11
votes
3answers
11k views

Comparison of English word “fool” in original Hebrew and Greek

Question is based on this comment on Christiantity SE. In the OT, the word fool is apparently used to describe atheists: The fool says in his heart, “There is no God.” Psalm 14:1 and Psalm 53:...
3
votes
1answer
174 views

How is Deuteronomy 22:6-7 relevant to the context surrounding it?

Deuteronomy records a lengthy exhortation by Moses to the second-generation post-exodus Israelites, in which he repeatedly urges them to love and obey God, love others, and not fall into idolatry. ...
2
votes
2answers
132 views

Is their a name for a hermeneutic that includes experiential esthetics as a criteria of truthful exegesis?

This question is about the experience of a text. It is therefore a little lengthy because I have to provide some sample experience that I mean. Background: As a young man I was introduced to a cult'...
12
votes
3answers
295 views

When the Bible says “the world”, does that only include Eurasia and Africa?

I've heard this argument a few different times for different verses. (Unfortunately, I can't remember exactly which verses as that would strengthen this question quite a bit.) However, the argument ...
5
votes
4answers
416 views

Is synoptic parallelism a valid hermeneutic?

I'll give an example: Matt. 4:17 (KJV) From that time Jesus began to preach, and to say, Repent: for the kingdom of heaven is at hand. Mark 1:15 (KJV) And saying, The time is fulfilled, and ...
4
votes
0answers
89 views

Were there 600,000 Israelites, or 600 “soldiers”? [duplicate]

This question is a follow-up from this answer where a user on Christianity.SE claimed that the Hebrew words for "thousand" and "soldier" were mixed up in the transcription and translation of the Bible,...
4
votes
1answer
170 views

Which hermeneutics follow the tradition of Friedrich Schleiermacher?

Friedrich Schleiermacher is often referred to as "the father of modern hermeneutics." He was a Protestant, and is highly respected by many Protestant interpreters for his contributions to the field. ...
6
votes
2answers
281 views

What does “made him to be sin” mean?

For our sake he made him to be sin who knew no sin, so that in him we might become the righteousness of God.—2nd Corinthians 5:21 (ESV) Does it mean that he was made to be sin incarnate, just ...
4
votes
4answers
1k views

What does “freedom of the glory of the children of God” mean (Romans 8:21)?

In Romans 8:21 we read in the ESV: that the creation itself will be set free from its bondage to corruption and obtain the freedom of the glory of the children of God. I could make sense of "......
7
votes
2answers
526 views

In the Peshitta NT, what was the original meaning of the word often translated “first day of the week”?

Is there an Aramaic word for "week" different from "Sabbath?" Is the word for Sabbath used in the Peshitta New Testament in the following passages: But on the eve of the Sabbath, when the first ...
10
votes
2answers
171 views

Sense of περἰ in Romans 8:3

Romans 8:3 says the following καἰ περἰ ἁμαρτἰας (and for sin) Many translations suggest as an offering for sin as an alternate translation. I can see how περί can mean in place of, but is as an ...
10
votes
1answer
270 views

Will glory be revealed “in us” or “to us” in Romans 8:18?

Here's Romans 8:18 in ESV: For I consider that the sufferings of this present time are not worth comparing with the glory that is to be revealed to us. and here is Romans 8:18 in NKJV: For I ...
6
votes
1answer
126 views

Can we determine the language(s) the author of Hebrews read from the list of Judges?

In Hebrews 11, at the end of the Hall of Faith, we get a short list: And what more shall I say? For time would fail me to tell of Gideon, Barak, Samson, Jephthah, of David and Samuel and the ...
10
votes
1answer
122 views

How is literary dependence or relationship established?

I see many claims that texts are related to or dependent upon each other in many publications. For example: Although Paul did not write Hebrews, the text possesses a crucially important ...
5
votes
1answer
97 views

What is the literary purpose of not naming the king in 2 Kings 5-7?

Throughout the rest of Kings it seems perfectly normal for the narrator to give the name of any particular king (e.g. Ahab), even when that particular king is wicked (e.g. Ahab). But in 2 Kings 5-7, ...
1
vote
1answer
821 views

What do pomegranates of blue, purple and scarlet material look like?

This is the 1st time I'm asking this website a question.. But what do the pomegranates in blue, purple and scarlet material look like? Are they actual pomegranates (which as far as I know, are red... ...
10
votes
2answers
738 views

How big were the nomadic clans of the patriarchs?

According to the book Genesis, 70 people came down with Jacob to dwell in Egypt after contact was made with Joseph: And the sons of Joseph who were born to him in Egypt were two souls; all the ...
6
votes
2answers
111 views

How did Yaakov hear about Dinah?

Genesis 34 tells about Shechem's rape of Dinah and the events that follow. 34:5 says that Yaakov heard ( שָׁמַע) about this (and didn't act immediately). He didn't hear it from Dinah because she ...
2
votes
1answer
319 views

What does it mean when it is said that faith is given by the Holy Spirit? (1 Cor. 12:9)

1 Corinthians 12:9 (KJV) To another faith by the same Spirit; to another the gifts of healing by the same Spirit;
6
votes
1answer
1k views

How sure can we be that Archippus was a church leader?

Paul twice mentions Archippus. In Philemon he is a fellow soldier, and, in Colossians, he has some sort of ministry to fulfill. Colossians 4:17 "Say to Archippus, "Take heed to the ministry which ...
0
votes
1answer
857 views

Were the Corinthians sacrificing to idols?

When Paul writes in chapter 8 of 1 Corinthians: "So then, about eating food sacrificed to idols..." - what practice is he referring to? On the one hand, it seems pretty obvious (despite the title of ...
7
votes
1answer
5k views

“There is a son born to Naomi”? But it's a grandson — what's up with that?

In chapter 4 of Rut, after Boaz performs levirate marriage with Rut and she bears a son, it says: וַתִּקְרֶאנָה לוֹ הַשְּׁכֵנוֹת שֵׁם לֵאמֹר, יֻלַּד-בֵּן לְנָעֳמִי; וַתִּקְרֶאנָה שְׁמוֹ עוֹבֵד, ...
3
votes
1answer
330 views

Is the territory of the Negeb considered part of the wilderness?

Genesis 13:1 and 20:1 both record Abraham traveling to a region called the Negeb (or Negev depending on the English translation). 13:1 - So Abram went up from Egypt, he and his wife and all that ...
3
votes
1answer
172 views

Should Matthew 27:6-7 Be Taken as a Demonstration of Hypocrisy?

Would the people who heard Matthew's account of what was done with the 30 silver pieces have understood that to be a hypocritical act by the chief priests? 6 And the chief priests took the pieces ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Is there something significant about Avram's tactics in rescuing Lot?

Genesis 14 describes the war of four kings against five kings and the capture of Lot, and then describes how Avram mounted a rescue mission: וַיִּשְׁמַע אַבְרָם, כִּי נִשְׁבָּה אָחִיו; וַיָּרֶק ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the “New Hermeneutic”?

I have come across the term New Hermeneutic a number of times in Christian hermeneutics books and articles, but I can't really find a clear definition for what this is referring to. (Most of the ...
2
votes
1answer
57 views

Does Moses want the Lord to go among the people because or despite their stiff necks?

After Moses received the second set of tablets from God, we read: Moses hastened to bow low to the ground in homage, and said, “If I have gained Your favor, O Lord, pray, let the Lord go in our ...
5
votes
3answers
282 views

To what extent do deductive approaches consider authorial intent?

Bottom-up approaches start analyzing a text by first determining the original intent of the human author of a text. From there, they use inductive reasoning to construct theories of broader meanings. ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

How did contemporaries understand “a new song” in Psalm 149:1?

I know about at least one "sensus plenior" interpretation of the "new song" in Psalm 149, but I have never heard a plausible explanation on what the author intended and how it was understood by his ...
5
votes
1answer
504 views

Who is speaking in Song of Solomon 8:6-7?

Typical Christian allegorical interpretations of Song of Solomon identify God with the man in the story and the church or individual believer with the woman. This is understandable as other more ...
17
votes
2answers
5k views

Does πορνεία mean premarital sex in 1 Corinthians 5-7?

I'm interested in this question because some liberal theologians insist that the Bible does not say anything about premarital sex*. To get a reasonable scope for the question, I limit this to just the ...
7
votes
1answer
391 views

Why are there two harvesters in Revelation 14?

In Revelation 14:15-16, at seemingly the end of the age, we have this scene: Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your ...
6
votes
3answers
398 views

Is Jesus called God in 2 Thessalonians 1:12?

I was first alerted to this in the NIV footnote of that verse: We pray this so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the ...
6
votes
2answers
307 views

What options did Mary have in mind with Gabriel's greeting?

When Gabriel visited Mary, she was, as is usual when meeting an angel, troubled by it: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin ...
6
votes
1answer
257 views

How should Sirach 3:17 be translated?

Here are four alternate translations for Sirach (Ecclesiasticus / Wisdom of Joshua Ben Sira) 3:17 -- My son, perform your tasks in meekness; then you will be loved by those whom God accepts (...
4
votes
1answer
513 views

Did Josephus misinterpret Ezekiel 12:13?

According to Josephus: Ezekiel also foretold in Babylon what calamities were coming upon the people, which when he heard, he sent accounts of them unto Jerusalem. But Zedekiah did not believe ...
9
votes
3answers
488 views

What are the holy Scriptures that Timothy has known from his youth?

In 2 Timothy 3:14-15 it's written to Timothy: But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, and how from infancy ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? According to the following three verses, Abiathar was the son of Ahimelech: 1 Samuel 22:20. 1 ...
12
votes
3answers
447 views

Where does the “slippery slope” of allegorical interpretations start?

Besides the Grammatical Historical Approach to hermeneutics, various allegorical or metaphorical approaches exist. It seems to me that if you approach a text with the assumption that the whole thing ...
6
votes
3answers
470 views

What's the difference between “sensus plenior” and “inspired sensus plenior”?

What's the difference between "sensus plenior" and "inspired sensus plenior"? Are the terms interchangeable? If "the deeper meaning intended by God but not intended by the human author" (sensus ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Tribe of Benjamin Elite Corps of Slingers

In the book of Judges, we learn that the tribe of Benjamin fielded a corps of slingers. These soldiers were not mere conscripts, but rather we're informed that they were "chosen", in the sense of '...
2
votes
1answer
234 views

Is there a link between the Jewish expectation of a literal Messianic kingdom and the command to witness to the ends of the earth in Acts 1?

In Acts Chapter one we find: So when they had come together, they asked him, “Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?” He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Pi in the Bible [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does 1st Kings say that pi = 3? This is a standard question often asked about the accuracy of the Bible. And he [Hiram] made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one rim ...
4
votes
3answers
352 views

Does sensus plenior exist in the New Testament?

The conversations surrounding sensus plenior center on the New Testament authors' 'odd usage' of the Old Testament scriptures. But the underlying principle is that there is a secondary meaning which ...
4
votes
1answer
580 views

Do the “original texts” use fractional numbers?

The Bible, for example, uses fractions. In Lev. 5:16 - "He must make restitution for what he has failed to do in regard to the holy things, add a fifth of the value to that and give it all to the ...
10
votes
2answers
378 views

Was the Leningrad Codex a direct descendant of the Aleppo Codex?

Here is what I think I know about these two codices (correct me if I'm wrong): both the Aleppo and Leningrad Codices were complete codices of the Hebrew Old Testament the Leningrad Codex was (is?) ...
3
votes
3answers
437 views

Who is included in “us” in Ephesians 1:3-10

In verses 11-14 of Ephesians 1:3-14, Paul seems pretty clearly to make a distinction between "we" and "you". My understanding is that the contrast is between "we" the Jewish believers and "you" the ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Does Luke put the Twelve in a negative light in Acts 6?

In Acts 6:1-7, there is a dispute among the Hebraic and Hellenistic Jews in the church concerning the care of widows. The Twelve gather together and decide that seven people should be appointed for ...
2
votes
2answers
403 views

What does Psalm 68:18 refer to in context?

In the NIV, Psalm 68:18 reads: When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious— that you, O Lord God, might ...
1
vote
2answers
364 views

Who does Jesus refer to by the phrase “another who testifies about me” in John 5:32?

There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony that he testifies about me is true. ἄλλος ἐστὶν ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμοῦ καὶ οἶδα ὅτι ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία ἣν μαρτυρεῖ περὶ ...

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