10
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2answers
884 views

What is “Regula Fidei”?

What is "Regula Fidei" and is this principle of interpretation considered obsolete by those who practice the Grammatical Historical approach to hermeneutics or does it survive in some form?
10
votes
3answers
552 views

“blashemy against the Spirit will not be forgiven” — Is “forgiven” the best word for what is meant?

Matthew 12:30-32: “Whoever is not with me is against me, and whoever does not gather with me scatters. And so I tell you, every kind of sin and slander can be forgiven, but blasphemy against the ...
10
votes
1answer
888 views

To whom does the anointed refer in 1st Chronicles 16:22?

In 1st Chronicles 16:22 it says: (interlinear English/Hebrew) Do not touch My anointed ones, And do My prophets no harm. — NASB The phrase seems to be a quote pulled from an unknown source, used ...
10
votes
1answer
365 views

How should Psalm 22:16 read?

Psalm 22:16 seems textually quite difficult. The NET for example reads: Yes, wild dogs surround me – a gang of evil men crowd around me; like a lion they pin my hands and feet. Yet, they note that ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

What does it mean to “receive the kingdom of God like a little child?”

The story of the little children coming to Jesus in Matthew 19, Mark 10, and Luke 18 is, of course, well know. And most often I have heard it interpreted that the kingdom requires faith like a child. ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Exodus 6:3 - what is the significance of God's different names in the Tanakh?

Exodus 6:3: And I appeared unto Abraham, unto Isaac, and unto Jacob by the name of God Almighty, but by My name JEHOVAH was I not known to them. (KJV) This is a strange and unique verse in the ...
10
votes
6answers
271 views

Exactly what part of the Law has been abolished?

St Paul, speaking in the context of Jew and Gentile being brought together, declares that the "law of commandments" were abolished. "For he himself is our peace, who has made us both one and has ...
10
votes
2answers
2k views

How many daughters did Lot have, two or four?

When we read the KJV we get the impression that Lot possibly had daughters living with their husbands in Sodom, in addition to two unmarried daughters still living at home: "And Lot went out, and ...
10
votes
2answers
346 views

Was Job short-changed in the end?

The LXX and Masoretic Text (MT) disagree concerning the number of oxen and donkeys which Job once owned; however, both the LXX and MT are mathematically consistent in that Job received double from the ...
10
votes
1answer
692 views

Can “pharmakous” mean something other than “sorceror”?

The Hebrew word כַשֵּׁף is typically translated "sorcery" in Hebrew-to-English translations. Paro had court sorcerors replicate some of God's miracles and Nebuchanezer asks his sorcerors to interpret ...
10
votes
3answers
6k views

Who is the intended audience of Matthew 5-7?

Matthew 5 begins: 1Seeing the crowds, he went up on the mountain, and when he sat down, his disciples came to him. 2And he opened his mouth and taught them, saying: ESV and Matthew 7 ends: ...
10
votes
4answers
1k views

Did King Ahaz find a virgin mother?

In Isaiah 7, King Ahaz, the Judean king, is surrounded by the armies of Aram and Israel and things look bleak. At Isaiah 7:13-17, the prophet tells Ahaz that God will give him a sign that the seige ...
10
votes
2answers
16k views

What does Jesus mean by “vain repetition” or “babbling” in Matthew 6:7?

What ancient tradition of prayer is Jesus critical of in Matthew 6:7? In praying, do not babble like the pagans, who think that they will be heard because of their many words. (NABRE) But ...
10
votes
1answer
210 views

Does Rashi's interpretation of Jephthah's fate hold water?

When Rashi looks back on the life of Jephthah, he notes: Jephthah was afflicted with boils and dismemberment as it is stated, (below 12:7) “And he was buried in the cities [pl.] of Gilead.” (His ...
10
votes
3answers
4k views

What is the sign of the Son of Man?

What is the sign of the Son of Man spoken of in Matthew 24:30?— At that time the sign of the Son of Man will appear in the sky, and all the nations of the earth will mourn. They will see the ...
10
votes
3answers
3k views

Was there an eclipse just before Jesus died?

I know that there is quite a bit of information about the possibility of an eclipse at the time of Jesus' execution. But none of the accounts actually mention why there was darkness: And when the ...
10
votes
1answer
177 views

Does Genesis 1:2 refer to the Spirit or a wind?

Genesis 1:2 reads (KJV): And the Spirit of God moved upon the face of the waters. Other translations (ESV, NIV, NASB, JPS 1917) also indicate that the subject of this sentence is the “Spirit of ...
10
votes
2answers
137 views

Who is 'us' in 2 Peter 1

Peter switches from 'us' to 'you' in 1:4: 3His divine power has granted to us all things that pertain to life and godliness, through the knowledge of him who called us to his own glory and ...
10
votes
1answer
175 views

What signs does Q show of stages of composition?

Regarding the Jesus Seminar, N.T. Wright writes in Jesus and the Victory of God: Great reliance has been placed on the work of John Kloppenborg, who has painstakingly analysed the Q material into ...
10
votes
2answers
20k views

What exactly did Moses do wrong at Meribah?

We read that God commanded Moses to speak to the rock at Meribah so that water could flow out of it. Instead, Moses struck the rock with his staff: Then Moses and Aaron gathered the assembly ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

Did Jesus not heal the crippled beggar at the gate Beautiful?

One day Peter and John were going up to the temple at the time of prayer—at three in the afternoon. Now a man crippled from birth was being carried to the temple gate called Beautiful, where he was ...
10
votes
4answers
6k views

Is the “captain of the Lord's host” an angel or God Himself?

After Joshua and the people of Israel crossed over the Jordan and before they assaulted Jericho, Joshua had this strange encounter: Once, when Joshua was near Jericho, he looked up and saw a man ...
10
votes
1answer
802 views

Structuralism's influence on Biblical interpretation

What is the structuralist view of literary criticism, and how has structural literary theory influenced modern approaches to Biblical interpretation?
10
votes
3answers
356 views

Does Isaiah 11:3 involve smelling?

This question was inspired by this recent answer which offered a translation of the first part of Isaiah 11:3: and his smelling is with the fear of Yahveh... I was surprised to find that none ...
10
votes
2answers
504 views

“which translated means…”

I am told that many scholars believe that the words of Jesus which we have presented to us in Greek were originally spoken in Aramaic. What confuses me then is why there are instances in the Greek ...
10
votes
1answer
256 views

Does the Shibboleth story help us date the book of Judges?

This story has always fascinated me: Judges 12:4-6 (ESV) 4 Then Jephthah gathered all the men of Gilead and fought with Ephraim. And the men of Gilead struck Ephraim, because they said, “You are ...
10
votes
2answers
351 views

Who believes, is baptized, and is saved in Acts 16?

Acts 16 tells two accounts of Philippians being saved under the preaching of Paul. First is a woman named Lydia: One who heard us was a woman named Lydia, from the city of Thyatira, a seller of ...
10
votes
2answers
1k views

How can I identify puns in the Hebrew Bible?

The Bible sometimes uses words with multiple meanings to the effect of an intentional pun or wordplay. Punning seems especially common in Hebrew. I think that being aware of these literary devices ...
10
votes
1answer
485 views

How does Canon Criticism relate to the concept of a Gesamtbiblische Theologie?

It is my understanding that Brevard Childs's so-called canonical (or canon) criticism places an emphasis on looking at the Bible as a complete work. This reminds me of the concept of a Gesamtbiblische ...
10
votes
2answers
375 views

What is the Righteousness of God in Romans 1:17?

Romans 1:16-17 (excerpted), ESV: For I am not ashamed of the gospel . . . For in it the righteousness of God is revealed from faith for faith . . . SBLGNT: Οὐ γὰρ ἐπαισχύνομαι τὸ εὐαγγέλιον ...
10
votes
3answers
639 views

Is loving your neighbour more than yourself allowed?

Someone just came to me arguing that the second of the biggest commandments is also a commandment to love oneself. And the second is like unto it, Thou shalt love thy neighbour as thyself. ...
10
votes
1answer
103 views

What sort of city was Nineveh?

Jonah 3:3 (BHS, ESV): וְנִֽינְוֵ֗ה הָיְתָ֤ה עִיר־גְּדוֹלָה֙ לֵֽאלֹהִ֔ים wənînəwēh hāyətâ 'îr gədôlâ l'ēlōhîm Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city* ESV footnote: *Hebrew: A great ...
10
votes
2answers
311 views

What are the “lower parts” in Ephesians 4:9?

Ephesians 4:9 SBLGNT: τὸ δὲ Ἀνέβη τί ἐστιν εἰ μὴ ὅτι καὶ κατέβη εἰς τὰ κατώτερα μέρη τῆς γῆς; KJV (Now that he ascended, what is it but that he also descended first into the lower parts ...
10
votes
1answer
3k views

What are the seven middoth (Hillel's rules for interpretation)?

The "middoth" were Rabbi Hillel's rules for interpretation. There are seven of them. What are they? Please list them and include one or two clear examples for each.
10
votes
4answers
3k views

Interpretation of Genesis 1:26?

I am under the impression that the Trinity is a Christian idea, and that the Jews did not view God as "three in one and one in three". How, then, was the following passage interpreted by the people ...
10
votes
2answers
257 views

Why was a chapter division placed at the end of Genesis 1, rather than between 2:3 and 2:4?

It's pretty well universally accepted that Genesis 1:1 - 2:3 represent one view of the story of creation and 2:3 - 25 a second. And yet, when Stephen Langton instituted his chapter scheme in the ...
10
votes
1answer
2k views

The meaning of “stranger and sojourner” in Genesis 23:4 and Leviticus 25:23

In Genesis 23:4 Abraham is in conversation with the residents of Heth and says: "I am a stranger and a sojourner with you. Give me a possession for a burying place with you, that I may bury my ...
10
votes
6answers
7k views

Who is being “taken” in Matthew 24:40-41?

Matthew 24:40-41 (ESV) Then two men will be in the field; one will be taken and one left. Two women will be grinding oat at the mill; one will be taken and one left. One of the interpretations ...
10
votes
6answers
2k views

Why did the Masoretes take away 100 (or 50) years from the age of the fathers at their first sons' dates of birth?

The Septuagint (along with the Samaritan Pentateuch) and Flavius Josephus in his Jewish Antiquities allow for about 6 to 7 hundred more years from our days back to the Flood (which accordingly would ...
10
votes
1answer
102 views

Why doesn’t the Septuagint include the characterization of Isaac as Abraham’s “only son”?

I have been working through bits of Genesis in Hebrew/Greek parallel, and overall it seems like there are few deviations from the Hebrew in the LXX (as opposed to, say, Proverbs), presumably due to a ...
10
votes
1answer
5k views

At what point did Abraham know he was talking to God in Genesis 18?

At the start of the story in Genesis 18, Abraham does not seem to know who the three men are: Looking up, he saw three men standing near him. As soon as he saw them, he ran from the entrance of ...
10
votes
4answers
946 views

Jesus and the adulterous woman: was stoning a practical possiblity?

In John 8:5, the Pharisees ask Jesus: In the Law Moses commanded us to stone such women. Now what do you say? (NIV) Was stoning a woman for adultery often/sometimes done during Jesus' days, or ...
10
votes
2answers
891 views

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses?

How would stoning of an adulterer actually be carried out under the Law of Moses? In John Chapter 8 there is the familiar story of how Jesus prevented a stoning of a woman who had committed adultery. ...
9
votes
7answers
1k views

What historical reasons resulted in Revelation being included in most Christian canons?

As a source, the book of Revelation is something of an outlier for a book of the Bible that got accepted into the canonical New Testament of most branches of Christianity: it is the only explicitly ...
9
votes
4answers
5k views

Are Job's friends the voice of the Accuser?

I have often struggled with the book of Job, wondering what rubric should guide my interpretation as I read through the speeches of Job's "friends". They say so much that is "true" (so much that ...
9
votes
5answers
1k views

Whose blood is on the white rider's robe?

The vision in Revelation 19:11 and following describes a rider on a white horse making war against the nations. While introducing the rider, verse 13 mentions, "He is dressed in a robe dipped in ...
9
votes
4answers
2k views

Who incited David to take a census and what's wrong with taking a census anyway?

According to 2 Samuel 24:1 (NRSV) Again the anger of the Lord was kindled against Israel, and he incited David against them, saying, "Go, count the people of Israel and Judah." But according to ...
9
votes
2answers
229 views

What language are people translating the Bible from?

Say a publisher or other organization creates "a new translation" of the Bible: What's the source text? Are they experts in ancient Aramaic? What exactly is the text being translated from in modern ...
9
votes
3answers
2k views

Why did Stephen give such a long speech?

Before he was stoned, Stephen gives a huge speech (Acts 7) going over Israeli history, from Abraham through Moses to David. I really don't understand the purpose of it. What is the overall message? ...
9
votes
2answers
10k views

How old was David when he fought Goliath?

1 Samuel 17:33 (NRSV) says: Saul said to David, “You are not able to go against this Philistine to fight with him; for you are just a boy, and he has been a warrior from his youth.” I have ...

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