4
votes
1answer
988 views

Why was there a Sabbath year?

Leviticus mentions a 'Sabbath year' where they were supposed to give the land a rest: The LORD said to Moses on Mount Sinai, 2“Speak to the Israelites and say to them: ‘When you enter the land I ...
6
votes
3answers
611 views

What does “when children come to the moment of birth and there is no strength” mean in this context?

In 2 Kings 19 king Hezekiah faces a great threat to Jerusalem from the Assyrian king. He delivers a message to Isiah with the following words: This day is a day of distress and rebuke and ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

Who is the captain of the Lord's Host spoken of in Joshua 5:13-15? [duplicate]

Joshua 5:13-15 And it came to pass, when Joshua was by Jericho, that he lifted up his eyes and looked, and, behold, there stood a man over against him with his sword drawn in his hand: and Joshua ...
1
vote
2answers
178 views

As in Heaven so in Earth Luke 11:2

In newer versions of the Bible the phrase "as in heaven so in earth" appears to have replaced, "on earth as it is in heaven." I have heard that the "as in heaven so in earth" phrase is part of a ...
2
votes
1answer
31k views

What did Jesus mean by “the queen of the South”?

Answering a different question, I noticed this passage: Then some of the scribes and Pharisees answered him, saying, “Teacher, we wish to see a sign from you.” But he answered them, “An evil and ...
0
votes
1answer
63 views

How should the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 read?

Related to this question, I noticed that the ending of 2 Peter 2:11 is translated respectively by the NIV and ESV as "from the Lord" and "before the Lord." From what I can tell this seems to be owing ...
0
votes
2answers
4k views

What is the original Greek translation of John 1:1? [duplicate]

Regarding John 1:1, I really want to know if the correct translation of the verse from Greek to English should contain the word God or the words a God?
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Does the New Testament predict Jesus' return on Rosh Hashanah?

The day of the Lord's return is sometimes associated with trumpets in the New Testament: For the Lord himself will descend from heaven with a cry of command, with the voice of an archangel, and ...
5
votes
3answers
3k views

In John 3:16, is the word believe a continous action for everlasting life?

Is eternal life in John 3:16 conditional on continous belief in Jesus Christ? The word "believe" in this verse is a present participle verb. Thanks very much!
5
votes
2answers
220 views

To what degree is understanding the feelings of a biblical author necessary in exegesis?

I find that miscommunication is often about feelings and not words. Ancient writings requires linguistics, history and cultural knowledge to provide accurate English versions that convey the original ...
11
votes
2answers
642 views

“which translated means…”

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
3
votes
2answers
452 views

What conclusions can be drawn from the change in verb tense of “believe” in Acts 16:31 & 16:34?

In Acts 16:31 the word "believe" is in the aorist tense (undefined action). In Acts 16:34 the word "believe" is in the perfect tense. What conclusions can be drawn exegetically from the change in verb ...
7
votes
3answers
2k views

Explanation of Chronological Disparities between St. John and the Synoptic Gospels Concerning Jesus' Passion

Significant chronological disparities exist between St. John's telling of the life and death of Jesus and those of the synoptic gospels. For instance, St. John discusses a lot of Jesus' ministry, ...
2
votes
2answers
483 views

Was casting the lot in Acts 1:26 a vote or a lottery?

When choosing a replacement for Judas, there are two candidates, and in Acts 1:26, we read (ESV): And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven ...
7
votes
4answers
472 views

Why is “rega`” translated “peace” in Job 21:13?

Job 21:7-13 (ESV) Why do the wicked live, reach old age, and grow mighty in power? Their offspring are established in their presence, and their descendants before their eyes. Their houses ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Where did Samuel come from when he was summoned by the Medium of En-dor?

Appropriate to today, I was thinking about the time when Saul visited the Medium of En-dor in 1 Samuel 28:8-14 (ESV): So Saul disguised himself and put on other garments and went, he and two men ...
5
votes
1answer
129 views

In Hebrew, what is this suffix ending that is on the nouns in psalm 103:3?

What is the suffix ending on the words for iniquities and diseases? (the Kauf,chirriq,yod ending) I see it is interpreted as 'thy' but this is not the usual possessive ending for 'your'. (I am a ...
12
votes
1answer
2k views

Who did Cain marry?

A man marrying his sister is clearly a sin: If a man marries his sister, the daughter of either his father or his mother, so that he sees her nakedness and she sees his nakedness, it is a ...
4
votes
3answers
212 views

Numbers 28: Is the difference between noun-adjective and genitive cases for the burnt offering significant?

I know that in Biblical Hebrew (and presumably other varieties), we see the construct "noun adjective", with the noun unmodified, such as parah adamah (red heifer, parah = heifer). We also see the ...
5
votes
1answer
713 views

Why was Elisha bald?

When Elisha is jeered by youths, he is at the beginning of his ministry which lasted approximately 50 years and so seemingly fairly young still. He is jeered, however, for being being bald. Did he ...
13
votes
3answers
9k views

Was 'σκύβαλον' (skubalon) profanity?

In Philippians 3:8, Paul uses the word σκύβαλον (skubalon), which is usually translated as "dung" , "garbage", or "rubbish". I've heard that this was considered an impolite word with much stronger ...
4
votes
1answer
247 views

Are the “five words” in 1 Corinthians 14:19 refering to something in particular?

Reading the following verse : 1 Corinthians 14:19 (ASV): howbeit in the church I had rather speak five words with my understanding, that I might >instruct others also, than ten thousand words in ...
2
votes
3answers
339 views

Should 1 Kings 19:3 read that Elijah “saw” or “was afraid”?

While the NET's translation of 1 Kings 19:3 retains that "Elijah was afraid", it notes: The MT has “and he saw,” but some medieval Hebrew mss as well as several ancient versions support the ...
6
votes
2answers
489 views

How should πονηρός be translated in Matthew 7:11, and why?

Matthew 7:7 “Ask, and it will be given you; search, and you will find; knock, and the door will be opened for you. 8 For everyone who asks receives, and everyone who searches finds, and for everyone ...
3
votes
2answers
235 views

Does John 1:12 identify believers of the past only, or past and present tense believers?

Here are two versions to help aid the question: But to all who did receive him, who believed in his name, he gave the right to become children of God, John 1:12 ESV But to all who have received him ...
4
votes
2answers
101 views

Has the NIV incorrectly added “had” in Luke 10:40?

Luke 10:40 in NIV: But Martha was distracted by all the preparations that had to be made. She came to him and asked, “Lord, don’t you care that my sister has left me to do the work by myself? Tell ...
10
votes
3answers
463 views

Does Genesis 3:16 imply that there was pain / sorrow before the fall?

Genesis 3:16 says: To the woman he said, I will greatly multiply your sorrow and your conception; in sorrow you shall bring forth children; and your desire shall be to your husband, and he ...
7
votes
2answers
490 views

What does sabbaton deuteroproton in Luke 6:1 refer to?

According to the KJV Luke 6:1 states: And it came to pass on the second sabbath after the first, that he went through the corn fields; and his disciples plucked the ears of corn, and did eat, ...
0
votes
1answer
216 views

Is the study of Typology and inter-textual scriptural analysis taught in seminary? [closed]

"To produce the Gospels required a deep understanding of Judaic literature. The Gospels would not simply replace the literature of the old religion, but would be written in such a way as to ...
4
votes
1answer
132 views

Has the referent in Isaiah 53 ever been interpreted as anything non-human?

The entire chapter of Isaiah 53 is basically an extended description of someone or something, most frequently identified in English translations as "He." What is the range of possibilities (even ...
2
votes
1answer
187 views

Angels of God in Luke 12:8

In Matthew 10:32, Jesus says that those who acknowledge him before others he will acknowledge before his "Father in Heaven." Luke 12:8 has a similar saying, where Jesus says that if anyone ...
0
votes
1answer
5k views

Is “Gospel”, or “Good News of Military Victory” what “Evangelion” means in Greek? [closed]

How is good news of military victory for the Romans a message that would have emanated from the Jews?
1
vote
3answers
306 views

Ephesians 2:8. Was salvation attained and kept to the present through continued faith?

Ephesians 2:8 "For by grace you have been saved through faith ..." The word "saved" is a perfect verb, passive, participle, plural, nominative, and masculine. The question is regarding faith. Was ...
5
votes
1answer
147 views

What range of meaning is allowed by διὰ in Ephesians 2:8?

8For by grace you have been saved through faith. And this is not your own doing; it is the gift of God, ESV διὰ πίστεως in Ephesians 2:8 is almost invariably translated 'through faith', but ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

What is the difference between בְּתוֹךְ (b'tokh) and בְּקֶרֶב (b'kerev), which are both sometimes translated the same way?

I understand בְּתוֹךְ as "in the midst of". The tree of life is b'tokh ha-gan (in the midst of the garden), and God spoke to the people mitokh ha-eish (from the midst of the fire -- the initial mem ...
13
votes
4answers
14k views

What does “Jealous” mean in Exodus 34:14?

Most translations seem to agree that "Jealous" is the best translation for this passage. For example: Exodus 34:14 (NASB) —for you shall not worship any other god, for the LORD, whose name is ...
3
votes
2answers
206 views

Translation questions “right, may, might” as listed below

John 1:12 "to all who received Him, to those who believed in His name, He gave the right to become children of God." John 20:31 "but these (signs) are written so that you may believe that Jesus is ...
2
votes
1answer
442 views

Why is this same word translated both “they”, “he” and “him” in Luke 10:38?

In the KJV with Strong's, this verse: Now it came to pass, as they went, that he entered into a certain village: and a certain woman named Martha received him into her house. the words I've ...
3
votes
1answer
266 views

What do σῶμα ψυχικόν and σῶμα πνευματικόν refer to in 1 Corinthians 15:44?

It seems most translations have translate the terms σῶμα ψυχικόν and σῶμα πνευματικόν in 1 Corinthians 15:44 as "natural body" and "spiritual body." But there are several translations that disagree. ...
6
votes
1answer
442 views

Sentence structure of Romans 12:6

Background If you read Romans 12:6 (part of a very popular passage about "spiritual gifts") from the NASB or any similar translation, you may notice something odd: a good chunk of the verse is not ...
-7
votes
2answers
2k views

How many people were killed by violence in the old testament? [closed]

Reading the Old Testament, there a many instances where tens of thousands of people are killed at a time in battles, worshiping other Gods, etc. How many people in total were killed in the Old ...
4
votes
5answers
3k views

Does the “fear of death” in Hebrews 2:15 refer to the dread of physically dying, or to something else?

In the Christian New Testament, we find the following: Hebrews 2:14-15 (NASB) 14Therefore, since the children share in flesh and blood, He Himself likewise also partook of the same, that through ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Was Abimelech's mother an Israelite?

Gideon's sons... and Abimelech Gideon had many sons: Now Gideon had seventy sons who were his direct descendants, for he had many wives. His concubine who was in Shechem also bore him a son, and ...
0
votes
1answer
174 views

Are all these verbs in Rom. 8:29-30 in aorist?

Are all the high-lightened verbs in the passage below in aorist? For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn ...
1
vote
1answer
85 views

“Eternity perspective” in 1 Peter 4:6?

For whom he did foreknow, he also did predestinate [to be] conformed to the image of his Son, that he might be the firstborn among many brethren. Moreover whom he did predestinate, them he also ...
9
votes
1answer
182 views

Just how overpriced was Efron's burial cave anyway?

In Genesis 23 Avraham pays 400 shekels to Efron for a burial cave for Sarah (and, later, other family members). This seems to be an enormous amount of money and Rashi suggests it's even worse than it ...
2
votes
2answers
3k views

Was it unusual for a woman (Mary) to sit at Jesus' feet in the account of Luke 10?

Luke 10:39: She [Martha] had a sister called Mary, who sat at the Lord’s feet listening to what he said. I understand that sitting at someone's feet in this context can be like a student ...
4
votes
1answer
246 views

Is John 3:18 the words of Jesus, or of John? [duplicate]

Using Bible Gateway John 3:18 is shown to be the words of the author, John, in the NIV translation: Whoever believes in him is not condemned, but whoever does not believe stands condemned already ...
4
votes
3answers
367 views

Does Paul command the Corinthians to remain unmarried?

1 Corinthians seems pretty clear that remaining unmarried is the lifestyle that Paul prefers for Christians: 1 Corinthians 7:8 (NASB) But I say to the unmarried and to widows that it is good for ...
6
votes
1answer
131 views

Acts 23:6: Were Sadducces different in their outward apparel from the Pharisees?

Acts 23:6: "Then when Paul noticed that part of them were Sadducees and the others Pharisees, he shouted out in the council" Does this text imply that Sadducces were somewhat different in ...

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