2
votes
1answer
802 views

Does the allegorical approach to the Song of Solomon do the text justice?

Through two millennia the Song of Solomon was interpreted by most Jewish and Christian scholars as an allegory of God's relationship with Israel, or Jesus' relationship with the church. Only lately ...
2
votes
2answers
988 views

Why does Genesis 28:12 note that angels were going up and down the ladder?

In Genesis 28:12 and following we read about Jacob's dream (empahsis mine): And he dreamed, and behold, there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And behold, the ...
2
votes
1answer
580 views

Meaning of number 7 in relation to Job's friends

When Job's three friends observed Job after his second test from Satan, Job 2 v13 says "then they sat on the ground with Job for seven days and seven nights". At the end of the book God is angry with ...
2
votes
1answer
191 views

Angels of God in Luke 12:8

In Matthew 10:32, Jesus says that those who acknowledge him before others he will acknowledge before his "Father in Heaven." Luke 12:8 has a similar saying, where Jesus says that if anyone ...
2
votes
1answer
700 views

What sort of “slave” is Paul referring to in 1 Corinthians 7:21-23?

Paul writes the following in his first letter to the Corinthian church: Were you called while a slave? Do not worry about it; but if you are able also to become free, rather do that. For he who ...
2
votes
1answer
233 views

Was the LXX ending to Job written in Greek?

The Septuagint's ending to Job begins: And it is written that he shall rise again with the ones whom the Lord shall raise up. This man is described by the Syriac book as dwelling in the land of Uz ...
2
votes
1answer
101 views

How did contemporaries understand “a new song” in Psalm 149:1?

I know about at least one "sensus plenior" interpretation of the "new song" in Psalm 149, but I have never heard a plausible explanation on what the author intended and how it was understood by his ...
2
votes
2answers
405 views

What does Psalm 68:18 refer to in context?

In the NIV, Psalm 68:18 reads: When you ascended on high, you led captives in your train; you received gifts from men, even from the rebellious— that you, O Lord God, might ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Many difficulties with Samuel 14

In Samuel book 1 chapter 14 a confusing scenario arises. First Jonathan (and his armor bearer) go out to the camp of the Philistines. Then King Saul curses anyone who will eat bread that day until ...
2
votes
2answers
85 views

Who was taken captive in Numbers 21:1?

And the Canaanite, the king of Arad, who dwelt in the South, heard tell that Israel came by the way of Atharim; and he fought against Israel, and took some of them captive.—Numbers 21:1 (JPS) ...
2
votes
1answer
95 views

Existing beliefs or contents of the text more formative in hermeneutics?

This answer states: In general: philosophy informs one's reading of a text, not the other way around. This statement in itself is an answer to one of the biggest issues of hermeneutics: the way ...
2
votes
1answer
728 views

Perfect love in 1 John

A few days ago I heard someone mentioning fear, and he said, "Yes, I know perfect love casts out all fear, but who of you has perfect love?" But I thought to myself, "In the context of first John, I ...
2
votes
1answer
17 views

Luke 12:41 - Does Jesus answer Peter's question?

In Luke 12:41, Peter asks Jesus: “Lord, are you telling this parable for us or for all?” Jesus does not answer directly, but responds with a question and a parable: 42 And the Lord said, “Who ...
2
votes
1answer
19 views

What did Jesus mean when he referred to the book of Psalms as the Law?

Twice in the book of John Jesus quotes parts of Psalm's and directly refers to the scripture as the Law. John 10:34 John 15:25 Traditionally we see the books of the Law as only the first 5 books of ...
2
votes
1answer
24 views

Are “craftsman” and “destroyer” proper nouns in Isaiah 54:16?

"The Destroyer" is used as a proper noun in the book of Revelation (9:11) to name a (or the) destroying angel, but "the destroyer", when appearing in Exodus 12:23 during the Passover narrative, is not ...
2
votes
0answers
26 views

מָקוֹר - Why would we interpret 'maqor' as a “fountain”?

The Hebrew term maqor / מָקוֹר (Heb. 4726) has 18 occurrences in the biblical text, and is traditionally rendered 'fountain' in most passages, from KJV (below) right through ESV and HCSB: Psalm 36:...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

In Matthew 21:16, did Jesus misquote Psalms 8:2 by saying “praise” instead of “strength”? [duplicate]

The English translation of Matt. 21:16 according to the King James Version states, 16 And said unto him, Hearest thou what these say? And Jesus saith unto them, Yea; have ye never read, Out of the ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

In John 19:25, are there three women or four women listed?

In John 19:25, the Greek text states, ΚΕʹ εἱστήκεισαν δὲ παρὰ τῷ σταυρῷ τοῦ Ἰησοῦ ἡ μήτηρ αὐτοῦ καὶ ἡ ἀδελφὴ τῆς μητρὸς αὐτοῦ Μαρία ἡ τοῦ Κλωπᾶ καὶ Μαρία ἡ Μαγδαληνή TR, 1550 According to the ...
2
votes
1answer
38 views

In 1 Corinthians 14:15, what is the difference between praying «τῷ πνεύματι» versus «τῷ νοΐ»?

In 1 Cor. 14:15, it is written, 15 What is the outcome then? I will pray with the spirit and I will pray with the mind also; I will sing with the spirit and I will sing with the mind also. NASB ...
2
votes
0answers
55 views

Did household conversions recorded in the Bible include teenagers and children? [closed]

There is no evidence of teenager or child baptisms in the New Testament. All candidates are adults. However, the book of Acts and 1 Corinthians mention the conversion of the entire household of ...
2
votes
0answers
19 views

In Sirach 51:10, who is “[the] lord” and who is “[the] father of my lord”?

Brenton translates: Sir 51:10 I called upon [the] Lord, [the] Father of my Lord, that he would not leave me in the days of my trouble, and in the time of the proud, when there was no help. ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

What is the difference between the μορφῇ of God and the εἶδος of God?

who, though he was in the form [morphe] of God, did not count equality with God a thing to be grasped (Philippians 2:6 ESV). And the Father who sent me has himself borne witness about me. His ...
2
votes
0answers
43 views

What is the basis for translating ἀντίτυπον as “symbol” in 1 Peter 3:21?

ὃ καὶ ὑμᾶς ἀντίτυπον νῦν σώζει βάπτισμα, οὐ σαρκὸς ἀπόθεσις ῥύπου ἀλλὰ συνειδήσεως ἀγαθῆς ἐπερώτημα εἰς θεόν, δι' ἀναστάσεως Ἰησοῦ Χριστοῦ, 1 Peter 3:21 (Westcott and Hort 1881) and this ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

References to Codex Siniaticus etc in a Commentary

What would be a good way to refer to Codex Siniaticus, etc in a Commentary on Hebrews? Society of Biblical Literature Style book does not cover standard abbreviations for this. And I assume some who ...
2
votes
0answers
28 views

In Isaiah 55:13, what is the referent of “it shall be to the LORD for a name”?

Consider the following passage: Isaiah 55:13 KJV Instead of the thorn shall come up the fir tree, and instead of the brier shall come up the myrtle tree: and it shall be to the LORD for a name, ...
2
votes
1answer
41 views

Should Isaiah 1:25 be translated as 'soap' or 'bleach'?

I'm writing an essay on Isa 1:21-31 and v25 in various translations is soap, detergent, bleach, or lye (= Sodium Hydroxide = drain unblocker!) Soap / detergent is easy to understand, but sounds like ...
2
votes
0answers
45 views

Is “sisters” in Matthew 13:56 ambiguous?

This question specifically deals with the Catholic doctrine of the perpetual virginity of Mary. Matthew 13:55-56 reads: Isn’t his mother’s name Mary, and aren’t his brothers James, Joseph, Simon ...
2
votes
0answers
41 views

What do the “I am” references in the NT refer to?

I am a student of Buddhism and, naturally, have a 'mystical' or 'gnostic' bent. I have read some unconventional views on the internet about the renowned words attributed to Jesus: I am the way, ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

In the LXX of 2 Samuel 5:18, what is the meaning of the word «τιτάνων»?

In 2 Sam. 5:18, the Hebrew text states, יח וּפְלִשְׁתִּים בָּאוּ וַיִּנָּטְשׁוּ בְּעֵמֶק רְפָאִים which is translated into the Greek Septuagint as, ΙΗʹ καὶ οἱ ἀλλόφυλοι παραγίνονται καὶ ...
2
votes
0answers
33 views

Does Daniel 12:11 say the events are consecutive or in conjunction?

Is the text saying from the sacrifice ending until the abomination of desolation is 1,290 days or after both events simultaneous happen there will be 1,290 days? ISV Dan 12:11 There will be 1,290 ...
2
votes
0answers
31 views

2 Kings 9 - Whose message did the assistant prophet deliver?

2 Kings 9 An assistant prophet (young prophet / prophet's servant / son of the prophet) is sent by Elisha to anoint Jehu and say "Thus saith the Lord, I have anointed thee king over Israel" (verse 3). ...
2
votes
0answers
20 views

2 Corinthians - how do you tell where the first-person plural (we) is inclusive or exclusive?

In many parts of the 1 Corinthians 2, the first-person plural 'we' often appears to be consistently exclusive, speaking only of Paul/Timothy & the Apostles: Are we beginning to commend ...
2
votes
0answers
54 views

In Luke 22:16: Does the Syntax Indicate if Jesus Was not Going to Eat THAT Passover?

Related: - Is there any significance to using φάγω vs ἐσθίω? - In Luke 22, How Should Prepare and Eat - be Translated from the Aorist Subjunctive? - Was the Last Supper Actually a Passover Feast? ...
2
votes
0answers
56 views

Predestinate: Before Birth or Before Judgment?

Predestinate: to determine or set a destiny ahead of an appointed time. I am curious as to why the appointed time in regard to 'predestinate' is so often interpreted to mean "before time began," when ...
2
votes
0answers
29 views

Codex 1r available with historic remarks?

Does anyone know, if Codex 1r (used by Erasmus) is available for online reading? How about history of the manuscript, what do we know about it? I'm especially interested of the Revelation part of it ...
2
votes
0answers
27 views

Ephesians 6:6-7 - Does ἐκ ψυχῆς modify «ποιοῦντες τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ» or «μετ᾽ εὐνοίας δουλεύοντες τῷ κυρίῳ»?

The Greek text of Eph. 6:6-7 according to the Textus Receptus is as follows: Ϛʹ μὴ κατ᾽ ὀφθαλμοδουλείαν ὡς ἀνθρωπάρεσκοι ἀλλ᾽ ὡς δοῦλοι τοῦ Χριστοῦ ποιοῦντες τὸ θέλημα τοῦ θεοῦ ἐκ ψυχῆς Ζʹ μετ᾽ ...
2
votes
0answers
63 views

Matthew 11:13: “prophesied untill John” - No prophesies after John the Baptist?

For all the prophets and the law prophesied until John (KJV, Matthew 11:13) It looks like the phrase "until John" marks a special watermark here as if either there would be no more prophesies after ...
2
votes
0answers
133 views

How many (direct) children do people think Adam & Eve had or Adam had?

This question relates to any history related a question raised by Gen 5:4 After Seth was born, Adam lived 800 years and had other sons and daughters. The statement that Adam had other sons and ...
2
votes
3answers
93 views

What does it mean to “assembling of ourselves together” in Hebrews 10:25?

In Hebrews 10:25 we read Not forsaking the assembling of ourselves together, as the manner of some is; but exhorting one another: and so much the more, as ye see the day approaching. (KJV) The ...
2
votes
0answers
160 views

Why did John live in the wilderness? [closed]

Luke 1:80, "John grew up and became strong in spirit. And he lived in the wilderness until he began his public ministry to Israel." Luke 3:2, "Annas and Caiaphas were the high priests. At this time ...
2
votes
0answers
46 views

Not keep silent or to make silent in Job 41:12?

Job 41:4 (MT; v. 12 in English versions): NRSV: I will not keep silence concerning its limbs ... ESV: I will not keep silence concerning his limbs ... NASB: I will not keep silence concerning ...
2
votes
1answer
76 views

In 1 Corinthians 2, who do the “we” passages refer to?

My bible study teacher claims all the "we" passages in 1 Corinthians 2 refer to the apostles specifically, not to believers in general. The natural man is not a man without the Spirit, but a man ...
2
votes
0answers
157 views

Do any scholars argue a textual theory where the NT text was edited to make the autographa? [closed]

One Textual Creation/Transmission Theory Michael A. Grisanti in "Inspiration, Inerrancy, and the OT Canon: The Place of Textual Updating in an Inerrant View of Scripture," Journal of the Evangelical ...
2
votes
0answers
67 views

In Isaiah 46:10, what exactly will God accomplish?

Isaiah 46:10 states (emphasis added): (Is 46:10 NABRE) At the beginning I declare the outcome; from of old, things not yet done. I say that my plan shall stand, I accomplish my every ...
2
votes
0answers
94 views

Does the bible explicitly forbide homosexuality? [closed]

It's pretty common to hear that the bible condemn homosexuality, I've seen many references to versus. However, there is a good amount of debate as to which verses are actually speaking specifically ...
2
votes
0answers
37 views

Does Hebrew ever give masculine modifiers to feminine subjects? [closed]

Does Hebrew ever give masculine modifiers to grammatically feminine subjects? (Yes or No - and where). For example, "Julie gave money [he gave]". I'm just wondering if this exists, as I just ...
2
votes
2answers
115 views

Was Malchus right ear reattached or regrown? [closed]

In Matthew 26:51-54, Mark 14:47-49, Luke 22:50-51, John 18:10 the bible tells how Simon Peter did cutoff the servant Malchus right ear with his sword, and in Luke 22:51 Jesus healed the servant's ear. ...
2
votes
1answer
79 views

Does Genesis 19:14 mean Lot had some daughters who were already married or not? [duplicate]

Genesis 19:14 reads differently in different versions of the Bible. Some versions speak of Lot's sons-in-law as if they are pledged to the virgin daughters living with him (v. 8), while other ...
2
votes
2answers
180 views

Why did Adrammelech and Sharezer suddenly kill their father King Sennacherib?

In Isaiah 37, King Sennacherib tries to destroy the Northern two-tribe Kingdom, but Jehovah protects them from the Assyrian empire. King Sennacherib returns to Assyria, begins bowing down to his god ...
2
votes
0answers
39 views

In Hebrews 11:27, to whom does «τὸν…ἀόρατον» refer, and what is the meaning of «ἐκαρτέρησεν»?

The Greek text of Heb. 11:27 according to the Textus Receptus states, ΚΖʹ Πίστει κατέλιπεν Αἴγυπτον μὴ φοβηθεὶς τὸν θυμὸν τοῦ βασιλέως τὸν γὰρ ἀόρατον ὡς ὁρῶν ἐκαρτέρησεν TR, 1550 which the King ...

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