4
votes
1answer
716 views

Should the word elohim in Psalm 8:5 be translated into gods/angels/or god?

Should the word elohim in Psalm 8:5 be translated into gods/angels/or god? The NIV translates it this way: You have made them a little lower than the angels and crowned them with glory and ...
4
votes
1answer
348 views

How did a prisoner pay back debt?

How did a prisoner pay back debt in a 1st century prison? In Matthew 18:21-35 there is a prison that debtors go to payback their debts. Is this done by working there? Were some people there already ...
4
votes
1answer
313 views

What is Luke's purpose for recording this narrative and ultimately Jesus' reason to express this account of the rich man and Lazarus to those present?

There are people who understand this text to express Jesus warning the hearers of the potential torment of the lost directly following their death. 1. Explain why that is, or isn't the intended ...
4
votes
3answers
397 views

What is the context in Mark and Luke as regards the buying and preparing of the spices?

I have a question about the context of Mark 16:1 and Luke 23:56 as they relate to the buying and preparing of the burial spices for Jesus of Nazareth. Mark 16:1 (ESV) states: When the Sabbath was ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

What is the original text of Deuteronomy 32:8-9?

4QDeutj "When Elyon gave the nations as an inheritance, when he separated the sons of man, he set the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God (bny 'l[hym]). For ...
4
votes
3answers
8k views

What is the story behind mourning for Hadad-rimmon in Zechariah 12:11?

Zechariah, like Revelation which draws on it, is a tough nut to crack but very rich. In the twelfth chapter, the prophet records the word of Yahweh that The sorrow and mourning in Jerusalem on ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Gilgal and Beth-aven in Hosea 4:15

Hosea 4:15 (ESV) reads: Though you play the whore, O Israel, let not Judah become guilty. Enter not into Gilgal, nor go up to Beth-aven, and swear not, “As the LORD lives.” What is the ...
4
votes
2answers
404 views

Did Jonah expect to die when he was thrown overboard?

In Chapter 1 of Jonah there is the familiar scene of him on the boat with the pagan sailors in the midst of a deadly storm. Jonah tells the men, "Pick me up and throw me into the sea, and it will ...
3
votes
2answers
132 views

Is Paul quoting the “Apocrypha” in Colossians 1:17?

Sirach 43:26 (KJV) “By him the end of them hath prosperous success, and by his word all things consist.” Colossians 1:17 (KJV) “And he is before all things, and by him all things consist.” ...
3
votes
1answer
173 views

In the song of Moses and Miriam, why do the words change from “water” to “earth”?

In Exodus 15:1-12, it is written: Then Moses and the children of Israel sang this song to the Lord, and they spoke, saying, I will sing to the Lord, for very exalted is He; a horse and its ...
3
votes
1answer
179 views

What tenses does aorist in indicative mood in the New Testament usually express? [closed]

What tenses does aorist in indicative mood in the New Testament usually express? Can it express a continuous action in the present (like a verb in Present Progressive in English)? Can it express a ...
3
votes
4answers
2k views

What is the “profound mystery” Paul was speaking of regarding Jesus in Ephesians 5:31-32?

31 “For this reason a man will leave his father and mother and be united to his wife, and the two will become one flesh.” 32 This is a profound mystery—but I am talking about Christ and the church.
3
votes
1answer
246 views

Is the name Israel intended to be ambiguous?

Jacob is renamed Israel by God as explained in this passage: Jacob was left alone. And a man wrestled with him until the break of dawn. When he saw that he had not prevailed against him, he ...
3
votes
1answer
338 views

Why is Rahab and not the spies included in the “Hall of Faith”?

Hebrews 11 list a number of people that Hebrews 12:1 calls a "great a cloud of witnesses". Among them are the usual suspects: Noah, Abraham, Issac, Jacob, Joseph, and Moses. But there are also some ...
2
votes
1answer
193 views

Earliest attestation to Luke's gospel

What is the earliest convincing attestation to the gospel of Luke? I believe that Justin Martyr quotes from Luke's gospel ca.150. Is that generally considered unassailable? Are there other earlier ...
2
votes
1answer
119 views

Why is Breath or Wind a better translation choice then Spirit? [closed]

"Spirit" occurs 505 times in 456 verses in the KJV. The English word is translated from the Hebrew ruach and the Greek pnuema. Both of these words can also mean "breath" or "wind." All three uses ...
2
votes
2answers
191 views

Is Peter referring to the world of the flood or the pre-Adamite world in 2 Peter 3:6?

In 2 Peter 3:6, it mentions the World that then was, being overflowed with water, perished. Which 'world' is being addressed? The World in Gen 1:1 Now the earth was formless and empty, darkness was ...
2
votes
0answers
118 views

How does the Septuagint differ from the Masoretic text for Isaiah 7:14? [duplicate]

The JPS (1917) reads: Therefore the L-rd Himself shall give you a sign: behold, the young woman shall conceive, and bear a son, and shall call his name Immanuel. But the ESV reads: Therefore ...
2
votes
3answers
411 views
2
votes
2answers
301 views

Was casting the lot in Acts 1:26 a vote or a lottery?

When choosing a replacement for Judas, there are two candidates, and in Acts 1:26, we read (ESV): And they cast lots for them, and the lot fell on Matthias, and he was numbered with the eleven ...
2
votes
3answers
289 views

Apparent inconsistencies in the vision of the four chariots

In Zechariah's vision of four chariots in chapter 6 of his book, an angel tells him that the chariots are going to go to the "four winds of heaven," (verse 5)—in every direction. However, in verse 6, ...
2
votes
3answers
306 views

Was Nathan a false prophet?

After David established himself in Jerusalem, Nathan prophesied: “The Lord declares to you that He, the Lord, will establish a house for you. When your days are done and you lie with your fathers, ...
2
votes
1answer
274 views

Is Hosea 6:1-3 a quotation?

Many translations wrap Hosea 6:1-3 in quotation marks. For instance, in the NJPS: “Come, let us turn back to the Lord: He attacked, and He can heal us; He wounded, and He can bind us up. In ...
1
vote
1answer
126 views

What does it mean when it says,“There is a sin unto death” [duplicate]

1 John 5:16 says " If any man see his brother sin a sin which is not unto death, he shall ask, and he shall give him life for them that sin not unto death. There is a sin unto death: I do not ...
1
vote
2answers
232 views

What does μονογενὴς Θεὸς means in John 1:18?

I know that μονογενὴς Θεὸς is the correct text in John 1:18b but my question is that what does it mean in Christian Theology? How do we suppose to understand such divine title of God's Son? The NASB ...
1
vote
1answer
136 views

In Exodus 14:16, could “divide the water” also mean, “break the water.”

In Exodus 14:16 (NIV) Moses is told by the Lord, Raise your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. I am ...
1
vote
1answer
117 views

Why aren't the ages when Jacob and Joseph became fathers mentioned?

Of all the generations in Genesis, the age at which each became a father/begot a son/twins were born is almost always shown. The only exceptions are the last two, Jacob and Joseph. Why might that be ...
1
vote
3answers
595 views

What is the difference in meaning between Χριστός Ἰησοῦς and Ἰησοῦς Χριστός?

In the New Testament, sometimes the authors use Χριστός Ἰησοῦς ("Christ Jesus"), where Χριστός precedes Ἰησοῦς, yet other times they use Ἰησοῦς Χριστός ("Jesus Christ"). What is the difference in ...
1
vote
2answers
310 views

Who does Jesus refer to by the phrase “another who testifies about me” in John 5:32?

There is another who testifies about me, and I know that the testimony that he testifies about me is true. ἄλλος ἐστὶν ὁ μαρτυρῶν περὶ ἐμοῦ καὶ οἶδα ὅτι ἀληθής ἐστιν ἡ μαρτυρία ἣν μαρτυρεῖ ...
1
vote
3answers
340 views

Is Hosea 4:11 teaching total abstinence from alcohol?

In Hosea 4:11 (ESV), God seems to condemn drinking wine: They shall eat, but not be satisfied; they shall play the whore, but not multiply, because they have forsaken the Lord to cherish ...
-1
votes
2answers
543 views

Why is a singular verb used to describe both Moses and Aaron?

Continuing the response to the meta call for contradiction. The following contradiction is invisible in English. It appears in the Hebrew of Exodus 4:29. וַיֵּלֶךְ מֹשֶׁה, וְאַהֲרֹן; ...
-8
votes
4answers
487 views

Is there bible translation that is more literal than Young Literal Translation

That's it. The translation should not favor any theology and should allow readers to read texts the way it really is For example Elohim -> gods Yea, I know that Elohim are often followed by ...
25
votes
7answers
22k views

Did Jephthah actually sacrifice his daughter?

It's clear that what Jephthah intended was to sacrifice the first animal that he met when he returned home: Then the spirit of the Lord came upon Jephthah. He marched through Gilead and Manasseh, ...
13
votes
6answers
1k views

Is it possible to be unbiased when interpreting Scripture?

Hermeneutics is not only concerned with the science of interpretation, but also with the philosophy of interpretation. One of the major questions under examination in modern discussions about ...
13
votes
6answers
8k views

How does Jesus' argument from David and the show bread work?

Jesus defended his disciples gleaning on the Sabbath by retelling a story about David. Mark 2:23-28 (ESV): One Sabbath he was going through the grainfields, and as they made their way, his ...
22
votes
2answers
537 views

What are good contextual clues that a passage is meant to be read as hyperbole?

Today in conversation with an atheist we ran into trouble over this passage in Matthew: Mathew 18:9 (ESV) And if your eye causes you to sin, tear it out and throw it away. It is better for you ...
11
votes
3answers
388 views

Where does the “slippery slope” of allegorical interpretations start?

Besides the Grammatical Historical Approach to hermeneutics, various allegorical or metaphorical approaches exist. It seems to me that if you approach a text with the assumption that the whole thing ...
10
votes
1answer
161 views

Is the Hymn To Wisdom in Job 28 a part of Job's speech?

I noticed that in the 2011 NIV, Job 28 is marked off as an interlude as does not appear in quotation marks; whereas in the 1984 NIV, the text appears in quotation marks and is considered a part of ...
7
votes
2answers
428 views

Are the 'vessels of wrath' in Romans 9:22 'prepared for' or are they 'preparing themselves for destruction'?

In Romans 9:22, the perfect middle/passive participle κατηρτισμένα could be read in one of two ways: κατηρτισμένα εἰς ἀπώλειαν Middle: 'having prepared themselves for destruction' Passive: 'having ...
7
votes
3answers
19k views

Where does the Tanakh differ from the Christian Old Testament?

Relating to this question: Is the Jewish Tanakh same as the 'Old Testament' which Christians use? Do they contain the same books and is the textual content same? If not where do they differ?
5
votes
0answers
80 views

How are statistical comparisons between bible translations calculated?

(This arose from this question which was in turn triggered by this answer.) Quoting Jack Douglas quoting Wayne Grudem: In "The advantages of the ESV” by Wayne Grudem, he states that the 2001 ...
20
votes
2answers
948 views

Is NWT's translation of John 8:58 reasonable?

I already assumed the opposite in an answer to why there are so many Bible translations, on Christianity.SE. Now that we have an expert community, I'd like to check. The translators of the New World ...
16
votes
2answers
1k views

Why is Genesis careful to record the exact dates of the flood?

Genesis 7:11 (NIV, emphasis mine) In the six hundredth year of Noah’s life, on the seventeenth day of the second month—on that day all the springs of the great deep burst forth, and the floodgates ...
15
votes
5answers
1k views

Is there a modern English translation of the Bible that uses the second-person plural pronoun?

I'm looking for a modern translation of the Bible (ideally in the public domain) that retains the distinction between second-person plural and second-person singular. In Early Modern English (the ...
15
votes
4answers
2k views

What was Eve's role in relation to Adam?

The role of Eve in relation to Adam is dramatically changed by the interpretation of the sections I have bolded below, from Genesis 2:18: The verse as most people learned it: And the Lord God ...
13
votes
3answers
9k views

What is meant by “Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire”?

In Revelation 20:14 (ESV) we read: "Then Death and Hades were thrown into the lake of fire. This is the second death, the lake of fire." The concept of "fire" is used multiple times in the New ...
12
votes
3answers
287 views

Is ἐγώ εἰμι testified in extra-biblical Greek as an expression for saying “I am he”?

This question arises from this insightful answer to another question about John 8:58. That answer makes an argument that the Greek ἐγώ εἰμι (literally "I am") is the wording used to translate the ...
12
votes
1answer
557 views

When is allegorization of scripture productive?

If I were to run into the story of the three little pigs accidentally used as a bookmark in my Bible I might draw these conclusions: Clearly the wolf is the Devil trying to devour sinners who are ...
11
votes
3answers
390 views

In 1 Tim 2:12, how does αὐθεντεῖν (αὐθεντεω) differ from the more commonly used ἐξουσιάζω?

SBLGNT: διδάσκειν δὲ γυναικὶ οὐκ ἐπιτρέπω, οὐδὲ αὐθεντεῖν ἀνδρός, ἀλλ’ εἶναι ἐν ἡσυχίᾳ. From what I can tell, this is the only use of any form of this word (often translated "to exercise ...
11
votes
2answers
340 views

Was there precedent for John to link the satan and the serpent?

In Revelation 20:2, John links the satan and the serpent: He seized the dragon, that ancient serpent, who is the devil, or Satan, and bound him for a thousand years. A couple preliminary ...

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