentioned in Joel 3: The Valley of Jehoshaphat (2, 12) The Valley of Decision (twice in 14) The Valley of Shittim (18) I'm wondering: Are any of these known, historical places? ...
6
votes
2answers
523 views

Is oral history like the telephone game?

Bart Ehrman argues that the gospel texts are not historically reliable beginning with this analogy: It is [oral circulation] that causes special problems for historians who want to know what ...
4
votes
1answer
916 views

Translation of κοπιῶντες in Matthew 11:28

The word κοπιῶντες in Matt. 11:28 is translated differently in the NASB and the ESV: NASB: “Come to Me, all who are weary and heavy-laden, and I will give you rest. ESV: Come to me, all who ...
13
votes
1answer
407 views

Quotations in 1 Corinthians 6:13

I've noticed that in the 2011 NIV more of 1 Corinthians 6:13 is considered part of a quotation than in the 1984 version. Obviously Greek did not use quotation marks—so what hints are there for ...
5
votes
2answers
302 views

Murder on the way to Shechem in Hosea 6:9

Hosea 6:9 (NLT) reads: Priests form bands of robbers, waiting in ambush for their victims. They murder travelers along the road to Shechem and practice every kind of sin. Hosea seems intent on ...
4
votes
1answer
127 views

The meaning of “I” in Zechariah 7:3

Zechariah 7:2-3 (with my emphasis) The people of Bethel had sent Sharezer and Regem-Melech, together with their men, to entreat the LORD by asking the priests of the house of the LORD Almighty ...
6
votes
1answer
2k views

Is Ezekiel a reluctant prophet?

Many of God's servants in the Old Testament are reluctant—Moses, Gideon, Saul (eventually defunct), Jonah and Jeremiah spring to mind. Moses protests five times in the course of Exodus 2-3: 11But ...
2
votes
1answer
461 views

What does it mean to lay down beside an altar (Amos 2:8)?

Amos 2:8 (ESV) reads, They lay themselves down beside every altar on garments taken in pledge, and in the house of their God they drink the wine of those who have been fined. The condemnation of ...

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