16
votes
2answers
5k views

Does πορνεία mean premarital sex in 1 Corinthians 5-7?

I'm interested in this question because some liberal theologians insist that the Bible does not say anything about premarital sex*. To get a reasonable scope for the question, I limit this to just the ...
6
votes
1answer
368 views

Why are there two harvesters in Revelation 14?

In Revelation 14:15-16, at seemingly the end of the age, we have this scene: Then another angel came out of the temple and called in a loud voice to him who was sitting on the cloud, “Take your ...
6
votes
3answers
386 views

Is Jesus called God in 2 Thessalonians 1:12?

I was first alerted to this in the NIV footnote of that verse: We pray this so that the name of our Lord Jesus may be glorified in you, and you in him, according to the grace of our God and the ...
6
votes
2answers
293 views

What options did Mary have in mind with Gabriel's greeting?

When Gabriel visited Mary, she was, as is usual when meeting an angel, troubled by it: In the sixth month the angel Gabriel was sent from God to a city of Galilee named Nazareth, to a virgin ...
6
votes
1answer
252 views

How should Sirach 3:17 be translated?

Here are four alternate translations for Sirach (Ecclesiasticus / Wisdom of Joshua Ben Sira) 3:17 -- My son, perform your tasks in meekness; then you will be loved by those whom God accepts ...
4
votes
1answer
482 views

Did Josephus misinterpret Ezekiel 12:13?

According to Josephus: Ezekiel also foretold in Babylon what calamities were coming upon the people, which when he heard, he sent accounts of them unto Jerusalem. But Zedekiah did not believe ...
9
votes
3answers
469 views

What are the holy Scriptures that Timothy has known from his youth?

In 2 Timothy 3:14-15 it's written to Timothy: But as for you, continue in what you have learned and have become convinced of, because you know those from whom you learned it, and how from infancy ...
0
votes
0answers
18 views

Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Was Abiathar the son of Ahimelech or was Ahimelech the son of Abiathar? According to the following three verses, Abiathar was the son of Ahimelech: 1 Samuel 22:20. 1 ...
4
votes
1answer
318 views

Is conscience (συνείδησις) a particularly Pauline idea?

At the end of Hebrews (13:18) Autor petitions his hearers: "Pray for us, for we are sure that we have a clear conscience, desiring to act honorably in all things." (ESV) I was reading this recently ...
12
votes
3answers
441 views

Where does the “slippery slope” of allegorical interpretations start?

Besides the Grammatical Historical Approach to hermeneutics, various allegorical or metaphorical approaches exist. It seems to me that if you approach a text with the assumption that the whole thing ...
6
votes
3answers
460 views

What's the difference between “sensus plenior” and “inspired sensus plenior”?

What's the difference between "sensus plenior" and "inspired sensus plenior"? Are the terms interchangeable? If "the deeper meaning intended by God but not intended by the human author" (sensus ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Tribe of Benjamin Elite Corps of Slingers

In the book of Judges, we learn that the tribe of Benjamin fielded a corps of slingers. These soldiers were not mere conscripts, but rather we're informed that they were "chosen", in the sense of ...
2
votes
1answer
230 views

Is there a link between the Jewish expectation of a literal Messianic kingdom and the command to witness to the ends of the earth in Acts 1?

In Acts Chapter one we find: So when they had come together, they asked him, “Lord, will you at this time restore the kingdom to Israel?” He said to them, “It is not for you to know times or ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

Pi in the Bible [duplicate]

Possible Duplicate: Does 1st Kings say that pi = 3? This is a standard question often asked about the accuracy of the Bible. And he [Hiram] made a molten sea, ten cubits from the one ...
5
votes
3answers
424 views

Why did Jesus' disciples believe in him after he turned water into wine?

Yeshu'a did this beginning of the signs in Kana of Galil, and he manifested his glory, and his disciples believed in him. (John 2:11) What were these "signs" a sign/ indication of?
4
votes
3answers
338 views

Does sensus plenior exist in the New Testament?

The conversations surrounding sensus plenior center on the New Testament authors' 'odd usage' of the Old Testament scriptures. But the underlying principle is that there is a secondary meaning which ...
4
votes
1answer
575 views

Do the “original texts” use fractional numbers?

The Bible, for example, uses fractions. In Lev. 5:16 - "He must make restitution for what he has failed to do in regard to the holy things, add a fifth of the value to that and give it all to the ...
10
votes
2answers
366 views

Was the Leningrad Codex a direct descendant of the Aleppo Codex?

Here is what I think I know about these two codices (correct me if I'm wrong): both the Aleppo and Leningrad Codices were complete codices of the Hebrew Old Testament the Leningrad Codex was (is?) ...
3
votes
3answers
425 views

Who is included in “us” in Ephesians 1:3-10

In verses 11-14 of Ephesians 1:3-14, Paul seems pretty clearly to make a distinction between "we" and "you". My understanding is that the contrast is between "we" the Jewish believers and "you" the ...
6
votes
1answer
139 views

Does Luke put the Twelve in a negative light in Acts 6?

In Acts 6:1-7, there is a dispute among the Hebraic and Hellenistic Jews in the church concerning the care of widows. The Twelve gather together and decide that seven people should be appointed for ...
2
votes
2answers
388 views

What does Psalm 68:18 refer to in context?

In the NIV, Psalm 68:18 reads: When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious— that you, O Lord God, might ...
1
vote
2answers
354 views

Who does Jesus refer to by the phrase “another who testifies about me” in John 5:32?

There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony that he testifies about me is true. ἄλλος ἐστὶν ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμοῦ καὶ οἶδα ὅτι ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία ἣν μαρτυρεῖ ...
1
vote
1answer
50 views

Red Heifer or Heifer of Soil

How could we know if פרה אדמה in Num 19:2 refers either to a red cow (parah edumah) vs a cow of the soil (parah adamah)? I would like someone to analyse the issue morphologically, ...
1
vote
2answers
312 views

Romans 16:7 : “fellowprisoners” in the book of Romans?!

According to Wikipedia, scientists are unanimous about Romans being written before Paul's imprisonment. But I just came across Romans 16:7: Salute Andronicus and Junia, my kinsmen, and my ...
3
votes
1answer
603 views

How does geography impact the interpretation of Galatians?

There are two major views for the destination of Paul's letter to the Galatians: the Northern and Southern views. I understand that these views impact the possible timing of the letter, but what ...
5
votes
2answers
147 views

What does the word הַסִּרְפַּד mean?

Isaiah 55:13 uses the word הַסִּרְפַּד which I have seen translated as "brier" or "nettle". What is the precise meaning of this word? Is it used elsewhere?
4
votes
1answer
323 views

Is the name Israel intended to be ambiguous?

Jacob is renamed Israel by God as explained in this passage: Jacob was left alone. And a man wrestled with him until the break of dawn. When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he ...
3
votes
1answer
229 views

How Hebrews 1:5-14 talks about Jesus?

Hebrews 1:5-14 should prove that Jesus is superior to angels, citing several Old Testament sources: 5 For to which of the angels did God ever say, “You are my Son; today I have become ...
6
votes
2answers
265 views

Matthew 11:25: What question is Jesus answering here?

Matthew 11:25: “At that time Jesus answered and said, I thank thee, O Father, Lord of heaven and earth, because thou hast hid these things from the wise and prudent, and hast revealed them unto babes” ...
5
votes
2answers
136 views

Do Peter and the author of Hebrews intend different meanings of ἀρχηγὸν?

When members of the early Jerusalem chuch were arrested, they defended their actions thusly: But Peter and the apostles answered, “We must obey God rather than men. The God of our fathers raised ...
4
votes
1answer
357 views

What did it mean to “rise before the aged” in ancient Hebrew culture?

We read an ordinance in Leviticus: You shall rise before the aged and show deference to the old; you shall fear your God: I am the Lord.—Leviticus 19:32 (NJPS) In English, "rise" can ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

Was Rahab a temple prostitute?

Joshua includes a dramatic story of spies, a prostitute, and subterfuge: Joshua son of Nun secretly sent two spies from Shittim, saying, “Go, reconnoiter the region of Jericho.” So they set out, ...
8
votes
1answer
177 views

Is Malachi a pseudonym?

The ESV has a note on Malachi 1:1: The oracle of the word of the LORD to Israel by Malachi.1 1:1 Malachi means my messenger Malachi's Wikipedia entry shows that this has caused interpreters ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

Who were the “chief priests” and “Sanhedrin” in reference to the people trying to kill Jesus?

Mark 14:55 (NIV) The chief priests and the whole Sanhedrin were looking for evidence against Jesus so that they could put him to death, but they did not find any. Wikipedia has shown me that ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

What is the function of the sandwich stories in Mark?

I was reading an introduction to Mark and the author notes that Mark is fond of using so-called "sandwich-stories" where he begins to tell one story, and then interupts it to tell another story before ...
5
votes
4answers
858 views

Is the rich man in James 1:10 a brother?

Is "the rich" in this passage also a "brother" like the lowly? James 1:9-10 (ESV) Let the lowly brother boast in his exaltation, and the rich in his humiliation, because like a flower of the ...
10
votes
4answers
45k views

When did Jesus change his view on preaching to Gentiles?

In John 10:16 Jesus says (ESV quoted): And I have other sheep that are not of this fold. I must bring them also, and they will listen to my voice. So there will be one flock, one shepherd. The ...
9
votes
2answers
174 views

Was Jesus 'delivered from his fear' or 'delivered because he had fear' of God?

In Hebrews 5:7 Jesus has his 'prayer heard in what he feared' or 'heard in respect to what he feared' - 'εισακουσθεις απο της ευλαβειας'. The ESV had his prayer was heard 'because of his reverence' ...
5
votes
2answers
382 views

Who is the speaker in Psalms 82:6?

I believe Asaf is speaking in Psalm 82:1 (ESV): A Psalm of Asaph. God has taken his place in the divine council; in the midst of the gods he holds judgment: Then God is speaking in Psalm ...
3
votes
3answers
600 views

Ecclesiastes 11:1-2 Puzzlement

Verse 1: שלח לחמך על פני המים כי ברב הימים תמצאנו Send/set your bread upon the surface of the waters for in many days you shall discover it. Verse 2: תן חלק ל שבע וגם ל שמונה כי לא תדע מה יהיה ...
10
votes
4answers
7k views

Are good works supposed to be seen or not?

In the Sermon on the Mount, Jesus teaches his disciples, saying, "In the same way, let your light shine before others, that they may see your good deeds and glorify your Father in heaven." (Matthew ...
7
votes
1answer
122 views

What language was Tobit originally written in?

According to the Jewish Encyclopedia entry on Tobit: The text exists in Greek, Latin, Syriac, and Judæo-Aramaic, besides two late Hebrew translations. It concludes: The excellent Greek style ...
5
votes
1answer
385 views

To what degree does the Didache depend on Matthew or vise versa?

Reading the Didache for the first time, I was struck by many similarities between it and Matthew (particularly the Sermon on the Mount section). For instance, this is from the first chapter of the ...
5
votes
2answers
10k views

What and where is the Kerith ravine?

I Kings 17:2-4 (NIV) Reads: Then the word of the Lord came to Elijah: “Leave here, turn eastward and hide in the Kerith Ravine, east of the Jordan. You will drink from the brook, and I have ...
7
votes
1answer
557 views

Did the apostles travel with their wives?

I was doing some research for an answer and came across this verse: This is my defense to those who would examine me. Do we not have the right to eat and drink? Do we not have the right to take ...
7
votes
1answer
526 views

The will of God in Ephesians 1: εὐδοκία, βουλή, θελήμα

Paul places an emphasis on the will and plan of God in Ephesians 1. In addition to the verbs προορίζω ("I predestine") and ἐκλέγω ("I choose"), three nouns factor large in this theme. Here they are, ...
12
votes
3answers
8k views

What is the “fourfold sense of Scripture”?

During the Patristic Period in the Middle Ages practiced an exegetical tactic known as the fourfold sense of Scripture. What are these four senses and do these ideas about the nature of Scripture ...
9
votes
4answers
3k views

Who/what is Peter's angel?

In Acts 12, Peter is miraculously released from prison when an angel visits him at night. Peter escapes and returns to the house where a group is gathered praying. A servant girl, Rhoda goes to answer ...
0
votes
1answer
410 views

Isaiah 1:18 white washing the scarlet?

Again I read another web page and this time I did remember to copy down the URL: http://www.teachinstitute.org/wordpress/?p=1013. Isaiah 1:18 לכו נא - I urge you that we go ו נוּכחה - and present ...
3
votes
2answers
889 views

Who is holding back the “secret power of lawlessness” (2 Th2:7)?

2 Thessalonians 2:7 (AMP): For the mystery of lawlessness (that hidden principle of rebellion against constituted authority) is already at work in the world, [but it is] restrained only until ...

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