2
votes
2answers
970 views

Why does Genesis 28:12 note that angels were going up and down the ladder?

In Genesis 28:12 and following we read about Jacob's dream (empahsis mine): And he dreamed, and behold, there was a ladder set up on the earth, and the top of it reached to heaven. And behold, the ...
5
votes
1answer
1k views

The Latin word lucifer in the Vulgate

The word "Lucifer" in the A.V. of Isaiah 14:12, How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! [how] art thou cut down to the ground, which didst weaken the nations! is derived ...
4
votes
3answers
431 views

Was the discounting by the manager in Luke 16 a dishonest act?

The shrewd manager in Luke 16 discounted the debts in order to win favor with the debtors. What hermeneutic principle should be used to determine if this was an evil act, or just good business?
4
votes
1answer
88 views

Does Hebrews 13:24 establish the provenance of the Epistle to the Hebrews?

In Hebrews 13:24, the author writes: Greet all your leaders and all the Lord’s people. Those from Italy send you their greetings. (NIV) Should this be read as indicating that the letter was ...
2
votes
1answer
85 views

Where was Paul imprisoned when he wrote Philemon?

Several times in the letter to Philemon, Paul mentions his chains or his imprisonment. In verse 10 he mentions that Onesimus became his son while Paul was in chains. Where was Paul imprisoned when he ...
4
votes
2answers
2k views

Land of Nod a real city?

Genesis 4:16 KJV And Cain went out from the presence of the LORD, and dwelt in the land of Nod, on the east of Eden Is the land of Nod a real location or does it mean Cain wandered round east ...
5
votes
1answer
3k views

What is the original text of Deuteronomy 32:8-9?

4QDeutj "When Elyon gave the nations as an inheritance, when he separated the sons of man, he set the boundaries of the peoples according to the number of the sons of God (bny 'l[hym]). For ...
0
votes
3answers
201 views

Does Solomon say that trades, where lifting and carrying are involved, are a punishment for sin?

Ecclesiastes 2:24-25 There is no one who has tried to enjoy life more than I have. And this is what I learned: The best thing people can do is eat, drink, and enjoy the work they must do. ...
6
votes
2answers
1k views

Does Jesus misquote Psalm 8:2?

But when the chief priests and the scribes saw the wonderful things that he did, and the children crying out in the temple, "Hosanna to the son of David!" they were indignant, and they said to ...
3
votes
2answers
209 views

How can one be in pain while dead?

Acts 2:24 (NIV): But God raised him from the dead, freeing him from the agony of death, because it was impossible for death to keep its hold on him. It is my understanding that the word ...
9
votes
4answers
867 views

Why does Mark mention Elijah before Moses?

In the transfiguration narrative in Matthew and Luke, the narrators mention Moses first and then Elijah second: Matthew 17:3 (NIV empahsis mine) Just then there appeared before them Moses and ...
6
votes
1answer
377 views

Is 1 Corinthians 6:9-10 intended to be prescriptive or descriptive?

1 Corinthians 6 is often used as evidence that some actions, such as homosexuality, are incompatible with Biblical teaching. 9Or do you not know that wrongdoers will not inherit the kingdom of ...
11
votes
1answer
244 views

Is there any research that challenges the standard definition of 'προορίζω' (predestine)? [closed]

The definition of προορίζω in the Enhanced Strong's Lexicon is: 4309 Six occurrences; AV translates as “predestinate” four times, “determine before” once, and “ordain” once. 1 to predetermine, ...
4
votes
2answers
186 views

Does Joshua 6:20 suggest an earthquake occurred at Jericho?

In Joshua 6:20, it states (from the King James version here): So the people shouted when the priests blew with the trumpets: and it came to pass, when the people heard the sound of the trumpet, ...
3
votes
2answers
1k views

Job 38, was God being sarcastic?

I have a question. In Job 38:21, was God being sarcastic, or did he literally mean that Job was born before the World began? Surely you know, for you were already born! You have lived so many ...
-2
votes
3answers
511 views

Yule Tree in Jeremiah 10:1-4?

Jeremiah 10:1-4 KJV Hear the word that the Lord speaks to you, O house of Israel. Thus says the Lord: “Learn not the way of the nations, nor be dismayed at the signs of the heavens ...
1
vote
1answer
329 views

The Four Horsemen of the Apocalypse

What/who have commentators historically believed the "four riders" of Revelation 6 were?
6
votes
1answer
272 views

What is James point about oaths in James 5:12?

James 5:10-12 KJV Take, my brethren, the prophets, who have spoken in the name of the Lord, for an example of suffering affliction, and of patience. Behold, we count them happy which ...
7
votes
2answers
379 views

How can one determine that a passage is “programmatic”?

I've seen it commonly said that Psalm 1 and 2 are to be considered "programmatic" for the Psalms. I've seen mention of the same for Luke 4 and Luke(-Acts). For example, Gordon Wenham writes: This ...
0
votes
2answers
473 views

What is the significance of '7 generations' in Luke’s account of Jesus's genealogy?

Others have asked the significance of '14 generations' in Matthew's account, so it is relevant to a fuller understanding of the development of the gospels to note that Luke uses a different genealogy ...
11
votes
1answer
1k views

Definition of Greek γενεά (genea) [closed]

What is the definition of the Greek word γενεά (genea)? I have heard that it means "nation", and that it means "generation." I am wondering because I was looking at this list. It says that the work is ...
6
votes
1answer
142 views

Can the final compilation of the Psalms be dated?

It seems reasonable to conclude that the Psalms were written over time by various authors, but can one reasonably date the final compilation of the Psalms? Were they compiled during the exile? Shortly ...
10
votes
2answers
719 views

Was nûn deleted from Psalm 145 in the Masoretic Text?

Psalm 145 is an acrostic of the Hebrew alphabet, except that in most of the MT manuscripts verse 13b is missing along with therefore the letter nûn. The ESV renders it like this: Your kingdom is an ...
6
votes
2answers
222 views

Who are the people of God in Psalm 100?

Psalm 100:3 seems to express a covenant formula, denoting a relationship between God as his particular people. Similar to the formula elsewhere of, "I will be your God, you shall be my people." (e.g. ...
9
votes
2answers
205 views

Are “Christ” and “Son of God” two things or one in John 20:31?

John 20:30-31 says the following: Therefore many other signs Jesus also performed in the presence of the disciples, which are not written in this book; but these have been written so that you may ...
2
votes
1answer
71 views

While Ishmael & Esau were also fathers, they’re the only 2 we can’t determine the # of paternal years for

Regarding every generation in Genesis, there is always, and only, one father we can find the paternal years for. We can’t do that for Ishmael and Esau. Why might that be the case when they also had ...
13
votes
2answers
401 views

What evidence exists that supports the understanding of the Exodus as a deliverance metanarrative and not as a historical narrative?

Marcus Borg has proposed a "historical-metaphorical" reading of Exodus (particularly the narrative of the event itself) in which deliverance and salvation are established as key themes in a grand ...
6
votes
2answers
2k views

Why did the disciples ask Jesus where He was staying?

John 1:37-39: When the two disciples heard him say this, they followed Jesus. Turning round, Jesus saw them following and asked, ‘What do you want?’ They said, ‘Rabbi’ (which means ...
-2
votes
1answer
354 views

Who is the captive daughter of Zion

Zions Daughter "OH CAPTIVE DAUGHTER OF ZION" ISAIAH 52:2
2
votes
1answer
206 views

Reading the same thing 3 times in 18 verses

In part of Genesis we see something 3 times over just 18 verses. I'm wondering why the author might go beyond repeating just once. Gen 6:18 But with thee will I establish my covenant; and thou ...
5
votes
2answers
850 views

How come in John 14:22-23 it seems like Jesus doesn't answer the question but talks about something else?

John 14:22-23 (ESV) says: Judas (not Iscariot) said to him, “Lord, how is it that you will manifest yourself to us, and not to the world?” Jesus answered him, “If anyone loves me, he will keep ...
9
votes
3answers
791 views

God's speech in Job 38-42

For me the Book of Job is one of the most controversial books in the Bible yet. In chapters 38-41 we see the Lord's unnecessary boasting in front of his slave. Job 41:5 is an example of a cynicism: ...
4
votes
4answers
662 views

Contextually, which English translation/ Greek text seems more probable in Rev. 5:10?

In the King James Version of Rev. 5:10, we find the following phrase, And hast made us unto our God kings and priests: and we shall reign on the earth. If we examine the immediate context, the ...
7
votes
1answer
337 views

Which literary genre of Job has the longer historical pedigree?

There are two primary schools of thought in regards to the genre of Job. One the one hand, some call it an historical artifact, given no overwhelming evidence to the contrary. On the other, its ...
12
votes
3answers
36k views

Why was Abishag the Shunammite important?

When we shift from Samuel to Kings, we start with this fairly benign story: King David was now old, advanced in years; and though they covered him with bedclothes, he never felt warm. His ...
3
votes
3answers
333 views

What does “you who are and who were” mean in Revelation 16:5?

In Revelation 1:8 we read, "I am the Alpha and the Omega," says the Lord God, "who is, and who was, and who is to come, the Almighty." This clearly says that God is yet to come. In ...
4
votes
1answer
189 views

Another translation for “you will certainly die”

We read in: Genesis 2:17 NIV but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from it you will certainly die.” However we know that we Adam and Eve ...
10
votes
6answers
13k views

Could the “tree of knowledge of good and evil” mean “tree of intelligence”?

Genesis 2:16-17 And the Lord God commanded the man, “You are free to eat from any tree in the garden; but you must not eat from the tree of the knowledge of good and evil, for when you eat from ...
28
votes
3answers
6k views

Pre-Christian, Jewish interpretation of Psalm 22

How was Psalm 22 understood by Jewish tradition before the birth of Jesus? Was it interpreted messianically? What pre-Christian sources discuss Psalm 22?
6
votes
3answers
664 views

Psalm 51:5 CEV vs ESV

How can we determine which translation is more close to the original message? Clearly "the day I was born" vs "mother conceive me" paints a completely different picture - and arguably, a different ...
0
votes
0answers
59 views

Elohim - Female Image of God [duplicate]

There is a group that teaches that according to Genesis 1:26, God has two images, one male and one female: 26 Then God said, “Let us make mankind in our image, in our likeness, so that they may ...
7
votes
6answers
25k views

Was Jesus anointed once or twice on the feet with perfume?

Disclaimer: I've already asked this question on Christianity SE and got a great answer. I'm asking it here to get an expert response (and because it is one of my favourite stories). If the community ...
3
votes
1answer
239 views

Psalm 41:9 — eating food together?

NLT has his verse as follows: “Even my best friend, the one I trusted completely, the one who shared my food, has turned against me” NLT ESV as follows: “Even my close friend in whom ...
5
votes
1answer
238 views

Daniel 8:15-27 :“… Kingdom of greece …”

I was reading Daniel 8:15-27, where it says: .... the ram you saw that had two horns represents the kingdoms of Media and Persia. The goat represents the kingdom of Greece, and the prominent horn ...
5
votes
2answers
319 views

How can we understand differences between NWT and Latin/Greek on Acts 20:28?

Is there any early manuscript that shows a word translatable as "son" in Acts 20:28? When looking at Acts 20:28 this is how it reads in: New World Translation (NWT) Pay attention to ...
5
votes
2answers
1k views

1 Cor 12:22-25 — 'weaker'? 'less honorable'? 'unpresentable'?

22 On the contrary, the parts of the body which seem to be weaker are indispensable, 23 and those parts of the body which we think less honorable we invest with the greater honor, and our ...
3
votes
4answers
319 views

After Israel repeatedly sinned, why is it said, “He has not observed iniquity in Jacob” (Num 23:21)?

Num 23:21 says, “He has not observed iniquity in Jacob, Nor has He seen wickedness in Israel. The Lord his God is with him," How can this be said about Israel, after all the times they rebelled ...
10
votes
1answer
217 views

Do English Translations of the New Testament Show a Negative Bias Towards Translating 'Tradition'?

The Greek word παράδοσις (paradosis) means “tradition,” literally “the content of instruction that has been handed down” (BDAG). I’ve been told that certain translations of the New Testament only ...
3
votes
2answers
437 views

What does “closed and sealed” mean in the language it was written in?

Daniel 12:9 And he said, Go thy way, Daniel; for these words are "closed and sealed" till the time of the end.
3
votes
1answer
244 views

What tenses does aorist in indicative mood in the New Testament usually express? [closed]

What tenses does aorist in indicative mood in the New Testament usually express? Can it express a continuous action in the present (like a verb in Present Progressive in English)? Can it express a ...

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