1
vote
2answers
6k views

Who were the Pharisees?

Many times in the New Testament, Jesus, John the Baptist, and the Apostles interact with Jewish men called the Pharisees. At other times, the Sadducees are prominent. Several Pharisees are named in ...
6
votes
2answers
181 views

Who is is “we” of 1 John 1:1?

The letter of 1 John begins in verse 1: That which was from the beginning, which we have heard, which we have seen with our eyes, which we have looked at and our hands have touched—this we ...
3
votes
1answer
254 views

Who is the “elect lady” of Second John?

The Second Epistle of John begins (NIV empahsis mine): To the lady chosen by God and to her children, whom I love in the truth—and not I only, but also all who know the truth—because of the truth, ...
5
votes
1answer
2k views

By what Name did God reveal Himself to Abraham?

God is on several accounts called the God of Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob. (Even by Jesus himself and by his apostles he is called their God. e.g. Mk 12:26 /Acts 3:3 I quote from this answer (from ...
4
votes
1answer
171 views

Is the faith of the Torah monotheistic or henotheistic?

I thought the Jewish God wasn't originally monotheistic. YHWH demands that Israelites worship him because he's jealous, not because the other gods do not exist. Yet I saw Deuteronomy 4:35 and 39: ...
5
votes
1answer
259 views

What would be a good translation of 'poiēma'?

Two verses use the Greek ποίημα (G4161): For since the creation of the world His invisible attributes, His eternal power and divine nature, have been clearly seen, being understood through what ...
4
votes
2answers
125 views

What is the precedent for using water as a symbol for God's Spirit in John 3:5?

When considering John 3:5, many interpret the passage as involving a hendiadys where "born of water and the Spirit" does not refer to two births, but instead sees water as a symbol for God's Spirit. ...
1
vote
1answer
152 views

How can we understand differences between the NWT and Latin/Hebrew/Greek on Zechariah 12:10?

Is there any early manuscript that shows a word translatable as "the one" (3rd person) in Zechariah 12:10? When looking at Zechariah 12:10, this is how it reads in: New World Translation (NWT) ...
7
votes
3answers
705 views

Why did the Masoretes take away 100 (or 50) years from the age of the fathers at their first sons' dates of birth?

The Septuagint (along with the Samaritan Pentateuch) and Flavius Josephus in his Jewish Antiquities allow for about 6 to 7 hundred more years from our days back to the Flood (which accordingly would ...
5
votes
2answers
113 views

How do we know the usage of the term Adonai in Genesis 15:2?

In Genesis 15:2, Abram uses the term Adonai when addressing the Lord. It is my understanding that this word is an emphatic of Adon, which means Father. What do we know about the cultural and/or ...
1
vote
1answer
440 views

Grammar-Literal Translation of Genesis 1:3 and 12:3

In Biblical Hebrew there are two simple verb types (Qal and Niphal) which convey no causation. Are the below revisions of the King James Version more accurate to the thoughts expressed by the grammar? ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

When did separation between Israel and Judah happen?

Before the First Book of Kings there was only one nation - Israel named after Jacob (whose other name was Israel and who was called the Father of Israel). But in the Second Book of Kings it is not ...
7
votes
1answer
415 views

What about the noncanonical books quoted in Jude?

The book of Jude contains many quotes and references to the Old Testament. However, there are two quotes which seem to be from elsewhere. The first is attributed to The Assumption of Moses. Jude ...
3
votes
1answer
74 views

Texts in second temple Judaism using “one like a son of man” as in Daniel 7 to refer to angel

In Norman Russell’s The Doctrine of Deification in the Greek Patristic Tradition, he says concerning Daniel 7:13: "The 'one like a son of man' is an angel, probably Michael, entrusted with the ...
20
votes
1answer
2k views

What were the historical reasons why the Book of Enoch was excluded from most Christian canons?

According to Wikipedia: By the 4th century, the Book of Enoch was mostly excluded from Christian canons, and it is now regarded as scripture by only the Ethiopian Orthodox Church and the Eritrean ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

The Ten Commandments were based on the Code of Hammurabi?

A topic that was discussed among peers was that the Ten Commandments of Christian and Jewish faith were based off the Code of Hammurabi. I looked into the Wikipedia article and was informed that ...
-6
votes
1answer
100 views

Did Jesus ever write anything?

I mean we got writing by matthew, mark, luke, etc. Where is writing by Jesus? Anything survive? Did Jesus ever write anything that survives?
18
votes
3answers
3k views

What language did Jesus commonly speak?

According to Mark 15:34 (ESV): And at the ninth hour Jesus cried with a loud voice, “Eloi, Eloi, lema sabachthani?” which means, “My God, my God, why have you forsaken me?” Jesus spoke Aramaic ...
-5
votes
1answer
109 views

Is Jesus letter to king of Edessa authentic

http://scribalscratchings.blogspot.com/2005/05/letter-written-by-jesus-christ-himself.html It is said that king of Edessa ask to be cured by Jesus. Jesus then answer it saying he'll send his ...
6
votes
2answers
246 views

What is meant by “inherit the earth”?

What is meant by "[X] shall inherit the earth"? This phrase is found countless times in the scripture (cf. Psalm 37:11, Matthew 5:5), but should this be interpreted as a physical possession of land? ...
2
votes
1answer
64 views

Numbers 12:2 Translation issue

One translation of Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. In the interlinear Bible I see the ...
4
votes
1answer
151 views

Could the prophet Haggai be a prophetess?

Ezra 5:1 says: Now the prophets, Haggai and Zechariah the son of Iddo, prophesied to the Jews who were in Judah and Jerusalem, in the name of the God of Israel who was over them. Upon further ...
1
vote
1answer
67 views

Judges 4:4- Woman, wife or burnt offering by fire?

Judges 4:4 says: Now Deborah, a prophetess, the wife of Lappidoth, was judging Israel at that time. The Hebrew word אִשָּׁ֣ה (Strong's number 802 and 801) can be translated either "woman" - "wife" ...
13
votes
4answers
458 views

Why is the genealogy in Luke attributed to Mary?

When He began His ministry, Jesus Himself was about thirty years of age, being, as was supposed, the son of Joseph, the son of Eli, the son of... - Luke 3:23 (NASB) There seems to be a widely ...
5
votes
1answer
132 views

Why did not the Apostle Paul ever say “In the name of him who says” (i.e., Heb. be-shem omro)?

It has been suggested that although old rabbinic literature always mentions dozens of teachers who speak be-shem omro (i.e., "in the name of him who says"), the Apostle Paul does not refer to ...
3
votes
1answer
80 views

Hosanna — when?

From Wikipedia: Triumphal entry into Jerusalem: In the accounts of the four canonical Gospels, Jesus’ triumphal entry into Jerusalem takes place in the days before the Last Supper, marking the ...
3
votes
1answer
102 views

Judges 5:30 - The Hebrew word for womb or damsel translated as “two”. Why?

Judges 5:30 One interpretation says: http://biblehub.com/esv/judges/5.htm ‘Have they not found and divided the spoil?— A womb or two for every man; The word Strong's #7361 ra·ḥă·mā·ṯa·yim means ...
7
votes
3answers
134 views

Why are “Judah” and “Israel” distinguished in many verses?

Even though Judah is one of the tribes of Israel (Exo. 31:2), why, then, are Judah and Israel often distinguished when they occur in the same verse? For example, in Jer. 30:4 (KJV), it is written, ...
5
votes
2answers
165 views

Was Haman an Agagite?

Esther 3:1 says After these things did king Ahasuerus promote Haman the son of Hammedatha the Agagite, and advanced him, and set his seat above all the princes that were with him. Wikipedia ...
9
votes
2answers
515 views

What is the meaning of “violence” in Matthew 11:12?

In Matthew 11:12, Jesus said, "And from the days of John the Baptist until now the kingdom of heaven suffereth violence, and the violent take it by force." Luke 16:16 is often given as a companion ...
1
vote
1answer
65 views

Difference among “Word”, “word” and “Doctrine”

I heard that there are difference among "Word", "word" and "Doctrine". Please notice "Word" has a capital letter "W". I feel that sometimes "word" and "Word" are used mixedly in the Bible. For ...
10
votes
1answer
190 views

How did Joanna “get away with” sponsoring Jesus' ministry?

Luke 8:1-3 Καὶ ἐγένετο ἐν τῷ καθεξῆς καὶ αὐτὸς διώδευεν κατὰ πόλιν καὶ κώμην κηρύσσων καὶ εὐαγγελιζόμενος τὴν βασιλείαν τοῦ θεοῦ, καὶ οἱ δώδεκα σὺν αὐτῷ, 2 καὶ γυναῖκές τινες αἳ ἦσαν ...
5
votes
1answer
211 views

Why is the dividing of clothes considered the fulfillment of scripture?

In John 19:24 it's written: “Let’s not tear it,” they said to one another. “Let’s decide by lot who will get it.” This happened that the scripture might be fulfilled that said, “They ...
4
votes
3answers
394 views

What did Paul mean by “Arsenokoitēs”? Was he condemning homosexual activity as we know it today?

The below two paragraphs often pop up when one discusses/debates about Biblical stance towards homosexuality. “Or do you not know that the unrighteous will not inherit the kingdom of God? Do not ...
1
vote
1answer
63 views

Does the use of “when” rather than “if” in Matthew 6 imply a necessity?

When in Matthew chapter 6 Jesus is talking about giving (vv.2-4), prayer (vv.5-15), and fasting (vv.16-18), the phrasing "So when you give", "When you fast", etc. is used, not "If you give", "If you ...
0
votes
1answer
78 views

What words existed in Greek to express the concept “eternal”?

I have heard that the Greek word aiōnios is more literally translated "age-long", the adjective form of aiōn meaning "age". Aiōnios is translated as "eternal" in most bibles. I'm thinking ...
8
votes
0answers
121 views

What evidence is there to show that Granville Sharp's Rule is authentic?

Granville Sharp's rule states that when a clause has two nouns (or other substantive) in the same case, connected by a copulative kai ("and"), that are not proper nouns (i.e. not someone's name), ...
2
votes
1answer
44 views

What list is the Bible talking about for widows over 60?

Is is a pension or retirement list? money? security? 1 Timothy 5:8-10 NET No widow should be put on the list unless she is at least sixty years old, was the wife of one husband
2
votes
1answer
68 views

Who was Neri, father of Shealtiel?

This one has been dogging me for a while. I know there is no (direct) Biblical source to answer this question, but perhaps the scholars here might be better informed as to the existence of some ...
6
votes
1answer
123 views

Translation of the word Giant

Are there other translations of the word "Giant"? Please note that this question is related to this question. Genesis 6:4 KJV There were giants in the earth in those days; and also after that, ...
3
votes
1answer
65 views

At the last day

When Jesus spoke of the resurrection in John 6:39,40,44,54 he said the resurrection would occur "at" the last day. Is there any significance to the use of the word at rather than the word on.
-5
votes
1answer
119 views

Is the “White Stone” of Revelation the “Urantia Book”?

Is the Urantia Book the "White Stone" foretold in The Book of Revelation 2:17? KJV Rev 2:17 He that hath an ear, let him hear what the Spirit saith unto the churches; To him that overcometh ...
3
votes
2answers
113 views

How to interpret John 2:10

King James Bible: And saith unto him, Every man at the beginning doth set forth good wine; and when men have well drunk, then that which is worse: but thou hast kept the good wine until now. ...
-1
votes
1answer
45 views

Why English translators would translate rhea into neighbor?

The word rhea is normally translated as neighbor. Some jews told me it means buddy/comrades instead. The LORD has done exactly as I prophesied! The LORD has torn the kingdom from your hand and has ...
5
votes
2answers
94 views

Did Jehoahaz and Jehoash's reign overlap?

2 Kings 13:1 says that Jehoahaz began to reign in the 23rd year of Joash king of Judah and that he (Jehoahaz) reigned for 17 years. This means that Jehoahaz's reign ended in the 40th year of Joash's ...
8
votes
3answers
145 views

Why it is translated “Be filled by the Spirit” (Eph 5:18-20)

"And do not get drunk with wine, which is debauchery, but be filled by the Spirit, speaking to one another in psalms, hymns, and spiritual songs, singing and making music in your hearts to ...
1
vote
1answer
104 views

A doubt related to 1 Peter 3:20

I think that 1 Peter 3:20 is usually rendered into English like this: ... Which sometime were disobedient, when once the longsuffering of God waited in the days of Noah, while the ark was a ...
5
votes
3answers
105 views

Is Jesus the λόγος in Hebrews 4:12?

For the word of God is alive and active. Sharper than any double-edged sword, it penetrates even to dividing soul and spirit, joints and marrow; it judges the thoughts and attitudes of the heart ( ...
1
vote
1answer
83 views

What does μονογενὴς Θεὸς means in John 1:18?

I know that μονογενὴς Θεὸς is the correct text in John 1:18b but my question is that what does it mean in Christian Theology? How do we suppose to understand such divine title of God's Son? The NASB ...
3
votes
1answer
301 views

What happened with the translation of 1 Samuel 1:24?

In NIV is written: After he was weaned, she took the boy with her, young as he was, along with a three-year-old bull, an ephah of flour and a skin of wine, and brought him to the house of the Lord ...

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