7
votes
3answers
835 views

Why is Hadēs translated as “hell”?

In Matt. 16:18 (KJV), it is written, And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it. κἀγὼ δέ ...
5
votes
2answers
989 views

What does it actually mean “Judge not, that ye be not judged”?

Judge not, that ye be not judged (Matthew 7:1) I have always considered the verb "to judge" to have two meanings: one is to judge in the position of the one having the authority of a judge, that ...
5
votes
2answers
540 views

What would Jesus' qualifications have been for a “worthy” person for the disciples to stay within the Matthew 10 narrative?

When Jesus sends the twelve out in Matthew 10, he gives them instructions for what to do when they enter a city that include finding "worthy" citizens there. Matthew 10:11-13 (NASB) 11  And ...
3
votes
0answers
48 views

Why did David think he sinned when numbering the people? [duplicate]

In 2.Samuel 24, the Lord asks David to "Go, number Israel and Judah." However, once David has done this, after nine months of work, he suddenly thinks that he has sinned greatly in numbering the ...
6
votes
4answers
16k views

How does John use the Feast of Dedication in John 10?

In John 10:22, John mentions that it was winter and the Feast of Dedication had come. Earlier in the Festival Cycle, John transparently uses the various feasts to give a better understanding of Jesus ...
7
votes
1answer
647 views

Why is the role of the “prince” so muted in Ezekiel 40-48?

Ezekiel 37 ends with a stirring pronouncement of God's dwelling with the people of Israel again: My servant David will be king over them, and they will all have one shepherd. They will follow my ...
15
votes
6answers
48k views

What is the significance of '14 generations' in Matthew’s account of Jesus's genealogy?

After giving Jesus's genealogy in the first chapter, Matthew goes on to point out the number of generations between significant events: Thus there were fourteen generations in all from Abraham to ...
4
votes
1answer
748 views

Is “for ever and ever” eternal?

Revelation 14:11: And the smoke of their torment ascendeth up for ever and ever I was told that "for ever and ever" in Greek like in the verse above or elsewhere in the N.T. may not at all mean ...
20
votes
4answers
14k views

What does “born again” from John 3:3 mean?

John 3:3 (NIV) Jesus replied, “Very truly I tell you, no one can see the kingdom of God unless they are born again.” A note for this verse in the NIV says, "The Greek for again also means from ...
6
votes
1answer
568 views

How did the widow have water for Elijah in 1 Kings 17?

In 1 Kings 17 we read how Elijah announced a drought that lasted years. In verse 7 the brook that he was drinking from dries up and God directs him to a woman who will feed him (through a miracle). ...
4
votes
1answer
168 views

Does Mark 1:32 indicate two separate time periods?

The NET Bible reads: When it was evening, after sunset, they brought to him all who were sick and demon-possessed.—Mark 1:32 (NET) Two time references are present: "When it was evening" ...
6
votes
1answer
185 views

To whom did God subject everything in Hebrews 2:8?

In most translations, the verse goes something like "In putting everything under him, God left nothing that is not subjected to him. Yet at present we do not see everything subject to him." (NIV 1984, ...
10
votes
3answers
718 views

Is there external historic or scientific evidence of a particular flood that corresponds to the Genesis 7 account?

Some have posited that the flood account in Genesis 7 corresponds to the flooding of the Mediterranean basin, others have suggested it may correspond to the refilling of the black sea. My question is ...
0
votes
1answer
188 views

How much older than Shem was his father Noah?

At first it seems clear that Noah was 500 years older than Shem. Gen 5:32 And Noah was five hundred years old: and Noah begat Shem, Ham, and Japheth. (KJV) However, if we calculate from a ...
5
votes
2answers
181 views

Did the Jerusalem Council intend to replace the Torah?

When Paul and Barnabas when down to Jerusalem to consult with the apostles about whether Gentiles ought to be compelled to be circumcised, the final word comes from James: Therefore my judgment is ...
4
votes
2answers
112 views

Numbers 12:2 - Translation Discrepancy - Did the Lord speak only through Moses?

Numbers 12:2 says: And they said, “Has the Lord indeed spoken only through Moses? Has he not spoken through us also?” And the Lord heard it. The word "through Moses" in Hebrew is בְּמֹשֶׁה֙ or ...
4
votes
1answer
2k views

What does the phrase “son of the morning” mean?

Isaiah uses the phrase "son of the morning" to describe someone here Isaiah 14:12 (KJV) 12  How art thou fallen from heaven, O Lucifer, son of the morning! how art thou cut down to the ...
6
votes
3answers
1k views

Is John 21 a later addition to the Fourth Gospel?

Many readers have noted that John 20:30-31 makes for a fitting ending to the Gospel. Jesus performed many other signs in the presence of his disciples, which are not recorded in this book. But ...
2
votes
1answer
116 views

Genesis Lifetime Wording

Note: What’s below is from my NAV. For the people in Genesis with any age given, lifetimes aren’t always easy to determine. Calculating Esau's is impossible. For the first 19 generations, ...
-1
votes
1answer
153 views

When and what is the 'time of distress' in Daniel 12:12

"TIME OF DISTRESS" Daniel 12 — Darby Translation (DARBY) — 12 And at that time shall Michael stand up, the great prince who standeth for the children of thy people; and there shall ...
4
votes
2answers
1k views

Times of the restitution of all things

Acts 3:20-21 (KJV) says, "And he shall send Jesus Christ, which before was preached unto you: Whom the heaven must receive until the times of restitution of all things, which God hath spoken ...
2
votes
1answer
4k views

Definition of light in Matthew 5:16

Matthew 5:14-16 14 “You are the light of the world. A city on a hill cannot be hidden. 15 Neither do people light a lamp and put it under a bowl. Instead they put it on its stand, and it gives ...
15
votes
1answer
15k views

Is “wait” in Isaiah 40:31 active or passive?

Some translations have this verse reading "They that wait (up)on the Lord" (eg. NKJV) while others have "They that wait for the Lord" (eg. ESV) and still others "Those that hope in the Lord". (eg NIV) ...
2
votes
2answers
368 views

Gen 3:22 + Rev. 22:2 =?

And the LORD God said, Behold, the man is become as one of us, to know good and evil: and now, lest he put forth his hand, and take also of the tree of life, and eat, and live for ever (Gen ...
3
votes
1answer
532 views

What's the importance of Melchizedek from a Hebrew Bible-only point of view?

In Genesis 14, there is a man named Melchizedek, but not very much is said about him: 17 After Abram returned from defeating Kedorlaomer and the kings allied with him, the king of Sodom came out ...
9
votes
2answers
11k views

What does Azazel mean in Leviticus 16:8?

In Leviticus 16:8 And Aaron shall cast lots over two goats, one lot for the LORD and the other lot for Azazel. It appears that Azazel is translated as scapegoat. Strong’s Hebrew 5799 ...
5
votes
2answers
210 views

What is the literary funciton of Acts 1:15-26?

The Book of Acts opens with Jesus' ascension and the promise of the Spirit. The disciples go to Jerusalem where their Lord had directed them to wait, and then on the day of Pentecost, the Spirit comes ...
7
votes
1answer
2k views

Which apostles did Paul see while he was in Jerusalem after his conversion?

In Galatians 1:16b-19, 22 (ESV), Paul writes that after his conversion in Damascus, ...I did not immediately consult with anyone; nor did I go up to Jerusalem to those who were apostles before ...
4
votes
1answer
1k views

Who are the “מְבַשְּׂר֗וֹת” in Psalm 68:11?

Who are the "מְבַשְּׂר֗וֹת" in Psalm 68:11 ? I know that the word usually means the bearer of (good) tidings, but why is it in its feminine form ? (some translations translate it as women, ESV "the ...
14
votes
4answers
4k views

Does the New Testament quote extrabiblical writers?

I am aware that the New Testament often quotes from the Hebrew Bible. However, I'm interested to learn whether or not it ever quotes - or alludes to - non-Hebrew / extrabiblical literature?
6
votes
3answers
3k views

What does “the grace of life” refer to in 1 Peter 3:7?

My question is pretty straightforward. I'm wondering what "the grace of life" refers to in this verse: Likewise, husbands, live with your wives in an understanding way, showing honor to the ...
1
vote
1answer
177 views

In Exodus 14:16, could “divide the water” also mean, “break the water.”

In Exodus 14:16 (NIV) Moses is told by the Lord, Raise your staff and stretch out your hand over the sea to divide the water so that the Israelites can go through the sea on dry ground. I am ...
0
votes
2answers
194 views

What does “Cursed is the man who kills his neighbour secretly.” in Deuteronomy 27:24 mean?

I was reading a non biblical text that said "there is curses in the shedding of blood." In my effort to determine if the curse ended at the start of the "New covenant," I came upon Deuteronomy 27:24 ...
2
votes
1answer
60 views

Is there an English translation of Graetz's “Kohelet”?

Heinrich Graetz wrote a commentary to Ecclesiastes in German in 1871 (viewable here) which is quoted relatively widely among modern scholars. I would like to read it (especially the Introduction) in ...
6
votes
1answer
742 views

2 Tim 4:17: “I was delivered from the lion’s mouth” - Is this about Colosseum?

But the Lord stood at my side and gave me strength, so that through me the message might be fully proclaimed and all the Gentiles might hear it. And I was delivered from the lion’s mouth (2 Tim ...
-1
votes
2answers
615 views

The accuracy of Stephen's claims about persecution of the prophets

Stephen, the first martyr, asks a question in Acts 7:51-52 (ESV): "You stiff-necked people, uncircumcised in heart and ears, you always resist the Holy Spirit. As your fathers did, so do you. ...
1
vote
1answer
210 views

Speaking to stocks and stones?

In Jeremiah 2:27 why might the example of people speaking to stocks and stones be given? Is there any specific reason? Jeremiah 2:27 Saying to a stock, Thou art my father; and to a stone, Thou hast ...
4
votes
1answer
146 views

Jam 4:11: judging a brother = judging the law?

Speak not evil one of another, brethren. He that speaketh evil of his brother, and judgeth his brother, speaketh evil of the law, and judgeth the law: but if thou judge the law, thou art not a ...
10
votes
3answers
1k views

Was Deborah considered a sub-optimal leader?

I've sometimes heard that Deborah was allowed to be a leader of Israel only because no man stepped up to the responsibility. However, when she is introduced there is no indication of that: ...
3
votes
1answer
99 views

What do pronouns “their” in Mark 9:43-48 refer to?

Mar 9:43-4: And if thy hand offend thee, cut it off: it is better for thee to enter into life maimed, than having two hands to go into hell, into the fire that never shall be quenched. Where ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Who are the disciples to fear in Matthew 10:28?

Who is Jesus telling the disciples to fear here in Matthew 10:28 (ESV): "And do not fear those who kill the body but cannot kill the soul. Rather fear him who can destroy both soul and body in ...
6
votes
4answers
1k views

Who/what are the two witnesses in Revelation 11?

In Revelation 11:3-12, God says he will appoint his two witnesses - "two olive trees", "two lampstands" - as prophets for 1260 days. They end up being overpowered and killed by the beast, seemingly in ...
11
votes
1answer
3k views

Did Jesus not heal the crippled beggar at the gate Beautiful?

One day Peter and John were going up to the temple at the time of prayer—at three in the afternoon. Now a man crippled from birth was being carried to the temple gate called Beautiful, where he was ...
5
votes
1answer
197 views

Spiritually or Symbolically Called, and Whose Lord in Revelation 11:8?

The King James Version of the Bible translates Revelation 11:8 (emphasis mine) as: And their dead bodies shall lie in the street of the great city, which spiritually is called Sodom and Egypt, ...
12
votes
2answers
443 views

Why isn't there a taxonomic distinction between clean and unclean birds?

Leviticus 11:13-19 has a list of non-kosher birds that match a list in Deuteronomy 14:11-18 (NJPS): You may eat any clean bird. The following you may not eat: the eagle, the vulture, and the black ...
6
votes
2answers
579 views

Why does Matthew link Jesus' healing miracles to the title “Son of David?”

A number of people have pointed out that Matthew seems to specifically link the healing miracles of Jesus to his title as "Son of David." Some examples: 9:27 – As Jesus went on from there, two ...
3
votes
1answer
275 views

How could the repentance of the early Ninevites in response to Jonah's message have led to “the destruction of the Jews?”

In his commentary on Jonah 1:3, Eusebius Sophronius Hieronymus (better known as Jerome), asserted that Jonah fled to Tarshish because his insight led him to believe that the repentance of the Gentiles ...
3
votes
1answer
4k views

Why is a seer called a prophet?

In 1: Samuel 9v9 it is written, (Formerly in Israel,if a man went to enquire of God,he would say,"come let us go to the seer," because the prophet of today used to be called a seer.) My ...
2
votes
1answer
605 views

Meaning of “common good” in 1 Corinthians 12:7

1 Corinthians 12:7 (NIV): Now to each one the manifestation of the Spirit is given for the common good. In light of the ensuing context, is "common good" here only for the 'body of Christ' (v. ...
9
votes
1answer
793 views

Are the five books of Psalms somehow related to the Pentateuch?

On another question, Mike Bull suggests that there is a link between the five fold structure of the Psalms and that of Torah. I know he is not the only one to have suggested this before, but I'm ...

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